I INTRODUCTION -
The advent of digital technologies coupled with legislative harmonising objectives have triggered considerable developments in the TMT sector in Romania over the past two years. Regulatory and industry efforts have culminated with the largest tender for spectrum allocation allowing 4G communications in 2012 as well as with the adoption of a national strategy for the transition from analogue to digital broadcasting in 2013.
II REGULATION -
i The regulators -
In Romania, the TMT sector is regulated by two specialised authorities.
The National Authority for Management and Regulation in Communications (ANCOM) is the regulatory body in the area of electronic communications, an independent public authority under Parliamentary control.
ANCOM manages at national level the available resources necessary for the provision of electronic communications services and networks, such as radio frequencies, numeration resources and other associated technical resources. It also monitors the radio frequency bands allocated for non-governmental use and controls the market for radio equipment and terminal equipment used in the provision of telecommunication services.
Moreover, ANCOM is responsible for the implementation of the national policy in the area of electronic communications set forth by the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (MCTI). While performing its legal duties, ANCOM closely cooperates with the Romanian Competition Council (RCC) and the National Authority for Consumer Protection.
Originally published in The Technology, Media and Telecommunications Review, 4th edition (published in October 2013 – editor John P Janka).
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