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FCC Proposes to Establish New Air-to-Ground Mobile Broadband Service for Airline Travelers

In a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking issued last week, the FCC proposed to establish a new, terrestrial-based, air-to-ground (“ATG”) mobile broadband service in the 14.0-14.5 GHz Ku-band, providing multi-gigabyte broadband…more

Airlines, Aviation Industry, Broadband, Competitive Bidding, FCC

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SJC Issues Decision Concerning Recovery of Lost Profits Damages in Commercial Litigation

In a noteworthy recent decision addressing the parameters of damages in commercial litigation, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court (SJC) affirmed an order excluding expert testimony concerning future lost profits damages…more

Expert Testimony, Lost Profits

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“May I have your ZIP Code?” Retailers may want to read this….

There are only a handful of decisions addressing whether a commercial general liability (CGL) policy provides coverage for lawsuits brought against retailers allegedly collecting their customers’ ZIP code information. Thus,…more

Commercial Bankruptcy, Personally Identifiable Information, Retailers

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Comments on Proposed Rules Amendments (Rules 26, 34, and 37)

Mintz Levin compliments the Committee and supports the proposed amendments to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure because, on balance, the proposals seek to reduce the costs of discovery and litigation of document preservation…more

Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Proposed Amendments

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The Affordable Care Act—Countdown to Compliance for Employers, Week 22: Charting the Future of the Premium Subsidies (and Employer Penalties): Halbig v. Burwell and King v. Burwell

On July 22, 2014, two federal appellate courts issued conflicting decisions, within hours of each other, regarding the IRS final rule published on May 23, 2012 (the “IRS Rule”), intended to implement the exchange-related tax…more

Affordable Care Act, Chevron Deference, Employer Mandates, Halbig v Burwell, Health Insurance

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Do as I Say, Not as I Do: Even the Government Falls Victim to Wage and Hour Violations Sometimes

Remember last fall when all we could talk about was the government shutdown? The 16-day government shutdown captured the attention of a nation once again gripped by seemingly-manufactured political crisis. Last week, two news…more

Class Action, Employer Liability Issues, Federal Employees, FLSA, Furloughs

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The Latest Keyword Advertising Battle: The 10th Circuit Finds No Infringement Based on Use of Another’s Trademark to Generate Sponsored Advertisements

Over the past few years, numerous trademark infringement suits have been filed over keyword advertising. Last month, the 10th Circuit weighed in on this subject, issuing a decision with broad implications. In 1-800 Contacts,…more

Google, Infringement, Keyword Advertising, Keyword Search, SEO

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2013-2014 Massachusetts Legislative Session Ends

Last week, the 2013-2014 Massachusetts legislative session came to a close amid a flurry of activity on Beacon Hill. Lawmakers rushed to finalize and pass priority bills, working past their deadline on Thursday, sending a number…more

Economic Development, Energy Policy, Healthcare, Legislative Agendas, Pending Legislation

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Patent Hold-Up or Patent Hold-Out? Judge Essex Adds His Voice to the SEP-FRAND Debate

Administrative Law Judge Essex recently issued the public version of his Initial Determination in ITC investigation No. 337-TA-868, ruling that the respondents are precluded from relying on the defense that the patent holder is…more

FRAND, Licenses, Patent Litigation, Patent-in-Suit, Patents

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Implications of the New California LLC Act

On January 1, 2014, a new law governing limited liability companies (“LLCs”) went into effect in California. The California Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (“RULLCA”)1 superseded in its entirety the prior limited…more

Consent, Corporate Governance, Fiduciary Duty, Indemnification, Limited Liability Companies

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Maryland Court of Appeals: Contrary to Federal Court Rulings, Maryland Employees Are Eligible to Recover Treble Damages from Employers Failing to Pay Overtime

More bad news for employers: Maryland’s Court of Appeals (its highest court) has now put to rest any question about an employee’s right to recover treble damages in connection with an unpaid overtime claim…more

Employee Rights, Employer Liability Issues, Over-Time, Treble Damages, Unpaid Overtime

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Director Liability for Cybersecurity Risks

If a corporation is the target of a cyberattack resulting in a data breach, its board may be the target of a shareholder derivative action claiming breach of fiduciary duty. A recent example is Palkon v. Holmes, No. 14-cv-01234…more

Board of Directors, Breach of Duty, Cyber Insurance, Cybersecurity, Data Protection

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The Legal and Regulatory Landscape for Wellness Plans: The Affordable Care Act and Beyond

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (the ‘‘Act’’) generally encourages employers to adopt wellness plans and programs in conjunction with their group health plans. Wellness plan vendors tout these arrangements with…more

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FDA Notifies Congress of Framework for Long-Awaited Guidance on Laboratory Developed Tests and Issues Final Guidance on Companion Diagnostics

Laboratory Developed Tests - After many years of promising that it would be providing guidance on the regulation of laboratory developed tests (LDTs), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) provided notice to Congress on…more

Clinical Laboratories, Diagnostic Tests, FDA, Laboratory Developed Tests

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New Swap Business Conduct and Record-Keeping Regulations Kick in for Municipal Bond Issuers and Borrowers

Beginning May 1, 2013, many new business conduct regulations adopted by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (“Dodd-Frank”) will begin to…more

Borrowers, CFTC, Dodd-Frank, End-Users, ISDA

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Clean Edge 2014 Clean Energy Trends Report: Key Trends Emerging from 2013

We saw some key trends emerging and we are proud to be part of the Clean Edge 2014 Clean Energy Trends Report, released last week. The report highlights trends on the rise and provides a comprehensive glance back at 2013. Some…more

Clean Energy, Energy, Solar Energy

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CMS Issues Final Call Letter for 2015

Earlier this week, CMS announced in its Final Call Letter that Medicare Advantage rates would rise an average of 0.4 percent in 2015, instead of falling 1.9 percent as proposed in February. CMS’s shift in course may stem from…more

CMS, Healthcare, Medicare, Medicare Advantage

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The Affordable Care Act—Countdown to Compliance for Employers, Week 18: Emerging Strategies to Reduce or Eliminate Exposure for Assessable Payments under the Affordable Care Act’s Pay-or-Play Rules

The Affordable Care Act’s employer shared responsibility, or “pay-or-play,” rules require “applicable large employers” (generally employers with 50 or more full-time and full-time equivalent employees) to offer group health plan…more

Affordable Care Act, Employer Liability Issues, Final Rules, Full-Time Employees, IRC

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The New Rule 506: a Useful Crowdsourcing Tool

When the JOBS Act was passed in the spring of 2012, all the “buzz” was about the imminent advent of “Crowdfunding.” But as legal practitioners, business persons, and pundits looked closer at the details under the Crowdfunding…more

Advertising, Crowdsourcing, Dodd-Frank, General Solicitation, JOBS Act

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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Did The Supreme Court Finally Explain Marathon And Stern? - Executive Benefits’ Impact on Bankruptcy Court Jurisdiction

The Supreme Court has spoken once again on the limited jurisdiction of the bankruptcy courts, adding to the understanding derived from Northern Pipeline Constr. Co. v. Marathon Pipe Line Co., 458 U.S. 50 (1982), Granfinanciera…more

Bankruptcy Code, Commercial Bankruptcy, Executive Benefits Insurance Agency v. Arkison, Jurisdiction, SCOTUS

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Obama Administration Outlines Religious Accommodations for Contraception Coverage Mandate

Last week, federal regulators released a Proposed Rule outlining accommodations for religious employers that object to the Affordable Care Act’s contraception coverage mandate. The Proposed Rule expands the range of employers…more

Affordable Care Act, Contraceptive Coverage Mandate, Exemptions, Reasonable Accommodation, Religious Institutions

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Massive Data Breach Affects 4.5 Million Patients in 29 States

Community Health Systems, Inc. (the “Company”), one of the largest hospital organizations in the country, announced via a public filing (Form 8K) made yesterday with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“Report”) that the…more

Cyber Attacks, Data Breach, EHR, HIPAA, HITECH

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Five Key Decisions for ACOs Looking to Participate in the 2015 MSSP

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) has announced the upcoming deadlines for the third round of new applications to the Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP). Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) that…more

ACOs, Affordable Care Act, CMS, Healthcare

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New Swap Business Conduct and Record-Keeping Regulations Kick in for Municipal Bond Issuers and Borrowers

Beginning May 1, 2013, many new business conduct regulations adopted by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (“Dodd-Frank”) will begin to…more

Borrowers, CFTC, Dodd-Frank, End-Users, ISDA

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Admirals Bank Partners with SunPower for an Innovative Solar Power Loan Funding Program

Mintz Levin would like to congratulate our client, Admirals Bank, on partnering with SunPower Corp., the second largest U.S. solar-panel maker, to establish an innovative solar power loan funding program. Together, SunPower and…more

Admirals Bank, Energy Projects, Funding, Loans, Manufacturers

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Making “Material Adverse Change” Mean What You Choose It to Mean — Neither More nor Less

A recent decision by the Court of Chancery of Delaware provides a reason to pause before agreeing to standard, boilerplate “material adverse change” clauses in purchase agreements. In Osram Sylvania, Inc. v. Townsend Ventures,…more

Attorney's Fees, Breach of Contract, MACs, Material Adverse Effects, Purchase Agreement

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NIST Seeks Comments on Cybersecurity Framework

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), publishers of the Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity (the “Framework”) last February, have published a Request for Information in the Federal…more

Cybersecurity, Cybersecurity Framework, NIST, Request For Information

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Don’t Discount Computer-Related Inventions from Patentability

There is a general belief that it is not worth applying for patent protection for computer-implemented inventions and software in Europe because the legislation, at first glance, excludes computer programs and business methods…more

