Ninth Circuit Affirms Dismissal Of Credit Card Fee Constitutional Challenge

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On January 21, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit affirmed a district court’s dismissal of a constitutional challenge to certain credit card fees. In re Late Fee and Over-Limit Fee Litig., No. 08-15218, 2014 WL 211729 (9th Cir. Jan. 21, 2014). A group of credit card holders filed a class action suit claiming that credit card overlimit fees and late fees are analogous to punitive damages imposed in the tort context, and therefore such fees are subject to substantive due process limits. The card holders asserted that because banks are compensated through high penalty interest rates for the lost time value and collection costs associated with any breach of the credit contract, the other charges are duplicative and therefore punitive. The court explained that its decision hinged on the similarities and differences between liquidated damages and punitive damages, and determined that the penalty clauses at issue originate from the parties’ private credit card contracts, and are distinct from the jury-determined punitive damages awards. The court held, therefore, that the “jurisprudence developed to limit punitive damages in the tort context does not apply to contractual penalties, such as the credit card fees at issue in this case.”

Topics:  Class Action, Credit Cards, Due Process, Fees, Punitive Damages

Published In: Civil Procedure Updates, General Business Updates, Constitutional Law Updates, Finance & Banking Updates

DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

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