IRS Provides Discharge of Indebtedness Safe Harbor for Debt Secured by Interest in Disregarded Entity Holding Real Property


In general, discharge of indebtedness income is excluded from the gross income of a taxpayer (other than a C corporation) if the indebtedness is qualified real property business indebtedness (QRPBI). To qualify as QRPBI, the indebtedness must (1) be incurred or assumed by the taxpayer in connection with real property used in a trade or business and secured by the real property (the Secured-By Requirement); (2) have been incurred or assumed before January 1, 1993, or, if incurred or assumed after that date, be indebtedness incurred or assumed to acquire, construct, reconstruct, or substantially improve real property used in a trade or business; and (3) be indebtedness the taxpayer elects to treat as QRPBI.

Revenue Procedure 2014-20 provides a safe harbor by which a taxpayer will have satisfied the Secured-By Requirement if:

  • The taxpayer or a wholly owned entity that is disregarded for federal tax purposes (disregarded entity) of the taxpayer (Borrower) incurs indebtedness.
  • Borrower directly or indirectly owns 100 percent of the ownership interest in a separate disregarded entity owning real property (Property Owner). Borrower is not the same entity as Property Owner.
  • Borrower pledges to the lender a first priority security interest in Borrower's ownership interest in Property Owner. Any further encumbrance on the pledged ownership interest must be subordinate to the lender's security interest in Property Owner.
  • At least 90 percent of the fair market value of the total assets (immediately before the discharge) directly owned by Property Owner must be real property used in a trade or business and any other assets held by Property Owner must be incidental to Property Owner's acquisition, ownership, and operation of the real property.
  • Upon default and foreclosure on the indebtedness, the lender will replace Borrower as the sole member of Property Owner.

If a taxpayer does not satisfy the requirements of the safe harbor, it may still argue that, based on facts and circumstances, its debt satisfies the Secured-By Requirement.

The safe harbor is available for taxpayers who elect to treat indebtedness as QRPBI on or after February 5, 2014.

Circular 230 Disclosure: To assure compliance with Treasury Department rules governing tax practice, we inform you that any advice (including in any attachment) (1) was not written and is not intended to be used, and cannot be used, for the purpose of avoiding any federal tax penalty that may be imposed on the taxpayer, and (2) may not be used in connection with promoting, marketing or recommending to another person any transaction or matter addressed herein.


DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

© Loeb & Loeb LLP | Attorney Advertising

Written by:


Loeb & Loeb LLP on:

JD Supra Readers' Choice 2016 Awards
Reporters on Deadline

"My best business intelligence, in one easy email…"

Your first step to building a free, personalized, morning email brief covering pertinent authors and topics on JD Supra:

Sign up to create your digest using LinkedIn*

*By using the service, you signify your acceptance of JD Supra's Privacy Policy.

Already signed up? Log in here

*With LinkedIn, you don't need to create a separate login to manage your free JD Supra account, and we can make suggestions based on your needs and interests. We will not post anything on LinkedIn in your name. Or, sign up using your email address.