Computer-Related Inventions, Patent-Eligible Subject Matter, Patentability Search, Patents

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FCC Clarifies Rule Governing Foreign Ownership of Broadcast Stations

On November 14, 2013, the Federal Communications Commission (“FCC”) adopted a Declaratory Ruling (“Ruling”) clarifying its policies and procedures for reviewing applications or proposed transactions in the broadcasting industry…more

Consent, FCC, Filing Requirements, Foreign Ownership, Telecommunications

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New Swap Business Conduct and Record-Keeping Regulations Kick in for Municipal Bond Issuers and Borrowers

Beginning May 1, 2013, many new business conduct regulations adopted by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (“Dodd-Frank”) will begin to…more

Borrowers, CFTC, Dodd-Frank, End-Users, ISDA

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OIG Approves Manufacturer’s Direct-to-Patient Discount Sales Program

The Office of Inspector General (“OIG”) recently posted an Advisory Opinion approving a pharmaceutical manufacturer’s direct-to-patient product sales program. While this Advisory Opinion cannot be relied upon by anyone other…more

Drug Manufacturers, Generic Drugs, Marketing, OIG, Pharmaceutical

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A Lesson on the ADA: Engaging in Good Faith in the Interactive Process is Essential

Understanding the mandates of the Americans with Disabilities Act and similar state and local laws is easy: employers cannot discriminate against individuals with disabilities. However, navigating the reasonable accommodation…more

ADA, Disability, Disability Discrimination, Good Faith, PTSD

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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USCIS Rolls Out Full-Scale Implementation of L-1 Site Visit Program: Employers of L-1 Transferees Should Now Set up Processes to Prepare for Such Visits

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services’ (USCIS) Fraud Detection and National Security (FDNS) Directorate has recently begun implementation of an L-1 site inspection program in response to an August 2013 report released by the…more

Audits, Corporate Counsel, DHS, FDNS, Inspections

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FCC Proposes to Establish New Air-to-Ground Mobile Broadband Service for Airline Travelers

In a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking issued last week, the FCC proposed to establish a new, terrestrial-based, air-to-ground (“ATG”) mobile broadband service in the 14.0-14.5 GHz Ku-band, providing multi-gigabyte broadband…more

Airlines, Aviation Industry, Broadband, Competitive Bidding, FCC

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UK High Court confirms jurisdiction to grant cross-border declaration of non-infringement

In Actavis Group HF v. Eli Lilly & Co. the UK High Court has granted a declaration of non-infringement in the UK, France, Italy and Spain. A jurisdictional challenge in relation to the French, Italian and Spanish jurisdictions…more

Actavis Inc., Cross-Border, EU, Foreign Jurisdictions, Jurisdiction

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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USCIS Issues Policy Alert on Validity of Medical Examinations (Form I-693)

On Friday, May 30, 2014, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) reversed a longstanding policy of extending the validity of the physician endorsement on the Report of Medical Examination and Vaccination Record (Form…more

CDC, Hiring & Firing, Medical Examinations, USCIS, Vaccinations

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No More Playing Cute With Non-Solicitation Obligations: First Circuit Court of Appeals Rejects "Customer Called Me First" Argument

Non-solicitation agreements now may have more teeth in Massachusetts. This week, in Corporate Technologies, Inc. v. Harnett, the First Circuit Court of Appeals allowed to stand an earlier injunction prohibiting Brian Harnett, a…more

Compliance, Enforcement, Non-Solicitation Agreements

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CPSC Magnets Trial in December? Zen Magnets Throws Down the Gauntlet; Vows to “Fight Until the End”

Two years ago, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) took the uncommon step of filing administrative complaints against multiple rare-earth magnet companies who refused to voluntarily recall magnetic adult desk toy…more

Children's Products, Children's Toys, CPSC, Zen Magnets

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Continued Delays for Visa Issuance Around the World

As we reported on Monday, due to a massive software failure of the Department of State’s Consular Consolidated Database (CCD), there continue to be delays in the issuance of visas at consular posts around the globe. Passports…more

Delays, Department of State, Passports, Software, Visas

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A Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Year: President Obama Targets Federal Contractors Again, This Time on Labor Law Compliance

Federal contractors must be straining their necks to see if they have an actual target on their backs. Last week, President Obama signed an executive order that requires federal contractors to disclose labor and employment law…more

Compliance, DOL, EEOC, Employee Rights, Federal Contractors

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Energy & Environment Update - August 2014 #3

In This Issue: - Extenders Déjà Vu: Fate of Expired Clean Energy Tax Provisions Closely Tied to Election - Congress - Administration - Department of Commerce - Department of Energy -…more

China, Clean Energy, DOE, Energy Policy, EPA

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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Federal Court Rules That Issuers Face Strict Liability for Erroneous Statements About Legal Compliance in Registration Statements, Even if They Did Not Know the Statements Were False

A recent federal appeals court decision addressing pleading standards for shareholder suits under Section 11 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, highlights the potential dangers of giving broad assurances of legal…more

Biotechnology, Compliance, Derivative Suit, False Statements, Healthcare

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FCC Eliminates Foreign Competition Test for Certain International Telecommunications Authorization Applications

In an order released on April 22, 2014, the Federal Communications Commission eliminated its longstanding requirement that certain applications for authorization to provide international telecommunications services or for…more

FCC, Telecommunications, WTO

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House Ways and Means Tax Reform Proposal Dramatically Changes Energy Tax Landscape

On February 26, House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Dave Camp (R-MI) released his long-awaited tax reform discussion draft, the Tax Reform Act of 2014. To achieve his goal of lower individual and corporate tax rates,…more

Energy Tax Incentives, Tax Reform, Ways and Means Committee

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2013-2014 Massachusetts Legislative Session Ends

Last week, the 2013-2014 Massachusetts legislative session came to a close amid a flurry of activity on Beacon Hill. Lawmakers rushed to finalize and pass priority bills, working past their deadline on Thursday, sending a number…more

Economic Development, Energy Policy, Healthcare, Legislative Agendas, Pending Legislation

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The Supreme Judicial Court Declares that Inexpensive Market-Rate Housing May Not Be Counted in Determining a Town’s Compliance with Chapter 40B

On Tuesday, in Zoning Board of Appeals of Lunenburg v. Housing Appeals Committee, the Supreme Judicial Court soundly rejected a zoning board of appeals’ argument that inexpensive market-rate homes may be counted toward a town’s…more

Affordable Housing, Land Developers

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Another Court Weighs in on Rule 9(b)’s Requirements Under the False Claims Act

A federal district court recently dismissed a qui tam relator’s complaint in a declined case against the Hospital for Special Surgery (“Hospital”), its former CEO, and an outside billing company alleging that they violated the…more

Anti-Kickback Statute, False Claims Act, Hospitals, Qui Tam, Rule 9(b)

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New Global Patent Prosecution Highways to Accelerate Examination of Patents

The Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH) gives applicants the opportunity to accelerate the examination of their patent applications in multiple countries once they have received a favourable report in one country. This is useful…more

Patent Litigation, Patent Prosecution, Patent Prosecution Highway, Patents

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FCC Clarifies Rule Governing Foreign Ownership of Broadcast Stations

On November 14, 2013, the Federal Communications Commission (“FCC”) adopted a Declaratory Ruling (“Ruling”) clarifying its policies and procedures for reviewing applications or proposed transactions in the broadcasting industry…more

Consent, FCC, Filing Requirements, Foreign Ownership, Telecommunications

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Top Issues for Employers in 2013: Social Media & Independent Contractors

Employment lawyers anticipate that employers’ social media policies and their use of independent contractors will be hot button issues in the New Year, much like they were in 2012... …more

Independent Contractors, Misclassification, NLRA, NLRB, Social Media

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Forward-Publishing Patents: A Way to Tell Competitors “Stay Out”?

On March 10, 2014, Sonos announced it would forward-publish its patent applications before they would traditionally be available to the public. This has given rise to quite a bit of discussion in patent legal circles. What are…more

Forward Publishing, Patent Applications, Patents

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Registration Requirements Eased for Brokers and Financial Advisors in M&A Transactions

We are often asked whether a financial advisor or business broker may advise on mergers and acquisitions and similar business combinations of a privately held company in a stock transaction without having to register as a…more

Broker-Dealer, No-Action Letters, Registration, Securities Exchange Act

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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U.S. Supreme Court Decides Aereo Internet Broadcast Television Case

Yesterday, the U.S. Supreme Court released its widely-anticipated decision in American Broadcasting Cos., Inc. et al. v. Aereo, Inc., wherein it reversed and remanded for further consideration a decision by the U.S. Court of…more

Aereo, Broadcasting, Copyright, Copyright Infringement, Internet Streaming

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Clean Edge 2014 Clean Energy Trends Report: Key Trends Emerging from 2013

We saw some key trends emerging and we are proud to be part of the Clean Edge 2014 Clean Energy Trends Report, released last week. The report highlights trends on the rise and provides a comprehensive glance back at 2013. Some…more

Clean Energy, Energy, Solar Energy

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FLSA Collective Action: Supreme Court Holds Offer of Judgment Moots Claim

Does a “make whole” offer of judgment to the lead plaintiff in a wage and hour collective action put an end to the case? According to the US Supreme Court, the answer is “yes”- at least on the specific facts of the case before…more

Collective Actions, FLSA, Genesis HealthCare, Genesis Healthcare Corp. v. Symczyk, Mootness

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Lyondell: Is the Safe Harbor Closed to Former Shareholders of LBOs?

