Foley Hoag LLP

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Seaport West
155 Seaport Boulevard
Boston, MA 02210, United States
Contact: Audra Callanan
Phone: 617-832-1000
Fax: 617-832-7000
Practice Groups
Areas of Practice
  • Administrative Law
  • Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)
  • Antitrust & Trade Regulation
  • Bankruptcy
  • Business Organizations
  • Commercial Law & Contracts
  • Construction Law
  • Criminal Law
  • Education
  • Energy & Utilities
  • Environmental Law
  • Finance & Banking
  • Government
  • Health
  • Immigration Law
  • Insurance
  • Intellectual Property
  • International Law & Trade
  • Labor & Employment Law
  • Litigation
See more
Locations
Other U.S. Locations
  • D.C.
  • Massachusetts
Other Countries
  • France
Number of Attorneys
100+ Attorneys

Additional SEC Guidance on Pay Ratio Disclosure

As issuers prepare for the pay ratio disclosures that will be required with respect to fiscal years beginning on or after January 1, 2017, the Division of Corporation Finance issued new Compliance & Disclosure Interpretations…more

C&DIs, CACM, Fiscal Year, Furloughs, Independent Contractors

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Australia’s Consideration of a New Modern Slavery Act: What You Need to Know

Corporate counsel must increasingly assess the implications of new transparency statutes that require companies to make public disclosures as to their efforts to address certain human rights-related risks in connection with…more

Australia, Corporate Social Responsibility, Forced Labor, Human Rights, Human Trafficking

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DOL Withdraws Obama-Era Guidance on Joint Employment and Independent Contractors

On June 7, 2017, the United States Department of Labor (“DOL”) announced that it is withdrawing the prior Administration’s guidance on joint employment and independent contractors. The Obama Administration had issued…more

Administrative Interpretation, DOL, FLSA, Independent Contractors, Joint Employers

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TIC Form SHC 5-Year Benchmark Survey of U.S. Ownership of Foreign Securities Due March 3, 2017

Investment advisers are reminded to review their filing obligations under the TIC Form SHC as reporting on this 5-year benchmark survey is due on March 3, 2017. The survey collects information on holdings by U.S. residents…more

Filing Requirements, Foreign Securities, Form SHC, Investment Adviser

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Quarterly Review of Seed, Series A and Series B/Later Round Financings: First Quarter 2015

The Numbers - Venture financing activity in New England decreased modestly in the first quarter of 2015 (-12%) with Seed and B/ Later round activity each decreasing by roughly 20% over Q4 2014. Despite this overall downward…more

Business Valuations, Clean Tech, Emerging Technology Companies, Life Sciences, Seed Financing

See all updates »

Considerations for the Acquisition of a Non-U.S. Company by a U.S. Public Company

When it is time to sell a company, there are a number of financial and legal steps a business should consider to ready itself for a merger or acquisition. When the potential buyer is a U.S. public company, that list may get…more

Accounting, Acquisitions, Conflict Mineral Rules, Disclosure Requirements, Export Controls

See all updates »

Brainstorm: FTC Continues Enforcement Trend Against Cognitive Function Claims

Continuing its trend of scrutinizing claims touting improved cognitive function, the Federal Trade Commission recently announced a settlement with LearningRx Franchise Corp. (“LFC”), the developer and franchisor of a chain of…more

Enforcement Actions, False Advertising, FTC, Scientific Evidence, Settlement

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Second Circuit Issues Landmark Decision Limiting Insider Trading Liability of "Remote Tippees"

On December 10, 2014, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals in New York reversed a set of insider trading convictions and reined in government prosecutions of insider traders who are outside the company in which stock is traded…more

Hedge Funds, Illegal Tipping, Insider Trading, Material Nonpublic Information, Personal Benefit

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Massachusetts SJC Extends Job Protections to Medical Marijuana Users

In a landmark decision, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court (“SJC”) ruled on Monday that an employee who is fired for testing positive for marijuana due to her lawful off-duty use of medical marijuana can pursue a claim of…more

Disability Discrimination, Drug Testing, Drug-Free Workplace Act, Hiring & Firing, Medical Marijuana

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New Massachusetts Employer Assessment Intended to Deter MassHealth Enrollment

Since the beginning of this year’s legislative session, Governor Baker has expressed concern over the growth in enrollment in MassHealth, the state’s Medicaid program. A look at the numbers explains why. Prior to the enactment…more

Affordable Care Act, Employer Liability Issues, Health Insurance, Medicaid

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ERISA Fiduciaries May Factor Climate Change Issues Into Economic Analysis of Investments

New guidance from the US Department of Labor (“DOL”) clarifies the role of environmental, social and governance issues (referred to as “ESG factors”) in investment decisions by ERISA fiduciaries. ERISA Interpretive Bulletin…more

Climate Change, DOL, ERISA, Fiduciary Duty, Investment Portfolios

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Stolen Tax Returns? Virginia Seeks a Solution.

