Dechert LLP

Myriad's Possible Impact on Patent Eligibility of Isolated Non-DNA Chemical Substances

Over a century ago, in the famous Parke-Davis adrenaline patent infringement case, Judge Learned Hand articulated what many consider the origin of the legal premise that isolated components or purified extracts of natural…more

AMP v Myriad, DNA, Human Genes, Myriad, Patent-Eligible Subject Matter

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Effect of Recent New York City Amendments May Limit Brokers and Advisers in Conducting Credit and Background Checks on Potential Employees

The New York City Council recently passed two amendments to the New York City Human Rights Law that are likely to substantially affect the manner in which firms in New York City may evaluate the qualifications and background of…more

Background Checks, Broker-Dealer, Brokers, Credit Checks, Criminal Background Checks

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Drafting Matters: Non-Reliance Provisions Barring Extra-Contractual Fraud Claims Effective in Delaware Only if Drafted as a Clear Statement by the Aggrieved Party

It is not unexpected for there to be requirements in consumer contracts that clear formulations of waivers are necessary before a consumer can be deprived of rights. However, under Delaware law similar formality and clarity is…more

Buyers, Contract Drafting, Fraud, Mergers, Non-Reliance Clauses

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The EU succeeds in establishing a permanent investment court in its trade treaties with Canada and Vietnam

The European Commission has recently successfully negotiated a new trade pact with Canada (referred to as the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement or ‘CETA’) and one with Vietnam (the ‘EU-Vietnam FTA’) which incorporate,…more

Bilateral Investment Treaties, Canada, CETA, Dispute Resolution, EU

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UK Hotels Outlook: Summer 2016 and Beyond

UK hotels remain most popular in Europe - London remains the top destination for hotel investment in Europe, according to a survey of senior hospitality figures, beating Barcelona and Madrid into joint second place…more

Foreign Investment, Hospitality Industry, Hotels, Investment Funds, UK

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Another Step Towards the Implementation of the “Unitary Patent Package”

The Court of Justice of the European Union on 5 May 2015, in cases C-146/13 and C-147/13, has followed Advocate General Yves Bot’s opinion and dismissed, as expected, the Kingdom of Spain’s actions against the Regulations…more

Dismissals, EU, Spain, Unitary Patent

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Investment Funds Update - Europe: Legal and regulatory updates for the funds industry from the key asset management centres and primary European fund domiciles: March 2016 - Issue 3: United Kingdom

UCITS Regulations 2016 Published - The Undertakings for Collective Investment in Transferable Securities Regulations 2016 (SI 2016/225) were published on 25 February 2016. These implement provisions of the UCITS V Directive…more

Asset Management, Benchmarks, EU, Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), Investment Funds

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Global Private Equity Newsletter - Spring 2016 Edition: New UK Requirement for UK Companies and LLPs to Maintain A Register of People With Significant Control

1. With effect from April 6, 2016, all companies incorporated or formed under the UK Companies Acts, other than exempt companies (see paragraph 3), and all limited liability partnerships (LLPs) incorporated under the UK Limited…more

Disclosure Requirements, Investment Funds, Limited Liability Partnerships, LLPs, Person of Significant Control (PSC Register)

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Federal Reserve Goes After Anti-Takeover and Shareholder Protection Tools

The U.S. Federal Reserve Board (FRB) has become sensitized to safety and soundness concerns relating to shareholder protection arrangements. These arrangements are generally designed to protect existing shareholders of bank and…more

Bank Holding Company, Banks, FRB, Hedge Funds, Hostile Takeover

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Investment Funds Update - Europe: Legal and regulatory updates for the funds industry from the key asset management centres and primary European fund domiciles: March 2016 - Issue 3: United Kingdom

UCITS Regulations 2016 Published - The Undertakings for Collective Investment in Transferable Securities Regulations 2016 (SI 2016/225) were published on 25 February 2016. These implement provisions of the UCITS V Directive…more

Asset Management, Benchmarks, EU, Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), Investment Funds

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Real World - An Update from Dechert's London Finance and Real Estate Group July 2015: Construction Update: The CDM 2015

The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015 (“CDM 2015”) came into force on 6 April 2015 and replace the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007. The CDM 2015 are intended to ensure that construction…more

Construction Industry, Construction Project, UK, Workplace Safety

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Partnership Audits of Private Equity Firms on the Rise

There has been buzz in the tax and private equity communities about the rise in audits of private equity firms by the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”). This has been fueled by the restructuring of the IRS’ Large Business &…more

Audits, Bipartisan Budget, Business Taxes, IRS, Management Fees

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The Sofa Workshop v Sofaworks - Intellectual Property Enterprise Court considers requirements for genuine use of a CTM

The UK's Intellectual Property Enterprise Court recently handed down its judgment in The Sofa Workshop Ltd v Sofaworks Ltd. The case highlights the difficulties that the international nature of Community trade marks (“CTMs”) can…more

Community Trademark, EU, European Court of Justice (ECJ), Intellectual Property Enterprise Court, Jurisdiction

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Pay-to-Play: FINRA Requests SEC Approval of Proposal to Regulate Political Contributions

The Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) recently published for comments rules proposed by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”) and the Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board (“MSRB”) to regulate…more

Broker-Dealer, Compensation, Disgorgement, FINRA, Government Entities

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Reining In Overbroad Criminal Subpoenas – Is Some Relief In Sight?

In the wake of the national financial crisis, both the U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”) and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) publicly committed themselves to enhanced enforcement of federal financial laws…more

Criminal Prosecution, DOJ, SEC, Subpoenas

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BEA Proposes Changes to Reporting Requirements for Private Funds

The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), in collaboration with the U.S. Department of the Treasury (Treasury Department) and the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, has proposed changes to certain cross-border investments that are…more

BEA, Cross-Border Transactions, Foreign Investment, Private Funds, Public Comment

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Foreclosure Attempt Blocked? What You Should Know Before the Clock Hits Zero

Just when you thought we were out of the housing crisis weeds of ’07—think again.  Apparently when an abundance of people buy homes they can’t afford and predictably fall behind on their payments, the judicial foreclosure…more

Banking Sector, Deutsche Bank, Dismissals, Foreclosure, Mortgage Lenders

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CIS Legal Updates - May 2013: Litigation Updates

Recent rulings by Russia’s Supreme Arbitrazh (Commercial) Court (SAC) have clarified dispute resolution procedural issues in Russian courts. In particular, the following resolutions were adopted..…more

Broadcasting, Dispute Resolution, Judicial Proceedings, Media, Summary Judgment

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EU Risk Retention - Some Good News From Brussels

Following Dechert’s Legal Update published on 14 September 2015, we have had sight of an updated draft of the proposed EU legislation on securitisations. The updated draft shows signs that regulators have taken on board some of…more

Belgium, Collateralized Loan Obligations, EU, European Commission, MiFID

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CMBS Issuer wins negligence claim against valuer in English High Court

In a judgement of major significance for the commercial mortgage backed securities (CMBS) market, the High Court has ordered a negligent valuer to pay €32 million damages to a CMBS issuer. This is the first time a CMBS-related…more

Asset Valuations, Credit Suisse, Mortgage-Backed Securities, Negligence

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European Commission and CFTC Publish Announcement on EU/US Clearing Equivalence

The European Commission and the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) announced a “common approach for transatlantic CCPs” on 10 February 2016. Under this “common approach,” the European Commission has pledged to…more

CCPs, CFTC, EMIR, ESMA, EU

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With Dismissal of Another Set of Major High-Frequency Trading Suits, Litigation Risk From Providing Fast Data and Other Services to High-Frequency Traders Fades

Judge Furman of the SDNY Dismisses Claims Against Major Exchanges and Barclays, Holding That Facilitating HFT Does Not Constitute Actionable Market Manipulation - Judge Jesse Furman of the United States District Court for…more

Barclays, Dark Pool, Dismissals, Failure To State A Claim, High Frequency Trading

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Department of Labor Guidance on Joint Employment Highlights Risks for Employers

In a recent OnPoint, Dechert discussed the National Labor Relations Board’s controversial decision in Browning-Ferris Industries of California, Inc., in which the Board abandoned its long-standing joint employer test in favor of…more

DOL, FLSA, Joint Employers, Migrant Workers, Seasonal Workers

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A Flexible Capital Raise: Shelf Registration Statements For Closed-End Funds

Exchange-listed closed-end investment companies (closed-end funds) have historically faced challenges in raising additional capital after their initial public offering (IPO) due to the structure of such funds and certain…more

Financial Regulatory Reform, IPO, NAV, SEC, Securities Act of 1933

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Global Private Equity Newsletter - Winter 2016 Edition: Riding the BDC Consolidation Wave

The past 18 months have seen a wave of consolidation among business development companies (“BDCs”). Oak Hill Advisors, L.P. took over the advisory role for NGP Capital Resources Company (now OHA Investment Corporation) after the…more

Acquisitions, Business Development Companies, Industry Consolidation, Interest Rates, Investment Adviser

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SEC Proposes Significant New Restrictions on the Use of Derivatives and Other Transactions by Registered Funds and BDCs

The Securities and Exchange Commission (Commission) on December 11, 2015 proposed new Rule 18f-4 (Proposed Rule) under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (1940 Act) and amendments to certain proposed forms. The proposal relates…more