In a recent decision by the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York, Weisfelner, v. Fund 1, et al. (In re Lyondell Chem. Co.), 2014 Bankr. LEXIS 159 (Bankr. S.D.N.Y. January 14, 2014), the Court…more

Fraudulent Transfers, Leveraged Buyout, Safe Harbors, Shareholders, Transfers

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Another Court Weighs in on Rule 9(b)’s Requirements Under the False Claims Act

A federal district court recently dismissed a qui tam relator’s complaint in a declined case against the Hospital for Special Surgery (“Hospital”), its former CEO, and an outside billing company alleging that they violated the…more

Anti-Kickback Statute, False Claims Act, Hospitals, Qui Tam, Rule 9(b)

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Supreme Court Delivers Unanimous Decisions in Two Important Patent Cases: What Do This Week’s Limelight and Nautilus Decisions Mean for You?

Earlier this week, the United States Supreme Court delivered unanimous opinions in two separate cases addressing questions of patent law, Limelight Networks v. Akamai Technologies (on induced infringement) and Nautilus v. Biosig…more

Akamai Technologies, Claim Construction, En Banc Review, Induced Infringement, Limelight Networks

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The New Rule 506: a Useful Crowdsourcing Tool

When the JOBS Act was passed in the spring of 2012, all the “buzz” was about the imminent advent of “Crowdfunding.” But as legal practitioners, business persons, and pundits looked closer at the details under the Crowdfunding…more

Advertising, Crowdsourcing, Dodd-Frank, General Solicitation, JOBS Act

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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Rollover Contributions: What Plan Administrators Need to Know

Retirement plan administrators routinely receive requests from employees to accept rollover contributions of amounts held in a prior employer’s qualified plan or, in some cases, an IRA. When processing these requests, plan…more

Employee Benefits, Employer Mandates, Form 5500, Guidance Update, IRA Rollovers

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Survival of Reps and Warranties: Avoiding Unpleasant Surprises for Buyers

Survival of representations and warranties (“reps and warranties”) is among the staples of highly negotiated provisions in M&A purchase agreements. The length of the survival period limits the time during which claims may be…more

Breach of Contract, Breach of Warranty, Representations and Warranties, Statute of Limitations, Survival Clauses

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USPTO Guidance for Examiners Takes Expansive View of Myriad and Prometheus Decisions

On March 4, 2014, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”) issued a memorandum to the Patent Examining Corps with guidance for determining the patent eligibility of claims relating to products of nature and laws of nature…more

AMP v Myriad, Mayo v. Prometheus, Patent Litigation, Patent-Eligible Subject Matter, Patents

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Supreme Court Rewrites the Rules for Individual Campaign Contributions: McCutcheon v. Federal Election Commission

On April 2, 2014, the Supreme Court of the United States rendered the McCutcheon decision, addressing the facial validity of Section 203 of the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 (the “BCRA”). This case involved a challenge…more

FEC, McCutcheon v. FEC, Political Contributions, SCOTUS

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Making “Material Adverse Change” Mean What You Choose It to Mean — Neither More nor Less

A recent decision by the Court of Chancery of Delaware provides a reason to pause before agreeing to standard, boilerplate “material adverse change” clauses in purchase agreements. In Osram Sylvania, Inc. v. Townsend Ventures,…more

Attorney's Fees, Breach of Contract, MACs, Material Adverse Effects, Purchase Agreement

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Health Care Enforcement in 2013: A Year in Review

In 2013, the U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”), Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General (“HHS-OIG”), and other federal and state agencies continued to aggressively prosecute health care fraud and related offenses…more

Compliance, DOJ, Enforcement, Healthcare, Healthcare Fraud

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Google, the House of Lords and the timing of the EU Data Protection Regulation

In the Google Spain “Right to be Forgotten” case, the ECJ held that Google must remove links to a newspaper article containing properly published information about a Spanish individual on the basis that the information is no…more

Data Protection, ECJ, EU, EU Data Protection Laws, Google

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The Food Fight Continues: Vermont AG Seeks to Dismiss Lawsuit Against GMO Labeling Law

In June, we reported on a suit brought by the Grocery Manufacturers Association (“GMA”) seeking to rescind Vermont’s new GMO-labeling statute, Act 120. As we explained in that post, the GMA argues that Act 120 is doubly…more

Commerce Clause, First Amendment, Food Labeling, GMO, Popular

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FCC Explores Opportunities to Expedite Deployment of Wireless Broadband Facilities

On September 27, 2013, the Federal Communications Commission (“FCC”) issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (“Notice”) directed at expediting the deployment of wireless broadband facilities. Currently, parties seeking to deploy…more

Broadband, FCC, Mobile Broadband Services, National Broadband Plan, Spectrum

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Cap Gap Expiration Quickly Approaching: Be Mindful That Some Employees’ Work Authorization May End on October 1, 2013

On April 10, 2013, we reported that USCIS had conducted the lottery process for fiscal year 2014 cap-subject H-1B petitions. Those petitions that were selected and approved will be valid starting October 1, 2013. However, as…more

H-1B, Immigrants, USCIS, Visas

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Another Court Weighs in on Rule 9(b)’s Requirements Under the False Claims Act

A federal district court recently dismissed a qui tam relator’s complaint in a declined case against the Hospital for Special Surgery (“Hospital”), its former CEO, and an outside billing company alleging that they violated the…more

Anti-Kickback Statute, False Claims Act, Hospitals, Qui Tam, Rule 9(b)

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Supreme Court Rewrites the Rules for Individual Campaign Contributions: McCutcheon v. Federal Election Commission

On April 2, 2014, the Supreme Court of the United States rendered the McCutcheon decision, addressing the facial validity of Section 203 of the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 (the “BCRA”). This case involved a challenge…more

FEC, McCutcheon v. FEC, Political Contributions, SCOTUS

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Registration Requirements Eased for Brokers and Financial Advisors in M&A Transactions

We are often asked whether a financial advisor or business broker may advise on mergers and acquisitions and similar business combinations of a privately held company in a stock transaction without having to register as a…more

Broker-Dealer, No-Action Letters, Registration, Securities Exchange Act

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New FINRA Rule 5123 Regarding Private Placements of Securities Effective December 3, 2012

In an effort to enhance oversight and investor protection over private placement activity of firms on behalf of other issuers, new Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (FINRA) Rule 5123 became effective on December 3,…more

Commodity Pool, Exemptions, FINRA, Private Investment Funds, Private Placements

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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FINRA Provides Guidance on the Applicability of the Suitability Rule to Broker-Dealers Marketing Private Placements in the EB-5 Context

In an interpretive letter to a broker-dealer dated August 26, 2013, FINRA (Financial Industry Regulatory Authority) interpreted the suitability requirements under Rule 2111 for recommendations to foreign nationals making…more

Broker-Dealer, EB-5, FINRA, Foreign Investment, Suitability Rule

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A Committee of Fund Manager Personnel May Not Be Able to Provide the Requisite Consent on Behalf of the Fund for a Principal Transaction

Fund managers may wish from time to time to conduct, or for their principals or affiliates to conduct, securities transactions opposite the fund. The Advisers Act prohibits such transactions – called “principal transactions” –…more

Consent, Equity Transactions, Fund Managers, Securities

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Preparation for 2013 Fiscal Year-End SEC Filings and 2014 Annual Shareholder Meetings

As our clients and friends know, each year Mintz Levin provides an analysis of the regulatory developments that impact public companies as they prepare for their fiscal year-end filings with the Securities and Exchange…more

Annual Meeting, Compliance, Filing Deadlines, Filing Requirements, SEC

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Computer Implementation Not Enough to Render Abstract Ideas Patent Eligible

The Supreme Court yesterday issued its long-awaited decision in Alice Corporation v. CLS Bank International addressing the patent eligibility of computer-implemented inventions under 35 USC §101. The Court’s unanimous decision…more

Alice Corporation, CLS Bank, CLS Bank v Alice Corp, Patent Infringement, Patent Litigation

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The Food Fight Continues: Vermont AG Seeks to Dismiss Lawsuit Against GMO Labeling Law

In June, we reported on a suit brought by the Grocery Manufacturers Association (“GMA”) seeking to rescind Vermont’s new GMO-labeling statute, Act 120. As we explained in that post, the GMA argues that Act 120 is doubly…more

Commerce Clause, First Amendment, Food Labeling, GMO, Popular

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7 Key Roles of a Successful Startup CEO

In your experience, what’s the most important role that a startup CEO should fulfill? That’s the question we put recently to JD Supra contributors, many of whom have spent years working with successful entrepreneurs in various…more

Business Formation, CEOs, Legal Perspectives, Startups

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Corporate Practice of Medicine: An Old Doctrine Breathing New Life

New York is one of many states that prohibit the “corporate practice of medicine” (CPOM). The CPOM doctrine generally bars a business corporation from practicing medicine or employing a physician to provide professional medical…more

Corporate Practice of Medicine, Healthcare

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Mintz Levin Health Care Qui Tam Update - Recent Developments & Unsealed False Claims Act (FCA) Cases

Trends & Analysis: •We have identified 23 health care–related qui tam cases unsealed since last month’s Qui Tam Update. Only six of those cases were filed in 2013. The majority (13 cases) were filed in 2011 or 2012, with…more

Anti-Kickback Statute, False Claims Act, Healthcare, Qui Tam

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Proxy Season Litigation Primer: Defending Shareholder Suits to Enjoin Annual Meetings for Allegedly Inadequate Disclosures Concerning Equity Compensation Plans

Over the past few years, as plaintiffs have found it increasingly harder to succeed in “say-on-pay” litigation, another type of litigation over proxy disclosures has been on the rise. These cases are generally brought as class…more

Board of Directors, Class Action, Equity Compensation, Executive Compensation, Fiduciary Duty

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FCC Eliminates Foreign Competition Test for Certain International Telecommunications Authorization Applications

In an order released on April 22, 2014, the Federal Communications Commission eliminated its longstanding requirement that certain applications for authorization to provide international telecommunications services or for…more

FCC, Telecommunications, WTO

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More EPO Rule Reversals: Additional Searches Available During European Regional Phase

The EPO has announced rule changes that will provide applicants with the option to have additional searches carried out during the European regional phase of Euro-PCT applications…more

EPO, EU, Patent Applications, Patents, USPTO

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Health Care Update - August 2014 #4

In This Issue: - Administration Releases Updated Contraception Coverage Rules - Federal Regulatory Initiatives - Other Congressional and State Initiatives - Other Health Care News - Upcoming…more

Affordable Care Act, Burwell v Hobby Lobby, Closely Held Businesses, Contraceptive Coverage Mandate, DOL

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Employment-Based Third Preference (EB-3) Cut-Off Dates Advance on the Visa Bulletin for All Countries Except India and the Philippines

The Visa Bulletin for July 2013 shows continual movement forward for immigrant visas in the employment-based third preference (EB-3) category for all countries except India and the Philippines…more

EB-3, India, Visa Bulletins, Visas

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Cyber Risks For The Boardroom

The Recent Increase In Focus on Privacy Issues - Privacy issues have been the focus of many state efforts over the past few years. However, the SEC has increased their focus tremendously over the past few months (see our…more

Compliance, Cyber Insurance, Cybersecurity, Data Protection, SEC

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It’s Time to Register for the 2015 Diversity Lottery!

