Senate Judiciary Committee Approves "Sunshine" Bill That Clouds Up Settlements

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Here at MassTortDefense we know that while not the "sexy" part of litigation, the nuts and bolts of settlement agreements are crucial to clients. That is why it caught our eye that the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee last week approved a bill that would require courts to consider so-called public health and safety concerns before approving the sealing of certain legal agreements and settlements in product liability suits.

The committee voted 12-6 to pass S. 623, the so-called Sunshine in Litigation Act. The bill would prohibit a federal court, in any civil action in which the pleadings state facts relevant to the "protection of public health or safety," from entering an order restricting the disclosure of information obtained through discovery, or from approving a settlement agreement that would restrict such disclosure, or restricting access to court records, unless in connection with that order the court has first made certain findings of fact. Specifically, the bill requires the court to find that: (1) the order would not restrict the disclosure of information relevant to the protection of public health or safety; or (2) the public interest in the disclosure of past, present, or potential health or safety hazards is outweighed by a specific and substantial interest in maintaining the confidentiality of the information, and the requested protective order is no broader than necessary to protect the confidentiality interest asserted.

The bill similarly would prohibit the court from enforcing any provision of a settlement agreement that prohibits a party from disclosing that a settlement was reached or the terms of the settlement, other than the amount paid, or from discussing the civil action, or evidence produced in it, that involves matters relevant to the protection of public health or safety -- unless, again, the court finds that the public interest in the disclosure of past, present, or potential health or safety hazards is outweighed by a specific and substantial interest in maintaining the confidentiality of the information or records in question, and the requested order is no broader than necessary to protect the confidentiality interest asserted.

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