Ninth Circuit Revisits Merck Rules on Securities Fraud Limitations Period

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The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit overturned a district court’s holding that a securities fraud claim was time-barred, noting that the 2010 Supreme Court case Merck & Co. v. Reynolds had rejected “inquiry notice” as the bright-line test for the limitations period. The plaintiff alleged that he had sold his interest in Alchemix Corporation based on misrepresentations as to ongoing negotiations between Alchemix, AFG investment group, and Western Oil Sands. Alchemix countered that, in 2002, it sent the plaintiff a letter noting that negotiations with AFG had terminated, putting the plaintiff on inquiry notice to further investigate the circumstances surrounding the negotiations. Because the limitations period is the earliest of five years or two years after the discovery of facts constituting the violation, the district court held that receipt of the letter more than two years before the suit was filed barred litigation.

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