Business Development Companies, Derivatives, ETFs, Investment Portfolios, Recordkeeping Requirements

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Welcome Clarification of English Law Regarding Legal Advice Privilege

The High Court has delivered an important judgment on the application of legal advice privilege to factual reports delivered by lawyers to their clients in the context of a regulatory investigation. In the case of Property…more

Confidential Communications, Discovery, Government Investigations, Legal Advice Privilege, Libor

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ESMA Lends Support for a Harmonised European Framework for Loan Origination Funds

The European Securities and Markets Authority (“ESMA”) published its opinion on 11 April 2016 on the necessary elements for a harmonised European framework for loan origination by funds (the “Opinion”). The Opinion is issued to…more

ESMA, EU, European Commission, Investment Funds, Loan Origination Funds

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2014 CREFC High Yield Distressed Debt Summit

Earlier this month, I and a few of my colleagues here at Dechert attended CREFC’s 2014 High Yield Distressed Realty Assets Summit. The general sentiment of optimism and exuberance for 2014 felt in Miami was not as palpable at…more

Debt, Distressed Asset Stabilization Program

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Preparing For and Responding To Data Breaches (Presentation)

While companies may be aware of the threats posed to their businesses by a data breach, they should also have a concrete plan in place so that they can respond effectively should one occur. In a recent webinar, attorneys from…more

Cyber Insurance, Cybersecurity, Data Breach, FTC, HIPAA

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Risk and Rewards of CRE-CLO and CLO Securitizations: Navigating the Capital Markets

More than 100 senior executives participated in Dechert’s Risk and Rewards of CRE-CLO and CLO Securitizations: Navigating the Capital Markets seminar.  The half day event, supported by  CRE Finance Council (CREFC) and the Loan…more

Collateralized Loan Obligations, Professional Conferences, Risk Retention, Securitization

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Financial Services Quarterly Report - First Quarter 2016: Lessons for PE Managers from the SEC’s Ongoing Scrutiny of Private Equity Funds

A large number of private equity managers were required to register for the first time with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Act). Since…more

Conflicts of Interest, Disclosure Requirements, Dodd-Frank, Enforcement Actions, Financial Services Industry

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SEC Staff Publishes its Views on Oversight of Certain Payments to Financial Intermediaries

The staff of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Division of Investment Management (Staff) published a Guidance Update on January 6, 2016 related to mutual fund distribution and sub-accounting fees. In the Guidance…more

Federal Rule 12(b)(1), Fees, Investment Company Act of 1940, Investment Management, Mutual Funds

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The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania in Butler Affirms the Long-Standing Dunham Rule and Brings Certainty to Marcellus Shale Natural Gas Rights

The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania in Butler v. Charles Powers Estate1 unanimously reversed the ruling of the Superior Court which held that an evidentiary hearing “complete with expert, scientific testimony” is necessary to…more

Dunham Rule, Expert Testimony, Marcellus Shale, Minerals, Natural Gas

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Representation and Warranty Insurance: No Longer Optional - Deal Terms and Trends - Summer 2015

Representation and warranty insurance (R&WI) has become an integral component of the M&A landscape and is here to stay. The data speaks for itself: in 2014, more than 700 U.S. R&WI policies were issued, which was double the…more

Acquisitions, Buyers, Commercial Insurance Policies, Escrow Accounts, Indemnification

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Preparing For and Responding To Data Breaches (Presentation)

While companies may be aware of the threats posed to their businesses by a data breach, they should also have a concrete plan in place so that they can respond effectively should one occur. In a recent webinar, attorneys from…more

Cyber Insurance, Cybersecurity, Data Breach, FTC, HIPAA

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Iceland Foods Limited v Castlebrook Holdings Limited – lease term and rent on an unopposed lease renewal

The recent decision in Iceland Foods Limited v Castlebrook Holdings Limited provides a rare insight into the considerations of the court when determining the length of term and annual rent on a 1954 Act lease renewal. The…more

Commercial Leases, Grocery Stores, UK

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Starting a Hedge Fund: A Review of 2014 and Themes for 2015 and Beyond

Introduction - This is a follow up to our recent publication on Starting a Hedge Fund in 2015 and provides an overview of our thoughts on the start-up market in 2014 and themes for 2015 and beyond…more

Fund Managers, Hedge Funds, Investment Funds, Popular, Startups

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Recent Action Highlights SEC’s Continuing Scrutiny of Private Equity Firms

A settled enforcement action announced by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on November 3, 2015 is but one in a growing list of SEC settlements concerning the allocation and disclosure of fees and expenses by…more

Conflicts of Interest, Disclosure Requirements, Dodd-Frank, Enforcement Actions, Private Equity Firms

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BEA Proposes Changes to Reporting Requirements for Private Funds

The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), in collaboration with the U.S. Department of the Treasury (Treasury Department) and the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, has proposed changes to certain cross-border investments that are…more

BEA, Cross-Border Transactions, Foreign Investment, Private Funds, Public Comment

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MetLife Opinion Turns the Tables on FSOC: Back to the Drawing Board

U.S. District Court Judge Rosemary Collyer recently released her opinion invalidating the decision of the Financial Stability Oversight Council (FSOC or the Council) to designate MetLife a systemically important financial…more

Administrative Procedure Act, Arbitrary and Capricious, FSOC, Liquidation, MetLife

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Be Careful What You Wish For – Dudenhoeffer May Do “More Harm Than Good” For ERISA “Stock Drop” Plaintiffs

In its June 2014 decision in Dudenhoeffer v. Fifth Third Bank, the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously declined to recognize a “presumption of prudence” that had favored retirement-plan fiduciaries faced with allegations of breaches…more

Amgen, Employee Benefits, ERISA, Fiduciary Duty, FIfth Third Bancorp v Dudenhoeffer

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Global Private Equity Newsletter - Spring 2016 Edition: Russian Competition Law Update: Impact on M&A and Joint Ventures in Russia

A new version of the Russian Competition Law amended by the so-called ‘fourth antimonopoly package’ (the “275 Law”) came into effect on January 5, 2016 (except for certain minor provisions with an earlier effective date). The…more

Acquisitions, Competition Authorities, Joint Venture, Mergers, Russia

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Global Private Equity Newsletter - Spring 2016 Edition: Acquisitions by Non-EU Buyers of German Targets May Require Special Regulatory Review or Approval

Regulatory filing and pre clearance requirements under merger control laws are well understood and, except where the merger parties have significant business overlap, rarely impede closing. However, another German regulatory…more

Acquisitions, Foreign Equity Securities, Foreign Trade Regulations, Germany, Merger Controls

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Recent Developments Affecting Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Loans

New Jersey Governor’s Conditional Veto Restricts New Jersey PACE, Florida’s Supreme Court Expands State’s PACE Market, Congress Extends the Federal Investment Tax Credit and States Reduce Effectiveness of Net-Metering - In…more

Bonds, Clean Energy, Energy Efficiency, Investment Tax Credits, Loans

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Rebmasen Law: its major changes

On the heels of Macron Law, which aims to provide more flexibility to employers, the French government recently enacted Rebsamen Law. Rebsamen Law (hereafter “the Law”), aims to simplify relations between unions and employer…more

Board of Directors, Collective Bargaining, Employee Representatives, Fixed-Term Labor Contracts, Health & Safety Standard

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UK Hotels Outlook: Summer 2016 and Beyond

UK hotels remain most popular in Europe - London remains the top destination for hotel investment in Europe, according to a survey of senior hospitality figures, beating Barcelona and Madrid into joint second place…more

Foreign Investment, Hospitality Industry, Hotels, Investment Funds, UK

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Financial Services Quarterly Report - First Quarter 2016: Lessons for PE Managers from the SEC’s Ongoing Scrutiny of Private Equity Funds

A large number of private equity managers were required to register for the first time with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Act). Since…more

Conflicts of Interest, Disclosure Requirements, Dodd-Frank, Enforcement Actions, Financial Services Industry

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Nasdaq Proposed Shareholder Approval Rules Update

Highlights - - Under NASDAQ rules, shareholder approval is required for the issuance of shares in connection with certain transactions. - NASDAQ announced that it is seeking public input on liberalizing the shareholder…more

Change of Control, Nasdaq, Private Placements, Public Comment, Publicly-Traded Companies

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Investment Funds Update - Europe: Legal and regulatory updates for the funds industry from the key asset management centres and primary European fund domiciles: March 2016 - Issue 3: Ireland

Central Bank Letter Regarding Conflict of Interest (“COI”) Risks in Investment Firms - The Central Bank issued a letter (the “Letter”) to all investment firms providing feedback on the findings of their thematic inspection…more

AIF, Asset Management, Board Meetings, Board of Directors, Capital Requirements

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England and Wales: Upcoming Changes to UK Family-Friendly Rights

The next year brings some major changes to family-friendly rights in the UK. Shared system of parental leave and pay - The current position in the UK is that: Mothers are entitled to up to 52 weeks of…more

Employee Rights, Parental Leave, UK

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Publicly Traded Partnership Proposed Regulations

Widely held partnerships are a significant source of funding for oil, gas and certain natural resources projects, but the publicly traded partnership (“PTP”) rules can cause such partnerships to be treated as corporations for…more

