LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIES HAVE SEEN nothing like the mass class action litigation in the US. That is not to say that procedures are not in place for the protection of collective rights and interests. The focus across Latin America tends to be on the protection of consumer rights, the environment and national heritage.
Although there are undoubtedly similarities across the region, the development of class actions (more commonly known as “collective actions” or acciones colectivas) is at a different stage in each country. The common theme, which has so far stemmed the flow of class actions, is the lack of a developed procedure for civil litigation. For example, there is no recognized discovery process or admission of oral evidence (let alone cross-examination) in any of the countries included in this guide.
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