Michigan DUI Courts Outcome Evaluation


In the past 18 years, one of the most dramatic developments in the movement to reduce substance

abuse among the U.S. criminal justice population has been the implementation of drug

courts across the country. The first drug court was established in Florida in 1989. There are now

well over 1,500 drug courts operating in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and

Guam. The purpose of drug courts is to guide offenders identified as drug-addicted into treatment

that reduces drug dependence and improves the quality of life for offenders and their families.

In the typical drug court program, participants are closely supervised by a judge who is supported

by a team of agency representatives that operate outside of their traditional adversarial

roles. Addiction treatment providers, prosecuting attorneys, public defenders, law enforcement

officers, and parole and probation officers work together to provide needed services to drug court


The Michigan Community Corrections Act was enacted in 1988 to investigate and develop alternatives

to incarceration. Four years later, in June 1992, the first female drug treatment court in

the nation was established in Kalamazoo, Michigan. Since then, Michigan has implemented 75

drug courts, including expanding into further specialized courts (also called “problem solving

courts”) for adults, juveniles, family dependency, and DUI offenders.

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DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

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