New York Appellate Division Holds Bond Insurer Can Pursue Repurchase Obligations On Performing Loans

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On April 2, the Supreme Court of New York, Appellate Division, held that loans underlying mortgage-backed securities need not be in default to trigger the lender’s repurchase obligations. MBIA Ins. Corp. v. Countrywide Home Loans Inc., No. 602825/2008, 2013 WL 1296525 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. App. Div. Apr. 2, 2013). The trial court granted partial summary judgment in favor of a bond insurer who alleges that a lender (i) fraudulently induced the insurer to insure securitized loans and (ii) breached representations and warranties in the transaction documents. On appeal, the court held that the contract at issue does not require a loan to be in default to trigger the defendant’s repurchase obligation. The court found that the relevant clause requires only that the inaccuracy underlying the repurchase request materially and adversely affect the interest of the insurer. If the insurer can prove that a loan which continues to perform materially and adversely affected its interests, it is entitled to have the lender repurchase the loan. The Appellate Division also (i) affirmed the trial court’s holding that causation is not required under New York insurance law to prevail on a fraud and breach of contract claim, and (ii) determined that the trial court erred in granting summary judgment on the issue of rescissory damages, holding instead that rescission is not warranted in this case.