Anti-competitive behaviours such as price fixing, sharing markets and horizontal agreements between undertakings aiming to agree commercial strategies and policies are considered the most harmful infringements of competition law and for this reason they are usually at the top of the agenda of competition authorities.
However, in 2012 the ICA opened seven new investigation proceedings related to horizontal agreements, whereas in the first six months of 2013 (up until 17 June) it opened only three and reopened a case that had been closed by a commitments decision in 2009. Most of them are not related to cartels but concern less harmful infringements such as mere exchange of information, inter-professional agreements (four of the 2012 cases are related to professional associations of notaries) and public procurement.
Originally published by the Global Competition Review.
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