New York Court Addresses Impact of Allowing Insured to Default

The recent decision by New York’s Appellate Division, First Department, in K2 Investment Group, LLC v. American Guarantee & Liability Ins. Co., 2012 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 16 (Jan. 3, 2012) illustrates the dangers under New York law in denying a duty to defend, and allowing an insured to default, when coverage is questionable.

The underlying matter in K2 involved a convoluted factual scenario, complicated by the insured’s default. Plaintiffs, K2, were a group of limited liability companies that made a series of loans to non-party Goldan, LLC. Goldan’s principal was Jeffrey Daniels. Mr. Daniels also happened to be an attorney, and in this capacity, he represented K2 in connection with the loan to Goldan. How or why K2 agreed to be represented by Mr. Daniels despite the apparently obvious conflict of interest was not explained by the court. After the loans were made, Goldan became insolvent and defaulted on the loans, whereupon K2 learned that Mr. Daniels had failed to properly secure the loans with mortgages and had failed to obtain title insurance.

K2 subsequently brought a malpractice action against Mr. Daniels and demanded $450,000 to settle their claims, which was within the $2 million limit of liability on Mr. Daniels’ legal malpractice policy issued by American Guarantee. American Guarantee nevertheless denied coverage to Mr. Daniels based on two policy exclusions: one applicable to claims based upon or arising out of the insured’s capacity as an officer or director of a business enterprise and the other applicable to acts or omissions of the insured for any business enterprise in which the insured had a controlling interest. American Guarantee’s argument, therefore, was that the exclusions applied because Mr. Daniels represented K2 in connection with loans made to a company in which he was a principal. Mr. Daniels failed to appear in K2’s lawsuit, resulting in a default judgment in the amount of $688,716. Following entry of the judgment, Mr. Daniels assigned his rights under the policy to K2, including bad faith claims. K2 thereafter brought a direct action against American Guarantee....

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