Corporate Taxes, Double Taxation, Energy Projects, Energy Sector, Fracking

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Financial Services Quarterly Report - Second Quarter 2015: Is the Long Wait Worth it? European Long-Term Investment Funds (ELTIFs) Finally Take Shape

The long-awaited European regulation on European long-term investment funds (ELTIF Regulation) was finally published in the Official Journal of the EU on May 19, 2015. The ELTIF Regulation will offer fund managers a new label…more

AIFM, Asset Diversification, Asset Management, Capital Assets, Distribution Rules

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CLO Market Update: S&P Recovery Ratings, More’s the Merrier

While leveraged loan ETF and money market funds face an unsteady near-term future amidst ongoing retail investor outflow, the CLO market is rolling towards its busiest year ever. With year-to-date global issuance at…more

Collateralized Loan Obligations, ETFs, Money Market Funds, S&P, Volcker Rule

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Final Credit Risk Retention Rules Adopted for Asset Backed Securities and Residential Mortgage Backed Securities

The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Federal Housing Finance Agency, and Securities…more

Asset-Backed Securities, Compliance, Dodd-Frank, FDIC, Federal Reserve

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Update – Disapproving the Approval Process: IRS Provides Additional Guidance on the Curtailment of the Determination Letter Program

The Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) recently released Notice 2016-03, which provides additional details for plan sponsors on the curtailment of the determination letter process for individually designed tax-qualified…more

Determination Letter, Employee Benefits, IRS, Qualified Retirement Plans

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Consideration for Covenants

The recent UK High Court decision in Re-use Collections Limited v Sendall & May Glass Recycling Ltd, highlights to employers that new restrictive covenants will not be enforceable against employees unless substantial…more

Consideration, Employment Contract, Restrictive Covenants, UK

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Gender Pay Reporting – New Regulations to Apply to Large UK Employers from October 2016

The Government published draft regulations on 12 February 2016, which will require employers with 250 or more “relevant employees” to report annually on their gender pay gap. The consultation period in respect of the draft…more

Corporate Counsel, Gender-Based Pay Discrimination, Pay Gap, Reporting Requirements, UK

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Congress Eliminates Annual Privacy Notice Requirement for Certain Financial Institutions

President Obama signed into law on December 4, 2015 a bill that amended Section 503 in Title V of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (G-L-B Act), with the result that financial institutions – including investment companies and…more

Financial Institutions, Gramm-Leach-Blilely Act, Notification Requirements, Privacy Notice Rule, Shareholders

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The Brave New Fiduciary World Has Arrived - Has the Department of Labor Found a More Ideal Balance?

For the past several years, the U.S. Department of Labor (the “DOL”) has been in the process of revising the “investment advice” regulations that govern “fiduciary” status under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of…more

401k, Best Interest Contract Exemptions, Broker-Dealer, Conflicts of Interest, DOL

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Proposed Regulations May Limit Valuation Discounts for Family-Owned Entities

Individuals who wish to make gifts or other transfers of interests in family-owned/controlled entities, such as closely-held businesses, limited partnerships, or limited liability companies should consider making such transfers…more

Family Businesses, Gift Tax, Gifts, IRS, Proposed Legislation

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SEC Targets Another Fund Board in Recent Enforcement Case

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) recently issued an Order Instituting Proceedings (“Order”) against the administrator and compliance services provider, as well as current and former members of the boards of…more

Board of Trustees, Compliance, Disclosure Requirements, Enforcement, Penalties

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U.S. Money Market Fund Reform: Diversification, Stress Testing and Disclosure Compliance Deadline Quickly Approaching; SEC Staff Issues New FAQs

The April 14, 2016 compliance date for certain new money market fund (money funds) requirements adopted by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is quickly approaching. In particular, money funds will be required…more

Asset Diversification, Investment Company Act of 1940, Money Market Funds, SEC, Stress Tests

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Financial Services Quarterly Report - First Quarter 2016: Singapore Continues Global Trend in Derivatives Regulation: Reporting for OTC Derivatives

The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) continues to develop and strengthen its regulation of derivatives markets, most recently focusing its attention on the formulation and completion of a comprehensive reporting regime. In…more

Commodities, Derivatives, EMIR, Exemptions, Financial Services Industry

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Cuba and the Booming Commercial Real Estate Industry to Come

On March 20, 2016, President Obama became the first United States president in almost 90 years to visit the island of Cuba, located a mere 90 miles from the coast of Florida—signaling not only a renewed diplomatic relationship…more

Barack Obama, Commercial Real Estate Contracts, Cuba, Embargo, Hotels

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SEC Staff Publishes its Views on Oversight of Certain Payments to Financial Intermediaries

The staff of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Division of Investment Management (Staff) published a Guidance Update on January 6, 2016 related to mutual fund distribution and sub-accounting fees. In the Guidance…more

Federal Rule 12(b)(1), Fees, Investment Company Act of 1940, Investment Management, Mutual Funds

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Special High Court Procedures Proposed for Financial Markets Disputes

In July 2014, the Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales announced plans to closely review what can be done to meet the needs of court users in financial cases to ensure that the Courts “are providing… what the markets require…more

Commercial Court, Dispute Resolution, Financial Markets, Rules of Civil Procedure, UK

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U.S. Supreme Court Limits ERISA Plan’s Subrogation Rights Where Participants Have Dissipated Funds Recovered from Third Parties – A New “Use It Or Lose It" Rule?

Over the years, the U.S. Supreme Court from time to time has explored the scope of equitable relief available under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (“ERISA”) in circumstances where an employee benefit plan or…more

Employee Benefits, Equitable Relief, ERISA, Medical Expenses, Medical Liens

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Private Equity Newsletter - Summer 2015 Edition: Indian Private Equity: Taxation and Trends

With a new government at India’s center and positive macroeconomic fundamentals working in its favor, the private equity industry is expected to invest more actively into India over the short to medium term. In the past year,…more

Alternative Investment Funds, Corporate Taxes, Fund Managers, India, Private Equity

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Dispositions légales et jurisprudence incontournables du 1er semestre 2015 en matière de droit social en France - Juillet 2015; A Legal Update from Labor & Employment Practice Group – Paris July 2015

Vous avez peut être manqué certains développements récents… Cette lettre d’information rassemble quelques évolutions majeures du premier semestre 2015 en France en droit du travail. Les demandes de dommages et intérêts…more

Burden of Proof, Cell Phones, Employee Privacy Rights, Employment Contract, France

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What's Happening on UCITS V?

Where are we on implementation? Are we nearly there yet? Yes and no. The UCITS V directive comes into force on 18 March 2016. But: Additional implementing rules (known as "Level 2") on the duties of UCITS…more

AIFMD, Depository Institutions, Disclosure Requirements, ESMA, EU

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SEC Charges Private Equity Fund Adviser with Misallocating Expenses between Portfolio Companies

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC or Commission) issued a cease and desist order on September 22, 2014 (Order) against private equity fund adviser Lincolnshire Management, Inc. (Lincolnshire). The Order alleged…more

Cease and Desist Orders, Investment Adviser, Investment Advisers Act of 1940, Misallocation of Funds, OCIE

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SEC IM Staff Issues Guidance Update on Mixed and Shared Funding

The staff of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Division of Investment Management (Staff) has issued an IM Guidance Update regarding mixed and shared funding (Guidance Update). In the Guidance Update, the Staff…more

Exemptive Relief, Guidance Update, Investment Funds, SEC

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CLO Update: New FDIC Rules on "Higher Risk Securitizations"

The FDIC's new rules (promulgated per the requirements of the Dodd-Frank Act) for calculating deposit insurance assessments for insured depository institutions, including "large institutions" and "highly complex institutions,"…more

Collateralized Loan Obligations, Dodd-Frank, FDIC, Higher-Risk Securitizations, Leveraged Loans

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Reminder: Certain U.S. Reporting and Compliance Obligations for Investment Advisers and Funds

The U.S. federal securities laws and the rules of U.S. self-regulatory organizations (such as the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority) impose certain reporting and compliance obligations on investment advisers and funds…more

Brokers, CFTC, Compliance, Equity Securities, ERISA

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New Proposed Regulations Increase Scrutiny on Related-Party Debt

The U.S. Treasury Department (“Treasury”) and Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) recently issued proposed regulations (the “New Proposed Regulations”) governing the federal income tax treatment of debt between certain related…more

Debt, Equity Partners, Income Taxes, Inversion, IRS

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Global Private Equity Newsletter - Winter 2016 Edition: Tools for Managing Environmental Risks in Deals

When parties to an M&A deal consider most environmental risks, they essentially seek the same goals that they seek with respect to other liabilities in the deal. M&A sellers, particularly private equity sellers, seek to avoid…more

Acquisitions, ASTM, Buyers, Contaminated Properties, Contract Terms

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Delaware Superior Court Permits Use of Litigation Finance

The Delaware Superior Court recently denied a motion to dismiss an action based on a claim that the litigation financing used by the plaintiff constituted unlawful champerty and maintenance. The March 9, 2016, decision in Charge…more

DuPont, Litigation Funding, Motion to Dismiss

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SEC IM Staff Issues Guidance Update on Disclosure Related to Current Market Conditions

The staff of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Division of Investment Management (Staff) has issued an IM Guidance Update on fund disclosure regarding risks related to current market conditions (Guidance Update)…more

