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I Falsified My Time Records … But I’m Still Suing You for Overtime

Employers sometimes rely on equitable arguments, such as “unclean hands” (which asserts that it would not be fair to hold an employer liable when the employee’s actions caused or contributed to his own injury or damages). But…more

Actual or Constructive Knowledge, Appeals, Employer Liability Issues, FLSA, Timekeeping

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Eighth Circuit Dismisses Whistleblower's Suit Finding Facts Were Already Publicly Disclosed

In an August 7, 2014 opinion, the Eighth Circuit upheld the dismissal of a whistleblower’s suit alleging that a number of pain pump device makers had violated the False Claims Act (FCA) by marketing their pain pumps for harmful…more

False Claims Act, Medical Devices, Off-Label Promotion, Public Disclosure, Whistleblowers

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Customer Collaboration and Predictive Analytics Can Lead to Successful Product Manufacturing

Advanced manufacturing companies increasingly implement “Intellectual Property Plus,” an expanded view of IP assets and risks. Through this lens, companies incorporate customer expectations and preferences in new product…more

Manufacturers, Patents, Popular, Technology

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IRS Guidance on Windsor Decision May Require End-of-Year Amendments for Qualified Retirement Plans

Earlier this year, the IRS published updated guidance on the application of the Supreme Court’s decision in United States v. Windsor to qualified retirement plans. In Windsor, the Court held that the Defense of Marriage Act’s…more

Benefit Plan Sponsors, DOMA, Federal Taxes, IRS, Plan Administrators

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Top Legal Issues Facing Automotive Suppliers in 2015

Foley’s Automotive Industry Team has prepared this overview of the major trends we see affecting automotive suppliers this year. While not all legal risk can be anticipated, companies that are aware of litigation, enforcement,…more

ADA, Antitrust Provisions, Auto Manufacturers, Auto Parts, Automobile Recall

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How California’s New LLC Law Will Impact Existing and New California LLCs

On January 1, 2014, California’s Beverly-Killea Limited Liability Company Act (“Old Act”) was superseded by the California Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (“New Act”). California legislators were concerned that the…more

Articles of Incorporation, Limited Liability Companies, LLC, Operating Agreements, RULLCA

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IRS Issues 2015 Limits for Qualified Retirement Plans, Health FSAs, and Transportation Fringe Benefits

You know it’s Fall when the leaves turn color, jack-o-lanterns wink in the twilight, the World Series plays on … and the IRS announces new indexed annual limits for employee benefit plans. Sticking to tradition, the IRS recently…more

COLA, Flexible Spending Accounts, Fringe Benefits, Health Insurance, IRS

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House Bill 569 Changes Florida's Campaign Finance Law

On May 1, 2013, Governor Rick Scott signed into law House Bill 569 (HB569), which enacts sweeping changes to Florida’s campaign finance laws. The changes will affect every elected official as well as any person who makes…more

Campaign Contributions, Campaign Finance Reform, Political Contributions

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Congress Renews Its Battles Over Workplace Rights and Obligations

With Republicans now controlling both houses of Congress, we can expect to see the introduction — or reintroduction — of various pieces of legislation largely designed to advance the agenda of the majority party on issues…more

Affordable Care Act, FLSA, FMLA, Legislative Agendas, NLRA

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FTC Settles Claims Relating to U.S. – EU Safe Harbor Program

The Federal Trade Commission recently announced it has settled claims against 12 companies relating to charges the companies falsely claimed they were abiding by the U.S. – EU Safe Harbor program that enables U.S. companies to…more

Compliance, Data Brokers, Debt Collection, EU, FTC

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Iowa Supreme Court Decision Boosts Renewable Energy Development

A recent Iowa Supreme Court decision may give a boost to small-scale renewable energy development in that state. On July 11, the court issued its opinion in SZ Enterprises, LLC vs. Iowa Utilities Board (link to decision),…more

Electricity, Energy, Energy Projects, Power Purchase Agreements, Renewable Energy

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Seek “Recent Graduates” for a Job Opening, Risk a Lawsuit

Employer job advertisements are, once again, coming under scrutiny. A few weeks ago, the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) made headlines when it filed a lawsuit against a restaurant chain over its job posting…more

ADEA, Corporate Counsel, Discrimination, EEOC, Employer Liability Issues

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Defense to Patent Infringement if Acts Were Performed in a “Quasigovernmental” Capacity Pursuant to a Legal Obligation

A recent Federal Circuit opinion highlights a defense that is available to defendants whose alleged infringement occurred through activities that were undertaken for the United States. In particular, where the United States…more

Airlines, Appeals, Federal Contractors, Japan Airlines, Patent Infringement

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2014 May Be the Last Year for Valuable "Tax Extenders"

Last week, President Obama threatened to veto an agreement between Senate Democrats and House Republicans on a collection of tax breaks known as “tax extenders.” The deal would have been a huge win for manufacturing, because it…more

Barack Obama, Corporate Taxes, Manufacturers, Tax Extenders, Tax Incentives

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2013 Water Technology US Patent Landscape Anual Report

Foley’s Green Energy Technologies (GET) team has released its latest annual analysis of the water technology landscape titled "2013 Water Technology U.S. Patent Landscape Annual Report." The 2013 Report was created by…more

Groundwater, Licenses, Patents, Technology, Water

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Wisconsin Court Confirms Computer-Controlled Medical Devices Are Exempt From Property Tax

In 2008, the Wisconsin Tax Appeals Commission ruled that the following categories of computerized medical equipment are exempt from property tax: - Ultrasound equipment - Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)…more

Exemptions, Medical Devices, MRI, Property Tax

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The Section 409A Valuation: Do You Really Need One?

Yes. You do. That was easy. But perhaps we have gotten ahead of ourselves and we should start at the beginning of the story. While Section 409A is a tax provision, its genesis was the perceived abuse of deferred compensation…more

Executive Compensation, Golden Parachutes, Safe Harbors, Section 409A, Valuation

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Court of Appeals Rejects Attempted Restriction of “Mortgage Banker” Priority Provision

On February 20, 2014, the Wisconsin Court of Appeals issued an opinion interpreting the meaning of “mortgage banker” under Wis. Stat. § 224.71(3) and finding that a mortgage holder was entitled to the priority afforded under…more

Banks, Construction Contracts, Construction Liens, Mortgages

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Too Late to Compel Arbitration? Think Again!

In recent years, more and more employers are considering requiring employees to bring any claims arising out of the employment relationship in a private forum such as an arbitration. The American Arbitration Association provides…more

American Arbitration Association, Arbitration, Contract Drafting, Employer Liability Issues, Mandatory Arbitration Clauses

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Doing Business With the Government With Reduced Risk

Entering into business with the U.S. Government provides companies, including those in the automotive industry, with the opportunity to expand their business base, with tremendous potential. Even with the current budget cuts and…more

Automotive Industry, Federal Budget, Federal Contractors, Sequestration

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Department of Commerce Proposes New Solar Tariff on Chinese Panels

On January 2, 2015, the Department of Commerce (“DOC”) announced its preliminary decision regarding Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Cells, Whether or Not Assembled into Modules, from the People’s Republic of China (“Chinese…more

China, Plastic Solar Cells, Proposed Regulation, Solar Panels, Tariffs

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4 Simple Tips for Better Supply Agreements

Supply agreements serve as the lifeblood of many manufacturing companies. These agreements outline the terms and conditions controlling the supply of goods and services between various parties. Without this framework, many…more

Corporate Counsel, Manufacturers, Supply Agreements, Supply Chain

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Is There a Constitutional Right to 12% Interest?

Central bankers have been the bane of a saver’s return for awhile now, but Wisconsin’s court of appeals appears to have carved out a place for litigants to earn a market-beating return. In a decision issued by District II…more

Appeals, Car Accident, Insurance Litigation, Prejudgment Interest, Proposal for Settlement

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IRS Releases Favorable Private Business Use Rules for Facilities Financed With Tax-Exempt Bonds

On October 24, 2014, the IRS released Notice 2014-67, which establishes more favorable safe harbors for types of service contracts and other arrangements using property financed with tax-exempt bonds. The Notice also provides…more

Bonds, IRS, Safe Harbors, Service Contracts, Tax Exemptions

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Patent Office Extends AFCP 2.0 and QPIDS Pilot Programs to September 2015

The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) just announced it has extended the After Final Consideration Pilot program (AFCP 2.0) and the Quick Path Information Disclosure Statement program (QPIDS), which are now set…more

AFCP, Patent Reform, Patents, QPIDS, USPTO

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Federal Circuit Upholds Patent Office’s First Decision of Unpatentability in an Inter Partes Review

Today in In re Cuozzo Speed Technologies, LLC, No. 14-1301, a majority (Judges Dyk and Clevenger) affirmed the Patent Trial and Appeal Board’s (PTAB) decision to deem certain claims of a speed limit indicator patent unpatentable…more

America Invents Act, Claim Construction, Cuozzo Speed Technologies, Inter Partes Review Proceedings, Mandamus Petitions

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IRS Releases Favorable Private Business Use Rules for Facilities Financed With Tax-Exempt Bonds

On October 24, 2014, the IRS released Notice 2014-67, which establishes more favorable safe harbors for types of service contracts and other arrangements using property financed with tax-exempt bonds. The Notice also provides…more

