Surrogate's Court Structure, History, Jurisdiction


The beginnings of the Surrogate's Court in the State of New York followed the Ecclesiastical Court features of England wherein the function of handling estates was by the governors acting mainly as administrators.

It eventually became necessary for the governors to appoint substitutes or surrogates to handle probate matters. Gradually more and more jurisdiction was given to the Surrogate's Courts even with the power to preside over jury trials that primarily dealt with probate and discovery proceedings.

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