On October 1, 2013, the U.S. Department of State will begin accepting requests to register for the 2015 Diversity Immigrant Visa Program (DV-2015), also known as the Green Card Lottery. The Diversity Lottery Program provides a…more

Department of State, DIversity Lottery, Green Cards, Immigrants, Visas

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Health Care Update - August 2014 #4

In This Issue: - Administration Releases Updated Contraception Coverage Rules - Federal Regulatory Initiatives - Other Congressional and State Initiatives - Other Health Care News - Upcoming…more

Affordable Care Act, Burwell v Hobby Lobby, Closely Held Businesses, Contraceptive Coverage Mandate, DOL

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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Hawaii G-M-O: Kauai County GMO Regs Struck Down in Federal Court

Throughout the year, this space has periodically re-visited the topic of regulating the manufacture and labeling of foods with genetically modified ingredients (GMOs) at the state and federal level. This week, a lawsuit out of…more

Food Labeling, Food Manufacturers, Food Marketing, GMO, Local Ordinance

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How and Why Your Team Is Everything (And Other Essentials for Startup Success...)

The multi-faceted answer to our question: over the years working with entrepreneurs and inventors, what have you seen as an essential attribute to startup success?…more

Legal Perspectives, Startups

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Proxy Season Litigation Primer: Defending Shareholder Suits to Enjoin Annual Meetings for Allegedly Inadequate Disclosures Concerning Equity Compensation Plans

Over the past few years, as plaintiffs have found it increasingly harder to succeed in “say-on-pay” litigation, another type of litigation over proxy disclosures has been on the rise. These cases are generally brought as class…more

Board of Directors, Class Action, Equity Compensation, Executive Compensation, Fiduciary Duty

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Regulation of Health IT: A Risk-Based Approach

The FDA will hold a public workshop on May 13-15, 2014 to discuss the long-awaited report (the “Report”) issued on April 3, 2014 by the three federal agencies charged with regulating health information technology (“health IT”),…more

FCC, FDA, FDASIA, Healthcare, ONC

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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National Labor Relations Board Majority Holds That Seeking Co-Worker Assistance with an Individual Harassment Complaint is Protected Activity Under the Act; Overrules Holling Press, Inc.

Last week, the NLRB took an exceptionally broad view of what constitutes “concerted activity” and what kind of efforts are aimed at “mutual aid or protection” under the National Labor Relations Act. For employers, this could…more

Employer Liability Issues, Fresh & Easy, Grocery Stores, Harassment, Internal Investigations

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Are Airbnb Hosts Regulated by the CPSC? Short-Term Rental Properties May Require Compliance with Pool & Spa Safety Laws

In the wake of the tragic drowning of Virginia Graeme Baker, granddaughter of former Secretary of State James Baker, Congress passed and President Bush signed into law the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act. The…more

AirBnB, CPSC, Safety Precautions, Swimming Pools

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Enlarged Board of Appeal referral – Challenging clarity of post-grant amendments

Lack of clarity is not a ground for opposition before the EPO, but can be raised against amendments filed during the opposition proceedings. In accordance with Article 101(3) EPC, any amendments made to a granted patent during…more

European Patent Convention, Patent Litigation, Patents, Post-Grant Review

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Continuing a Growing Trend, Telemedicine Efforts Move Forward

Last week, the American Telemedicine Association (ATA) approved its new telepathology guidelines, which provide updated guidance on specific applications, practices, benefits, limitations, and regulatory issues that may arise in…more

ATA, Healthcare, Telemedicine

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Fiscal Cliff Legislation Extends Tax Incentive to Invest in Small Businesses

As a result of the recent “fiscal cliff” legislation, otherwise known as the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 (2012 Tax Act), many individual investors are expecting future tax increases, either in the form of higher capital…more

American Taxpayer Relief Act, C-Corporation, Capital Gains, Fiscal Cliff, Income Taxes

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Microsoft Loses Round in Fight Over Email Held in Irish Data Center

Rarely do Microsoft, AT&T, Verizon, Apple, Cisco and the ACLU all agree on a particular subject; rarer still that such an unlikely coalition fails…more

Data Centers, Electronically Stored Information, Email, Microsoft, Popular

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PREPA Bondholders Seek Summary Judgment Invalidating Puerto Rico’s Public Corporation Bankruptcy Legislation

On August 11, Franklin Funds and Oppenheimer Rochester Funds filed a second amended complaint, opposition to motion to dismiss and cross-motion for summary judgment in the litigation they previously filed in the United States…more

Bonds, Commercial Bankruptcy, PREPA, Summary Judgment

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Mintz Levin Health Care Qui Tam Update - Recent Developments & Unsealed False Claims Act (FCA) Cases: May 2014

Trends & Analysis: ..We have identified 58 health care–related qui tam cases that have been unsealed since our last Qui Tam Update. Of those, 33 cases were initiated after the start of 2012, with the remaining 25 cases…more

Clinical Laboratories, Diagnostic Imaging Services, FCA, Healthcare, Hospitals

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Health Care Reform Update -- April 2, 2013

In This Issue: Implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA); Other HHS and Federal Regulatory Initiatives; Other Congressional and State Initiatives; Other Health Care News; and Hearings and Mark-Ups…more

Abortion, Affordable Care Act, CMS, Contraceptive Coverage Mandate, Health Insurance Exchanges

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Beware the Ides of March at the US Patent and Trademark Office

Last March, the USPTO experienced an enormous spike in the typical number of application filings per week, as numerous US provisional and non-provisional patent applications were filed in advance of the March 16, 2013 effective…more

America Invents Act, Patent Reform, USPTO

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Appellate Courts in New Jersey and New York Both Rule that a Contract May Reduce Statute of Limitations on Employment Claims

Earlier this summer, a New Jersey appellate court, in Rodriquez v. Raymours Furniture enforced a provision in an employment application that reduced the period in which an employee could sue an employer to six months from the…more

Adverse Employment Action, Employment Application, Statute of Limitations

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Using Corporate Bylaws and Charters to Set the Rules for Shareholder Litigation

Recent court decisions, including the Delaware Supreme Court’s opinion earlier this month in ATP Tour, Inc. v. Deutscher Tennis Bund, have focused new attention on the use of corporate bylaws and charters to establish the ground…more

American Rule, ATP Tours, Attorney's Fees, Board of Directors, Bylaws

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No Bones About It: Tenth Circuit Permits Narrowest Market Definition and Raises the Bar for an Entry Defense When Reinstating Monopolization Suit

On August 5, 2014, the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals reinstated claims of monopolization and attempted monopolization under Section 2 of the Sherman Act brought by a manufacturer of surgical bone mills against a competitor…more

Corporate Counsel

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SawStop Dismissal Explained: Opinion Crosscutting SawStop’s Antitrust Lawsuit Released

Judge Claude M. Hilton of the Eastern District of Virginia recently issued a Memorandum Opinion following up on his June 27, 2014 order dismissing the complaint filed against the power tool industry by SawStop, LLC…more

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Federal Court Rejects Relator’s Swapping Allegations in False Claims Act Case

This week a federal district court in Ohio ruled in favor of Mobilex USA (Mobilex), the country’s largest mobile medical imaging company, on a motion for summary judgment in a False Claims Act (FCA) suit filed by a former…more

False Claims Act, Healthcare, Medicare, Medicare Part A, Medicare Part B

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U.S. Customs and Border Protection Rolling Out Electronic Travel Records

In April 2013, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) introduced electronic Forms I-94, enabling nonimmigrants entering the U.S. via air and sea to easily access their Form I-94 Arrival/Departure Records online. As of May 1,…more

Customs and Border Protection, Electronic Records, Form I-94, H1-B, L-1 Visas

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Software Audits: Strategies for Licensees

Audits Have Become More Common - If you have received a software audit request from your software vendor or one of the industry trade groups representing software publishers, such as the Software & Information Industry…more

Audits, Client Access Licenses, License Agreements, Software, Software Developers

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Health Care Reform Update -- April 15, 2013

In This Issue: Leading the News; Implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA); Other HHS and Federal Regulatory Initiatives; Other Congressional and State Initiatives; Other Health Care News; and Hearings and Mark-Ups…more

Affordable Care Act, CMS, Federal Budget, Healthcare, HHS

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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Clean Energy Patent Growth Index – 2013 Year in Review