Debt Securities, Disclosure Requirements, Fixed Income Investments, Investment Management, Market Conditions

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US Treasury Eyes Online Marketplace Lending

In an interesting and unusual development, the Treasury Department has issued a notice seeking public input on the online marketplace lending business for small businesses and consumers (“Notice”), setting forth 14 questions for…more

Non-Bank Lenders, Notice and Comment, Online Marketplace Lending, Preemption, Risk Retention

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Private Equity Newsletter - Summer 2015 Edition: Where’s the Exit? New Opportunities in China for Private Equity Firms

It has long been a well established exit route in developed markets for a private equity firm to sell its interest in a portfolio company to a listed company in exchange for shares in that listed company. Until recently, this…more

Acquisitions, China, CSRC, Foreign Investment, Investment Portfolios

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Compliance with pre-arbitration and pre-litigation notice procedures is critical to enforcing contractual rights: English High Court in Ipsos SA v Dentsu Aegis Network Limited

When a party to a contract wishes to sue, the contract may include specific procedures for giving notice to the counterparty in a prescribed way prior to the right to litigate or arbitrate in accordance with the contract…more

Acquisitions, Breach of Contract, Breach of Warranty, Notice Requirements, Successors

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Welcome Clarification of English Law Regarding Legal Advice Privilege

The High Court has delivered an important judgment on the application of legal advice privilege to factual reports delivered by lawyers to their clients in the context of a regulatory investigation. In the case of Property…more

Confidential Communications, Discovery, Government Investigations, Legal Advice Privilege, Libor

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Court Sides with FTC on Sweeping Data Security Role

Executive Summary: Federal Trade Commission v. Wyndham Worldwide Corp. A U.S. District Court has ruled this week that the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has authority under Section 5 of the FTC Act to bring enforcement…more

Cybersecurity, Data Protection, FTC, Wyndham

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SEC Enforcement Initiative to Root Out Repeated Late Filers of Ownership Forms Due Under Sections 13 and 16 — Reminder to Ensure Internal Controls Are Adequate

On September 10, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) announced charges against 28 officers, directors and major shareholders for violating Sections 13 and 16 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange…more

Enforcement, Enforcement Actions, Internal Controls, SEC, Securities Exchange Act

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Chilean Pension Funds Market Officially Open for Business for Irish UCITS.

Following Dechert’s series of reports in relation to the Chilean pension funds market and its accessibility to Irish UCITS, see Dechert OnPoint - Moody’s Upgrade Points to Reopening of the Chilean Pension Market to Irish UCITS…more

Bailout, Cross-Border, Equity Markets, EU, Fitch

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Private Equity Newsletter - Summer 2015 Edition: Where’s the Exit? New Opportunities in China for Private Equity Firms

It has long been a well established exit route in developed markets for a private equity firm to sell its interest in a portfolio company to a listed company in exchange for shares in that listed company. Until recently, this…more

Acquisitions, China, CSRC, Foreign Investment, Investment Portfolios

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SEC and FDIC Propose Dodd-Frank Broker-Dealer Resolution Rules

Troubled financial institutions, some with substantial broker dealer operations, played a prominent role in the 2008 financial crisis. In an effort to protect the financial system from serious threats posed by significant…more

Broker-Dealer, Dodd-Frank, FDIC, Financial Services Industry, Liquidation

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Real World: An Update from Dechert's London Finance and Real Estate Group - July 2015: Enforcement of Restrictive Covenants Under a Building Scheme - Birdlip Ltd v Hunter and Other 2015

Under a building scheme, where restrictive covenants are imposed on the original plot owners within a development for the mutual benefit of the plots, subsequent owners may enforce those covenants against each other. In…more

Building Permits, Declaratory Rulings, Extrinsic Evidence, Real Estate Development, Reciprocity Rules

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Trade Secrets: Proposals to Improve Protection of Confidential Information Across the EU

Proposals have recently been put forward by the European Commission to reform European law on trade secrets by harmonising protection across all EU member states. The proposals are in the form of a draft directive which has…more

Confidential Information, EU, Trade Secrets

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SEC 2016 Examination Priorities Focus on Retail Investors, Market-wide Risks and Data Analytics

The Office of Compliance Inspections and Examinations (OCIE) of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on January 11, 2016 announced its examination priorities for this year, which “address issues across a variety of…more

Analytics, ETFs, Financial Institutions, OCIE, Popular

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Financial Services Quarterly Report - First Quarter 2016: Lessons for PE Managers from the SEC’s Ongoing Scrutiny of Private Equity Funds

A large number of private equity managers were required to register for the first time with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Act). Since…more

Conflicts of Interest, Disclosure Requirements, Dodd-Frank, Enforcement Actions, Financial Services Industry

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Changes to the Rules and Regulations of the Luxembourg Stock Exchange

The Luxembourg Stock Exchange (the LuxSE) has implemented changes to its Rules and Regulations (the Rules) to adapt them to new practices and requirements of the market and its operators, as well as to bring the Rules into…more

EU Transparency Directive, Financial Markets, Luxembourg, New Regulations

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US Imposes Significant Export Restrictions on Russian Oil and Gas Field

The U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security (“BIS”) added the Yuzhno-Kirinskoye Field, a Russian oil and gas field, to the Entity List on August 7, 2015. The action effectively prohibits all persons from…more

BIS, Blocked Person, Export Administration Regulations, Exports, OFAC

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Control Transactions in the UK Mid-Market

In a number of transactions in the UK mid-market in which we have been involved recently, we have noted a departure from the traditional private equity buy-out model, whereby the sponsor acquires 100% of the target and satisfies…more

Private Equity, UK

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How to protect investments in Indonesia despite the termination of its Bilateral Investment Treaties

Various nationalistic measures have been taken by states in Asia against foreign investors in recent times. Investment treaties provide investors with protection against such incursions and, if necessary, a means by which…more

Bilateral Investment Treaties, Foreign Investment, Free Trade Agreement, Indonesia, Investment Funds

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DAMITT: Is the Use of Upfront Buyers Causing Longer Merger Investigations? Q1 2016 Update Confirms 2015 Trends

The Trend of Longer Investigations Continues - Significant merger investigations lasted 9.5 months on average over the 12 months ending Q1 2016, about 20% longer than the 8.0 month average over the prior 12 months. The…more

Antitrust Investigations, Mergers

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ABS Las Vegas 2015

A securitization community coming off of record issuances in 2014 has entered the new year with a mixture of nerves and optimism.  An estimated 6,500 finance professionals and attorneys converged for the 2015 ABS Las Vegas…more

Collateralized Loan Obligations, Equity Investors, Investors, Risk Retention

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Revised Timeline for Implementing FATCA

Sections 1471 through 1474 of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code (“FATCA”) generally impose a 30% withholding tax on certain payments to a foreign financial institution (“FFI”) unless the FFI has entered into an agreement with the…more

Bank Accounts, Banks, FATCA, FFI, IGAs

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Foreign Financial Institutions Beware: United States Expands Economic Sanctions Against Hizballah

Effective April 16, 2016, the United States will implement sanctions pursuant to the Hizballah International Financing Prevention Act of 2015. The new sanctions target Hizballah (or Hezbollah) and non-U.S. persons who support…more

Criminal Penalties, Economic Sanctions, Foreign Financial Institutions (FFI), Hizballah, OFAC

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SEC Proposes Significant New Restrictions on the Use of Derivatives and Other Transactions by Registered Funds and BDCs

The Securities and Exchange Commission (Commission) on December 11, 2015 proposed new Rule 18f-4 (Proposed Rule) under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (1940 Act) and amendments to certain proposed forms. The proposal relates…more

Business Development Companies, Derivatives, ETFs, Investment Portfolios, Recordkeeping Requirements

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SEC Approves Final Rules that (1) Permit General Solicitation and General Advertising in Rule 506 and Rule 144A Offerings and (2) Disqualify “Bad Actors” from Using Rule 506 to Offer Securities

The SEC has amended Rule 506 of Regulation D and Rule 144A under the Securities Act of 1933 (Securities Act) to (1) permit, in certain circumstances, an issuer to engage in general solicitation and general advertising in…more

Accredited Investors, Advertising, Bad Actors, Broker-Dealer, Dodd-Frank

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Appellate Court Confirms the Validity of Asymmetric Dispute Resolution Clauses

Dechert lawyers representing a major international bank in court proceedings in a number of regions in southern Russia with respect to claims to recover a total of about US$300 million in loan funds from the guarantors of a…more

Arbitration Agreements, Banks, Dispute Resolution Clauses, Foreign Jurisdictions, Forum Selection

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Rebmasen Law: its major changes

On the heels of Macron Law, which aims to provide more flexibility to employers, the French government recently enacted Rebsamen Law. Rebsamen Law (hereafter “the Law”), aims to simplify relations between unions and employer…more

Board of Directors, Collective Bargaining, Employee Representatives, Fixed-Term Labor Contracts, Health & Safety Standard

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Delaware Superior Court Permits Use of Litigation Finance

The Delaware Superior Court recently denied a motion to dismiss an action based on a claim that the litigation financing used by the plaintiff constituted unlawful champerty and maintenance. The March 9, 2016, decision in Charge…more