Bonds, IRS, Safe Harbors, Service Contracts, Tax Exemptions

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California Senate and Assembly Vote to Extend Property Tax Exclusion for Solar

In furtherance of California’s commitment to renewable solar energy, the California Senate and Assembly recently passed Senate Bill 871 (SB 871) which, if signed, would extend the sunset date on the existing property tax…more

Energy, Exclusions, New Legislation, Property Tax, Solar Energy

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FTC Updates Guidance on Disclosures in Social Media Marketing

Earlier this month, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) updated its guidelines for disclosures in digital media, “.Com Disclosures: How to Make Effective Disclosures in Digital Advertising” (Guide). The Guide, which updates a…more

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Navigating Employment-Based Visas for Startups

Startups often seek to hire highly educated employees with degrees in STEM (science, technology, engineering and science) fields in order to compete with their established competitors. Post-graduate international students have…more

Corporate Counsel, H1-B, Highly-Skilled Workers Visa, Hiring & Firing, L-1 Visas

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2013 Water Technology US Patent Landscape Anual Report

Foley’s Green Energy Technologies (GET) team has released its latest annual analysis of the water technology landscape titled "2013 Water Technology U.S. Patent Landscape Annual Report." The 2013 Report was created by…more

Groundwater, Licenses, Patents, Technology, Water

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Provider Reimbursement Review Board Issues Alert 9 and Revised Rules

On March 1, 2013, the Provider Reimbursement Review Board (PRRB or the Board) issued Alert 9, which notified interested parties that the PRRB has made revisions to its Rules and updated its Model Forms. Medicare providers that…more

CMS, Medicare, PRRB, Reimbursements

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Supreme Court Rules Trademark Tacking Is a Question for Juries

The tacking doctrine allows trademark owners to make slight modifications to their marks over time without an attendant loss of rights. Specifically, owners can claim priority in a mark based on the first use date of a…more

Hana Financial v Hana Bank, Jury Questions, Likelihood of Confusion, SCOTUS, Tacking

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FDA Takes Steps to Declare Partially Hydrogenated Oils No Longer GRAS and Seeks Comments

On November 7, 2013, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced that it has tentatively determined that partially hydrogenated oils (PHOs) are no longer generally recognized as safe (GRAS) for any use in food. PHOs are the…more

FDA, Food Safety, Trans Fat

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USPTO Issues Long-Awaited Revised Guidance on Patent Eligibility

The USPTO has issued new “interim” guidance for determining whether claims are eligible for patenting under 35 USC 35 U.S.C. § 101. Assuming the guidance document is published in the December 16, 2014 Federal Register, it will…more

Guidance Update, Patent-Eligible Subject Matter, Patents, USPTO

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Site Selection in a Build-to-Suit Project: Should the Land and Developer Be Selected Separately or Together?

Site selection is a critical issue in build-to-suit (BTS) projects. There may be nothing more important to the success of a build-to-suit project than its location. Factors such as the strength of local labor markets, the…more

Build-to-Suit, Construction Contracts, Construction Industry, Land Developers

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Sentinel Decision Prioritizes Protection of Securities and Futures Markets

On March 19, 2014, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit decided Grede v. FCStone, LLC, Nos. 13-1232, 13-1278 (7th Cir. Mar. 19, 2014), an opinion that reinforces the importance of the portability of investment…more

CFTC, Commodities, Commodities Exchange Act, Commodity Futures Contracts, Commodity Pool

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Top Legal Issues Facing Suppliers in 2014

We know that you have been considering what business and commercial issues you will face in 2014 (and perhaps beyond) as an Automotive Supplier. But, have you been considering what legal issues you are likely to face? Do you…more

Automotive Industry, Compliance, Data Protection, FCPA, NHTSA

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Spring 2013 Eye on China Newsletter

Legal News: Eye on China Quarterly Newsletter offers companies helpful insight as they successfully navigate China’s complex and ever-changing legal and regulatory environment. In this issue, we focus on the following…more

Anti-Bribery, Anti-Corruption, China, Compliance, Copyright

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General Motors New Terms and Conditions Effective July 15, 2013

General Motors has announced that Effective July 15, 2013, its general terms and conditions for direct material, customer care & aftersales (CCA) and tooling purchases are changing…more

Compliance, General Motors, Terms and Conditions

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The MCDC Initiative and Recent Modifications: Window for Issuers and Obligated Persons Now Closes on December 1, 2014, While Underwriters Window Still Set to Close on September 9, 2014

As highlighted in the SEC’s 2012 Municipal Market Report, the SEC has expressed significant concern that many issuers have not been complying with their obligation to file continuing disclosure documents and that federal…more

Deadlines, Disclosure Requirements, EMMA, Enforcement, MCDC

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Ban-the-Box Bandwagon Requires Application Review

On August 11, 2014, New Jersey joined Illinois and at least 11 other states, as well as dozens of cities and local governments, in prohibiting most employers from initially asking about criminal history on job applications. This…more

Ban the Box, Criminal Background Checks, Criminal Records, EEOC, Employer Liability Issues

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Failure to Disclose Known Trends or Uncertainties in Public Filings May Create Liability Under Section 10(b)

On January 12, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit held in Stratte-McClure v. Morgan Stanley that a failure to make a required disclosure under Item 303 of Regulation S-K in a Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is…more

Appeals, Collateralized Debt Obligations, Credit Default Swaps, Disclosure Requirements, Form 10-Q

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UDAAP Council Weekly UDAAP Standards Report - 2/25/2015

Every week, courts around the United States issue decisions addressing aspects of civil UDAAP claims. In an effort to illuminate the UDAAP standards, below is a sampling of some of this week’s UDAAP decisions on the meaning of…more

Class Action, Collection Agencies, Debt Collection, FDCPA, UDAAP

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Amendments to Article 9 of the Uniform Commerical Code Go Into Effect

A number of amendments to Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code (“UCC”) went into effect in many states on July 1, 2013. Similar amendments are pending in a number of other states…more

Article 9, UCC

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Building the Oncology System of the Future: Transforming Patient Care Through Data Transparency and Analytics

Virtually everyone agrees that the time is now to seriously reexamine our fragmented, expensive healthcare system and to innovate sustainable approaches to curing its ills. At the center of this activity is the patient, as the…more

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Massachusetts High Court Expands Strict Liability for Building Code Violations

In an April 10, 2014, decision that expressly overruled its own 15-year old precedent, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court has held that the owner of a building used as a place for a large number of people to gather will be…more

Building Codes, Building Standards, Strict Liability

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Roadmap to Prison: Lessons Learned from the Criminal Prosecution of Alpha Ambulance’s Leaders

No one running an ambulance company ever planned to go to prison for doing his or her job. But that is a real possibility if the government knocks on the door, and the owner or manager is dishonest in his or her response to the…more

Ambulance Providers, Audits, CMS, False Statements, FBI

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When "Shall" Means "May": Wisconsin Court of Appeals Allows Mortgage Lenders to Slow the Foreclosure Sale Process

Last week we discussed the Wisconsin Supreme Court’s decision in Bank of New York v. Carson permitting circuit courts to force a mortgagee to hold a sheriff’s sale. Today we rewind the clock a bit to a decision last December by…more

Bank of America, Contract Terms, Foreclosure, Mortgage Lenders, Mortgages

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The New Protected Class: Unpaid Interns (Are They Worth the Trouble?)

It is a constant challenge for employers to keep up with the panoply of protections afforded to actual employees by federal, state and local employment discrimination and other laws. Beware — there is a new trend afoot that adds…more

Corporate Counsel, Discrimination, Employer Liability Issues, New Legislation, Popular

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Knowledge of Benefit Required to Convict Insider Trading Tippees

In its important ruling on what the government must prove in a criminal insider trading prosecution, the Second Circuit reversed the convictions of two portfolio managers — throwing out their cases completely, with no new trial…more

Dell, Hedge Funds, Illegal Tipping, Insider Trading, Material Nonpublic Information

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Beneficiary Assignment in the Proposed Revised Medicare Shared Savings Program Regulations

This post addresses the changes that the rule would make to how CMS assigns beneficiaries to an ACO participating in the MSSP. The Proposed Rule places a renewed emphasis on primary care for beneficiary assignment. Section…more

ACOs, Assignments, Beneficiaries, CMS, Healthcare

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Another Day, Another Rule for Federal Contractors

As we previously noted, federal contractors have been besieged in recent months with regulatory changes and enforcement initiatives advanced by the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (“OFCCP”) and various divisions…more

Contractors, Discrimination, DOL, Federal Contractors, Gender Identity

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Governor Vetoes Proposed Changes to California Franchise Law

To the surprise of many, California Governor Jerry Brown has vetoed the proposed changes to California’s franchise laws that were discussed in our Client Alert on August 28, 2014. In his veto message, Governor Brown criticized…more

Franchise Agreements, Franchises, Legislative Vetoes

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Recent Decision Underscores Need for Involvement of Counsel in Internal Investigations

A recent federal court decision raises concerns about the ability of companies to maintain privilege over materials generated in connection with internal investigations. The case, United States ex rel. Barko v. Halliburton…more

Corporate Counsel, Halliburton, Internal Investigations, Investigations, Qui Tam

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Sentinel Decision Prioritizes Protection of Securities and Futures Markets

