No Disclaiming Federal Tax Liability

more+
less-

Chris owed money to the IRS, and had federal tax liens filed against him. He was also a 1/3 beneficiary of his mother’s estate.

To avoid the IRS collecting against his share of the estate, Chris disclaimed his interest as a beneficiary. Because Kentucky's disclaimer statute creates a legal fiction that the disclaimant pre-deceased the decedent, which relates back to the date of the decedent's death, it was argued that a disclaiming taxpayer would not have an interest in the subject property under Kentucky law.

Unfortunately for Chris, the U.S. Supreme Court had already resolved this case in Drye v. U.S., 528 US 49 (1999), holding that the IRS could reach disclaimed assets. The analysis progresses as follows:

a. Code Section 6321 authorizes the IRS to satisfy a tax deficiency by imposing a lien on “all property and rights to property, whether real or personal, belonging to [the taxpayer].”

b. What constitutes “property and rights to property” is ultimately a question of federal law. U.S. v. Craft, 535 US 274 (2002).

c. However, the lien statute creates no property rights but merely attaches consequences to rights under state law.

d. Thus, the court should look initially to state law to determine what rights the taxpayer has in the property the IRS seeks to reach, and then apply federal law to determine whether such state rights qualify as property or rights to property under federal law.

e. Since a potential disclaimant inevitably exercises dominion over the property simply by determining whether the subject property will remain with him or pass to  known other, the disclaimer statute gives the taxpayer the power to channel the estate's assets. Therefore, the taxpayer retained some rights in the property under state law, despite the disclaimer.

f. Such state law property rights are sufficient to create “property” or “rights to property” under federal law for the purposes of Code Section 6321.

DEINLEIN  v. U.S., 114 AFTR 2d 2014-5390 (DC KY), 07/23/2014

Topics:  Estate Planning, Estate Tax, Federal Taxes, IRS, Tax Liability, Tax Liens

Published In: Tax Updates, Wills, Trusts, & Estate Planning Updates

DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

© Charles (Chuck) Rubin, Gutter Chaves Josepher Rubin Forman Fleisher P.A. | Attorney Advertising

Don't miss a thing! Build a custom news brief:

Read fresh new writing on compliance, cybersecurity, Dodd-Frank, whistleblowers, social media, hiring & firing, patent reform, the NLRB, Obamacare, the SEC…

…or whatever matters the most to you. Follow authors, firms, and topics on JD Supra.

Create your news brief now - it's free and easy »