DuPont, Litigation Funding, Motion to Dismiss

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Second Circuit Limits Creditors’ Ability to Claw Back LBO Payments

A recent decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, In re Tribune Company Fraudulent Conveyance Litigation,1 represents a significant victory for shareholders who may get cashed out in connection with a…more

Bankruptcy Code, Clawbacks, Fraudulent Transfers, Leveraged Buyout, Preemption

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US Treasury Eyes Online Marketplace Lending

In an interesting and unusual development, the Treasury Department has issued a notice seeking public input on the online marketplace lending business for small businesses and consumers (“Notice”), setting forth 14 questions for…more

Non-Bank Lenders, Notice and Comment, Online Marketplace Lending, Preemption, Risk Retention

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Financial Services Quarterly Report - Third Quarter 2015: Developments in the Luxembourg Financial Sector

The Luxembourg government has brought to Parliament a bill of law transposing UCITS V into Luxembourg’s UCI Law and AIFM Law. Further, the Luxembourg CSSF published a new version of its AIFMD Frequently Asked Questions, among…more

AIFM, AIFMD, CSSF, Deadlines, Depository Institutions

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Section 546(e) Protects Two Tiered Securitization Structures

What happens when a debtor, whose loan is pooled and securitized, files for bankruptcy? Are payments made to investors recoverable as fraudulent transfers or preferences? Until recently, no published court opinion…more

Bankruptcy Code, CMBS, Consumer Bankruptcy, Fraudulent Transfers, Safe Harbors

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Department of Labor Guidance on Joint Employment Highlights Risks for Employers

In a recent OnPoint, Dechert discussed the National Labor Relations Board’s controversial decision in Browning-Ferris Industries of California, Inc., in which the Board abandoned its long-standing joint employer test in favor of…more

DOL, FLSA, Joint Employers, Migrant Workers, Seasonal Workers

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SEC and FDIC Propose Dodd-Frank Broker-Dealer Resolution Rules

Troubled financial institutions, some with substantial broker dealer operations, played a prominent role in the 2008 financial crisis. In an effort to protect the financial system from serious threats posed by significant…more

Broker-Dealer, Dodd-Frank, FDIC, Financial Services Industry, Liquidation

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Volcker Rule – Five Years On

After years of delays, changes and significant debate, the Volcker Rule is now, largely, in full effect. Sold to a sometimes intellectually incurious Congress and the electorate as a central piece of legislation to limit…more

Banking Sector, Financial Institutions, Hedge Funds, Private Equity Funds, Proprietary Trading

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Financial Services Quarterly Report - Second Quarter 2015: French AFG Publishes Guidelines on Use of Stress Tests by Management Companies

The Association Française de la Gestion financière (AFG) – the association representing French management companies – published on 7 May 2015 guidelines regarding the use of stress tests by management companies (Guidelines). The…more

AFG, AMF, Banks, EU, Financial Institutions

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Global Private Equity Newsletter - Spring 2016 Edition: Russian Competition Law Update: Impact on M&A and Joint Ventures in Russia

A new version of the Russian Competition Law amended by the so-called ‘fourth antimonopoly package’ (the “275 Law”) came into effect on January 5, 2016 (except for certain minor provisions with an earlier effective date). The…more

Acquisitions, Competition Authorities, Joint Venture, Mergers, Russia

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New Proposed Regulations Increase Scrutiny on Related-Party Debt

The U.S. Treasury Department (“Treasury”) and Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) recently issued proposed regulations (the “New Proposed Regulations”) governing the federal income tax treatment of debt between certain related…more

Debt, Equity Partners, Income Taxes, Inversion, IRS

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Updating Our Understanding of the FMLA

In employment law, a very hot topic continues to be the issues surrounding the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) which entitles eligible employees of covered employers to take unpaid, job-protected leave for specified family…more

Employee Rights, Employer Group Health Plans, Employer Liability Issues, FMLA, Unpaid Leave

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Financial Services Quarterly Report First Quarter 2016: Fighting Currency Outflows, China Proposes Further Opening its Securities Markets to Fund Managers and Foreign Investors

Faced with redemptions and currency outflows from the country, Chinese regulators have taken welcome steps to make it easier for fund managers and other institutional investors to invest in China. Fund managers, in particular,…more

Bonds, China, Foreign Investment, Fund Managers, QFIIs

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Risk Retention Reproposal’s Impact on CLOs: Loan Arrangers Get Invited to the Party that No One Wants to Attend

CLO managers and lead arrangers of syndicated loans received special attention in a proposal jointly released by six federal agencies to implement the credit risk retention requirements of Section 941 of the Dodd-Frank Act…more

Collateralized Loan Obligations, FDIC, Federal Reserve, FHFA, HUD

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The United States Supreme Court Will Review the Scope of Federal Preclusion of State Securities Claims

On January 18, 2013, the United States Supreme Court granted certiorari to resolve a circuit split concerning the extent to which the Securities Litigation Uniform Standards Act of 1998 (“SLUSA”) preempts state law claims that…more

Brokers, Equity Securities, Fraud, Investors, Ponzi Scheme

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White House Issues Executive Order on CyberSecurity

The Obama Administration has long expressed concerns about the vulnerability of America’s critical infrastructure to cyber-attack. On February 12, 2012, the day of the President’s State of the Union address, the Administration…more

Barack Obama, Critical Infrastructure Sectors, Cybersecurity, Cybersecurity Framework, DHS

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Goodyear FCPA Fine Highlights Benefits of Cooperation and Robust Compliance Controls

The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company (“Goodyear”), one of the world’s largest tire companies, reached a significant settlement with the U.S. Securities & Exchange Commission (“SEC”) in connection with charges that two of its…more

Bribery, Chief Compliance Officers, Compliance, Enforcement Actions, FCPA

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SEC IM Staff Issues Guidance Update on Disclosure Related to Current Market Conditions

The staff of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Division of Investment Management (Staff) has issued an IM Guidance Update on fund disclosure regarding risks related to current market conditions (Guidance Update)…more

Debt Securities, Disclosure Requirements, Fixed Income Investments, Investment Management, Market Conditions

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CFTC Approves Final Rule on Margin Requirements for Uncleared Swaps

The U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) approved on December 16 final rules (Final Rules) on margin requirements for over-the-counter uncleared swaps entered into by CFTC-registered swap dealers (SDs) and major swap…more

CFTC, Final Rules, Major Swap Participants, Margin Requirements, OTC

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Financial Services Quarterly Report - Second Quarter 2015: Incentive-Based Compensation: Dodd-Frank and the Example of Europe

After a four-year hiatus, some of the more controversial elements of the executive compensation rules mandated by the U.S. Dodd-Frank Act are back on the table. This article explores these elements – principally in the context…more

Corporate Officers, Directors, Dodd-Frank, EU, Executive Compensation

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EU and US Reach Agreement in Principle on Successor to ‘Safe Harbor’ for Trans-Atlantic Data Transfers

The European Commission announced an agreement in principle on a new framework for data transfers to replace the “Safe Harbor” arrangement that had governed data flows between the United States and Europe for the past 15 years…more

Article 29 Working Party (WP29), CJEU, EU, EU-US Privacy Shield, FTC

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Transfer Pricing: Major Developments for Certain French Companies Engaging in Transactions with Related Entities

The following sets out a summary of recently announced major changes affecting the transfer pricing policy of certain French companies. New Provisions of French Law - Provisions Already Adopted - Within the…more

Corporate Taxes, EU, OECD, Required Documentation, Transfer Pricing

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Fairer and More Effective Fixed-Income, Currency and Commodity Markets?

At the annual Mansion House speech to the City on Wednesday, 10 June, Bank of England (BoE) Governor Mark Carney announced an end to “the age of irresponsibility”. Shortly before the Mansion House speeches began, the…more

Bank of England, Benchmarks, Commodities, Derivatives, Fair and Effective Markets Review (FEMR)

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FINRA Letter Announces Cybersecurity as 2016 Exam Priority

The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”) released its annual Regulatory and Examination Priorities Letter on January 5, listing cybersecurity as a 2016 examination priority. This letter broadly identifies new and…more

Cybersecurity, Examination Priorities, FINRA, Investor Protection, Popular

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EU and US Reach Agreement in Principle on Successor to ‘Safe Harbor’ for Trans-Atlantic Data Transfers

The European Commission announced an agreement in principle on a new framework for data transfers to replace the “Safe Harbor” arrangement that had governed data flows between the United States and Europe for the past 15 years…more

Article 29 Working Party (WP29), CJEU, EU, EU-US Privacy Shield, FTC

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Here's How Young Associates Actually Impress Law Firm Partners

How might a young associate make a positive impression on partners in their new law firm? What to do to make a meaningful impact and stand out in ways that matter? For a perspective on this oft-asked question, we turned…more

Career Development, Firm Leadership, Young Lawyers

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Welcome Clarification of English Law Regarding Legal Advice Privilege

The High Court has delivered an important judgment on the application of legal advice privilege to factual reports delivered by lawyers to their clients in the context of a regulatory investigation. In the case of Property…more

Confidential Communications, Discovery, Government Investigations, Legal Advice Privilege, Libor

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SEC Proposes Significant New Restrictions on the Use of Derivatives and Other Transactions by Registered Funds and BDCs

The Securities and Exchange Commission (Commission) on December 11, 2015 proposed new Rule 18f-4 (Proposed Rule) under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (1940 Act) and amendments to certain proposed forms. The proposal relates…more

Business Development Companies, Derivatives, ETFs, Investment Portfolios, Recordkeeping Requirements

See All Updates »

EU and US Reach Agreement in Principle on Successor to ‘Safe Harbor’ for Trans-Atlantic Data Transfers

The European Commission announced an agreement in principle on a new framework for data transfers to replace the “Safe Harbor” arrangement that had governed data flows between the United States and Europe for the past 15 years…more

Article 29 Working Party (WP29), CJEU, EU, EU-US Privacy Shield, FTC

See All Updates »

Big Changes in Lease Accounting: FASB Releases Final Standards

The Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) released the long-anticipated final standards, Leases (Topic 842) (the “Final Standards” or “Topic 842”), on February 25, 2016, completing an overhaul of the lease accounting…more

Accounting Standards, Fair Market Value, FASB, Financial Statements, GAAP

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Brexit: What does it mean for asset managers?