On March 19, 2014, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit decided Grede v. FCStone, LLC, Nos. 13-1232, 13-1278 (7th Cir. Mar. 19, 2014), an opinion that reinforces the importance of the portability of investment…more

CFTC, Commodities, Commodities Exchange Act, Commodity Futures Contracts, Commodity Pool

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Federal Circuit Upholds Patent Term Adjustment Deduction for IDS Filed After Restriction Requirement

In Gilead Sciences, Inc. v. Lee, the Federal Circuit upheld the USPTO’s interpretation of the Patent Term Adjustment (PTA) statute as permitting the USPTO to charge “Applicant Delay” when an Information Disclosure Statement…more

Gilead Sciences, Patent Prosecution, Patent Term Adjustment, Patents, USPTO

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European Trade Secrets Directive Looks to Unify and Strengthen Protection of Proprietary Business Information in the EU

Home to several of the world’s largest OEMs, and a major place of operations for others, Europe has a thriving automotive industry. As borders have become more and more open in the European Union, OEMs and their suppliers often…more

EU, EU Directive, Trade Secrets

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SCE Selects Suppliers for 261 MW in Energy Storage

Southern California Edison (SCE) announced the suppliers and projects it has selected for the largest grid-connected energy storage purchase in U.S. history. This energy storage procurement is more than five times greater than…more

CPUC, Energy, Grid Energy Storage, Power Grid, SCE

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Supreme Court Issues Landmark Ruling in Hospital Merger Case on Scope of State Action Immunity

On February 19, 2013, the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously ruled that a local hospital authority’s acquisition of a hospital in Georgia was not immunized from the antitrust laws under the state action doctrine. In doing so, the…more

Acquisitions, FTC, FTC v. Phoebe Putney Health System, Government Entities, Governmental Immunity

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United States Completes Deposit for Hague Agreement for Industrial Designs

Today, February 13, 2015, the United States deposited with the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) its instrument of accession to the Hague Agreement Concerning International Registration of Industrial Designs (the…more

Design Patent, Hague Agreement, Industrial Design, Patents, USPTO

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U.S. Supreme Court: Silence Admissible

When faced with questions from a government investigator, a person’s silence can now be used in a criminal trial against the person who was questioned and declined to provide an answer…more

Admissibility, Criminal Prosecution, Evidence, Jury Trial, SCOTUS

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Facilities Siting: The Right Considerations Lead to the Right Choice

According to the research, manufacturers are on the move. The questions and considerations listed below are a great starting point for any company opening or relocating a manufacturing facility…more

Manufacturers, Manufacturing Facilities

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International Cartel Sales to Global Supply Chains Raise U.S. Antitrust Issues

In a widely awaited opinion, the Seventh U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Chicago has issued an opinion which affects the scope of government enforcement actions and which purchasers may pursue private civil treble damage…more

Antitrust Provisions, Appeals, Cartels, Enforcement Actions, FTAIA

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Manufacturing and Infrastructure: Not Just About Economics – Our Own Security Depends on It

The call for dramatic improvements in America’s infrastructure as a critical driver in the reestablishment of the nation’s manufacturing supremacy is building momentum. But that’s only part of the story. Lost is the real…more

Critical Infrastructure Sectors, DHS, Infrastructure, Manufacturers, National Security

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EEOC's Changed Conception of Pregnancy Spawns New Litigation — and Important Reminders for Employers

Earlier this year, we noted that that the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (“EEOC”) issued somewhat controversial enforcement guidance regarding pregnancy discrimination. It has now become evident that this enforcement…more

Adverse Employment Action, Corporate Counsel, EEOC, Employer Liability Issues, PDA

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U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Orders Cancellation of "REDSKINS" Trademark Registrations

On June 18, 2014, a divided panel of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (“TTAB”) ordered cancellation of six of the Washington Redskins’ trademark registrations holding that “Redskins” was a…more

Blackhorse v Pro-Football, Disparagement, Football, Laches, Native American Issues

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No, Seriously: Don't Forget the Minimum Wage

Start-up companies are often in cost-saving mode, but when it comes to employees, be prepared to pay at least a minimum wage. Many companies forget about it. All companies, regardless of size, must pay either the…more

Employee Rights, Employer Liability Issues, Employer Mandates, Minimum Wage, Popular

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Employment Law Compliance Is Just the Beginning

Complying with the law is only the starting point when making sound and legally defensible employment decisions, such as discipline, terminations, denying accommodations, and so forth. Have you ever heard of a company that made…more

Compliance, Employer Liability Issues

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A Peek at the 60 Minutes GenePeeks Patents

On October 26, 2014, 60 Minutes aired a story called “Breeding Out Disease” that included a segment about GenePeeks, a company that uses genetic information from prospective parents to make thousands of “digital babies” and…more

CLS Bank v Alice Corp, GenePeeks, Genetic Materials, Genetic Services, Patent-Eligible Subject Matter

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Public-Private Manufacturing Innovation Institutes Announced

Following on the coattails of the Youngstown, Ohio, manufacturing hub, President Obama announced three more public-private manufacturing institutes – in North Carolina, Chicago and Detroit – to focus on advancing manufacturing…more

Barack Obama, Digital Goods, Electronics, Manufacturers, Metals

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What Does McCutcheon Mean for Wisconsin Campaign Finance Law?

On April 2, the United States Supreme Court released its much-anticipated decision in McCutcheon v. FEC, 572 U.S. __ (2014). The case was closely watched because it presented the Court the opportunity to revisit the framework of…more

FEC, McCutcheon v. FEC, Political Campaigns, Political Contributions, SCOTUS

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Restructuring The Private Club

Private golf clubs are facing a tidal wave of challenges, from the prolonged economic downturn, to an aging population unable to continue playing the game, to a general decline in demand for golf, to financial hardships facing…more

Golf, Golf Courses

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Treasury Department Eases Cuba Sanctions

New Rules Open Opportunities for Exports, Financial Services, and Travel- On January 16, 2014, the U.S. Treasury Department issued new sanctions regulations easing the 54-year old Cuban embargo. Coming in the wake of the…more

Amended Regulation, Banking Sector, Barack Obama, BIS, CACR

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FERC Issues Policy Statement Clarifying Requirements for Capacity Allocation for Merchant Transmission Projects

On January 17, 2013, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) issued its Final Policy Statement regarding the allocation of capacity on new merchant and non-incumbent, cost-based, participant-funded transmission projects…more

Capacity Allocation, Compliance, Discrimination, Electricity, FERC

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Protect Your Safety Investigations and Deliberations From Prying Eyes

Every day companies deal with an ongoing safety analysis of their own products. These Safety Teams are routinely interdepartmental. The Safety Teams must consider design changes, manufacturing issues, potential recalls,…more

Manufacturers, Product Recalls, Risk Assessment, Risk Mitigation, Safety Inspections

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Winter 2013 Eye on China Newsletter

Legal News: Eye on China Quarterly Newsletter offers companies helpful insight as they successfully navigate China’s complex and ever-changing legal and regulatory environment. In this issue, we focus on the following…more

Arbitration, China, Counterfeiting, Discovery, Enforcement

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Diebold Resolves FCPA Charges for $48 Million

On October 22, 2013, the U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”) and the Securities & Exchange Commission (“SEC”) announced their agreements with Diebold Inc. (“Diebold”) regarding probes into alleged bribery of foreign bank…more

Compliance, DOJ, Enforcement Actions, SEC, Settlement

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Public Policy News

The Legislature returns on January 14, 2014 for a flurry of session days before final adjournment on April 3, 2014. With the biennial budget and many other GOP big ticket items passed, the agenda this spring will include no bold…more

Political Campaigns, Political Debates, Public Policy

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mHealth Technology – Development in an Uncertain Regulatory Climate

The development and use of mobile technologies and devices is expanding at an incredibly fast pace and is changing, and in fact revolutionizing, the way patients and healthcare providers interact. Mobile medical technologies or…more

FDA, Healthcare, HIPAA, Medical Devices, mHealth

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Pre-Trial Consolidation May Run Afoul of the America Invents Act

The America Invents Act introduced a new statute, 35 U.S.C. § 299, which provides that “accused infringers may not be joined in one action as defendants or counterclaim defendants, or have their actions consolidated for trial,…more

America Invents Act, Case Consolidation, Patent Infringement, Patent Litigation, Patent-in-Suit

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Seventh Circuit Limits the Use of the Federal Assignment Law under the False Claims Act

It’s common in the healthcare industry for large insurers to negotiate discounts from pharmacies for prescription drugs. The federal government, the granddaddy of all insurers, does this too, when it negotiates discounts on…more

Assignments, False Claims Act, Health Insurance, Healthcare, Medicaid

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Growing Judicial Acceptance of Predictive Coding Highlights the Need for Inside and Outside Counsel to Consider Its Use in Document Intensive Litigation

When predictive coding technology made its way into the public consciousness in or about 2011, the biggest barrier to its widespread use – and probably the second most common question for attorneys following these issues, right…more

Complex Litigation, Document Review, Predictive Coding

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FERC Issues NOPR to Reduce Small Generator Grid Interconnection Time and Cost

On January 17, 2013, FERC issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) that would revise the pro forma Small Generator Interconnection Procedures (SGIP) and Small Generator Interconnection Agreement (SGIA) in order to lessen…more

Electricity, Fast Track Process, FERC, SGIA, SGIP

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Finding Investors and Investments: What Do You Look For?

