In a Landmark Decision, the Texas Supreme Court Recognizes Vested Property Interest in Groundwater "In Place"


On February 24, 2012, the Texas Supreme Court issued its long-awaited decision in Edwards Aquifer Authority v. Day, one of the most significant water law cases in years. In a unanimous decision, the Court ruled that, under both the common law and the recently enacted Senate Bill 332, a landowner owns the groundwater under his land "in place" as a property right that cannot be taken for public use without adequate compensation guaranteed by the Takings Clause of the Texas Constitution. The decision is likely to have wide-ranging effects for landowners' rights, as well as impacts on the regulation of groundwater by the state's 96 established groundwater conservation districts.

The case involved a challenge brought by two farmers, Burrell Day and Joel McDaniel, who applied in 1996 for a permit from the Edwards Aquifer Authority (EAA) to pump 700 acre feet per year of water from 381 acres of land over the Edwards Aquifer for irrigation purposes. The EAA ultimately granted a permit, but for only 14 acre feet of water per year based upon the landowners' documented historic beneficial use of the groundwater. The landowners filed a lawsuit contending that an unconstitutional "taking" of their groundwater rights had occurred. The EAA took the position that a landowner's property interest in groundwater does not vest until after the water is brought to the surface and, thus, the landowners' takings claim must fail because they did not have a constitutionally protected interest in the groundwater in place.

Please see full alert below for more information.

LOADING PDF: If there are any problems, click here to download the file.

DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

© Jackson Walker | Attorney Advertising

Written by:


Jackson Walker on:

Readers' Choice 2017
Reporters on Deadline

"My best business intelligence, in one easy email…"

Your first step to building a free, personalized, morning email brief covering pertinent authors and topics on JD Supra:

Sign up to create your digest using LinkedIn*

*By using the service, you signify your acceptance of JD Supra's Privacy Policy.

Already signed up? Log in here

*With LinkedIn, you don't need to create a separate login to manage your free JD Supra account, and we can make suggestions based on your needs and interests. We will not post anything on LinkedIn in your name. Or, sign up using your email address.