The European Union (EU) is made up of 28 member states committed, through a series of treaties, to ever closer economic and political union. As such it exercises considerable power, both internally and internationally. It is…more

AIF, AIFM, Asset Management, EMIR, EU

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Colorado Ruling Raises Stakes in Fracking Litigation and Beyond

In an Independence Day gift to plaintiffs, the Colorado Court of Appeals ruled in Strudley v. Antero Resources Corp., No. 12CA1251 (July 3, 2013), that Colorado law does not allow pre-discovery Lone Pine orders, often used by…more

Energy, Environmental Claims, Fracking, Fracking Bans, Natural Resources

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German Federal Court of Justice simplifies delisting: Renunciation of the obligation to offer cash compensation

In a recent decision, the German Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof, BGH) abandoned its previous holding whereby, in the event of a delisting, the outstanding minority shareholders could demand cash compensation for…more

Breach of Duty, EU, Fiduciary Duty, Shareholders, Stocks

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Nasdaq Proposed Shareholder Approval Rules Update

Highlights - - Under NASDAQ rules, shareholder approval is required for the issuance of shares in connection with certain transactions. - NASDAQ announced that it is seeking public input on liberalizing the shareholder…more

Change of Control, Nasdaq, Private Placements, Public Comment, Publicly-Traded Companies

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Pending Luxembourg Bill Introduces Widespread Changes Affecting SIFs, SICARs and Part II UCIs

Following hot on the heels of the introduction of the bill to implement the reserved alternative investment fund (RAIF), on 18 January 2016, the Luxembourg government deposited with Parliament a bill of law (Bill) to amend,…more

AIFMD, Collective Investment Schemes, Investment Funds, Investors, Luxembourg

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The Essential Guide to UK Real Estate

This Essential Guide provides an overview of the legal and regulatory issues likely to affect developers, occupiers and investors in UK real estate. Real estate - Real estate law in England and Wales can trace its…more

Arbitration Agreements, Conservation, Construction Industry, Intellectual Property Protection, Land Owners

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SEC’s Proposed Modernized Reporting Regime: Effects on ETF Sponsors

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on May 20, 2015 unanimously approved proposed rules, forms and amendments that are intended to modernize and enhance the reporting and disclosure of information by investment…more

Asset Management, EFTs, Filing Requirements, Financial Markets, Form N-Cen

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Private Equity Newsletter - Summer 2015 Edition: Where’s the Exit? New Opportunities in China for Private Equity Firms

It has long been a well established exit route in developed markets for a private equity firm to sell its interest in a portfolio company to a listed company in exchange for shares in that listed company. Until recently, this…more

Acquisitions, China, CSRC, Foreign Investment, Investment Portfolios

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Financial Services Quarterly Report - Third Quarter 2015: Letter from Amsterdam: Dechert and European Private Equity CFOs and COOs Share Key Regulatory Concerns

Dechert was again pleased to support the SuperReturn CFO/COO Forum, held in Amsterdam in September. Nearly 200 GPs, LPs and key individuals from the private equity and venture capital industry came together for three days of…more

AIFMD, Asia Pacific, BEPS, CFOs, COOs

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Three Things You Should Know about Negative Interest Rates

The Federal Reserve announced last Wednesday that it is leaving the federal funds rate where it is, for now. While the United States is pondering interest rate hikes, other parts of the world are plunging further into negative…more

EU, European Central Bank, Federal Reserve, Interest Rates

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Global Private Equity Newsletter - Spring 2016 Edition: New UK Requirement for UK Companies and LLPs to Maintain A Register of People With Significant Control

1. With effect from April 6, 2016, all companies incorporated or formed under the UK Companies Acts, other than exempt companies (see paragraph 3), and all limited liability partnerships (LLPs) incorporated under the UK Limited…more

Disclosure Requirements, Investment Funds, Limited Liability Partnerships, LLPs, Person of Significant Control (PSC Register)

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New UK Sentencing Guidelines - What Does This Mean For Corporates?

The Sentencing Council’s Definitive Guidance for Fraud, Bribery and Money Laundering Offences (the “UK Guidelines”) came into force on 1 October 2014. The UK Guidelines set out a ten step process for sentencing and apply to all…more

Bribery, Corporate Crimes, Corporate Criminal Fines, Criminal Prosecution, Federal Sentencing Guidelines

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Real World: An Update from Dechert's London Finance and Real Estate Group July 2015: Government Consultation on Reforming the Electronic Communications Code

The Electronic Communications Code, set out in Schedule 2 to the Telecommunications Act 1984 and amended by the Communications Act 2003, has been much criticised over the last 30 years for being unclear, out of date and…more

Cell Towers, Commercial Tenants, Communications Act 2003, DCMs, Electronic Communications

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New US Department of Justice Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Enforcement Plan Creates "Pilot Program" to Encourage Voluntary Disclosure

The U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”) released a memorandum (the “FCPA Enforcement Memorandum”) on April 5, 2016 detailing a new enforcement plan for Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”) investigations. The DOJ announced that…more

Cooperation, DOJ, FCPA, Federal Pilot Programs, Federal Sentencing Guidelines

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Foreclosure Attempt Blocked? What You Should Know Before the Clock Hits Zero

Just when you thought we were out of the housing crisis weeds of ’07—think again.  Apparently when an abundance of people buy homes they can’t afford and predictably fall behind on their payments, the judicial foreclosure…more

Banking Sector, Deutsche Bank, Dismissals, Foreclosure, Mortgage Lenders

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Georgian International Arbitration Centre Adopts New Arbitration Rules

The Georgian International Arbitration Centre (“GIAC”) has recently finalised the GIAC Arbitration Rules (“GIAC Rules”), following the completion of the work of the Commission for Final Revision of the Arbitration Rules (the…more

ICC, International Arbitration, New Regulations

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2014 LCIA International Arbitration Rules Now Apply: Procedural Efficiency, Emergency Arbitrators and Complex Arbitrations

The London Court of International Arbitration (“LCIA”) is firmly established as one of the world’s truly international arbitral institutions - in 2013 over 80% of the parties to LCIA arbitrations were non-UK - and London is…more

Arbitration, International Arbitration, LCIA, UK

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ACE Portal, in association with NYSE, Brings Technology to Private Equity Fundraising – An Interview with the General Counsel

In the Summer 2014 issue of the PE Newsletter we reviewed a private placement platform set up by ACE Portal, in partnership with the New York Stock Exchange, to facilitate the private placement of securities by issuers. The…more

Accredited Investors, Broker-Dealer, Corporate Counsel, Crowdfunding, FINRA

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Pending Luxembourg Bill Introduces Widespread Changes Affecting SIFs, SICARs and Part II UCIs

Following hot on the heels of the introduction of the bill to implement the reserved alternative investment fund (RAIF), on 18 January 2016, the Luxembourg government deposited with Parliament a bill of law (Bill) to amend,…more

AIFMD, Collective Investment Schemes, Investment Funds, Investors, Luxembourg

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U.S. Money Market Fund Reform: Diversification, Stress Testing and Disclosure Compliance Deadline Quickly Approaching; SEC Staff Issues New FAQs

The April 14, 2016 compliance date for certain new money market fund (money funds) requirements adopted by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is quickly approaching. In particular, money funds will be required…more

Asset Diversification, Investment Company Act of 1940, Money Market Funds, SEC, Stress Tests

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SEC Approves Final Rules that (1) Permit General Solicitation and General Advertising in Rule 506 and Rule 144A Offerings and (2) Disqualify “Bad Actors” from Using Rule 506 to Offer Securities

The SEC has amended Rule 506 of Regulation D and Rule 144A under the Securities Act of 1933 (Securities Act) to (1) permit, in certain circumstances, an issuer to engage in general solicitation and general advertising in…more

Accredited Investors, Advertising, Bad Actors, Broker-Dealer, Dodd-Frank

See All Updates »

Goodyear FCPA Fine Highlights Benefits of Cooperation and Robust Compliance Controls

The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company (“Goodyear”), one of the world’s largest tire companies, reached a significant settlement with the U.S. Securities & Exchange Commission (“SEC”) in connection with charges that two of its…more

Bribery, Chief Compliance Officers, Compliance, Enforcement Actions, FCPA

See All Updates »