Matching investors and investments is a two-way street. Investors and companies alike look for a good fit. Strategic investors are ideal for most growth companies. However, every company seeking capital must ensure that it fits…more

Business Development, Funding, Investors

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Public Policy News

The Legislature returns on January 14, 2014 for a flurry of session days before final adjournment on April 3, 2014. With the biennial budget and many other GOP big ticket items passed, the agenda this spring will include no bold…more

Political Campaigns, Political Debates, Public Policy

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Ch Ch Ch Ch Changes: New VETS-4212 Report Means More Changes for Federal Contractors

Ch-ch-ch-ch-changes. David Bowie’s familiar refrain has become the motto of federal contractors everywhere as they struggle to keep pace with the numerous regulatory changes and enforcement initiatives currently being advanced…more

ADA, Affirmative Action, Amended Regulation, Discrimination, DOL

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Truth in Lending Act and Consumer Leasing Act Dollar Thresholds Raised: Fewer Transactions Exempt

More consumer credit and leasing transactions will be subject to the Truth in Lending Act (TILA) and Consumer Leasing Act (CLA) in 2015. Effective January 1, 2015, the dollar threshold for exemption of most consumer…more

CLA, Dodd-Frank, Exemptions, Regulation M, Regulation Z

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A Compilation of Enforcement and Non-Enforcement Actions - December 31, 2013

Investment Advisers — Are Your “IA Reps” Registered as Required? Why You Should Care - As we approach the end of the calendar year, it is a good time for investment advisers to check if all of its personnel who are…more

Chief Compliance Officers, Compliance, Enforcement, Enforcement Actions, Hedge Funds

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Could a Recent CMS Deregulation Regulation Save Health Care Providers $8 Billion?

As part of President Obama’s regulatory lookback initiative, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) issued a final rule last week (the “Rule”) that overhauled numerous staffing regulations affecting hospitals and…more

Affordable Care Act, CMS, Executive Orders, Healthcare, Healthcare Reform

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The SEC and Sustainability Shareholder Proposals

The SEC recently has encouraged “sustainability” shareholder proposals under Rule 14a-8. In their December 2013 INSIGHTS article, Foley attorneys Patrick Daugherty and Daniel Pieringer discuss strategies for manufacturers to…more

Manufacturers, SEC, Shareholder Activism

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Third Point LLC V. Ruprecht; Two-Tiered Poison Pill Withstands Judicial Review

In Third Point LLC v. Ruprecht, et al., C.A. No. 9469-VCP (Del.Ch. May 2, 2014), the Delaware Chancery Court denied a preliminary injunction challenging Sotheby’s stockholder rights plan, or so-called “poison pill,” which…more

Hedge Funds, Poison Pill, Shareholder Rights, Sothebys, Third Point

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Made in the USA! Reshoring Children’s Products

For all expecting and new parents, you probably have learned how quickly buying your child’s products adds up! So why would you be willing to pay more for an American-made product when you could purchase a similar product or…more

Children's Clothing, Consumer Product Safety Commission, Customs and Border Protection, Imports

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TTAB Cancels Registration Due to Improper Assignment of Intent-to-Use Application

In a precedential decision issued last week, the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (TTAB) cancelled a registration because it was based on an intent-to-use (ITU) application that had been the subject of an intra-corporate…more

Assignments, Intent-to-Use, Trademarks, USPTO

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Recent Case Reminds Companies That, Though Much Embattled, Independent Contractor Classifications Can Be Valid

The dividing line between employees and independent contractors has been a hot topic in employment law for several years. In addition to the interest the federal government has taken in possible misclassification of employees,…more

Corporate Counsel, Employee Rights, Employer Liability Issues, FLSA, Independent Contractors

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CMS Invites Comment on Availability of Waivers for ACOs That Particularly Affect Post-Acute Care

Solutions and opportunities may be on the horizon for post-acute providers (“PAPs”) and hospitals participating (or thinking of participating) in ACOs that have reservations about taking on additional downside cost risk…more

ACOs, CMS, Comment Period, Health Care Providers, Healthcare

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Notice Regarding Marketplace Coverage Options Due October 1

The October 1, 2013 deadline for providing employees with a notice of their coverage options through the newly established public health insurance exchanges (referred to as the “Marketplace”) is quickly approaching. This news…more

Affordable Care Act, Deadlines, DOL, FLSA, Health Insurance Exchanges

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Ban the Ban-the-Box? Proposed Law May Clarify Background Check Dilemma in Regulated Industries

On the heels of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission’s (EEOC) increased scrutiny regarding criminal history questions during the hiring process and the wave of new state ban-the-box laws, Congress has proposed legislation…more

Ban the Box, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Background Checks, EEOC, Employee Rights

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Finley Hospital — Beware the "Dynamic" Status Quo

One of the bedrock and usually easily understood principles underlying the National Labor Relations Act is that once a union gets involved with your employees, your right to make and implement unilateral decisions about wages,…more

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Hart-Scott-Rodino and Interlocking Directorates Thresholds Ratchet Up

Revised thresholds under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 (15 U.S.C. § 18a) (HSR) and Section 8 of the Clayton Act (15 U.S.C. § 19) were published in the Federal Register on January 21, 2015. The…more

Filing Fees, FTC, Hart-Scott-Rodino Act, Jurisdiction, Threshhold Requirements

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El Paso Electric Company Issues 25 MW Solar RFP

The El Paso Electric Company (EPE) has issued a request for proposals (RFP) seeking turnkey proposals for the engineering, procurement and construction of two (2) utility-scale solar energy generating facilities, with a combined…more

El Paso Electric, Electricity, Energy Projects, EPC Contractor, Request for Proposals

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Catapult Chicago: Big Progress for the Emerging Company Scene

Foley & Lardner’s Chicago office, home to Catapult Chicago, is proud to see the recent uptick in praise for the uniquely collaborative start-up community located in Chicago’s River North neighborhood, as it has made important…more

Economic Development, Emerging Growth Companies, Job Creation, Rahm Emanuel, Startups

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Iowa Supreme Court Decision Boosts Renewable Energy Development

A recent Iowa Supreme Court decision may give a boost to small-scale renewable energy development in that state. On July 11, the court issued its opinion in SZ Enterprises, LLC vs. Iowa Utilities Board (link to decision),…more

Electricity, Energy, Energy Projects, Power Purchase Agreements, Renewable Energy

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Recent Notable Industry Developments

Following SEC Chair Mary Jo White’s recent remarks suggesting a change to the SEC’s long-standing policy of permitting defendants to settle cases “without admitting or denying” the SEC’s allegations of wrongdoing, co-Directors…more

CBOE, Enforcement Actions, FINRA, Mary Jo White, Neither Admit Nor Deny Settlements

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ERISA’s “Overlapping Fields of Fire” Preempt Wisconsin’s Family and Medical Leave Act

Wisconsin’s Family and Medical Leave Act (“WFMLA”), requires that employers allow employees six weeks of unpaid leave following “[t]he birth of an employee’s natural child,” and that employers allow an employee to substitute…more

Employee Rights, ERISA, FMLA, Parental Rights, Preemption

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Production Tax Credit Extended for Renewable Projects Beginning Construction in 2014

On December 19, 2014, President Obama signed into law the Tax Increase Prevention Act of 2014 (H.R. 5771). H.R. 5771 includes a retroactive one-year extension of the section 45 renewable electricity production tax credit (PTC)…more

Biomass, Electricity, Energy Policy, Geothermal Energy, New Legislation

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CFPB and FTC Stop Two Payday Lending Scams

In separate suits brought by the Consumer Financial Practices Bureau (“CFPB”) and the Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) federal courts have frozen the assets of two separate groups who allegedly defrauded consumers by creating…more

CFTC, Enforcement Actions, Fraud, Frozen Assets, FTC

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The Confused USPTO Policy on Certified Copies of Patent Applications

Obtaining certified copies of patent applications can be essential to perfecting a priority claim. But when a U.S. priority application contains a sequence listing, USPTO practices make it difficult to satisfy this requirement…more

Patent Applications, Patents, Required Documentation, USPTO

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Class Action Lawsuits – Risks and Mitigation Strategies for Component Manufacturers

Manufacturers of components incorporated into consumer products increasingly find themselves involved in product liability class action lawsuits. Manufacturers can be drawn into these types of lawsuits when their own customer…more

Best Practices, Class Action, Manufacturers, Product Recalls, Risk Assessment

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HHS Withdraws Proposed 340B Drug Pricing Program "Mega Regs": Further Guidance Forthcoming

The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has withdrawn its greatly anticipated 340B Drug Pricing Program (340B Program) proposed regulations. The proposed regulations, nicknamed the 340B Program “Mega-Regs,” had been…more

HHS, HRSA, Prescription Drugs, Proposed Regulation, Section 340B

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Contemporary Clothing's "Look" Collides With Title VII

There is more than a little bit of irony when a clothing company with a target market of teens and young adults has a fashion dilemma. However, a national retailer has just such a dilemma arising from a potential religious…more

EEOC, Employer Liability Issues, Enforcement Actions, Fashion Industry, Religious Clothing

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Hospice Industry Will Face Stricter Scrutiny Under New Law Aimed at Post-Acute Care Data Standardization

President Obama signed the “Improving Medicare Post-Acute Care Transformation Act of 2014” or the IMPACT Act of 2014 (the Act) on October 6, 2014. The new law is broadly focused on requiring all post-acute care providers to…more

Barack Obama, Home Health Care, Hospice, IMPACT Act, Inpatient Rehab Facilities

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Spring 2013 Eye on China Newsletter

Legal News: Eye on China Quarterly Newsletter offers companies helpful insight as they successfully navigate China’s complex and ever-changing legal and regulatory environment. In this issue, we focus on the following…more

Anti-Bribery, Anti-Corruption, China, Compliance, Copyright

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I Can't Work Saturday, I am Working at a Food Drive That Was Organized by My Church...What's an Employer to Do?