The Clean Energy Patent Growth Index (CEPGI) has released its 2013 Year in Review report. The report, tracking green patent trends by sector, provides some interesting insight on the status of Energy Technology investing…more

CEPGI, Green Energy, Investment, Investment Opportunities, Patents

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D&O Insurance and IPOs: Seven Issues You Need to Consider

As a company prepares for an IPO, the last thing to sometimes be considered is the potential of future litigation. Although going public can of course be a very good thing for a company, its directors, its initial investors and…more

Board of Directors, Compliance, D&O Insurance, IPO, Professional Liability

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PE Funds May Be Liable For Portfolio Company Pension Liabilities

Introduction - A recent decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit increases the risk that a private equity fund could be liable for its portfolio company’s unfunded pension liabilities. Additionally, one…more

Employee Benefits, Employer Liability Issues, ERISA, Investment Portfolios, Pensions

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“Backoff” Update — More Widespread, PCI Council Issues Call to Action — If You Accept Credit Cards Via Point-of-Sale, You Need to Read This

Some weeks ago, we wrote a piece “What You Need to Know About Backoff Malware: The New Threat Targeting Retailers” . It’s apparently gotten worse. Any business utilizing point-of-sale (POS) terminals for “swiping” credit…more

Credit Cards, Cybersecurity, Data Protection, Point of Sale Terminals, Retailers

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Cyber Risks For The Boardroom

The Recent Increase In Focus on Privacy Issues - Privacy issues have been the focus of many state efforts over the past few years. However, the SEC has increased their focus tremendously over the past few months (see our…more

Compliance, Cyber Insurance, Cybersecurity, Data Protection, SEC

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Hulu Scores a Victory (at least temporarily) in Avoiding Class Certification

Another important decision has been rendered in the ongoing In re: Hulu Privacy Litigation saga pending in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, this time denying – without prejudice – the…more

Ascertainable Class, Class Action, Class Certification, Cookies, Facebook

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Africa Update - August 2014 #4

In This Issue: - Leading the News - United States – Africa Relations - North Africa - East Africa - West Africa - Sub-Saharan Africa - General Africa News - Excerpt from…more

Department of State, DOD, Ebola, Foreign Relations, Healthcare

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Court Limits Scope of SEC Disgorgement In Case Involving Failure to Disclose Beneficial Interests

Just last week, Judge Scheindlin from the Southern District of New York precluded the SEC from seeking wide-ranging disgorgement in an order issued in the SEC v. Wyly, 10-cv-5760 (S.D.N.Y.) case…more

Compliance, Disclosure Requirements, Disgorgement, Failure to Notify, SEC

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Massachusetts High Court Permits Compelled Decryption of Seized Digital Evidence

Today, in Commonwealth v. Gelfgatt, No. SJC-11358 (Mass. June 25, 2014), a divided Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court held that under certain circumstances, a court may compel a criminal defendant to provide the password to…more

Criminal Prosecution, Electronic Records, Encryption, Evidence, Fifth Amendment

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REMINDER: Ultra Light Future Energy Forum Boston on September 25, 2013

On Wednesday, September 25, 2013, Ultra Light Startups is hosting its Future Energy Forum at Microsoft NERD in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The event is part of a series of startup pitch events that connects entrepreneurs,…more

Clean Energy, Clean Tech, Startups

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USPTO Guidance for Examiners Takes Expansive View of Myriad and Prometheus Decisions

On March 4, 2014, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”) issued a memorandum to the Patent Examining Corps with guidance for determining the patent eligibility of claims relating to products of nature and laws of nature…more

AMP v Myriad, Mayo v. Prometheus, Patent Litigation, Patent-Eligible Subject Matter, Patents

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State Blue Sky Claims Under the Uniform Securities Act Can Be Won by Sellers, But at a Cost

An emerging tool for plaintiff-side securities litigators is the use of state claims under the Uniform Securities Act, such as Massachusetts’ so-called “Blue Sky” statute, Mass. Gen. L. c. 110A, § 410…more

Securities Litigation, Uniform Securities Act

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Energy & Environment Update - August 2014 #3

In This Issue: - Extenders Déjà Vu: Fate of Expired Clean Energy Tax Provisions Closely Tied to Election - Congress - Administration - Department of Commerce - Department of Energy -…more

China, Clean Energy, DOE, Energy Policy, EPA

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No Bones About It: Tenth Circuit Permits Narrowest Market Definition and Raises the Bar for an Entry Defense When Reinstating Monopolization Suit

On August 5, 2014, the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals reinstated claims of monopolization and attempted monopolization under Section 2 of the Sherman Act brought by a manufacturer of surgical bone mills against a competitor…more

Corporate Counsel

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7 Key Roles of a Successful Startup CEO

In your experience, what’s the most important role that a startup CEO should fulfill? That’s the question we put recently to JD Supra contributors, many of whom have spent years working with successful entrepreneurs in various…more

Business Formation, CEOs, Legal Perspectives, Startups

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Clean Edge 2014 Clean Energy Trends Report: Key Trends Emerging from 2013

We saw some key trends emerging and we are proud to be part of the Clean Edge 2014 Clean Energy Trends Report, released last week. The report highlights trends on the rise and provides a comprehensive glance back at 2013. Some…more

Clean Energy, Energy, Solar Energy

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Federal Court Rejects Relator’s Swapping Allegations in False Claims Act Case

This week a federal district court in Ohio ruled in favor of Mobilex USA (Mobilex), the country’s largest mobile medical imaging company, on a motion for summary judgment in a False Claims Act (FCA) suit filed by a former…more

False Claims Act, Healthcare, Medicare, Medicare Part A, Medicare Part B

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Data: Big, Borderless and Beyond Control? Five Things You Can Do

There’s been a lot of talk about big data over the last few years and the breaches at Target and Neiman Marcus have many companies running in circles trying to figure out how to protect their systems and their data. So what are…more

Big Data, Cybersecurity, Data Breach, Data Protection, Neiman Marcus

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Energy & Environment Update - August 2014 #3

In This Issue: - Extenders Déjà Vu: Fate of Expired Clean Energy Tax Provisions Closely Tied to Election - Congress - Administration - Department of Commerce - Department of Energy -…more

China, Clean Energy, DOE, Energy Policy, EPA

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Health Care Update - August 2014 #4

In This Issue: - Administration Releases Updated Contraception Coverage Rules - Federal Regulatory Initiatives - Other Congressional and State Initiatives - Other Health Care News - Upcoming…more

Affordable Care Act, Burwell v Hobby Lobby, Closely Held Businesses, Contraceptive Coverage Mandate, DOL

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Brave New World or California Dreaming? Governor Patrick Proposes Legislation Banning Non-Compete Agreements

At an economic development summit earlier today in Newton, Massachusetts, Governor Patrick stated that he will propose an economic growth bill that includes a prohibition on non-competition agreements that discourage workers in…more

Economic Development, Employee Rights, Non-Compete Agreements, Restrictive Covenants

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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Even in Privacy Cases, Risk of Injury Does not Always Equal Injury

It’s an ancient conundrum; if a tree falls in the forest, and no one is there to hear it, does it make a sound? Privacy litigation may well offer the closest jurisprudential equivalent; if data is stolen, but no one does…more

Data Breach, Liability, PHI

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Survival of Reps and Warranties: Avoiding Unpleasant Surprises for Buyers

Survival of representations and warranties (“reps and warranties”) is among the staples of highly negotiated provisions in M&A purchase agreements. The length of the survival period limits the time during which claims may be…more

Breach of Contract, Breach of Warranty, Representations and Warranties, Statute of Limitations, Survival Clauses

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Did The Supreme Court Finally Explain Marathon And Stern? - Executive Benefits’ Impact on Bankruptcy Court Jurisdiction

The Supreme Court has spoken once again on the limited jurisdiction of the bankruptcy courts, adding to the understanding derived from Northern Pipeline Constr. Co. v. Marathon Pipe Line Co., 458 U.S. 50 (1982), Granfinanciera…more

Bankruptcy Code, Commercial Bankruptcy, Executive Benefits Insurance Agency v. Arkison, Jurisdiction, SCOTUS

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Green Chemistry Initiatives: An American Patchwork?

A growing number of states are passing Green Chemistry laws, e.g.; California, Connecticut, Maine, Minnesota, and Washington State. These laws present a challenge to manufacturers who distribute and sell products into the 50…more

Green Chemistry, Manufacturers

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Health Care Enforcement in 2013: A Year in Review

In 2013, the U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”), Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General (“HHS-OIG”), and other federal and state agencies continued to aggressively prosecute health care fraud and related offenses…more

Compliance, DOJ, Enforcement, Healthcare, Healthcare Fraud

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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International Trade Commission Takes Steps to Promote Early Adjudication of Dispositive Issues

On June 24, 2013, the International Trade Commission (“ITC”) announced a pilot program for early adjudication of potentially-dispositive issues in investigations. The pilot program is part of ongoing efforts by the ITC to…more

Adjudicatory Process, Copyright, Investigations, ITC, Judges

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Employee Benefits: Important Wellness Plan and Mental Health/Substance Use Disorder Parity Effective Dates Have Arrived!

