The Fourteenth Amendment Created Two Citizens: A Concise Explanation


The Fourteenth Amendment created not one, but two citizens under the Constitution of the United States (of America):

"Consequently, one who is created a citizen of the United States, is certainly not made a citizen of any particular State. It follows, that as it is only the citizens of the State who are entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens of the several States, . . . then a distinction both in name and privileges is made to exist between citizens of the United States, ex vi termini, and citizens of the respective (several) States." Ex parte Frank Knowles: 5 Cal. 300, at page 304 (1855).

This article shows the legal reasoning to this conclusion.

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DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

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