S.D.N.Y. Holds TILA Short-Form Credit Card Notice Violations Subject To Statutory Damages


On November 4, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York held that credit card holders may pursue statutory damages for alleged violations of Regulation Z’s short-form credit card notice requirement, even though the short-form notice requirement is contained in a section of Regulation Z that is not enumerated under TILA’s statutory damages section. Zevon v. Dept. Stores Nat’l Bank, No. 12-7799, 2013 WL 5903024, (S.D.N.Y. Nov. 4, 2013). A credit card holder filed a putative class action alleging that the monthly short-form notice provided by the issuer was incomplete and omitted provisions required by Regulation Z’s model form provision. The court rejected the card issuer’s argument that because TILA only provides card holders with a cause of action for statutory damages for specifically enumerated statutory provisions, and because the short-form notice provision is not enumerated in the statute but is set only by Regulation Z, the card holder is not entitled to statutory damages. The court explained that following the card holder’s reasoning would immunize card issuers from statutory damages for even the most egregious short-from notice violations. Instead, the court held that because the allegedly violated Regulation Z provision was promulgated pursuant to an enumerated statutory provision—TILA’s long-form notice requirement—card holders are permitted to bring claims for statutory damages for short-form violations. The court rejected the card issuer’s motion to dismiss for these reasons, but granted its motion to limit statutory damages to $500,000, holding that the Dodd-Frank Act’s increase to a $1 million cap cannot be applied retroactively to violations that allegedly occurred prior to the Act’s passage.