The Fourteenth Amendment's effects on Citizenship under the Constitution of the United States and under International Law

more+
less-

Before the adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment, a citizen of a State, under Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1 of the Constitution of the United States of America, was recognized as a citizen of the United States, under international law. A citizen of the United States did not exist under the Constitution, Dred Scott is shown to be in error on this point.

A citizen of the United States, before the Fourteenth Amendment, was also a citizen of the several States united.

Thus, a citizen of a State was also, before the adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment, a citizen of the seversl States united, under internaional law.

In the Slaughterhouse Cases, the Supreme Court split the two equivalent terms. Thereafter, there was a citizen of the United States and a citizen of the several States (united) UNDER THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.: A citizen of the United States was to be found at Section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment, whereas a citizen of the several States was designated at Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1 of the Constitution

A citizen of a State, under Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1 of the Constitution, after the adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment and the Slaughterhouse Cases, is no longer a citizen of the United States, but rather only a citizen of the several States (united) for purposes of international law. A citizen of the United States, under Section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment, is still recognized under international law as a citizen of the United States.

A citizen of a State, under Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1 of the Constitution, before the Fourteenth Amendment, is now, after the Fourteenth Amendment, a citizen of a State as well as a citizen of the several States. This was done by the Supreme Court, in the Slaughterhouse Cases, so that a citizen of a State, who was recognized under the international law before the adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment, as a citizen of the United States, would now be recognized as a citizen of the several States, after the adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment.

So now there is a citizen of the United States government and a citizen of the several States governments. Both are now recognized in the Constitution of the United States of America. Both are to be recognized under international law.

Legal authority quoted, cited and linked.

LOADING PDF: If there are any problems, click here to download the file.