Employers and insurers offering medical plans: take note! Two important final regulations issued jointly by the IRS, DOL and HHS (the “Departments”) apply to plan years (or, in the individual market, policy years) beginning on…more

Corporate Counsel, DOL, Employee Benefits, Employee Rights, Healthcare

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California Supreme Court Upholds Employment Class Action Waivers, but Rejects Waivers of PAGA Claims

The California Supreme Court issued an important decision last week on the enforceability of employment class action waivers included in arbitration agreements. The result: private parties can contract for the waiver of the…more

Arbitration, Class Action, Class Action Arbitration Waivers, CLS Transportation, Employment Contract

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Hawaii G-M-O: Kauai County GMO Regs Struck Down in Federal Court

Throughout the year, this space has periodically re-visited the topic of regulating the manufacture and labeling of foods with genetically modified ingredients (GMOs) at the state and federal level. This week, a lawsuit out of…more

Food Labeling, Food Manufacturers, Food Marketing, GMO, Local Ordinance

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Federal Circuit Affirms ITC Jurisdiction for Non-Practicing Entities

On January 10, 2013, the Federal Circuit reaffirmed broad ITC jurisdiction for non-practicing patent enforcement entities by denying Nokia Corp.’s petition for rehearing of InterDigital Commc’ns, LLC v. Int’l Trade Comm’n (2010-…more

ITC, Jurisdiction, License Agreements, Nokia, Non-Practicing Entities

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Regulators Speak at IAPP Breakfast Meeting in NYC

Data Breach Incidents—Especially “Ransom” Incidents, are on the Rise—One panelist observed that the New York State Attorney General’s Office received reports of approximately 900 data breach incidents during the past year alone…more

Cybersecurity, Data Breach, Data Protection, DOJ, FOIA

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Class Action Waivers Enforced in Two Recent Second Circuit Decisions

The Second Circuit Court of Appeals recently issued two opinions each holding that class action waivers may be enforced by employers in cases brought under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). These decisions — Sutherland v…more

Class Action, Class Action Arbitration Waivers, Employer Liability Issues, FLSA, Wage and Hour

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Final Medical Marijuana Regulations Approved in Massachusetts

The Massachusetts Department of Public Health Public Health Council approved, by unanimous vote, final regulations for the implementation of the medical marijuana ballot initiative law that will allow qualifying patients with…more

Final Rules, Medical Marijuana

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Solar PV Capacity Quickly Expands When States Provide the Right Incentives

The American solar photovoltaic (PV) industry has grown tremendously in recent years. In 2012, more than 3,300 MW of solar power were installed throughout the United States, with a record 1,300 MW installed in the last three…more

Incentives, Renewable Energy, Solar Energy

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Colorado Federal Court Walks Back Rejection of ADEA Waiver in RIF Case

In a previous post we discussed Foster v. Mountain Coal Company LLC, the District of Colorado’s decision invalidating a waiver of an employee’s claims against his employer under the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA)…more

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U.S. Supreme Court Rules That Isolated Human Genes Are Unpatentable

Summary - On June 13, 2013 in a much-anticipated decision, the U.S. Supreme Court in Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics, 569 U.S. __ (2013) unanimously held that claims for isolated DNA sequences are…more

AMP v Myriad, Biotechnology, DNA, Human Genes, Myriad

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Chinese Detain Pharmaceutical Company Managers in Economic Crime Probe

This week, reports have arisen that Chinese authorities in the cities of Shanghai, Beijing, and Changsha detained high-level GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) managers as part of an investigation into potential “economic crimes.” The…more

Bribery, China, Compliance, DOJ, FCPA

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Second Circuit Holds That Dodd-Frank Act Does Not Protect Whistleblower Outside U.S. Territory

Thursday's post on the SEC’s whistleblower program discussed among other topics the question of whether the Dodd-Frank Act protects employee whistleblowers from retaliation by their employers where the employees only raise…more

Dodd-Frank, Extraterritoriality Rules, Whistleblower Protection Policies, Whistleblowers

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Director Liability for Cybersecurity Risks

If a corporation is the target of a cyberattack resulting in a data breach, its board may be the target of a shareholder derivative action claiming breach of fiduciary duty. A recent example is Palkon v. Holmes, No. 14-cv-01234…more

Board of Directors, Breach of Duty, Cyber Insurance, Cybersecurity, Data Protection

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OIG Finds Risk of Abuse in Specialty Pharmacy’s Per-Fill Fee Proposal

In an Advisory Opinion posted August 15, 2014, the Office of Inspector General (“OIG”) concluded that a proposed arrangement by a specialty pharmacy (“Requestor”) might generate prohibited remuneration under the Federal…more

Advisory Opinions, Anti-Kickback Statute, Fraud and Abuse, OIG, Pharmacies

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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Two All-Beef Patties, Special Sauce, Lettuce, Cheese, Pickles, Onions, on a Sesame Seed Bun – NLRB Rocks Franchise World by Authorizing Complaints Against McDonald’s as a Joint Employer; Signals Significant Step Toward Broadening the Joint Employer Test

The National Labor Relations Board is attempting to expand the reach of the National Labor Relations Act once again – this time the NLRB’s Office of the General Counsel authorized formal complaints against McDonald’s USA, LLC,…more

Employee Rights, Franchises, Joint Employers, McDonalds, NLRA

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International Trade Commission Takes Steps to Promote Early Adjudication of Dispositive Issues

On June 24, 2013, the International Trade Commission (“ITC”) announced a pilot program for early adjudication of potentially-dispositive issues in investigations. The pilot program is part of ongoing efforts by the ITC to…more

Adjudicatory Process, Copyright, Investigations, ITC, Judges

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Health Care Update - August 2014 #4

In This Issue: - Administration Releases Updated Contraception Coverage Rules - Federal Regulatory Initiatives - Other Congressional and State Initiatives - Other Health Care News - Upcoming…more

Affordable Care Act, Burwell v Hobby Lobby, Closely Held Businesses, Contraceptive Coverage Mandate, DOL

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Patent Hold-Up or Patent Hold-Out? Judge Essex Adds His Voice to the SEP-FRAND Debate

Administrative Law Judge Essex recently issued the public version of his Initial Determination in ITC investigation No. 337-TA-868, ruling that the respondents are precluded from relying on the defense that the patent holder is…more

FRAND, Licenses, Patent Litigation, Patent-in-Suit, Patents

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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It’s Time to Prepare H-1B Visa Petitions for Fiscal Year 2015

This alert is a reminder of the rapidly approaching April 1, 2014 “deadline” for the filing of H-1B visa petitions for Fiscal Year 2015. Petitions for the new fiscal year, which starts on October 1, 2014, will be accepted by the…more

H-1B, Immigrants, USCIS, Visas

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The Strike Force Approach To Combatting Health Care Fraud

The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General (HHS-OIG) and other federal and state agencies are aggressively prosecuting health care fraud and related offenses through a strike…more

DOJ, Healthcare, Healthcare Fraud, HHS, OIG

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Continuing a Growing Trend, Telemedicine Efforts Move Forward

Last week, the American Telemedicine Association (ATA) approved its new telepathology guidelines, which provide updated guidance on specific applications, practices, benefits, limitations, and regulatory issues that may arise in…more

ATA, Healthcare, Telemedicine

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Regulation of Health IT: A Risk-Based Approach

The FDA will hold a public workshop on May 13-15, 2014 to discuss the long-awaited report (the “Report”) issued on April 3, 2014 by the three federal agencies charged with regulating health information technology (“health IT”),…more

FCC, FDA, FDASIA, Healthcare, ONC

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What You Need to Know About Backoff Malware: the New Threat Targeting Retailers

The phrase “back off” is an implied threat typically reserved for bumper stickers and mud flaps, but if you are a retailer that permits the use of remote desktop applications in your business, the name Backoff should be…more

Cybersecurity, Data Protection, Malware, Point of Sale Terminals, Retailers

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Financial Services Legislative and Regulatory Update -- January 13, 2014

In This Issue: Leading the Past Week; Executive Branch; International; and Upcoming Hearings. Excerpt from Leading the Past Week - Last week closed with the long anticipated ability-to-repay and qualified…more

Ability-to-Repay, CFPB, FHFA, Financial Regulatory Reform, FOMC

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Corporate Practice of Medicine: An Old Doctrine Breathing New Life

New York is one of many states that prohibit the “corporate practice of medicine” (CPOM). The CPOM doctrine generally bars a business corporation from practicing medicine or employing a physician to provide professional medical…more

Corporate Practice of Medicine, Healthcare

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A Quick Glance: The Two Central Holdings from the U.S. Supreme Court’s Decision in Halliburton

In what amounted to a 6-3 decision, the Supreme Court held in Halliburton Co. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc., 573 U.S. ___ (2014) that the presumption of reliance based on the fraud-on-the-market theory, first articulated in Basic…more

Basic v Levinson, Class Action, Fraud, Fraud-on-the-Market, Halliburton

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PLEADING A NON-COMPETE CLAIM: Sometimes the Bare Minimum Is Just Enough

There is no such thing as “per se” unenforceability of non-compete agreements (with a few notable exceptions). Instead, a court will enforce a non-compete if it meets whatever criteria a particular jurisdiction establishes –…more

Corporate Counsel, Non-Compete Agreements, Restrictive Covenants

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SEC Adopts Rules Permitting General Solicitation in Private Offerings Limited to Purchases by Accredited Investors

On July 10, 2013, the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) adopted rules that repealed a long-standing ban on the use of general solicitation for private securities offerings. These changes will be effective in…more

Accredited Investors, Advertising, General Solicitation, Marketing, Private Placements

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Ninth Circuit Clarifies Extraterritorial Reach of California Antitrust Laws

In AT&T Mobility LLC v. AU Optronics Corp., Ninth Circuit Case No. 11-16188 (Feb. 14, 2013), the Ninth Circuit held that California’s antitrust law, the Cartwright Act, could apply to a price fixing conspiracy of LCD panels even…more

AT&T Mobility, AU Optronics Corp, Cartwright Act, Conspiracies, Due Process

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SawStop Dismissal Explained: Opinion Crosscutting SawStop’s Antitrust Lawsuit Released

Judge Claude M. Hilton of the Eastern District of Virginia recently issued a Memorandum Opinion following up on his June 27, 2014 order dismissing the complaint filed against the power tool industry by SawStop, LLC…more

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Health Care Reform by Petition

A series of alternative proposed Initiative Petitions were filed Thursday, August 7, with the Office of the Attorney General of Massachusetts (the “AGO”) seeking primarily to establish specified limits on operating margins…more

CEOs, Executive Compensation, Healthcare Reform, Hospitals, Medicaid

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Bitcoin: Regulators and States Out Ahead—Will Congress Follow?