It is no secret that controlling costs in today’s Automotive Industry is a must. Companies are employing smaller workforces to cut labor costs and are using real time ordering and supply to cut inventory surpluses and better…more

Automotive Industry, Employer Liability Issues, Reasonable Accommodation, Religious Exemption, Title VII

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Defensive Publication: An Alternate Way of Maintaining Your Turf in a Competitive Marketplace

It is common knowledge that the bread-and-butter of emerging startups lies in securing exclusive rights to key aspects of their implicated technology. Staking claims to valuable IP assets via direct ownership or exclusive…more

America Invents Act, Patent Prosecution, Patents, Prior Art, Startups

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A Familiar Riff: Gibson's Trade Dress Application Once Again Asks Whether a Guitar Body Shape Can Indicate Source

In the same way that Rock and Roll will never die (according to Neil Young) it would appear that battles over the protection of trade dress embodied in the shape of guitars will likewise never die. In the latest installment of…more

Gibson Guitar, Manufacturers, Music Industry, Trade Dress, Trademark Trial and Appeal Board

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Argentina: Favorable Venue for Manufacturers Licensing Their Technology/Intellectual Property Rights

Argentina, together with Brazil and Mexico, are Latin America’s three largest economies representing more than 80 percent of the region’s manufacturing output. In addition, Argentina has proven to be a favorable venue for…more

Licenses, Manufacturers, Patents, Popular, Technology

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Do You Really Know Your China Telemedicine Partners? China Anti-Corruption Effort Focuses on Major Medical Institutions

This post is the fourth in Foley’s blog series, “Realizing the Potential of Telemedicine in China,” meant to address top issues facing U.S. companies looking to enter the Chinese telemedicine market…more

China, Healthcare, Telemedicine

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A Compilation of Enforcement and Non-Enforcement Actions

Non-Enforcement - 2015 Legislative Agenda Includes Dodd-Frank Revisit and Cybersecurity. Enforcement - SEC Enforcement Action Underscores Importance of Custody Rule Compliance - Joint SEC/State…more

Custody Rule, Cybersecurity, Dodd-Frank, Enforcement Actions, Hedge Funds

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Iowa Insurance Commissioner Petitions for Liquidation of Iowa/Nebraska CO-OP; How Financially Sound Are Others?

The Iowa Commissioner of Insurance (the “Commissioner”) filed a petition, on January 29, 2015, seeking to liquidate CoOpportunity Health, Inc. (“CoOpportunity”), a Consumer Operated and Oriented Plan (“CO-OP”) established under…more

Affordable Care Act, Co-Op, Health Insurance, Health Insurance Exchanges, Insurance Commissioners

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FDA Takes Steps to Declare Partially Hydrogenated Oils No Longer GRAS and Seeks Comments

On November 7, 2013, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced that it has tentatively determined that partially hydrogenated oils (PHOs) are no longer generally recognized as safe (GRAS) for any use in food. PHOs are the…more

FDA, Food Safety, Trans Fat

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Grand Theft PHI – Are Vendors Putting You at Risk for a HIPAA Breach?

Your vendor’s employee goes home after a long day of collecting wellness questionnaires and biometric screening results only to wake up the next day to discover that her car has been stolen from her driveway. As you can imagine,…more

Biometric Data, Data Protection, Employer Liability Issues, HHS, HIPAA

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Spring 2013 Eye on China Newsletter

Legal News: Eye on China Quarterly Newsletter offers companies helpful insight as they successfully navigate China’s complex and ever-changing legal and regulatory environment. In this issue, we focus on the following…more

Anti-Bribery, Anti-Corruption, China, Compliance, Copyright

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Top Antitrust Issues Facing Automotive Suppliers in 2015

Recent U.S. and international antitrust developments will have important implications in 2015 for the automotive industry. U.S. antitrust developments include, in particular: In the international sector, important developments…more

Antitrust pr, Automotive Industry, Cartels, DOJ, EU

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Analysis of Amendments to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 45 and 37

The Supreme Court of the United States has made significant amendments to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 45, which became effective on December 1, 2013. Rule 45 governs the form, issuance, service, enforcement of, compliance…more

Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Proposed Amendments, Rule 37, Rule 45, SCOTUS

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What Does President Obama's $215 Million "Precision Medicine Initiative" Mean for Genetic Privacy?

We have all heard about the burgeoning opportunities tied to the development of precision medicine (also called “personalized medicine”), which includes the use of an individual’s genetic information to design targeted…more

Barack Obama, DNA, Federal Budget, Genetic Markers, Healthcare

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The Impact of the Supreme Court's Decision in Windsor (DOMA) on Individuals and Businesses

The U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in United States v. Windsor, issued two weeks ago, held that a portion of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) was unconstitutional. This decision will affect individuals, employers, and certain…more

DOMA, Employee Benefits, Employer Mandates, Marriage, Same-Sex Marriage

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Long-Anticipated FCPA Guidance Underscores Need for Effective FCPA Compliance

For 35 years, the U.S. government has enforced the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) while providing an incomplete picture of its views of either effective FCPA compliance or how certain key terms in the statute should be…more

Compliance, DOJ, FCPA, FCPA Resource Guide, SEC

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Tapping Into the Big Value of Health Care Big Data

In This Issue: - Executive Summary - Improving Care by Tapping Into the Data Goldmine - Big Opportunities Available in Big Data - Government Programs Supporting the Use of Big Data -…more

Big Data, Healthcare, PHI, Popular, Regulatory Standards

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ICANN Opens Trademark Clearinghouse as Part of Imminent Domain Name Expansion

With the launch of possibly hundreds of new generic top-level domains (gTLDs) on the horizon, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) will open on March 26, 2013 the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH), in…more

Brand, gTLD, ICANN, Trademark Clearinghouse, Trademarks

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The Line Out of This Place Is as Long as the Amazon.com River

This month, the U.S. Supreme Court heard argument in a case that would seem to raise easy enough questions: When does an employee’s workday begin and end? What activities count as “work”? However, these questions have given way…more

Amazon, Employee Rights, SCOTUS, Wage and Hour, Wages

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Key In-House Counsel Interview Questions Every Automotive Supplier Needs to Ask

As automotive suppliers continue to add employees to keep up with industry growth, legal departments or top management may desire to hire experienced in-house counsel to support the business. To ensure the right fit, suppliers…more

Auto Manufacturers, Auto Parts, Automotive Industry, Corporate Counsel, Hiring & Firing

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Tapping Into the Big Value of Health Care Big Data

In This Issue: - Executive Summary - Improving Care by Tapping Into the Data Goldmine - Big Opportunities Available in Big Data - Government Programs Supporting the Use of Big Data -…more

Big Data, Healthcare, PHI, Popular, Regulatory Standards

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Entrepreneurs: The New Wave of Immigrants

In the last ten years, the number of US companies started by foreign-born entrepreneurs has skyrocketed. From Google, Facebook, LinkedIn, Zip Car and Tesla, foreign-born founders created some of the most successful US companies…more

Entrepreneurs, Facebook, Foreign Nationals, Google, LinkedIn

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AAA Makes Substantial Revisions to Commercial Arbitration Rules

The American Arbitration Association (“AAA”) issued new Arbitration Rules and Mediation Procedures governing commercial disputes for AAA commercial arbitrations initiated on or after October 1, 2013. Arbitration proceedings…more

American Arbitration Association, Arbitration, Commercial Arbitration

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Court Allows Price Discrimination Lawsuit Over Bulk Sales to Survive

On February 2, 2015, a federal judge denied a motion to dismiss a claim that Clorox’s proposed policy of providing only large bulk-size packages of products to warehouse clubs, like Sam’s Club and Costco, and not to competing…more

Bulk Purchasing, Clorox, Costco, Grocery Stores, Robinson-Patman Act

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Tapping Into the Big Value of Health Care Big Data

In This Issue: - Executive Summary - Improving Care by Tapping Into the Data Goldmine - Big Opportunities Available in Big Data - Government Programs Supporting the Use of Big Data -…more

Big Data, Healthcare, PHI, Popular, Regulatory Standards

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PARTS Act Could Limit Automotive Design Patent Enforceability to 2.5 Years

On April 23, 2013, H.R. 1663 “Promoting Automotive Repair, Trade, and Sales Act of 2013’’ or the ‘‘PARTS Act’’, was referred to the House Judiciary Committee. Similar bill H.R. 3889 died in committee last year. The proposed bill…more

Automotive Industry, Design Patent, PARTS Act, Patents, Proposed Legislation

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Supreme Court Rules Trademark Tacking Is a Question for Juries

The tacking doctrine allows trademark owners to make slight modifications to their marks over time without an attendant loss of rights. Specifically, owners can claim priority in a mark based on the first use date of a…more

Hana Financial v Hana Bank, Jury Questions, Likelihood of Confusion, SCOTUS, Tacking

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Is America Ready for "Made in the U.S.A." Clothing?

