Foley & Lardner LLP

Finding a Balance Between Cell Phone Access to Work Email and On-Call Pay

Long gone are the days where individuals required computer access in order to connect to the internet. Smartphones are everywhere, and the internet of things (IoT) means that common objects such as cars and phones can now easily…more

Cell Phones, Connected Cars, DLSE, DOL, Email

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Missouri Governor Signs New Telemedicine Law

Missouri’s governor signed into law SB 579 (the “Act”), on June 8, 2016, establishing new telemedicine practice standards, including explicitly allowing a valid physician-patient relationship to be established via telemedicine…more

New Legislation, Patients, Physicians, Standard of Care, Telemedicine

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New Japanese ECommerce Consumption Tax Commences Effect on October 1, 2015

On October 1, 2015, Japan commences application of its business-to-consumer (“B2C”) ecommerce consumption tax (“JCT”), analogous to the EU electronic services VAT which commenced January 1 of this year. The JCT will require…more

Amazon, Consumption Tax, De Minimus Quantity Exemption, E-Commerce, Electronics

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A Perfect Storm for Automotive Patent Disputes?

As the automotive industry rebounds from its recessionary levels to an all time record level of spending on vehicles and healthy profitability, one of the key drivers of the increased vehicles sales has been increased innovation…more

Auto Manufacturers, Automotive Industry, Connected Cars, Cross-Border, Discovery

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SEC Staff Issues Guidance on Pay Ratio Disclosure Rules

The staff of the Securities and Exchange Commission’s Division of Corporation Finance (the staff) issued new compliance and disclosure interpretations (C&DIs) on October 18, 2016, providing guidance to companies preparing to…more

C&DIs, CACM, Disclosure Requirements, Dodd-Frank, Executive Compensation

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Top Legal Issues Facing Automotive Suppliers in 2015

Foley’s Automotive Industry Team has prepared this overview of the major trends we see affecting automotive suppliers this year. While not all legal risk can be anticipated, companies that are aware of litigation, enforcement,…more

ADA, Antitrust Provisions, Auto Manufacturers, Auto Parts, Automobile Recall

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How California’s New LLC Law Will Impact Existing and New California LLCs

On January 1, 2014, California’s Beverly-Killea Limited Liability Company Act (“Old Act”) was superseded by the California Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (“New Act”). California legislators were concerned that the…more

Articles of Incorporation, Limited Liability Company (LLC), Operating Agreements, RULLCA

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IRS Issues 2015 Limits for Qualified Retirement Plans, Health FSAs, and Transportation Fringe Benefits

You know it’s Fall when the leaves turn color, jack-o-lanterns wink in the twilight, the World Series plays on … and the IRS announces new indexed annual limits for employee benefit plans. Sticking to tradition, the IRS recently…more

COLA, Flexible Spending Accounts, Fringe Benefits, Health Insurance, IRS

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House Bill 569 Changes Florida's Campaign Finance Law

On May 1, 2013, Governor Rick Scott signed into law House Bill 569 (HB569), which enacts sweeping changes to Florida’s campaign finance laws. The changes will affect every elected official as well as any person who makes…more

Campaign Contributions, Campaign Finance Reform, Political Contributions

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NLRB Continues to Click “Dislike” on Social Media Policies

As the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) continues its assault on employer personnel policies, certain policies seem to be getting particular attention. Various recent NLRB opinions have imposed a number of limitations on…more

Confidential Information, Disclaimers, Intellectual Property Protection, NLRB, Social Media Policy

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FTC Settles Claims Relating to U.S. – EU Safe Harbor Program

The Federal Trade Commission recently announced it has settled claims against 12 companies relating to charges the companies falsely claimed they were abiding by the U.S. – EU Safe Harbor program that enables U.S. companies to…more

Compliance, Data Brokers, Debt Collection, EU, FTC

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New Hampshire Doubles Solar Net Metering Cap

New Hampshire has doubled the caps on energy that both residential and commercial customer-generators of rooftop solar can sell back to the grid, raising the cap from 50 MW to 100 MW. The governor signed H.B. 1116, which was…more

Energy Policy, Governor Hassan, Net Metering, New Legislation, Public Utilities Commission

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Court Blocks Overtime Rule; Employers Off the Hook on December 1 Changes (For Now)

On November 22, 2016, a federal judge in Texas issued a temporary nationwide injunction preventing the U.S. Department of Labor’s (DOL’s) overtime rule from taking effect on December 1. We discussed both the lawsuit and the…more

Congressional Intent, DOL, Final Rules, FLSA, Lack of Authority

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Federal Circuit Finds Claims Implemented on a General Purpose Cellphone Not Patentable

In Alice Corp. v. CLS Bank International, the Supreme Court applied its two-part test for patent eligibility under 35 U.S.C. § 101 – i.e., (1) whether the claims are drawn on a law of nature, natural phenomenon or abstract idea,…more

Abstract Ideas, CLS Bank v Alice Corp, Corporate Counsel, Patent Litigation, Patent-Eligible Subject Matter