Goodyear FCPA Fine Highlights Benefits of Cooperation and Robust Compliance Controls

The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company (“Goodyear”), one of the world’s largest tire companies, reached a significant settlement with the U.S. Securities & Exchange Commission (“SEC”) in connection with charges that two of its…more

Bribery, Chief Compliance Officers, Compliance, Enforcement Actions, FCPA

See All Updates »

New UK Open General Export Licences for Components

UK exporters may now use two new Open General Export Licences (OGELs), reducing the administrative burden of exporting a range of military and dual use components, including printed circuit boards…more

Component Parts Doctrine, Exporters, Exports, Licenses, Member State

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ESMA Lends Support for a Harmonised European Framework for Loan Origination Funds

The European Securities and Markets Authority (“ESMA”) published its opinion on 11 April 2016 on the necessary elements for a harmonised European framework for loan origination by funds (the “Opinion”). The Opinion is issued to…more

ESMA, EU, European Commission, Investment Funds, Loan Origination Funds

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RMBS Risk Retention is Here

It's official. Risk retention became effective for residential mortgage-backed securities (“RMBS”) on December 24, 2015. Since the final rules (the “Rules”) were issued, there has been a lot of talk throughout the broader…more

Asset-Backed Securities, Dodd-Frank, Exemptions, Loans, Mortgages

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German Federal Court of Justice simplifies delisting: Renunciation of the obligation to offer cash compensation

In a recent decision, the German Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof, BGH) abandoned its previous holding whereby, in the event of a delisting, the outstanding minority shareholders could demand cash compensation for…more

Breach of Duty, EU, Fiduciary Duty, Shareholders, Stocks

See All Updates »

SEC and FDIC Propose Dodd-Frank Broker-Dealer Resolution Rules

Troubled financial institutions, some with substantial broker dealer operations, played a prominent role in the 2008 financial crisis. In an effort to protect the financial system from serious threats posed by significant…more

Broker-Dealer, Dodd-Frank, FDIC, Financial Services Industry, Liquidation

See All Updates »

Restricting Shareholders’ Ability to Challenge Corporations: Delaware Chancery Court Upholds Companies’ Right to Select Forum for Suits Against Them

The U.S. state of Delaware’s courts, particularly the Court of Chancery, are usually thought of as doughty protectors of shareholder rights. But some recent decisions have, in fact, narrowed such rights. Following close upon the…more

Forum, Forum Selection, Forum Shopping, Shareholder Litigation, Shareholder Rights

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Private Equity Newsletter - Winter 2014 Edition: It is Time for Public to Private Deals in France for PE Funds

With covenant pressure, softness on business plans and uncertainties on market perspectives, mid-cap listed companies are facing increased downward pressure on their stock prices, luring private equity specialists and strategic…more

EU, Foreign Investment, Going-Private Transactions, Investors, Private Equity

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DAMITT: Is the Use of Upfront Buyers Causing Longer Merger Investigations? Q1 2016 Update Confirms 2015 Trends

The Trend of Longer Investigations Continues - Significant merger investigations lasted 9.5 months on average over the 12 months ending Q1 2016, about 20% longer than the 8.0 month average over the prior 12 months. The…more

Antitrust Investigations, Mergers

See All Updates »

Recent SEC Enforcement Action Against KBR Warns Against Restrictive Confidentiality Agreements

The SEC Enforcement Action - A recent enforcement action by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission aims to protect employees from signing confidentiality agreements that would prevent them from acting as…more

Confidentiality Agreements, Dodd-Frank, Enforcement Actions, Internal Investigations, KBR (formerly Kellogg Brown & Root)

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Bail-In, or Just Bailing?

You know, there’s never a dull moment when one reports on the regulatory states’ endless and so often fruitless and wrong-headed tinkering with the global economy. So now… let’s talk bail-in. The bail-in regime, which was…more

Bail-In Provisions, Bankruptcy Code, EEA, EU, Financial Regulatory Reform

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Recent development on taxation of securities lending transactions

On 13 January 2016 the German Federal Finance Court (Bundesfinanzhof –“BFH”) published its ruling on securities lending transactions (“Ruling”). The Ruling was long-awaited and rumor had it that it might bring about a…more

Germany, Lending, Tax Liability

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Big Changes in Lease Accounting: FASB Releases Final Standards

The Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) released the long-anticipated final standards, Leases (Topic 842) (the “Final Standards” or “Topic 842”), on February 25, 2016, completing an overhaul of the lease accounting…more

Accounting Standards, Fair Market Value, FASB, Financial Statements, GAAP

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Foreign Financial Institutions Beware: United States Expands Economic Sanctions Against Hizballah

Effective April 16, 2016, the United States will implement sanctions pursuant to the Hizballah International Financing Prevention Act of 2015. The new sanctions target Hizballah (or Hezbollah) and non-U.S. persons who support…more

Criminal Penalties, Economic Sanctions, Foreign Financial Institutions (FFI), Hizballah, OFAC

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Opportunities for Banking Entities Under the Joint Venture Provision of the Volcker Regulations

Under the Volcker Regulations (Regulations), banking entities are sharply restricted in their ability to invest in and sponsor entities that are treated as “covered funds.” During the rulemaking process, the Volcker Agencies…more

Banks, Covered Funds, Joint Venture, Volcker Rule

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Improving the Gender Balance on British Boards

Lord Davies of Abersoch published on 29 October 2015, a five year review of his 2011 report aimed at improving the gender balance at the top of British business. There has been a significant improvement in the…more

Board of Directors, Code of Conduct, Diversity, Gender Equity, UK

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SEC Imposes Penalties on Company and Officers for Inadequate Staffing in Accounting Department

Highlights - The SEC settled charges against Magnum Hunter Resources Corporation and two of its officers for deficient oversight of the company’s internal controls over financial reporting, resulting in fines of…more

CFOs, Corporate Officers, Enforcement Actions, Financial Reporting, Fines

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The 15(c) Process Continues to be a Focus of the SEC Enforcement Staff

Two recent SEC Enforcement Division administrative settlements reinforce the importance for fund boards of directors and fund advisers to maintain a robust annual advisory contract renewal process…more

Asset Management, Board of Directors, Enforcement Actions, Fund Managers, Investment Adviser

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Orderly Unwinding: Here to Stay?

The International Swaps and Derivatives Association (ISDA) recently issued the ISDA 2014 Resolution Stay Protocol (Protocol), which takes effect on 1 January 2015. The Protocol aims to prevent adhering parties from immediately…more

Banks, Derivatives, FDIC, Federal Reserve, FSB

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UK Taxation Update for Investment Managers

The shifting sands of the taxation landscape for investment managers continues apace. Just when you perceive an oasis of stability on the horizon, it is revealed to be a mirage by the announcement of yet further changes…more

Anti-Avoidance, Carried Interest, Carried Interest Tax Rates, HMRC, Income Taxes

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Class Certification Derailed: D.C. Circuit Applies Supreme Court’s Comcast Decision

Key Points: - Defendants in antitrust cases may be able to defeat class certification by demonstrating that the plaintiffs’ damages model yields false positives – i.e., that the model calculates injury where none could…more

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Examination in England of a Non-Resident Foreign Officer of a Judgment Debtor

Obtaining a judgment is one thing, enforcing it is another. The location of a judgment debtor’s assets can be unknown or deliberately hidden. A judgment creditor may therefore wish to obtain information from a judgment debtor as…more

Corporate Officers, Deutsche Bank, Foreign Judgments, Judgment Creditors, Judgment Debtors

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Investment Funds Update - Europe: Legal and regulatory updates for the funds industry from the key asset management centres and primary European fund domiciles: March 2016 - Issue 3: United Kingdom

UCITS Regulations 2016 Published - The Undertakings for Collective Investment in Transferable Securities Regulations 2016 (SI 2016/225) were published on 25 February 2016. These implement provisions of the UCITS V Directive…more

Asset Management, Benchmarks, EU, Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), Investment Funds

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Financial Services Quarterly Report - First Quarter 2013: Dealing With Investment Errors: A U.S. Perspective

No professional investment adviser would intentionally make a trade or investment error. However, such errors occur from time to time. Formulating an appropriate response to investment errors can be challenging for investment…more

Damages, Duty of Care, Fiduciary Duty, Investment Adviser, Reimbursements

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Ninth Circuit Rules that Say-On-Pay Suit Belongs in State Court

In a recent ruling, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit concluded that certain related shareholder derivative suits arising out of a say-on-pay decision involving Pico Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”) were…more

Board of Directors, Derivative Suit, Dodd-Frank, Executive Compensation, Fiduciary Duty

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Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes Act of 2015 Approved by Congress and Signed by the President

President Obama signed the Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes Act of 2015 (the “Act”) into law on December 18, 2015. The Act extends retroactively certain provisions of the Internal Revenue Code (the “Code”) that had expired at…more

FIRPTA, Internal Revenue Code (IRC), IRS, Popular, Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes (PATH) Act

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Financial Services Quarterly Report - First Quarter 2016: Northstar Decision on Remand: U.S. District Court Holds SLUSA Precludes State Law Claims Alleging Deviation from Mutual Fund’s Investment Objective