While the reshoring tide is undeniably rising, the prospect of clothing and apparel manufacturing returning to the United States remains uncertain. Back in the 1960s, about 95% of clothing worn in the U.S.A. was also made here…more

Fashion Industry, Manufacturers, Supply Chain

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Sentinel Decision Prioritizes Protection of Securities and Futures Markets

On March 19, 2014, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit decided Grede v. FCStone, LLC, Nos. 13-1232, 13-1278 (7th Cir. Mar. 19, 2014), an opinion that reinforces the importance of the portability of investment…more

CFTC, Commodities, Commodities Exchange Act, Commodity Futures Contracts, Commodity Pool

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A Familiar Riff: Gibson's Trade Dress Application Once Again Asks Whether a Guitar Body Shape Can Indicate Source

In the same way that Rock and Roll will never die (according to Neil Young) it would appear that battles over the protection of trade dress embodied in the shape of guitars will likewise never die. In the latest installment of…more

Gibson Guitar, Manufacturers, Music Industry, Trade Dress, Trademark Trial and Appeal Board

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Sentinel Decision Prioritizes Protection of Securities and Futures Markets

On March 19, 2014, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit decided Grede v. FCStone, LLC, Nos. 13-1232, 13-1278 (7th Cir. Mar. 19, 2014), an opinion that reinforces the importance of the portability of investment…more

CFTC, Commodities, Commodities Exchange Act, Commodity Futures Contracts, Commodity Pool

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How California’s New LLC Law Will Impact Existing and New California LLCs

On January 1, 2014, California’s Beverly-Killea Limited Liability Company Act (“Old Act”) was superseded by the California Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (“New Act”). California legislators were concerned that the…more

Articles of Incorporation, Limited Liability Companies, LLC, Operating Agreements, RULLCA

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U.S. Supreme Court Modifies Federal Circuit's Standard of Review for Claim Construction in Teva v. Sandoz

On January 20, 2015, resolving a long debated issue, the U.S. Supreme Court set aside the Federal Circuit’s de novo review of every aspect of a lower court’s claim construction decision, rejecting that form of review where the…more

Clear Error Standard, De Novo Standard of Review, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Patent Litigation, Patents

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What's Next for NHTSA and Automotive Safety?

This past year, we witnessed the GM Ignition Switch investigation, which involved massive recalls, multiple Congressional hearings, and civil penalties; the ongoing Takata airbag inflator investigation and recalls (and more…more

Auto Manufacturers, Automobile Recall, Automotive Industry, Distracted Driving, Driverless Cars

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Three Key Labor and Employment Issues Facing Automotive Suppliers in 2015

While employees are an integral part of the manufacturing process, employment related issues will continue to face automotive suppliers in 2015 including: With many of its recent decisions and actions, the NLRB has made…more

ADA, Auto Parts, Automotive Industry, Confidential Information, Manufacturers

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The SEC’s Municipal Advisor Rule Will Prompt New Practices for Market Participants

A new rule will take effect on July 1, 2014 that regulates persons and firms that provide advice to municipal issuers and obligated parties regarding municipal financial products or the issuance of municipal securities. Although…more

Compliance, Dodd-Frank, MSRB, Municipal Advisers, SEC

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The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act: A Pitfall in International Trade

The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”) should be top of mind for any manufacturer conducting or considering international business. Indeed, any doubts that the government was still interested in investigating and prosecuting…more

Enforcement, FCPA, Manufacturers, Risk Assessment, Risk Management

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Puerto Rico: A Haven for Manufacturers?

Perhaps not surprisingly to those familiar with the tropical island, manufacturing remains a key driver of economic activity in Puerto Rico. Indeed, manufacturing accounts for 45% of Puerto Rico’s GDP (compared to 11% in the…more

International Labor Laws, International Tax Issues, Manufacturers

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Top Legal Issues Facing Suppliers in 2014

We know that you have been considering what business and commercial issues you will face in 2014 (and perhaps beyond) as an Automotive Supplier. But, have you been considering what legal issues you are likely to face? Do you…more

Automotive Industry, Compliance, Data Protection, FCPA, NHTSA

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Court Allows Price Discrimination Lawsuit Over Bulk Sales to Survive

On February 2, 2015, a federal judge denied a motion to dismiss a claim that Clorox’s proposed policy of providing only large bulk-size packages of products to warehouse clubs, like Sam’s Club and Costco, and not to competing…more

Bulk Purchasing, Clorox, Costco, Grocery Stores, Robinson-Patman Act

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Tapping Into the Big Value of Health Care Big Data

In This Issue: - Executive Summary - Improving Care by Tapping Into the Data Goldmine - Big Opportunities Available in Big Data - Government Programs Supporting the Use of Big Data -…more

Big Data, Healthcare, PHI, Popular, Regulatory Standards

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The Creeping Union Part II: Why You Should Start Planning Now

In our last post, we summarized the 2011 Specialty Healthcare decision and the potential for the NLRB to recognize an unduly burdensome number of smaller collective bargaining units. So far, cases interpreting Specialty…more

Collective Bargaining, Employer Liability Issues, Macy's, Neiman Marcus, NLRB

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The Government's Strategy to Combat the "Cyber Arms Race"

In the midst of ongoing, escalating and increasingly troublesome reports of large-scale corporate cyber breaches, the federal government is trying to fight back more forcefully with a dual strategy to shore up agency capability…more

Cyber Attacks, Cybersecurity, Cybersecurity Framework, Cybersecurity Summit, New Legislation

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FDA Takes Steps to Declare Partially Hydrogenated Oils No Longer GRAS and Seeks Comments

On November 7, 2013, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced that it has tentatively determined that partially hydrogenated oils (PHOs) are no longer generally recognized as safe (GRAS) for any use in food. PHOs are the…more

FDA, Food Safety, Trans Fat

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Whistleblowers Must Have Independent Knowledge to Actually Blow the Whistle

To bring a valid qui tam action and overcome the so-called “public disclosure bar” under the False Claims Act (“FCA”), a whistleblower must have direct knowledge of the alleged fraudulent activity, independent of already…more

False Claims Act, Kickbacks, Pharmaceutical Manufacturers, Public Disclosure, Qui Tam

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Facilities Siting: The Right Considerations Lead to the Right Choice

According to the research, manufacturers are on the move. The questions and considerations listed below are a great starting point for any company opening or relocating a manufacturing facility…more

Manufacturers, Manufacturing Facilities

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A Reminder From the Seventh Circuit on the Importance of Creating a Record

When the court makes an evidentiary ruling off the record, it is required to enter on the record an explanation of the reasoning behind its decision. See, e.g., United States v. Nolan, 910 F.2d 1553, 1559 (7th Cir. 1990); 28…more

Appeals, Evidentiary Rulings, Litigation Strategies, Preservation of Rights, Rule 404(b)

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No Diagnosis, No "Damages": Wisconsin's Construction Statute of Repose in Asbestos Cases

How to apply Wisconsin’s construction statute of repose, Wis. Stat. § 893.89, in asbestos cases has recently been a hot topic dividing trial courts. The statute bars a broad category of claims if they are brought more than 10…more

Asbestos, Asbestos Litigation, Construction Industry, Construction Project, Damages

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EU Moves Closer to a "Unitary" Patent Regime for Obtaining and Litigating Patents in Europe

On December 11, 2012, the European Parliament approved a set of three proposals to create (1) a “unitary” patent valid across 25 EU member states, (2) a simplified language regime for EU patents, and (3) a unified patent court…more

EU, Patents, Unified Patent Court, Unitary Patent

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Tapping Into the Big Value of Health Care Big Data

In This Issue: - Executive Summary - Improving Care by Tapping Into the Data Goldmine - Big Opportunities Available in Big Data - Government Programs Supporting the Use of Big Data -…more

Big Data, Healthcare, PHI, Popular, Regulatory Standards

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Tapping Into the Big Value of Health Care Big Data

In This Issue: - Executive Summary - Improving Care by Tapping Into the Data Goldmine - Big Opportunities Available in Big Data - Government Programs Supporting the Use of Big Data -…more

Big Data, Healthcare, PHI, Popular, Regulatory Standards

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China Market Update

The Original Equipment Suppliers Association (OESA) recently presented on February 4th its annual China Market update webinar, and as usual a lot of great information was imparted to OESA members. The presentations included a…more

Auto Manufacturers, Automotive Industry, China

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A Compilation of Enforcement and Non-Enforcement Actions

SEC Proposes Extension of Principal Trade Rule for Registered Advisers/Broker-Dealers - The SEC has proposed extending to December 31, 2016, the sunset date for the expiration of Rule 206(3)-3T (the “Rule”) under the…more