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2014 May Be the Last Year for Valuable "Tax Extenders"

Last week, President Obama threatened to veto an agreement between Senate Democrats and House Republicans on a collection of tax breaks known as “tax extenders.” The deal would have been a huge win for manufacturing, because it…more

Barack Obama, Corporate Taxes, Manufacturers, Tax Extenders, Tax Incentives

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Hague Agreement Rules Published by USPTO Creating Strategic Considerations for Applicants

On April 2, 2015, the USPTO published its final rules to implement the Hague Agreement Concerning International Registration of Industrial Designs (Hague Agreement), with an effective date of May 13, 2015. The Hague Agreement…more

Design Patent, Hague Agreement, Patents, USPTO

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2013 Water Technology US Patent Landscape Anual Report

Foley’s Green Energy Technologies (GET) team has released its latest annual analysis of the water technology landscape titled "2013 Water Technology U.S. Patent Landscape Annual Report." The 2013 Report was created by…more

Groundwater, Licenses, Patents, Technology, Water

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Wisconsin Court Confirms Computer-Controlled Medical Devices Are Exempt From Property Tax

In 2008, the Wisconsin Tax Appeals Commission ruled that the following categories of computerized medical equipment are exempt from property tax: - Ultrasound equipment - Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)…more

Exemptions, Medical Devices, MRI, Property Tax

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The Section 409A Valuation: Do You Really Need One?

Yes. You do. That was easy. But perhaps we have gotten ahead of ourselves and we should start at the beginning of the story. While Section 409A is a tax provision, its genesis was the perceived abuse of deferred compensation…more

Executive Compensation, Golden Parachutes, Safe Harbors, Section 409A, Valuation

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Court of Appeals Rejects Attempted Restriction of “Mortgage Banker” Priority Provision

On February 20, 2014, the Wisconsin Court of Appeals issued an opinion interpreting the meaning of “mortgage banker” under Wis. Stat. § 224.71(3) and finding that a mortgage holder was entitled to the priority afforded under…more

Banks, Construction Contracts, Construction Liens, Mortgages

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EEOC May Obtain Private (And Arguably Unnecessary) Employee Information

Employers served with an Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) subpoena requesting private employee information – regardless of its arguable relevance – may nevertheless be compelled to respond, according to a decision…more

EEOC, Employee Privacy Rights, Gender Discrimination, Government Investigations, Pay Discrimination

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Doing Business With the Government With Reduced Risk

Entering into business with the U.S. Government provides companies, including those in the automotive industry, with the opportunity to expand their business base, with tremendous potential. Even with the current budget cuts and…more

Automotive Industry, Federal Budget, Federal Contractors, Sequestration

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New Report on Renewable Energy as an Airport Revenue Source

The Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) has recently published a guidebook on Renewable Energy as an Airport Revenue Source. The link to the guidebook on the ACRP website is here. Foley partner David Bannard is a…more

Airports, Biomass, Geothermal Energy, Guide, Renewable Energy

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4 Simple Tips for Better Supply Agreements

Supply agreements serve as the lifeblood of many manufacturing companies. These agreements outline the terms and conditions controlling the supply of goods and services between various parties. Without this framework, many…more

Corporate Counsel, Manufacturers, Supply Agreements, Supply Chain

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Wisconsin Supreme Court Kicks Open Records Case to the Curb

When Rebecca Bradley was appointed to the Wisconsin Supreme Court in October, the question arose what role she would play in cases argued this term before her appointment. Specifically, if the Court were otherwise split 3-3 on a…more

Disclosure, Drivers, Personally Identifiable Information, Petitions for Review, Public Records

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USPTO Launches Patents 4 Patients

To support the National Cancer Moonshot initiative, the USPTO has launched the Patents 4 Patients program, also known as the Cancer Immunotherapy Pilot Program. Under this program, applicants can obtain expedited examination of…more

National Cancer Moonshot, Patent Applications, Patent Prosecution, Patents, Request for Continued Examination

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IRS Publishes New Management Contract Safe Harbors for Property Financed with Tax-Exempt Bonds

On August 22, 2016, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) released Rev. Proc. 2016-44, which provides new guidance on the treatment of “management contracts” for purposes of the restrictions on use of property financed with…more

501(c)(3), Anti-Abuse Rule, IRS, Leases, Management Contracts

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Electric Vehicles Continue Gaining Consumer Acceptance

As government mandates like Corporate Average Fuel Economy targets make electric cars more attractive to manufacturers looking to meet these standards, it is worth asking how consumers are responding to these vehicles as they…more

Auto Manufacturers, Automotive Industry, Electric Vehicles, Fuel Standards, Rebates

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Federal Circuit Upholds Patent Office’s First Decision of Unpatentability in an Inter Partes Review

Today in In re Cuozzo Speed Technologies, LLC, No. 14-1301, a majority (Judges Dyk and Clevenger) affirmed the Patent Trial and Appeal Board’s (PTAB) decision to deem certain claims of a speed limit indicator patent unpatentable…more

America Invents Act, Claim Construction, Cuozzo Speed Technologies, Inter Partes Review (IPR) Proceeding, Mandamus Petitions