Bitcoin, a decentralized digital currency that facilitates quick exchanges of value, has received steady attention from the media and industry stakeholders. Akin to gold, bitcoins are mined using computers to solve increasingly…more

Bitcoins, Virtual Currency

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Five Questions and Answers About the Second Circuit’s SEC v. Citigroup Decision

Last week we posted a summary of the Second Circuit’s decision in SEC v. Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. This week, as a follow-up, we pose the following five “yes or no” questions and provide responses as a way to further dive…more

Admissions of Liability, Citigroup, Judge Rakoff, Neither Admit Nor Deny Settlements, SEC

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Massachusetts Legislature Passes Minimum Wage Increase and Economic Development Package

In a previous article, “Massachusetts Legislature Considers Unemployment Insurance Reform and Minimum Wage Increase,” we outlined the Massachusetts House and Senate’s separate plans to increase the minimum wage and reform the…more

Economic Development, Legislative Agendas, Minimum Wage, New Legislation, Unemployment Insurance

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SB 1186 Update: California Legislature Attempts to Promote Compliance with Accessibility Standards and to Curtail Vexatious Litigation

In September 2012, the California State Legislature enacted SB 1186 in an effort to cut back on opportunistic litigation and encourage compliance with disability access laws. The new law imposes additional notice, procedural and…more

Accessibility Rules, Certified Access Specialists, Compliance, Disclosure Requirements, Enforcement

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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SJC Issues Decision Concerning Recovery of Lost Profits Damages in Commercial Litigation

In a noteworthy recent decision addressing the parameters of damages in commercial litigation, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court (SJC) affirmed an order excluding expert testimony concerning future lost profits damages…more

Expert Testimony, Lost Profits

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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Health Care Enforcement in 2012: A Year in Review

Last year was another busy year in health care fraud enforcement. In 2012, the Office of Inspector General for the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS-OIG) reported total expected recoveries of $6.9 billion from all of…more

Anti-Kickback Statute, Compliance, Criminal Prosecution, Durable Medical Equipment, Enforcement

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Could Federal Circuit Decision Weaken FRAND Defense?

On Monday, May 5, 2014, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, by transferring the Microsoft v. Motorola case to the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, issued an order which may significantly impact the ability of…more

Appeals, Equitable Relief, FRAND, Microsoft, Motorola

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Another Shoe Drops in Washington: Ninth Circuit Expands Personal Jurisdiction over Willful Copyright Infringers

In Washington Shoe Co. v. A-Z Sporting Goods, Inc. (U.S. Court of Appeals – Ninth Circuit, No. 11-35166, Dec. 17, 2012), the Ninth Circuit expanded the exercise by Federal District Courts of personal jurisdiction over…more

A-Z Sporting Goods, Copyright, Jurisdiction, Long Arm Statute, Personal Jurisdiction

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The Troubled Track Record of the Proxy Strike Suit

The recent wave of proxy strike litigation, once thought to be on the rise in 2012 and 2013, has now gone two years without a significant court victory. After one notable early success, decision after decision has gone against…more

Class Action, Disclosure, Proxy Contests, Shareholder Activism, Shareholder Litigation

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KB Toys: Don’t Play with Clouded Claims

In a recent decision by the influential Third Circuit Court of Appeals, In re KB Toys Inc., 2013 U.S. App. LEXIS 23083 at *17 (3d Cir. Nov. 15, 2013), the Court decided that “the cloud on the claim” stemming from a preferential…more

Acquisitions, Chapter 11, Commercial Bankruptcy, Creditors, Debt Collection

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Massachusetts Becomes Latest State to Raise its Minimum Wage

Massachusetts is the latest state to take up the minimum wage mantel, as Governor Deval Patrick signed a law raising minimum wage in the state on June 26th. As we have discussed on this blog, there is a movement afoot…more

Minimum Wage, New Legislation, Wage and Hour

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Health Care Update - August 2014 #4

In This Issue: - Administration Releases Updated Contraception Coverage Rules - Federal Regulatory Initiatives - Other Congressional and State Initiatives - Other Health Care News - Upcoming…more

Affordable Care Act, Burwell v Hobby Lobby, Closely Held Businesses, Contraceptive Coverage Mandate, DOL

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No Bones About It: Tenth Circuit Permits Narrowest Market Definition and Raises the Bar for an Entry Defense When Reinstating Monopolization Suit

On August 5, 2014, the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals reinstated claims of monopolization and attempted monopolization under Section 2 of the Sherman Act brought by a manufacturer of surgical bone mills against a competitor…more

Corporate Counsel

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2013-2014 Massachusetts Legislative Session Ends

Last week, the 2013-2014 Massachusetts legislative session came to a close amid a flurry of activity on Beacon Hill. Lawmakers rushed to finalize and pass priority bills, working past their deadline on Thursday, sending a number…more

Economic Development, Energy Policy, Healthcare, Legislative Agendas, Pending Legislation

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Do you want your under 13 kid to have a Gmail or YouTube account? Google does…..

According to recent media reports, Google is allegedly designing a Google account for children under 13 which would permit children in this age group to officially create their own Gmail account and to access a kid-friendly…more

COPPA, Email, FTC, Google, Minors

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Martoma by the Numbers

This week a jury in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York rendered a guilty verdict against the former SAC portfolio manager on two counts of securities fraud and one count of conspiracy to commit…more

Conspiracies, Martoma, Securities Fraud

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Health Care Reform Update -- April 15, 2013

In This Issue: Leading the News; Implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA); Other HHS and Federal Regulatory Initiatives; Other Congressional and State Initiatives; Other Health Care News; and Hearings and Mark-Ups…more

Affordable Care Act, CMS, Federal Budget, Healthcare, HHS

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Milk Processors Soured After Federal District Court Rules They Must Face Monopsonization Claims at Trial

Nearly five years into a wide-ranging monopsonization suit accusing milk processors of conspiring to depress and fix the prices paid to independent and cooperative milk suppliers, Judge Christina Reiss of the District of Vermont…more

Food Manufacturers, Food Safety, Price-Fixing, Sherman Act

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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Patent Eligibility of Software Innovations After CLS Bank

The en banc Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit recently could not agree on the proper approach for determining whether software-based inventions constitute patent eligible subject matter under § 101 of the patent statute…more

CLS Bank, CLS Bank v Alice Corp, Investors, Patent Applications, Patent-Eligible Subject Matter

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No Bones About It: Tenth Circuit Permits Narrowest Market Definition and Raises the Bar for an Entry Defense When Reinstating Monopolization Suit

On August 5, 2014, the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals reinstated claims of monopolization and attempted monopolization under Section 2 of the Sherman Act brought by a manufacturer of surgical bone mills against a competitor…more

Corporate Counsel

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Africa Update - August 2014 #4

In This Issue: - Leading the News - United States – Africa Relations - North Africa - East Africa - West Africa - Sub-Saharan Africa - General Africa News - Excerpt from…more

Department of State, DOD, Ebola, Foreign Relations, Healthcare

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FTC Check-Up on Health Care Trends Reveals New Competitive Wrinkles - Highlights from the FTC Workshop “Examining Health Care Competition”

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC or Commission) recently hosted a workshop exploring trends and innovation in the health care industry that may affect competition, marking at least 10 years since the antitrust agencies formally…more

Competition, FTC, Healthcare

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HRSA “Interprets” Its Enjoined 340 Orphan Drug Rule into Effect

In January, I predicted that 2014 would be a game-changer for the 340B Drug Discount Program, in part because of HRSA’s announcement that, in June 2014, it would for the first time publish an omnibus rule governing 340B Program…more

340B, Drug Manufacturers, FDA, HRSA, Orphan Drugs

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CMS Re-Opens Open Payments System

As my colleague Brian Dunphy previously reported, CMS temporarily closed the Open Payments system earlier this month. Open Payments is the online system through which pharmaceutical and device manufacturers covered by the…more

CMS, Healthcare, IPPS, Open Payments, Sunshine Act

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ML Strategies Energy and Environment Update - August #3

This week, ML Strategies’s Director of Government Relations, Bryan Stockton, provides an update on the clean energy provisions in the Senate’s tax-extenders package and details scenarios for their extension as the midterm…more

Clean Energy, Energy Policy, EXPIRE Act, Investment Tax Credits, Legislative Agendas

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What 2014’s Continued IPO Surge Means for Clean Tech and Renewable Energy Companies

The year 2014 is on track to be the most active IPO market in the United States since 2000, with the mid-year total number of IPOs topping last year’s mid-year total by more than 60%. There were 222 US IPOs in 2013, with a total…more

Clean Tech, Funding, IPO, Popular, Public Offerings

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Prescription Drugs: Refocusing the False Claims Act Microscope on the Rest of the Transaction

Over the last decade, it has often felt as though the pharmaceutical industry has been the government’s and whistleblowers’ main, and at times only, target for False Claims Act (“FCA”) investigations. While manufacturers are…more

False Claims Act, Medicaid, Medicare, Medicare Part D, Pharmaceutical

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Chancellor Strine Issues Important Decision Validating Board Adoption of Forum Selection Clause in Bylaws

On June 25, 2013, Delaware Chancellor Strine issued a fulsome opinion upholding the power of Delaware boards to amend corporate bylaws to include binding forum selection provisions…more

