Using international trade mark registrations through the Madrid Protocol to promote your business around the world
It became easier for brand owners to achieve global trade mark protection for their brands when Australia became a party to the Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks (the Madrid Protocol) in 2001. Since then, Australian trade mark owners have enjoyed the benefits associated with simplified filings of trade mark applications in overseas countries that are signatories to the Madrid Protocol.
The Madrid Protocol enables trade mark owners, who are resident in a country that is a party to the Protocol, to obtain international protection for their marks by filing a single trade mark application in their home country. To this end, a trade mark application may be filed with the Australian Trade Marks Office and, if accepted for registration in the designated countries, is afforded equal treatment in every country in which it is registered. Today, more than 80 countries are signatory to the Madrid Protocol.
More countries join the Madrid Protocol
Additional countries consistently continue to join the Protocol which means that trade mark owners can extend their Madrid Protocol trade mark registrations across the world. So far in 2013, India, Mexico and, most recently, Rwanda, have become a party to the Protocol. New Zealand joined the Madrid Protocol last year.
It is important to note that India's membership is unique, in that it is conditional on allowing India a greater time to adhere to certain notice requirements and permitting the country to receive an additional fee for Indian registrations. Most significantly, India's membership prevents international registrations filed prior to India's accession to the Madrid Protocol from subsequently achieving registration in India. While Madrid Protocol trade mark applications filed after 8 July 2013 may designate India through the Madrid Protocol, owners of pre 8 July 2013 Madrid Protocol trade mark applications will still need to file applications for their trade marks directly into India.
India shares this quirk with Turkey and the Philippines, who, among other countries, continue to disallow the subsequent designation of trade marks where the mark was registered prior to the country becoming a party to the Madrid Protocol.
The expansion of the Madrid Protocol has also been a prominent focus in Latin America, where, over the past few years, a number of prominent Latin American countries have considered joining the Madrid Protocol. Through policy seminars, local government efforts, and the signing of trade agreements, Latin American countries are being encouraged to embrace the international system. In April 2013, Brazil's accession to the Madrid Protocol was approved by the Brazilian Chamber of Foreign Trade, to be introduced to national congress for consideration. Brazil may be one of the next countries to join the Madrid Protocol.
What does this mean to you?
Some trade mark owners are unaware that, through the Madrid Protocol, they are able to continue to designate additional countries as part of their registration. Importantly, a trade mark owner may be able to extend their international registration to designate a country that has become a party to the Madrid Protocol after the initial registration of their mark.
If you have an existing Madrid Protocol trade mark registration, then it may be time to review it and consider whether you should extend your registration to include any further countries that are now party to the Madrid Protocol.