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IRS Publishes New Management Contract Safe Harbors for Property Financed with Tax-Exempt Bonds

On August 22, 2016, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) released Rev. Proc. 2016-44, which provides new guidance on the treatment of “management contracts” for purposes of the restrictions on use of property financed with…more

501(c)(3), Anti-Abuse Rule, IRS, Leases, Management Contracts

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California Senate and Assembly Vote to Extend Property Tax Exclusion for Solar

In furtherance of California’s commitment to renewable solar energy, the California Senate and Assembly recently passed Senate Bill 871 (SB 871) which, if signed, would extend the sunset date on the existing property tax…more

Energy, Exclusions, New Legislation, Property Tax, Solar Energy

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FTC Updates Guidance on Disclosures in Social Media Marketing

Earlier this month, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) updated its guidelines for disclosures in digital media, “.Com Disclosures: How to Make Effective Disclosures in Digital Advertising” (Guide). The Guide, which updates a…more

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New USCIS Policy Decision Broadens Permissible Bases for Visa Transfer of Multinational Managers

After four years of internal deliberations, U.S. Citizenship & Immigration Services (USCIS) recently issued a policy memorandum binding all USCIS personnel to follow the reasoning of a 2013 USCIS Administrative Appeals Office…more

Administrative Appeal Office, Corporate Executives, Employee Transfers, Foreign Affiliates, L-1A

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Federal Court Provides a $3 Million Reason to Comply with Duty to Preserve ESI

After years of decisions, the issues surrounding the preservation of electronically stored information (ESI) seem almost old hat. It is well known that, upon notice of a claim or commencement of litigation, a party needs to…more

Corporate Executives, Document Productions, Duty to Preserve, Electronically Stored Information, Email

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2013 Water Technology US Patent Landscape Anual Report

Foley’s Green Energy Technologies (GET) team has released its latest annual analysis of the water technology landscape titled "2013 Water Technology U.S. Patent Landscape Annual Report." The 2013 Report was created by…more

Groundwater, Licenses, Patents, Technology, Water

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Provider Reimbursement Review Board Issues Alert 9 and Revised Rules

On March 1, 2013, the Provider Reimbursement Review Board (PRRB or the Board) issued Alert 9, which notified interested parties that the PRRB has made revisions to its Rules and updated its Model Forms. Medicare providers that…more

CMS, Medicare, PRRB, Reimbursements

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Amazon Wins Ruling on Results for Searches on Brands It Doesn’t Sell

On October 21, 2015, the Ninth Circuit ruled that online retailer Amazon does not violate the Lanham Act when, in response to a search for a brand it doesn’t sell, it returns a results page that fails to disclose that fact and…more

Amazon, Brand, En Banc Review, Internet Retailers, Keyword Search

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Can FDA Implement The BPCIA As The CAFC Suggested?

In Amgen v. Apotex, the Federal Circuit held that under the Biologics Price Competition and Innovation Act (“BPCIA”), “an applicant must provide a reference product sponsor with 180 days’ post-licensure notice before commercial…more

Amgen, ANDA, Apotex, Biosimilars, BPCIA

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Federal Circuit Sanctions PTO’s Authority To Institute IPR On A Claim-By-Claim Basis in Synopsis v. Mentor Graphics

In Synopsys, Inc. v. Mentor Graphics Corp., a split panel of the Federal Circuit found “that there is no statutory requirement that the Board’s final decision address every claim raised in a petition for inter partes review.”…more

Estoppel, Inter Partes Review (IPR) Proceeding, Patent Invalidity, Patent Litigation, Patent Trial and Appeal Board

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Documenting Your Build-to-Suit Transaction: The Importance of the Request for Proposal

The Request for Proposal (RFP) is a critical document in a build-to-suit (BTS) transaction, but often does not get the attention it deserves. In addition to laying out the project scope, the RFP is the tenant’s opportunity to…more

Build-to-Suit, Commercial Leases, Commercial Property Owners, Commercial Real Estate Market, Commercial Tenants

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Sentinel Decision Prioritizes Protection of Securities and Futures Markets

On March 19, 2014, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit decided Grede v. FCStone, LLC, Nos. 13-1232, 13-1278 (7th Cir. Mar. 19, 2014), an opinion that reinforces the importance of the portability of investment…more

CFTC, Commodities, Commodities Exchange Act, Commodity Futures Contracts, Commodity Pool

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The Toxic Substances Control Act Overhaul: What You Need to Know

On June 22, 2016, President Obama signed the “Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act” into law, making comprehensive changes to the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). This step comes after years of…more

Administrative Authority, Chemicals, Disclosure Requirements, EPA, Health and Safety

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EPA Publishes Final Phase 2 Rule for GHG Emissions and Fuel Efficiency Standards for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Engines and Vehicles

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) published a joint set of greenhouse gas and fuel efficiency standards for new medium and heavy-duty vehicles and…more

Auto Manufacturers, Climate Action Plan, EPA, Fuel Standards, Greenhouse Gas Emissions

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CFPB Seeks Rehearing of D.C. Circuit Panel Ruling in PHH: What Now?

