John Campos, who was the Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors of a Utah bank that processed financial transactions for online poker players, is charged with conspiracy to violate and violations of the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act (“UIGEA”), 31 U.S.C. § 5363, violations of the Illegal Gambling Businesses Act (“IGBA”), 18 U.S.C. § 1955, and money laundering based on violations of IGBA, 18 U.S.C. § 1956(h). All of these charges must be dismissed. The UIGEA charges must be dismissed because they ignore the clear exemption from prosecution set forth in UIGEA for financial transaction providers such as Mr. Campos. Additionally, the UIGEA counts must be dismissed because they fail to allege any person who as a matter of law can constitute the person “engaged in the business of betting or wagering” required by the statute. The IGBA charges (and the money laundering charges based on them) must also be dismissed because two basic elements of the statute are not sufficiently alleged in the Indictment: that the companies in question were “gambling businesses” and that the businesses were “conducted” in a State or political subdivision of the United States. Further, both the UIGEA and IGBA charges must be dismissed as constitutionally vague as applied to Mr. Campos. Moreover, criminal prosecution of the conduct alleged here would violate the rule of lenity.
Firefox recommends the PDF Plugin for Mac OS X for viewing PDF documents in your browser.
We can also show you Legal Updates using the Google Viewer; however, you will need to be logged into Google Docs to view them.
Please choose one of the above to proceed!
LOADING PDF: If there are any problems, click here to download the file.
Published In: Constitutional Law Updates, Criminal Law Updates, Finance & Banking Updates
Reference Info:Legal Memoranda: Motion Addressed to Pleadings | Federal, 2nd Circuit, New York | United States
DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.
© Ian Imrich, Law Offices of Ian J. Imrich, APC | Attorney Advertising