Yes there are two citizens in the nation of the United States under international law

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Before the Fourteenth Amendment, there was only a citizen of a State, under Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1 of the Constitution of the United States of America. Such a citizen was also a citizen of the United States, under the law of nations (international law).

However, in the Slaughterhouse Cases (1873), the Supreme Court decided that because of the Fourteenth Amendment, citizenship of a State was to be separate and distinct from citizenship of the United States. A citizen of a State was to be considered as separate and distinct from a citizen of the United States.

So now there is a citizen of a State and there is a citizen of the United States.

A citizen of the United States can become also a citizen of a State, under Section 1, Clause 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment. In such case then there would be a citizen of a State, under Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1 of the Constitution and also a citizen of the United States AND a citizen of a State, under Section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment.

A citizen of the United States, under Section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment, is recognized as such under the law of nations. A citizen of a State, under Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1 of the Constitution, is not recognized as such under international law. However, a citizen of a State, under Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1 of the Constitution, is entitled to privileges and immunities of a citizen of the several States, and as such, is also a citizen of the several States; that is, a citizen of all the several States, generally. Such citizenship is to be recognized as such, for purposes of international law; that is, a citizen of the several States is a citizen of the several States united.

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DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

© Dan Goodman | Attorney Advertising

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