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) Friday filed a petition in the closely-watched PHH case, seeking to undo a ruling by a panel of judges for the D.C. Circuit Court that was highly critical of the Bureau’s…more

Appeals, CFPB, Constitutional Challenges, Dodd-Frank, Kickbacks

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Spring 2013 Eye on China Newsletter

Legal News: Eye on China Quarterly Newsletter offers companies helpful insight as they successfully navigate China’s complex and ever-changing legal and regulatory environment. In this issue, we focus on the following…more

Anti-Bribery, Anti-Corruption, China, Compliance, Copyright

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Exclusion for Qualified Small Business Stock

The Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes Act, passed in December 2015, extended an often overlooked provision of the tax code with the potential to provide significant savings to small business owners and non-corporate investors…more

C-Corporation, Capital Gains, Corporate Taxes, Estate Tax, Gain Exclusion

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Deposition Practice Tips: PTAB Guidance for Dealing With Suspected Witness Coaching

Question: What can you do when you suspect that opposing counsel engaged in inappropriate witness coaching during a PTAB deposition? Answer: Ask the witness about the suspected off-the-record discussions and call the Board from…more

Best Practices, Depositions, Patent Trial and Appeal Board, Witnesses

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General Motors New Terms and Conditions Effective July 15, 2013

General Motors has announced that Effective July 15, 2013, its general terms and conditions for direct material, customer care & aftersales (CCA) and tooling purchases are changing…more

Compliance, General Motors, Terms and Conditions

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The MCDC Initiative and Recent Modifications: Window for Issuers and Obligated Persons Now Closes on December 1, 2014, While Underwriters Window Still Set to Close on September 9, 2014

As highlighted in the SEC’s 2012 Municipal Market Report, the SEC has expressed significant concern that many issuers have not been complying with their obligation to file continuing disclosure documents and that federal…more

Deadlines, Disclosure Requirements, EMMA, Enforcement, MCDC

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Federal Attack on Non-Competes Likely Another Casualty of Election

As our readers are aware, employers can expect that the Trump administration will usher in a plethora of changes in terms of federal employment law policy and enforcement. One particular area in which the new administration may…more

Barack Obama, Defend Trade Secrets Act (DTSA), Donald Trump, Employment Contract, Non-Compete Agreements

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Failure to Disclose Known Trends or Uncertainties in Public Filings May Create Liability Under Section 10(b)

On January 12, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit held in Stratte-McClure v. Morgan Stanley that a failure to make a required disclosure under Item 303 of Regulation S-K in a Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is…more

Appeals, Collateralized Debt Obligations, Credit Default Swaps, Disclosure Requirements, Form 10-Q

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UDAAP Council Weekly UDAAP Standards Report - 5/6/15

Every week, courts around the United States issue decisions addressing aspects of civil UDAAP claims. In an effort to illuminate the UDAAP standards, below is a sampling of some of this week’s UDAAP decisions on the meaning of…more

Debt Collection, Debt Collectors, False Statements, FDCPA, UDAAP

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Amendments to Article 9 of the Uniform Commerical Code Go Into Effect

A number of amendments to Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code (“UCC”) went into effect in many states on July 1, 2013. Similar amendments are pending in a number of other states…more

Article 9, Uniform Commercial Code (UCC)

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Transforming Oncology Care: What’s Working and What Lies Ahead

Oncology providers and payors are undertaking bold initiatives to transform our system of “sick” care into a component of the value-based system of the future. The evolving system focuses on proactively monitoring and…more

Alternative Payment Models (APM), Cancer, CMMI, Medicare, Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR)

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Massachusetts High Court Expands Strict Liability for Building Code Violations

In an April 10, 2014, decision that expressly overruled its own 15-year old precedent, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court has held that the owner of a building used as a place for a large number of people to gather will be…more

Building Codes, Building Standards, Strict Liability

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Roadmap to Prison: Lessons Learned from the Criminal Prosecution of Alpha Ambulance’s Leaders

No one running an ambulance company ever planned to go to prison for doing his or her job. But that is a real possibility if the government knocks on the door, and the owner or manager is dishonest in his or her response to the…more

Ambulance Providers, Audits, CMS, False Statements, FBI

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Wisconsin Supreme Court Reminds That Duty to Defend is Broader Than Duty to Indemnify

A liability insurance policy generally imposes two duties on the insurer: (1) a duty to indemnify the insured against claims that are covered by the policy, up to the policy limits; and (2) a duty to defend the insured against…more

Breach of Duty, Commercial General Liability Policies, Duty to Defend, Indemnification, Insurance Litigation

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A Quick Update on Speedy Election Rules (Hint: The Predictions Have Come True — Somewhat)

The National Labor Relation Board’s new election procedures became effective April 14, 2015. You may recall that the new rules were largely designed to shorten significantly the time between a union’s filing of a petition for…more

Complaint Procedures, Employee Benefits, NLRB, Supervisors, Training

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SEC Steps Up Investigations of Political Intelligence Firms for Insider Trading

