The United States Supreme Court has a busy docket for 2013. A number of important cases affecting the criminal justice system throughout the United States are to be decided this season. Cases involving the Fourth Amendment’s right to avoid illegal search and seizure are prominent in the court’s docket this year. Other cases will look at the rights of illegal immigrants in the United States and the right to habeas corpus.
Some of the notable cases before the court this year are:
Moncrieffe V. Holder will decide whether the Immigration and Nationality Act can be used to apply to state laws. The Act allows non-citizens to be deported if they are convicted of a felony. The case revolves around the selling of marijuana and whether a state law which is broader than the federal law would allow for the act to be used to deport that person.
Bailey V. United States will focus on the question of how the police may detain someone while their property is being searched. Under the law, if the police are executing a legal search warrant, the person against whom the warrant was issued may be detained. However, this case revolves around the question of whether someone who has already left the premises may be detained as well while the warrant is being executed.
Florida V. Jardines will examine whether the use of drug-sniffing dogs requires probable cause. The same case will also consider whether police waiting for a warrant outside a person’s home violates the legal doctrine of reasonable expectation of privacy.
Johnson V. Williams is to consider a situation where a juror has been removed based on bias.
All of these cases may provide important arrows in the quiver of criminal defense attorneys here in North Carolina to help defend their clients. If you or a loved one has been accused of a crime, it is important that you work with a qualified criminal defense attorney who understands these and other Supreme Court precedents in order to provide you with the best defense possible.