In a complete victory for Defendants, on February 23, 2016, a federal district court dismissed with prejudice the final remaining claims in Northstar Financial Advisors, Inc. v. Schwab Investments et. al., which had been ongoing…more

Breach of Contract, Carve Out Provisions, Charles Schwab, Fiduciary Duty, Misrepresentation

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Global Private Equity Newsletter - Spring 2016 Edition: Acquisitions by Non-EU Buyers of German Targets May Require Special Regulatory Review or Approval

Regulatory filing and pre clearance requirements under merger control laws are well understood and, except where the merger parties have significant business overlap, rarely impede closing. However, another German regulatory…more

Acquisitions, Foreign Equity Securities, Foreign Trade Regulations, Germany, Merger Controls

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Big Changes in Lease Accounting: FASB Releases Final Standards

The Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) released the long-anticipated final standards, Leases (Topic 842) (the “Final Standards” or “Topic 842”), on February 25, 2016, completing an overhaul of the lease accounting…more

Accounting Standards, Fair Market Value, FASB, Financial Statements, GAAP

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CFTC Staff Issues No-Action Relief Helpful for Non-U.S. Commodity Pool Operators and Commodity Trading Advisors

The U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) Division of Swap Dealer and Intermediary Oversight (DSIO) provided no-action relief on February 12, 2016 to commodity pool operators (CPOs) and commodity trading advisors…more

CFTC, Commodity Pool, CPOs, CTA, Dodd-Frank

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Publicly Traded Partnership Proposed Regulations

Widely held partnerships are a significant source of funding for oil, gas and certain natural resources projects, but the publicly traded partnership (“PTP”) rules can cause such partnerships to be treated as corporations for…more

Corporate Taxes, Double Taxation, Energy Projects, Energy Sector, Fracking

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A Case Study: How the Record Breaking Antitrust Penalty Against Qualcomm Transforms the Landscape of SEPs Licensing in China

The PRC National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) finally concluded its antitrust investigations against Qualcomm and issued an administrative sanction on February 10, 2015, putting an end to the 16-month investigation…more

Abuse of Dominance, Antitrust Investigations, China, FRAND, License Agreements

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Brexit: What does it mean for asset managers?

The European Union (EU) is made up of 28 member states committed, through a series of treaties, to ever closer economic and political union. As such it exercises considerable power, both internally and internationally. It is…more

AIF, AIFM, Asset Management, EMIR, EU

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SEC 2016 Examination Priorities Focus on Retail Investors, Market-wide Risks and Data Analytics

The Office of Compliance Inspections and Examinations (OCIE) of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on January 11, 2016 announced its examination priorities for this year, which “address issues across a variety of…more

Analytics, ETFs, Financial Institutions, OCIE, Popular

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Private Equity - Winter/Spring 2013

In This Issue: - ILPA Guidelines Have Noticeable Impact - Extracting Tax Value in Debt Refinancings and Modifications - Private Equity and Venture Capital Investing in China: Exit Strategy and Circular 698 - BDCs…more

Private Equity, Private Equity Funds, Venture Capital

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Financial Services Quarterly Report - First Quarter 2016: UK Investment Trust Companies for Credit Portfolios – Their Time Has Come

According to statistics published by the Association of Investment Companies (AIC), the UK trade association for closed-end investment companies, in 2015 net fundraising for closed-end investment companies, including investment…more

Asset Management, Credit, Financial Services Industry, Investment Portfolios, Investment Trust Companies

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SEC IM Staff Issues Guidance on Proxy Voting Responsibilities of Investment Advisers

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission’s (SEC) Divisions of Investment Management (IM) and Corporate Finance (CF) released a staff legal bulletin (Bulletin) on June 30, 2014, covering various issues involved with proxy…more

Compliance, Investment Adviser, Investment Management, Proxy Voting Guidelines, SEC

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Delaware Superior Court Permits Use of Litigation Finance

The Delaware Superior Court recently denied a motion to dismiss an action based on a claim that the litigation financing used by the plaintiff constituted unlawful champerty and maintenance. The March 9, 2016, decision in Charge…more

DuPont, Litigation Funding, Motion to Dismiss

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Fairer and More Effective Fixed-Income, Currency and Commodity Markets?

At the annual Mansion House speech to the City on Wednesday, 10 June, Bank of England (BoE) Governor Mark Carney announced an end to “the age of irresponsibility”. Shortly before the Mansion House speeches began, the…more

Bank of England, Benchmarks, Commodities, Derivatives, Fair and Effective Markets Review (FEMR)

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In RE MFW Shareholders Litigation: Delaware Chancery Court Answers Novel Question of Law and Applies Business Judgment Rule to a Controlling Stockholder-backed Going-Private Merger

Addressing an unsettled area of Delaware law, the Delaware Court of Chancery (the “Chancery Court”) revisited the appropriate standard of review for a going-private merger with a controlling stockholder…more

Business Judgment Rule, Going-Private Transactions, Mergers, Shareholder Litigation, Shareholders

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Global Private Equity Newsletter - Winter 2016 Edition: Enhanced Investment Opportunities in 2016 for U.S. Financial Investors and Their Portfolio Companies in Germany – A Closer Look at Trends and Related Transaction Terms

While for some years, profitable and market leading private equity backed companies pro-actively pursued acquisition opportunities in the U.S., U.S. buyers are increasingly looking to Germany and other parts of Western Europe…more

Acquisitions, Foreign Investment, Germany, Mergers, Portfolio Companies

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Germany's Amended Investment Ordinance

The Investment Ordinance (Anlageverordnung – “Investment Ordinance” or “AnlV”), as recently amended and as discussed in more detail below, applies to the investments and the asset allocation of insurance companies and pension…more

AIFMD, AIFS, Companies Ordinance, Germany, Insurance Industry

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The EU succeeds in establishing a permanent investment court in its trade treaties with Canada and Vietnam

The European Commission has recently successfully negotiated a new trade pact with Canada (referred to as the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement or ‘CETA’) and one with Vietnam (the ‘EU-Vietnam FTA’) which incorporate,…more

Bilateral Investment Treaties, Canada, CETA, Dispute Resolution, EU

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New SEC Guidance Makes Excluding Shareholder Proposals More Difficult

In Staff Legal Bulletin 14H released on October 22, 2015, the staff of the SEC’s Division of Corporation Finance weighed in on two important means by which a company may exclude a shareholder proposal from company proxy…more

Corporate Counsel, Exclusions, New Guidance, Ordinary Course of Business Defense, SEC

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Global Private Equity Newsletter - Winter 2016 Edition: Tools for Managing Environmental Risks in Deals

When parties to an M&A deal consider most environmental risks, they essentially seek the same goals that they seek with respect to other liabilities in the deal. M&A sellers, particularly private equity sellers, seek to avoid…more

Acquisitions, ASTM, Buyers, Contaminated Properties, Contract Terms

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US$1.3 Billion Fortis Settlement Ushers in New Era in Globalization of Securities Laws

A closely-watched set of claims stemming back to the 2008 global financial crisis has settled for a massive €1.204 billion (US$1.3 billion), making it one of the highest settlements ever and ushering in a new era in the…more

Bailout, Class Action, Corporate Counsel, Foreign Investment, International Litigation

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Achieve Pay Equity Act and Other Developments Impose Additional Requirements on New York Employers

New York employers should be aware of various new laws that have been enacted with the stated purpose of protecting and furthering women's equality in the State of New York. These new laws impose a number of significant burdens…more

Achieve Pay Equity Act (APEA), Equal Pay, Gender-Based Pay Discrimination, Governor Cuomo, NLRA

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SEC IM Staff Issues Guidance Update on Disclosure Related to Current Market Conditions

The staff of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Division of Investment Management (Staff) has issued an IM Guidance Update on fund disclosure regarding risks related to current market conditions (Guidance Update)…more

Debt Securities, Disclosure Requirements, Fixed Income Investments, Investment Management, Market Conditions

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National Labor Relations Board’s New Joint Employer Standard Expands Risks for Employers

In a potentially game-changing decision in Browning-Ferris Industries of California, Inc., a three-member majority of the National Labor Relations Board (the “Board”) cast aside its long-standing joint employer test in favor of…more

Browning-Ferris Industries of California Inc., Franchises, Joint Employers, NLRB, Unions

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Collecting Another Supreme Win for ERISA Preemption - Court in Gobeille Invalidates Vermont Data Collection Law

The U.S. Supreme Court decided the case of Gobeille v. Liberty Mutual Insurance Co. last week, in which the Court invalidated a Vermont health care data collection law as being preempted by the Employee Retirement Income…more

Blue Cross, Data Collection, ERISA, Gobeille v Liberty Mutual Insurance Com., Liberty Mutual Insurance Company

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Bail-In, or Just Bailing?

You know, there’s never a dull moment when one reports on the regulatory states’ endless and so often fruitless and wrong-headed tinkering with the global economy. So now… let’s talk bail-in. The bail-in regime, which was…more

Bail-In Provisions, Bankruptcy Code, EEA, EU, Financial Regulatory Reform

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European Commission and CFTC Publish Announcement on EU/US Clearing Equivalence

The European Commission and the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) announced a “common approach for transatlantic CCPs” on 10 February 2016. Under this “common approach,” the European Commission has pledged to…more

CCPs, CFTC, EMIR, ESMA, EU

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