In the last few years, Congress, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), and the courts have significantly increased their efforts to grapple with insider trading in the realm of political intelligence. In 2012,…more

Compliance, Insider Trading, Material Nonpublic Information, Political Intelligence, SEC

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CMS Expands Mandatory Bundled Payments to Cardiac Care

On Monday July 25, 2016, CMS proposed new models that expand mandatory participation in bundled payments and continue CMS’s initiative to shift Medicare payments from fee for service to alternative payment models. Coming just as…more

Bundled Payments, CMS, Hospitals, Medicare, Proposed Rules

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The Bespoke Solution—Advantages and Challenges in Tailoring Single Investor Funds

The world of private investment funds has been evolving to address the specific goals and expectations of investors, including pension plan sponsors and other investors with specific regulatory and economic needs. As a result,…more

Carried Interest, Clawbacks, Financial Reporting, Investment Management, Investors

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Unlocking the SAFE – An Alternative to Convertible Notes

With the increasing level of investment in emerging companies, entrepreneurs are being presented with a wider range of financing documents. One of the relatively newer financing instruments is the “SAFE” (simple agreement for…more

Conversion, Convertible Debt, Early Stage Companies, Emerging Growth Companies, Equity Financing

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Governor Vetoes Proposed Changes to California Franchise Law

To the surprise of many, California Governor Jerry Brown has vetoed the proposed changes to California’s franchise laws that were discussed in our Client Alert on August 28, 2014. In his veto message, Governor Brown criticized…more

Franchise Agreements, Franchises, Legislative Vetoes

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Recent Decision Underscores Need for Involvement of Counsel in Internal Investigations

A recent federal court decision raises concerns about the ability of companies to maintain privilege over materials generated in connection with internal investigations. The case, United States ex rel. Barko v. Halliburton…more

Corporate Counsel, Halliburton, Internal Investigations, Investigations, Qui Tam

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When Silence is Unambiguous...Has the Seventh Circuit Created Ambiguity Over Review of Arbitrators’ Decisions?

United States Soccer Fed’n, Inc. v. United States Nat’l Soccer Team Players Ass’n, No. 15-3402, 2016 U.S. App. LEXIS 17339 (7th Cir. Sept. 22, 2016). The Seventh Circuit decided last month that an arbitrator exceeded his…more

Ambiguous, Appeals, Arbitration, Arbitration Agreements, Arbitration Awards

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Sentinel Decision Prioritizes Protection of Securities and Futures Markets

On March 19, 2014, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit decided Grede v. FCStone, LLC, Nos. 13-1232, 13-1278 (7th Cir. Mar. 19, 2014), an opinion that reinforces the importance of the portability of investment…more

CFTC, Commodities, Commodities Exchange Act, Commodity Futures Contracts, Commodity Pool

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Swearing Behind A Reference With Reasonably Continuous Diligence

In Perfect Surgical Techniques, Inc. v. Olympus America, Inc., the Federal Circuit vacated and remanded a USPTO Patent Trial and Appeal Board decision in an Inter Partes Review proceeding, finding that the PTAB imposed too…more

America Invents Act, Appeals, Due Diligence, Evidence, Inter Partes Review (IPR) Proceeding

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The New Supreme Court Term: Cases for the Automotive Industry to Watch

A new Supreme Court term is once again underway. This one looks to be unique in that it is likely to be an eight-Justice bench into 2017—with Republican leaders standing firm on their refusal to go forward with confirming any…more

Antitrust Conspiracies, Apple v Samsung, ATMs, Automotive Industry, Damages

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New Hampshire Doubles Solar Net Metering Cap

New Hampshire has doubled the caps on energy that both residential and commercial customer-generators of rooftop solar can sell back to the grid, raising the cap from 50 MW to 100 MW. The governor signed H.B. 1116, which was…more

Energy Policy, Governor Hassan, Net Metering, New Legislation, Public Utilities Commission

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FTC Again Finds Success in High-Profile Hospital Merger Appeal

For the second time in recent weeks, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) prevailed in its challenge of a high-profile hospital merger. This time, the appeal stemmed from a June 14, 2016, order by Judge Jorge Alonso of the…more

Appeals, FTC, Geographic Markets, Health Insurance, Hospital Mergers

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United States Completes Deposit for Hague Agreement for Industrial Designs

Today, February 13, 2015, the United States deposited with the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) its instrument of accession to the Hague Agreement Concerning International Registration of Industrial Designs (the…more

Design Patent, Hague Agreement, Industrial Design, Patents, USPTO

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U.S. Supreme Court: Silence Admissible

When faced with questions from a government investigator, a person’s silence can now be used in a criminal trial against the person who was questioned and declined to provide an answer…more

Admissibility, Criminal Prosecution, Evidence, Jury Trial, SCOTUS

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Wisconsin Employers Targeted for Technical Violations of the Fair Credit Reporting Act

Within the past year, one Wisconsin resident has filed several class-action lawsuits against Wisconsin employers. In each case, the resident claimed that the targeted employers were using improper disclosures in employment…more

