Yes, there were four citizens before the Fourteenth Amendment


Before the Fourteenth Amendment, there were two citizens; one was a citizen of a State, born in the United States of America (a native citizen); the other was a citizen of the United States, born in a foreign country (a naturalized citizen).

There were (and still are) two more citizens before the Fourteenth Amendment. One was a citizen who a State naturalized according to the particular State’s own rules for naturalization, as opposed to the rule of naturalization established by Congress. The other citizen was a citizen of a State naturalized in a state court according to the rule of naturalization established by Congress.

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DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

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