Municipal Bond Post-Issuance Compliance


Does your municipality have outstanding tax-exempt bond obligations? If yes, the IRS is interested in:

  • Whether you have earned more investment earnings on the bond proceeds than is permitted
  • Whether you have spent or will spend the bond proceeds too slowly
  • Whether you have failed to make any rebate payments to the IRS (if required)
  • Whether you have used the bond proceeds and any property financed with bond proceeds improperly

In the last year, the IRS has taken a much more active role in post-issuance compliance enforcement and training activities. The IRS says:

“The on-going nature of post-issuance compliance requirements applicable to tax-advantaged bonds requires issuers to actively monitor compliance throughout the entire period the bonds remain outstanding. The due diligence will significantly improve the issuer’s ability to identify noncompliance and prevent violations from occurring, or timely correct identified violations (when prevention is not possible), to ensure the continued tax-advantaged status of the bonds.” 

The IRS provides the following guidance for municipalities with outstanding tax-exempt bond obligations. In order to preserve the tax-exempt status of a municipality’s bond issues, the municipality must:

  • Adopt written procedures reasonably expected to timely identify noncompliance
  • Adopt written procedures ensuring that the issuer will take steps to timely correct noncompliance
  • Identify the official or employee responsible for the due diligence reviews
  • Train the responsible official/employee
  • Retain adequate records to substantiate compliance (e.g. records relating to expenditure of proceeds)
  • Conduct due diligence reviews at regular intervals in order to determine compliance with arbitrage and rebate requirements as well as use restrictions on the bond proceeds and property financed with bond proceeds

To obtain a sample policy, get more information on post-issuance compliance matters or get assistance developing a post-issuance compliance policy, please contact one of these members of Bernstein Shur’s Public Finance Team:

Shana Cook Mueller at 207 228-7134 or

Lee Bragg at 207 629-6212 or

F. Paul Frinsko at 207 228-7209 or

Geoff Hole at 207 228-7211 or

Click here for a printable PDF describing the Bernstein Shur Finance Team.

DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

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