Background Checks, Class Action, Corporate Counsel, Disclosure Requirements, Employer Liability Issues

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Facilities Siting: The Right Considerations Lead to the Right Choice

According to the research, manufacturers are on the move. The questions and considerations listed below are a great starting point for any company opening or relocating a manufacturing facility…more

Manufacturers, Manufacturing Facilities

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International Cartel Sales to Global Supply Chains Raise U.S. Antitrust Issues

In a widely awaited opinion, the Seventh U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Chicago has issued an opinion which affects the scope of government enforcement actions and which purchasers may pursue private civil treble damage…more

Antitrust Provisions, Appeals, Cartels, Enforcement Actions, FTAIA

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Manufacturing and Infrastructure: Not Just About Economics – Our Own Security Depends on It

The call for dramatic improvements in America’s infrastructure as a critical driver in the reestablishment of the nation’s manufacturing supremacy is building momentum. But that’s only part of the story. Lost is the real…more

Critical Infrastructure Sectors, DHS, Infrastructure, Manufacturers, National Security

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EEOC's Select Task Force Study of Harassment Provides Robust Training Guidance

Last month the EEOC’s Select Task Force on the Study of Harassment in the Workplace issued a long-awaited report. That report is a four-part, 88-page document — meaning digesting the report is a hefty task. Fortunately, the Task…more

Anti-Harassment Policies, Bystander, Civility, EEO, EEOC

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How to Build a Startup, Chicago-Style

Building a startup in Chicago differs from building one in Silicon Valley. Chicago investors, both individuals and committed venture funds, tend to be more reserved and practical, whereas coastal venture investors are more…more

Capital Raising, City of Chicago, Entrepreneurs, Investors, Revenue

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U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Orders Cancellation of "REDSKINS" Trademark Registrations

On June 18, 2014, a divided panel of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (“TTAB”) ordered cancellation of six of the Washington Redskins’ trademark registrations holding that “Redskins” was a…more

Blackhorse v Pro-Football, Disparagement, Football, Laches, Native American Issues

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The Equity Crowdfunding Rules: What You Need to Know

The SEC’s equity crowdfunding rules finally go into effect this month almost four years after Congress passed the JOBS Act, requiring the relaxing of certain rules on raising funds. So what does equity crowdfunding actually look…more

Accredited Investors, Capital Raising, Crowdfunding, Disclosure Requirements, Filing Requirements

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Employment Law Compliance Is Just the Beginning

Complying with the law is only the starting point when making sound and legally defensible employment decisions, such as discipline, terminations, denying accommodations, and so forth. Have you ever heard of a company that made…more

Compliance, Employer Liability Issues

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Online Targeted Advertisements are Not Sufficient to Establish Personal Jurisdiction in Wisconsin

Almost every business today has a website, which can be accessed by anyone in the world with an Internet connection. If the business provides for targeted advertising on its website, based upon the location of the person who…more

Advertising, Due Process, Foreign Entities, Foreseeability, Long Arm Statute

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A Peek at the 60 Minutes GenePeeks Patents

On October 26, 2014, 60 Minutes aired a story called “Breeding Out Disease” that included a segment about GenePeeks, a company that uses genetic information from prospective parents to make thousands of “digital babies” and…more

CLS Bank v Alice Corp, Genetic Materials, Genetic Services, Patent-Eligible Subject Matter, Patents

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Forecasting the Trump Administration's First 100 Days

With the 2016 election in the rearview mirror, manufacturers must be mindful of the early initiatives you can expect from Congress and the new administration. With a return to one-party rule, the coming congressional term is…more

Affordable Care Act, Barack Obama, CFPB, Clean Air Act, Climate Change

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What Does McCutcheon Mean for Wisconsin Campaign Finance Law?

On April 2, the United States Supreme Court released its much-anticipated decision in McCutcheon v. FEC, 572 U.S. __ (2014). The case was closely watched because it presented the Court the opportunity to revisit the framework of…more

Federal Election Commission (FEC), McCutcheon v. FEC, Political Campaigns, Political Contributions, SCOTUS

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IRS Seeks Identities of Americans with Undisclosed Belize Bank Accounts

Americans with secret accounts in Belize should take notice: the government is looking for you. The U.S. Department of Justice on September 15 filed a petition in federal court in Miami seeking permission to issue summonses to…more

Bank of America, Bank Secrecy Act, Citibank, Civil Monetary Penalty, Criminal Penalties

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President Signs E-Warranty Statute Amendment

In a rare display of bipartisanship, the U.S. Congress has passed and, on September 24, 2015, President Obama signed, an amendment of the federal statute regulating warranties on consumer products, the Magnuson-Moss Warranty –…more

Amended Legislation, Barack Obama, eDisclosure, FTC, Magnuson-Moss Act

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Restructuring The Private Club

Private golf clubs are facing a tidal wave of challenges, from the prolonged economic downturn, to an aging population unable to continue playing the game, to a general decline in demand for golf, to financial hardships facing…more