Broker-Dealer, Compliance, Enforcement, Enforcement Actions, Fraud

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Expanded Exemption for Religious Employers Regarding Women's Contraceptive Services

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act requires non-grandfathered group health plans to cover preventive services at no cost. For women this includes all FDA-approved contraceptive methods, sterilization procedures, and…more

Affordable Care Act, Contraceptive Coverage Mandate, Exemptions, Religious Institutions, Self-Insured Health Plans

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A Review of Recent Whistleblower Developments

SEC Whistleblower Office 2014 Annual Report Details Rising Number of Tips and Increasing Awards - On November 17, 2014, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Whistleblower Office issued its Fiscal Year 2014…more

Annual Reports, Dodd-Frank, Halliburton, Orion Energy, Popular

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Big Data Creates New Opportunities for Health Care Entities

Big Data — the ability to collect, process, and interpret massive amounts of information — has reached health care. Technology has created new business opportunities for health care entities — covered entities, business…more

Big Data, Business Associates, Covered Entities, Healthcare, Healthcare Providers

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Governor Vetoes Proposed Changes to California Franchise Law

To the surprise of many, California Governor Jerry Brown has vetoed the proposed changes to California’s franchise laws that were discussed in our Client Alert on August 28, 2014. In his veto message, Governor Brown criticized…more

Franchise Agreements, Franchises, Legislative Vetoes

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Top Legal Issues Facing Automotive Suppliers in 2015

Foley’s Automotive Industry Team has prepared this overview of the major trends we see affecting automotive suppliers this year. While not all legal risk can be anticipated, companies that are aware of litigation, enforcement,…more

ADA, Antitrust Provisions, Auto Manufacturers, Auto Parts, Automobile Recall

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The Impact of the Supreme Court's Decision in Windsor (DOMA) on Individuals and Businesses

The U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in United States v. Windsor, issued two weeks ago, held that a portion of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) was unconstitutional. This decision will affect individuals, employers, and certain…more

DOMA, Employee Benefits, Employer Mandates, Marriage, Same-Sex Marriage

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FERC Issues NOPR to Reduce Small Generator Grid Interconnection Time and Cost

On January 17, 2013, FERC issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) that would revise the pro forma Small Generator Interconnection Procedures (SGIP) and Small Generator Interconnection Agreement (SGIA) in order to lessen…more

Electricity, Fast Track Process, FERC, SGIA, SGIP

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Know the Risks: Domestic and International Compliance

The penalties for compliance missteps have never been higher — particularly in the international regulatory context. As the record-setting penalties against BNP Paribas (nearly $9 billion in penalties for violations of economic…more

BNP Paribas, Compliance, EAR, Enforcement Actions, FCPA

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“But I Didn’t Know You Were Working…”

We live in the era of wage and hour lawsuits, particularly involving claims of “off the clock” work. Employees – who rarely first complain to their employer – allege in the lawsuit they were required to work “off the clock”…more

Corporate Counsel, Employer Liability Issues, Over-Time, Unpaid Overtime, Wage and Hour

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Charting Your Way Through Chrysler Group LLC's New Terms and Conditions

Chrysler Group LLC (Chrysler) issued new general terms and conditions (Terms) for production and Mopar purchasing that will apply to all purchase orders issued after December 1, 2014. The new Terms are not retroactive and apply…more

Auto Manufacturers, Auto Parts, Automotive Industry, Chrysler, Manufacturers

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Wisconsin Courts Can Force Lenders to Make Prompt Sales of Foreclosed Properties Which Have Been Abandoned by the Borrowers

In a case that “radically revises the law on mortgage foreclosure,” the Wisconsin Supreme Court recently held in Bank of New York Mellon v. Carson, 2015 WI 15, that Wisconsin circuit courts have the authority to order a sale of…more

Abandoned Property, Foreclosure, Mortgage Lenders

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Florida’s False Claims Act – Did You Know It Changed Last Year?

In June 2013, Florida’s legislature significantly amended Florida’s False Claims Act, Fla. Stat. §§ 68.081-68.092 (“FFCA”), effective July 1, 2013. Although these amendments have not received much publicity or commentary, they…more

False Claims Act, False Reporting, Florida, Fraudulent Inducement, Misrepresentation

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The Next Cleat Drops… College Athletes Sue for Unpaid Wages

If college athletes are employees under the National Labor Relations Act (“NLRA”), then why not under the Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”)? That proposition predictably follows from the recent determination by the Chicago…more

Athletes, College Athletes, Employee Rights, FLSA, NLRA

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7th Circuit Upholds Regional Cost Allocation for MISO Transmission Projects

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit recently upheld MISO’s FERC-approved multi-value project (MVP) tariff, which spreads the costs of constructing certain new transmission lines across the entire MISO footprint…more

Energy Consumption, FERC, MISO, Renewable Energy, Tariffs

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State Attorneys General Return to Health Care Reform in U.S. Supreme Court

On Wednesday, the U.S. Supreme Court will hear arguments in what is being teed up to be “Round 2” on the Affordable Care Act (ACA). In the case King v. Burwell, the question before the Court is whether the IRS can extend tax…more

Affordable Care Act, Case Consolidation, Health Insurance, Health Insurance Exchanges, King v Burwell

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The MCDC Initiative and Recent Modifications: Window for Issuers and Obligated Persons Now Closes on December 1, 2014, While Underwriters Window Still Set to Close on September 9, 2014

As highlighted in the SEC’s 2012 Municipal Market Report, the SEC has expressed significant concern that many issuers have not been complying with their obligation to file continuing disclosure documents and that federal…more

Deadlines, Disclosure Requirements, EMMA, Enforcement, MCDC

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USPTO Reduces Electronic Trademark Filing Fees Effective January 2015

This week the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) gave some good news to trademark owners. Effective January 17, 2015, the PTO will reduce filing fees for electronic trademark applications and renewals…more

Electronic Filing, Filing Fees, Popular, Trademarks, USPTO

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Lawn Mowers and Wheelbarrows Are Now "Motor Vehicles" in New Hampshire

A statute just enacted in New Hampshire will subject tractors, farm implements, construction, industrial, and forestry equipment, and even lawn and garden equipment to the detailed regulatory regime applying to car dealerships…more

Local Ordinance, Motor Vehicles, New Regulations, Special Purpose Vehicles

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Roadmap to Prison: Lessons Learned from the Criminal Prosecution of Alpha Ambulance’s Leaders

No one running an ambulance company ever planned to go to prison for doing his or her job. But that is a real possibility if the government knocks on the door, and the owner or manager is dishonest in his or her response to the…more

Ambulance Providers, Audits, CMS, False Statements, FBI

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Are Search Terms Work Product?

Parties conduct electronic discovery often by using search terms or keywords to locate relevant information during litigation. With the advent of electronic discovery, courts must now answer the question of whether the search…more

Apple, Discoverable, Discovery, Document Productions, Document Review

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Is Your Refrigerator Spying on You?

Door locks, cameras, fitness bracelets, home security, thermostats, refrigerators, utility meters, light bulbs, and cars. The list of the things and devices that can collect information about you and send it into the big cloud…more

Cybersecurity, FTC, Internet, Internet of Things, Legislative Agendas

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New Requirements for NHTSA Recalls and Early Warning Reporting Become Effective October 21

In August, NHTSA adopted numerous amendments to its recall and early warning reporting (EWR) regulations. (See 78 Federal Register 51382 (Aug. 20, 2013)). Several of these amendments – which impact all vehicle and equipment…more

Defect, Early Warning Regime, NHTSA, Product Recalls, Safety Precautions

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The "Equal Pay Report" - Yet Another New Regulation Requiring Compliance by Federal Contractors

The Equal Pay Report – yet another obligation being imposed on federal contractors is coming to you soon. The Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (“OFCCP”) released information on another new rule that will require…more

DOL, EEO-1, Employer Liability Issues, Equal Pay, Federal Contractors

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Manufacturers in Great Lakes Region Convene to Address “Skills Gap”

We hear it from manufacturers all the time—the U.S. labor pool lacks enough skilled laborers to support high-tech manufacturing. In Chicago, the topic was addressed May 20, 2014, at the annual Crain’s Manufacturers Summit. Foley…more

Hiring & Firing, Manufacturers, Skilled Laborers, Training

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The Supreme Court Hears Case Regarding Private Enforcement of the Medicaid Act Against States

On Tuesday, January 20, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court will hear oral argument in a significant Medicaid-preemption case from the Ninth Circuit, Exceptional Child Center, Inc. v. Armstrong. In that case, Medicaid-participating…more

Armstrong v Exceptional Child Center, Health Care Providers, Healthcare, Medicaid, Medicaid Act

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In Need of a Tune Up: Wisconsin’s Court of Appeals Considers Personal Jurisdiction in the Internet Age

Last year, we wrote about the Seventh Circuit’s interpretation of the emerging issue of personal jurisdiction in the context of internet activity. Courts understandably have been wary of subjecting businesses to broad…more

Advertising, Appeals, Due Process, Internet, Online Advertisements

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CFPB to Shine Spotlight on Mini-Correspondent Mortgage Lending?

