Strengthening rights of aggrieved parties in criminal proceedings - Major changes in connection with the new Act on Victims of Crime

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As of August 1, 2013, Act No. 45/2013 Coll., on Victims of Crime and Amendments to Certain Other Acts, entered into force. The purpose of the Act is to regulate the rights of victims of crime – natural persons, and to provide them with adequate standing in criminal proceedings and with systematic professional and financial help. In addition to that, the Act amends other legal regulations having a significant impact on the rights of aggrieved parties, whether they are legal entities or natural persons. Such changes concern, inter alia, the Rules of Criminal Procedure, the Rules of Civil Procedure, the Rules of Executory Procedure and the Insolvency Act. Generally speaking, the rights of the aggrieved party in criminal proceedings have been strengthened substantially as of August 1, 2013.

Aggrieved party: A party who suffered bodily harm or material damage through a criminal act, or at whose expense the perpetrator enriched themselves through a criminal act.

- The aggrieved party’s attorney will be authorized to take part in the investigation upon the initiation of criminal prosecution, to pose questions to the accused and to witnesses, and to raise objections against procedure. A legal entity may now also serve as an attorney....

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