Golf, Golf Courses

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Treasury Department Eases Cuba Sanctions

New Rules Open Opportunities for Exports, Financial Services, and Travel- On January 16, 2014, the U.S. Treasury Department issued new sanctions regulations easing the 54-year old Cuban embargo. Coming in the wake of the…more

Amended Regulation, Banking Sector, Barack Obama, BIS, Cuban Assets Control Regulations (CACR)

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FERC Issues Policy Statement Clarifying Requirements for Capacity Allocation for Merchant Transmission Projects

On January 17, 2013, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) issued its Final Policy Statement regarding the allocation of capacity on new merchant and non-incumbent, cost-based, participant-funded transmission projects…more

Capacity Allocation, Compliance, Discrimination, Electricity, FERC

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Different Standards for Self-Critical Analysis Privilege: What You Need to Know

In a recent March 19, 2015 decision, the Illinois Supreme Court refused to acknowledge the self-critical analysis privilege. This recent discussion underscores the need to understand the different standards for the privilege in…more

Child Protective Services, Federal Jurisdiction, IL Supreme Court, Jurisdiction, Self-Critical Analysis Privilege

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Winter 2013 Eye on China Newsletter

Legal News: Eye on China Quarterly Newsletter offers companies helpful insight as they successfully navigate China’s complex and ever-changing legal and regulatory environment. In this issue, we focus on the following…more

Arbitration, China, Counterfeiting, Discovery, Enforcement

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U.S. Supreme Court Upholds Broadest Reasonable Interpretation Standard, and Affirms Federal Circuit’s Lack of Authority to Review Inter Partes Review Institution Decisions

The Appeal by Cuozzo Speed Technologies - On June 20, 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court issued its opinion in Cuozzo Speed v. Lee, affirming the Federal Circuit’s prior ruling on an appeal taken from the Patent Trial and Appeal…more

America Invents Act, Appeals, Broadest Reasonable Interpretation Standard, Claim Construction, Cuozzo Speed Technologies

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Online Targeted Advertisements are Not Sufficient to Establish Personal Jurisdiction in Wisconsin

Almost every business today has a website, which can be accessed by anyone in the world with an Internet connection. If the business provides for targeted advertising on its website, based upon the location of the person who…more

Advertising, Due Process, Foreign Entities, Foreseeability, Long Arm Statute

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Energy Efficiency Through Innovative Financing

Do your energy costs keep you up at night? Do aging systems keep your utility spend high while other needs draw scarce capital resources? You are not alone. Major HVAC, lighting and other upgrades can be capital intensive with a…more

Clean Energy, Commercial Property Owners, Energy Efficiency, Financing, Manufacturing Facilities

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ONC Releases Updated Guide to Privacy and Security of Electronic Health Information

The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (“ONC”) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (“HHS”) recently released Version 2.0 of the Guide to Privacy and Security of Electronic Health…more

EHR, Health Care Providers, HIPAA, HITECH, ONC

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Will New PTAB Rules Impact IPRs Filed By Kyle Bass Hedge Fund?

On August 19th, the USPTO released a new set of proposed rules related to post-grant proceedings before the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB). Among the many offered rules was the addition of a “Rule 11-type certification”…more

Abuse of Process, America Invents Act, Generic Drugs, Hedge Funds, Inter Partes Review (IPR) Proceeding

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Partnership Tax Audit Reform and Private Funds

The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 that was signed into law on November 2, 2015, made extensive changes to the rules that apply to partnership audits and the mechanics for collecting taxes resulting from an audit. These changes…more

Audits, Bipartisan Budget Act, Business Taxes, Hedge Funds, IRS

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Privacy Shield Approved

On July 8, 2016, the Article 31 Committee, comprised of representatives of the European Union (EU) member states, voted to approve a revised Privacy Shield framework that is intended to replace the Safe Harbor framework…more

Binding Corporate Rules, Data Protection Authority, EU, EU-US Privacy Shield, European Commission

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Can You Identify Your Trade Dress?

Trade dress is a type of trademark intellectual property right that can protect almost any unique identifying aesthetic design used by a company, from the shape of a product, to the appearance of a website, to the decor of a…more

Burden of Proof, Dismissals, Inherently Distinctive, Intellectual Property Protection, Likelihood of Confusion

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Seventh Circuit Limits the Use of the Federal Assignment Law under the False Claims Act

It’s common in the healthcare industry for large insurers to negotiate discounts from pharmacies for prescription drugs. The federal government, the granddaddy of all insurers, does this too, when it negotiates discounts on…more

Assignments, False Claims Act (FCA), Health Insurance, Healthcare, Medicaid

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Takeaways From the FTC/DOJ Workshop on Health Care Competition

The Federal Trade Commission and Department of Justice Antitrust Division held their second public workshop on health care competition on February 24-25, 2015. The workshop is part of the FTC and DOJ’s commitment to periodically…more

Antitrust Division, DOJ, FTC, Healthcare, Regulatory Agenda

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Growing Judicial Acceptance of Predictive Coding Highlights the Need for Inside and Outside Counsel to Consider Its Use in Document Intensive Litigation