On July 9, 2014, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB” or “Bureau”) issued Policy Guidance on the issue of Mortgage Brokers Transitioning to Mini-Correspondent Lenders (“Policy Guidance”), which highlights risks and…more

CFPB, Lenders, Mini-Correspondent, Mortgage Brokers, Mortgages

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"Summertime and the Livin' Is Easy" Tips to Make Sure "Tips" Don’t Create Problems Down the Road

Summertime can be the high season for many service establishments, such as restaurants, hotels and recreational facilities, as we all take some time to relax and enjoy the weather. But with wage and hour litigation constantly on…more

Employer Liability Issues, Resorts & Restaurants, Restaurant Industry, Tips, Wage and Hour

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2013 Water Technology US Patent Landscape Anual Report

Foley’s Green Energy Technologies (GET) team has released its latest annual analysis of the water technology landscape titled "2013 Water Technology U.S. Patent Landscape Annual Report." The 2013 Report was created by…more

Groundwater, Licenses, Patents, Technology, Water

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IoT – It’s All About the Data, Right?

A few weeks ago, the FTC released a report on the Internet of Things (IoT). IoT refers to “things” such as devices or sensors – other than computers, smartphones, or tablets – that connect, communicate or transmit information…more

Data Protection, FTC, Information Reports, Internet of Things, Manufacturers

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U.S. Supreme Court Reins in Bankruptcy Court Authority Under § 105(a)

On March 4, 2014, the United States Supreme Court issued its decision in Law v. Siegel, 571 U.S. __ (Mar. 4, 2014) and held that the bankruptcy court exceeded its authority under section 105(a) of the Bankruptcy Code and its…more

Bankruptcy Code, Chapter 7, Consumer Bankruptcy, Homestead Exemption, SCOTUS

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House Bill 569 Changes Florida's Campaign Finance Law

On May 1, 2013, Governor Rick Scott signed into law House Bill 569 (HB569), which enacts sweeping changes to Florida’s campaign finance laws. The changes will affect every elected official as well as any person who makes…more

Campaign Contributions, Campaign Finance Reform, Political Contributions

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Long-Anticipated FCPA Guidance Underscores Need for Effective FCPA Compliance

For 35 years, the U.S. government has enforced the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) while providing an incomplete picture of its views of either effective FCPA compliance or how certain key terms in the statute should be…more

Compliance, DOJ, FCPA, FCPA Resource Guide, SEC

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FERC Issues NOPR to Reduce Small Generator Grid Interconnection Time and Cost

On January 17, 2013, FERC issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) that would revise the pro forma Small Generator Interconnection Procedures (SGIP) and Small Generator Interconnection Agreement (SGIA) in order to lessen…more

Electricity, Fast Track Process, FERC, SGIA, SGIP

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Medicare Issues Final Rules for Hospital Outpatient and Ambulatory Surgery Center Payment Systems

On November 15, 2012, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) published in the Federal Register final rules that would, among other things, update payment policies and rates under the Outpatient Prospective Payment…more

CMS, Medicaid, Medicare

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To Pay (Directors) or Not to Pay – That is the Question

The question of whether to pay the directors of a tax-exempt organization is hotly contested. Although this practice is legal, there can be drawbacks with providing compensation. Despite the perceived hesitancy to compensate…more

Charitable Organizations, Directors, Healthcare, Non-Profits, Tax Exemptions

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Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Test Authorized by FDA

23andMe is not a traditional diagnostics company. Rather than seeking to directly sell its services to health care professionals, 23andMe went straight to the consumer, offering genetic screening and analysis in a mail-order…more

23andMe, Clinical Laboratories, FDA, Genetic Testing, Laboratory Developed Tests

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Responding Effectively to Third-Party Subpoenas

It is your lucky day!! A subpoena comes in the mail and makes its way to your desk. The subpoena comes from a creditor involved in a lawsuit with one of your employees and demands that you produce copies of your employee’s…more

Debt Collectors, Discovery, Document Productions, HIPAA, Subpoenas

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Physician and Teaching Hospital Sunshine Act Registration to Begin June 1

Under the Physician Payments Sunshine Act, pharmaceutical and medical device manufacturers and group purchasing organizations (GPOs) are required to annually report payments or other transfers of value made to physicians and…more

GPOs, Healthcare, Medical Devices, Pharmaceutical, Sunshine Act

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"Possession, Custody, Or Control" In eDiscovery

Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 34(a) requires litigants to produce documents – including, of course, ESI – so long as those documents are in their “possession, custody, or control.”…more

Custody Rule, Discovery, Document Productions, Technology

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Sentinel Decision Prioritizes Protection of Securities and Futures Markets

On March 19, 2014, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit decided Grede v. FCStone, LLC, Nos. 13-1232, 13-1278 (7th Cir. Mar. 19, 2014), an opinion that reinforces the importance of the portability of investment…more

CFTC, Commodities, Commodities Exchange Act, Commodity Futures Contracts, Commodity Pool

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Patent Office Extends AFCP 2.0 to December 2013

The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) just announced that the After Final Consideration Pilot 2.0 (AFCP 2.0) has been extended to December 14, 2013. The AFCP 2.0 was previously scheduled to expire on September…more

AFCP, Extensions, Patent Applications, Patents, Request for Continued Examination

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Electronic Discovery Costs and Requests for Cost-Shifting

A supplier who has had to respond to discovery requests that seek electronically stored information (“ESI”) knows there is a general presumption that the responding party bears the expense of complying with the discovery…more

Cost-Shifting, Discovery, Electronically Stored Information

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Do You Really Know Your China Telemedicine Partners? China Anti-Corruption Effort Focuses on Major Medical Institutions

This post is the fourth in Foley’s blog series, “Realizing the Potential of Telemedicine in China,” meant to address top issues facing U.S. companies looking to enter the Chinese telemedicine market…more

China, Healthcare, Telemedicine

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Enforcement of Forum Selection Clauses Just Got Easier

The U.S. Supreme Court’s recent decision in Atl. Marine Const. Co., Inc. v. U.S. Dist. Ct. for the W. Dist. of Tex., et al., No. 12-929, 2013 U.S. LEXIS 8775, 571 U.S. ___ (2013), provides needed clarity not only on the…more

Forum, Forum Selection Clause, SCOTUS

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Copyright and Patent Implications of Supreme Court's First Sale Doctrine Ruling

In a 6-3 decision issued on March 19, 2013, the U.S. Supreme Court held that the first sale doctrine, which allows the owner of a “lawfully made” copy of a copyrighted work to freely sell it, also applies to the resale of copies…more

Copyright, Exports, First Sale Doctrine, Grey Market, Imports

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“Enablement, Enablement, Enablement”: Evaluating the Strength of a Provisional Patent

There’s an old saying that, when it comes to establishing the value of real property, it’s all about “location, location, location.” When it comes to intellectual property, it can be said that it’s all about “enablement,…more

Patent Applications, Patents, Provisional Applications

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Shifting Gears: General Motors Invests in Logistics

General Motors’s (GM) new Arlington, Texas, stamping plant is the 10th contiguous stamping plant added to GM’s global operations in the last five years. And, there’s a reason for that. Actually there are several. The realigned…more

Auto Manufacturers, Automotive Industry, General Motors, Risk Mitigation

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Time Is Running Out to Complain About the Complaint Portal

The CFPB maintains a public Consumer Complaint Database through which consumers may file complaints regarding financial services and products (commonly referred to as the “Complaint Portal”). The CFPB currently discloses certain…more

CFPB, Complaint Procedures, Consumer Complaint System

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Privacy: What the World Has to Say About It

Let’s face it: technology has made the world smaller. It’s no longer extraordinary for what was once termed a “mid-sized” or “regional” company to trade and outsource in foreign markets. Indeed, the Internet has made it…more

Data Protection, EU, EU Data Protection Laws, Privacy Laws, Privacy Policy

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Spring 2013 Eye on China Newsletter

Legal News: Eye on China Quarterly Newsletter offers companies helpful insight as they successfully navigate China’s complex and ever-changing legal and regulatory environment. In this issue, we focus on the following…more

Anti-Bribery, Anti-Corruption, China, Compliance, Copyright

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Spring 2013 Eye on China Newsletter

Legal News: Eye on China Quarterly Newsletter offers companies helpful insight as they successfully navigate China’s complex and ever-changing legal and regulatory environment. In this issue, we focus on the following…more

Anti-Bribery, Anti-Corruption, China, Compliance, Copyright

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Do You Need a Pre-Nup … for Your Co-Founders?

When you pop the question, “Will you co-found with me?”, you are probably not already thinking about separation. However, not all partnerships will go the distance. Personalities will clash. Creative visions will differ…more

Restricted Stocks, Shareholders, Shareholders' Agreements, Startups, Stock Repurchases

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Sixth Circuit in Carter Refuses to Defer to HUD’s RESPA Guidelines

In a decision two years in the making, on Wednesday, November 27, 2013, the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals brought some clarity to the use of affiliated business arrangements (“ABAs”) under Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act…more

Affiliated-Business Arrangements, Compliance, HUD, RESPA, Rule of Lenity

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IRS Releases Favorable Private Business Use Rules for Facilities Financed With Tax-Exempt Bonds

On October 24, 2014, the IRS released Notice 2014-67, which establishes more favorable safe harbors for types of service contracts and other arrangements using property financed with tax-exempt bonds. The Notice also provides…more

Bonds, IRS, Safe Harbors, Service Contracts, Tax Exemptions

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