Board of Directors, Bylaws, Corporate Governance, Forum Selection Clause

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FCC Adopts Order Streamlining Its Foreign Ownership Review Policies

Last week, the FCC adopted an Order to streamline its policies with respect to foreign ownership of common carrier radio station licensees (i.e., entities that provide fixed or mobile telecommunications service over networks…more

FCC, Foreign Ownership, Licenses, Radio Stations

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IRS Chief Counsel Shrugs Off Taxpayer’s Section 956 Gambit

In a recently released Chief Counsel Advice Memorandum (the “Memorandum”), the IRS Office of Chief Counsel (International) addressed an interesting and somewhat creative internal financing structure deployed by a taxpayer…more

CFC, Commercial Loans, Corporate Taxes, Dividends, Financing

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Conflicts & Nepotism – A Dangerous Employment Cocktail

Last week, Alabama Governor Robert Bentley removed Alabama State University Trustee Marvin Wiggins for violating the University’s conflict of interest rules. The removal proved once again that if you are responsible for the…more

Best Management Practices, Colleges, Conflicts of Interest, Corporate Governance, Employer Liability Issues

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Mintz Levin Health Care Qui Tam Update - Recent Developments & Unsealed False Claims Act (FCA) Cases: May 2014

Trends & Analysis: ..We have identified 58 health care–related qui tam cases that have been unsealed since our last Qui Tam Update. Of those, 33 cases were initiated after the start of 2012, with the remaining 25 cases…more

Clinical Laboratories, Diagnostic Imaging Services, FCA, Healthcare, Hospitals

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2014 Resolutions Series: Direct or Consequential? It Matters. Biotronik AG Reminds Us to Take Limitation of Liability Clauses Seriously

Recently a New York Court of Appeals decision shook attorneys out of complacency by relying on a very important “boilerplate” provision to allow a plaintiff to seek $100 million in lost profits in a breach of contract case…more

Boilerplate Language, Contract Drafting, Limitation of Liability Clause, Medical Devices

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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State Data Security Breach Notification Laws

The general definition of “personal information” or “PI” used in the majority of statutes is: An individual’s first name or first initial and last name plus one or more of following data elements: (i) Social Security number,…more

Breach Notification Rule, Data Breach, Data Protection

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The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative: Will It Survive Federal Regulation of Greenhouse Gases?

At the same time that leaders from the nine states comprising the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) are touting the anticipated benefits of their decision to significantly reduce RGGI’s cap on carbon dioxide emissions…more

Cap-and-Trade, Carbon Capture and Sequestration, Carbon Emissions, Environmental Policies, EPA

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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Wyndham Gets Life Preserver in Data Breach Case

New Jersey U.S. District Judge Esther Salas agreed to allow Wyndham Hotels and Resorts LLC to immediately appeal to the Third Circuit a ruling affirming the FTC’s authority to bring data security cases…more

Appeals, Data Protection, Federal Trade Commission Act, FTC, FTC v Wyndham

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A Primer on Policing Your Trademark

Five steps to protect a marks’ value - Trademark owners have a duty to police their mark. This applies to all types of marks – brand names, slogans, color, product shapes, or even a smell. The cost of dropping the ball…more

Trademark Policing, Trademarks

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Making Use of Social Media: FDA Releases Two Draft Guidelines on the Use of Social Media Platforms by Drug and Device Manufacturers

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has released two long-awaited draft guidance documents for the drug and device industries revolving around the use of social media platforms by drug and device manufacturers —…more

Advertising, Draft Guidance, FDA, Medical Devices, Pharmaceutical

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Constitutionality of Detroit's Emergency Manager Challenged

Within days of Kevyn Orr’s appointment as Detroit’s Emergency Manager, a group of elected officials, union representatives, civil rights activist and clergy brought a lawsuit against Gov. Rick Snyder and Treasurer Andy Dillon in…more

Due Process, Emergency Managers, Voting Rights Act

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Did The Supreme Court Finally Explain Marathon And Stern? - Executive Benefits’ Impact on Bankruptcy Court Jurisdiction

The Supreme Court has spoken once again on the limited jurisdiction of the bankruptcy courts, adding to the understanding derived from Northern Pipeline Constr. Co. v. Marathon Pipe Line Co., 458 U.S. 50 (1982), Granfinanciera…more

Bankruptcy Code, Commercial Bankruptcy, Executive Benefits Insurance Agency v. Arkison, Jurisdiction, SCOTUS

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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Energy & Clean Tech Connections: Your Law Firm Link to Industry News -- January 2013

In the January edition of Energy & Clean Tech Connections, we’ve gathered recent information from a wide variety of sources in an effort to keep you abreast of what’s new in the world of clean energy. We draw your attention to…more

Biofuel, China, Clean Tech, Fiscal Cliff, Investment Tax Credits

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The Affordable Care Act—Countdown to Compliance for Employers, Week 22: Charting the Future of the Premium Subsidies (and Employer Penalties): Halbig v. Burwell and King v. Burwell

On July 22, 2014, two federal appellate courts issued conflicting decisions, within hours of each other, regarding the IRS final rule published on May 23, 2012 (the “IRS Rule”), intended to implement the exchange-related tax…more

Affordable Care Act, Chevron Deference, Employer Mandates, Halbig v Burwell, Health Insurance

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PREPA Bondholders Seek Summary Judgment Invalidating Puerto Rico’s Public Corporation Bankruptcy Legislation

On August 11, Franklin Funds and Oppenheimer Rochester Funds filed a second amended complaint, opposition to motion to dismiss and cross-motion for summary judgment in the litigation they previously filed in the United States…more

Bonds, Commercial Bankruptcy, PREPA, Summary Judgment

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The NIST Cybersecurity Framework and Implications for the Financial Services Industry

The NIST Framework - The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) issued a “Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity” on February 12th. This set of voluntary best practices for critical…more

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Washington Redskins Challenge the Constitutionality of Section 2(a) of the Lanham Act

The Washington Redskins trademark controversy is far from over. Despite the fact that certain news and sports commentators and mainstream newspapers and organizations have announced that they will no longer use the term…more

America Invents Act, Blackhorse v Pro-Football, Disparagement, Fifth Amendment, First Amendment

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Stay Off My Turf! How to Protect Field of Use in a Biotechnology License Agreement

To protect a licensor’s rights, a key element of a biotech license is the licensor’s right to restrict the scope of the license by limiting the field of use, often to a particular disease area. But the license agreement only…more

Amgen, Biotechnology, Johnson & Johnson, License Agreements, Off-Label Promotion

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Keeping Legal Advice In-House: Protecting the Attorney-Client Privilege

Given that laboratories operate in a heavily regulated environment, the advice of legal counsel is integral to ensuring compliance with the many laws and regulations that govern the laboratory industry. Luckily the…more

Attorney-Client Privilege, Corporate Counsel, False Claims Act, Whistleblowers

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Is a FLSA Collective Action Waiver by Itself in a Severance Agreement Enforceable? Sixth Circuit Says “No.”

Employers have recently enjoyed some victories in the U.S. Supreme Court and in the California Supreme Court regarding the use of class/collective action waivers in employment arbitration agreements (e.g. Italian Colors and…more

American Express, Arbitration, Arbitration Agreements, Class Action, Class Action Arbitration Waivers

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Implications of the New California LLC Act

On January 1, 2014, a new law governing limited liability companies (“LLCs”) went into effect in California. The California Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (“RULLCA”)1 superseded in its entirety the prior limited…more

Consent, Corporate Governance, Fiduciary Duty, Indemnification, Limited Liability Companies

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New Connecticut Pharmacy Rewards Disclosure Bill Took Effect July 1

On June 12th, Connecticut governor Dannel P. Malloy signed into law ”An Act Concerning Pharmacy Rewards Programs And Protected Health Information“. The law went into effect July 1st, and applies to pharmacy retailers in the…more

HIPAA, New Legislation, Pharmacies, PHI, Retailers

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California Supreme Court Considers Component Parts Doctrine

Last week, the California Supreme Court granted review of Ramos v. Brenntag Specialties, Inc. to resolve a split in the Second Appellate District regarding the application of California’s component parts doctrine. The component…more

Component Parts Doctrine, Liability, Manufacturers, Proposed Legislation

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Patent Hold-Up or Patent Hold-Out? Judge Essex Adds His Voice to the SEP-FRAND Debate

Administrative Law Judge Essex recently issued the public version of his Initial Determination in ITC investigation No. 337-TA-868, ruling that the respondents are precluded from relying on the defense that the patent holder is…more

FRAND, Licenses, Patent Litigation, Patent-in-Suit, Patents

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EPO Divisionals Update

In October 2013, we reported that the EPO had removed the time limits for filing divisonal applications. An outstanding detail at that time was the level of the fees that would be levied for filing second or any subsequent…more

Divisional Applications, EPO, EU, Patent Applications, Patents

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New York Enacts Out-Of-Network Transparency and Coverage Reform

Last month, a woman sued a health plan, claiming that she was intentionally misled about which physicians were participating providers in the company’s online health insurance exchange established under the Affordable Care Act. …more

Affordable Care Act, Healthcare, Out of Network Provider, Transparency

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Update: Don't Hate Me 'Cause I'm Beautiful: Termination Based on "Irresistible Attraction" is Not Unlawful Sex Discrimination

On January 4, we wrote that the Iowa Supreme Court ruled that a dentist acted legally when he fired a female employee because he had become irresistibly attracted to her – a situation the employer’s wife, also an employee, found…more

Harassment, Sex Discrimination, Sexual Harassment, Termination

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Areas of Practice
  • Administrative Law
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  • Antitrust & Trade Regulation
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Other U.S. Locations
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Number of Attorneys

100+ Attorneys

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