When predictive coding technology made its way into the public consciousness in or about 2011, the biggest barrier to its widespread use – and probably the second most common question for attorneys following these issues, right…more

Complex Litigation, Document Review, Predictive Coding

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FERC Issues NOPR to Reduce Small Generator Grid Interconnection Time and Cost

On January 17, 2013, FERC issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) that would revise the pro forma Small Generator Interconnection Procedures (SGIP) and Small Generator Interconnection Agreement (SGIA) in order to lessen…more

Electricity, Fast Track Process, FERC, SGIA, SGIP

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How Massachusetts’ New Equal Pay Law Impacts Employers

On August 1, 2016, Massachusetts became the first state to bar employers from asking job applicants about their salary history before making a formal job offer that includes compensation. Under the new law, employers may not…more

Affirmative Defenses, Anti-Pay Secrecy, Equal Pay, Gender Equity, Gender-Based Pay Discrimination

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Dueling Records: Are Statements in Your 510(k) Putting Your Patents at Risk?

Laboratory developed test (LDT) providers, previously exempt from U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) oversight, under a new FDA proposal, must now consider if their LDTs constitute moderate-risk (Class II) or high-risk…more

510(k) RTA, CLIA, Clinical Laboratories, Diagnostic Tests, Due Diligence

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6 Tips for Chicago Startups Seeking Funding Outside Chicago

Chicago startups have more local funding options than ever before. However, many founders remain hungry to obtain funding from elsewhere—especially from the venture-rich east and west coasts. Trouble is, for reasons both…more

Business Valuations, City of Chicago, Emerging Technology Companies, Entrepreneurs, Investors

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Tips for Expanding Your Investor Network from Coast to Coast

With a competitive marketplace, new technology companies may find that they need more capital to accelerate their company’s growth. The question becomes how to effectively approach investors outside the company’s geographical…more

Capital Raising, City of Chicago, Due Diligence, Investors, Revenue

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Public Policy News

The Legislature returns on January 14, 2014 for a flurry of session days before final adjournment on April 3, 2014. With the biennial budget and many other GOP big ticket items passed, the agenda this spring will include no bold…more

Political Campaigns, Political Debates, Public Policy

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New ".SUCKS" TLD Creates Dilemma for Trademark Owners

March 30, 2015, is the opening day of the “sunrise” period for registration of domain names in the .SUCKS top-level domain (TLD). Unlike other recently created TLDs, which are typically oriented toward either particular…more

Domain Names, gTLD, ICANN, Trademark Clearinghouse, Trademarks

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EEOC’s Revised Proposal to Collect Pay Data Keeps Focus on Pay Discrimination Agenda

As we reported previously, enforcement of equal pay laws and remedying of pay disparities continue to be top priorities for the U.S.Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and U.S. Office of Federal Contract Compliance…more

Attorney-Client Privilege, Comment Period, Data Collection, Disparate Treatment, EEO-1

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Truth in Lending Act and Consumer Leasing Act Dollar Thresholds Raised: Fewer Transactions Exempt

More consumer credit and leasing transactions will be subject to the Truth in Lending Act (TILA) and Consumer Leasing Act (CLA) in 2015. Effective January 1, 2015, the dollar threshold for exemption of most consumer…more

Dodd-Frank, Exemptions, Regulation M, Regulation Z, Truth in Lending Act (TILA)

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A Compilation of Enforcement and Non-Enforcement Actions - December 31, 2013

Investment Advisers — Are Your “IA Reps” Registered as Required? Why You Should Care - As we approach the end of the calendar year, it is a good time for investment advisers to check if all of its personnel who are…more

Chief Compliance Officers, Compliance, Enforcement, Enforcement Actions, Hedge Funds

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Reinventing Public Company Disclosure: SEC Requests Public Comment on Regulation S-K

On April 13, 2016, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) issued a concept release discussing and requesting public comment on the business and financial disclosure required by Regulation S-K. The concept release…more

Comment Period, Disclosure Requirements, Investors, JOBS Act, Mary Jo White

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Could a Recent CMS Deregulation Regulation Save Health Care Providers $8 Billion?

As part of President Obama’s regulatory lookback initiative, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) issued a final rule last week (the “Rule”) that overhauled numerous staffing regulations affecting hospitals and…more

Affordable Care Act, CMS, Executive Orders, Healthcare, Healthcare Reform

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ONC Releases Enhanced Regulatory Requirements to Improve Transparency for Health Information Technology Products

The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (“ONC”) has operationalized regulatory requirements to improve transparency in health information technology (“health IT”). The regulations, which were…more

Corrective Actions, Health Information Technologies, Health IT, ONC, Regulatory Mandates

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The SEC and Sustainability Shareholder Proposals

The SEC recently has encouraged “sustainability” shareholder proposals under Rule 14a-8. In their December 2013 INSIGHTS article, Foley attorneys Patrick Daugherty and Daniel Pieringer discuss strategies for manufacturers to…more

Manufacturers, SEC, Shareholder Activism

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