Did someone steal your tax return? You are not alone. Indeed, the rise in tax-related identity theft has been well documented. In 2015, the FTC reported a 50% increase in identity theft complaints. A primary cause for that…more

Cyber Crimes, Cybersecurity, Data Breach, Hackers, Identity Theft

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Eversource Proposes Rate Increases and $400 Million in Grid Modernization Investments

On January 17, 2017, Eversource Energy filed a petition with the Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities (DPU) that would increase base distribution rates for its 1.4 million electricity customers across the Commonwealth. …more

Charging Stations, Electric Vehicles, Electricity, Energy Storage, Public Utility

See all updates »

Delaware Chancery Court Concludes Indemnification and Other Provisions of a Merger Agreement Are Not Enforceable Against Non-Consenting Stockholders

In November, the Delaware Court of Chancery issued a decision that raises troubling questions about commonly used techniques in private company acquisitions and that, if not modified on appeal or through legislation, could alter…more

CIGNA, Delaware General Corporation Law, Indemnification Clauses, Merger Agreements, Purchase Price

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Trinity Wall Street v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. - “Lawyers, Guns and Money”

On July 6, 2015 the Third Circuit Court of Appeals issued its eagerly awaited opinion in Trinity Wall Street v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., addressing the question of what constitutes a company’s ordinary business operations and thus…more

Appeals, Board of Directors, Ordinary Course of Business Defense, Proxy Materials, Shareholder Proposals

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New Nasdaq Rule Requires Disclosure of Third Party Compensation of Directors and Nominees

Effective August 1, 2016, companies listed on Nasdaq are subject to a new rule requiring annual disclosure of the material terms of agreements or arrangements between directors or director nominees and third parties that relate…more

Board of Directors, Compensation Agreements, Disclosure Requirements, Exceptions, Executive Compensation

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“Gossip Cop” Held To Willfully Infringe Copyrighted Photos

In BWP Media USA v. Gossip Cop Media, a case sure to bring cheer to paparazzi and tabloid publishers everywhere, a judge in the Southern District of New York has found after a bench trial that a gossip website willfully…more

Attorney's Fees, Celebrities, Copyright Infringement, Fair Use, Photographs

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MassDEP Issues Final Pile Field Determination: Get Fixin’!

Back in September and February, we wrote about MassDEP’s Proposed Interpretation of Chapter 91 regulations, which attempted to provide guidance to the regulated community on the conditions under which a historic pile field can…more

Climate Change, Inland Waterways, MassDEP

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Considerations for the Acquisition of a Non-U.S. Company by a U.S. Public Company

When it is time to sell a company, there are a number of financial and legal steps a business should consider to ready itself for a merger or acquisition. When the potential buyer is a U.S. public company, that list may get…more

Accounting, Acquisitions, Conflict Mineral Rules, Disclosure Requirements, Export Controls

See all updates »

Supreme Court Limits Patent Owners’ Ability to Control Post-Sale Use of Patented Products

The Supreme Court last week issued its long-awaited decision regarding patent exhaustion in Impression Products, Inc. v. Lexmark International. The decision, which overturns longstanding Federal Circuit precedent, curtails…more

Breach of Contract, Exports, Foreign Sales, Imports, Impression Products v Lexmark International

See all updates »

SEC Radically Revamps Regulation A - Part 1

Eligibility and Offering Size - For many years, SEC Regulation A languished as an exemption from registration that nobody really used. Although securities issued in a Regulation A offering are not “restricted securities”…more

Accredited Investors, Crowdfunding, JOBS Act, Private Equity, Private Offerings

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Cyber Insurance: Prevalent But By No Means Ubiquitous

A recent survey from the credit score company FICO has some interesting numbers on the prevalence of cyber insurance in the US. ..50% of US companies have no cyber insurance. ..74% of US healthcare companies have no cyber…more

Cyber Insurance, Risk Management, Surveys

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Attorneys General Continue to Battle the Trump Administration Over Environmental Regulations

Democratic Attorneys General have continued their efforts to combat the Trump administration’s attempts to roll back environmental regulations developed under the Obama administration in two recent actions. Thirteen AGs,…more

Attorney Generals, Climate Change, Environmental Policies, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Trump Administration

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Summary: Oncology Care Model

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services - Overview - On June 29, 2016, the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation (CMMI or the Innovation Center) formally launched the Oncology Care Model (OCM) at the Cancer…more

CMMI, CMS, HHS, Medicaid, Medicare

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Cayman Islands FATCA/CRS Deadlines Extended Further

On July 19, 2017, the Cayman Islands announced another extension of the filing deadline for 2016 FATCA and Common Reporting Standard (CRS) reports to August 31, 2017. The deadline for notification (registration) remains…more

Cayman Islands, Common Reporting Standard (CRS), FATCA, Filing Deadlines, Financial Institutions

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Massachusetts Legislation Proposes Cost Disclosures and Price Caps for Prescription Drugs

The Massachusetts Legislature is currently considering Senate Bill 1048, “An Act to Promote Transparency and Cost Control of Pharmaceutical Drug Prices.” The bill, sponsored by State Senator Mark Montigny, Vice Chair of the…more

Disclosure Requirements, Healthcare, Pending Legislation, Pharmaceutical Industry, Prescription Drugs

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Latest Amendments to Delaware Law Revise Appraisal Rights

Effective August 1, 2016, the appraisal rights of dissenting stockholders in mergers and certain other transactions under the Delaware General Corporation Law (DGCL) have been modified in two principal respects..…more

Appraisal Rights, Corporate Counsel, Delaware General Corporation Law, Dissenters Rights, Mergers

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Supreme Court Upholds University of Texas Affirmative Action Admissions Policy

The Supreme Court has rejected a challenge under the Equal Protection Clause to the University of Texas at Austin’s race-conscious admissions program in Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin (“Fisher II”). This closely-watched…more

Affirmative Action, College Admissions, Diversity, Equal Protection, Fisher v University of Texas

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What Did the Court Really Say About Patent Eligibility?

Implications of Alice v. CLS Bank - Late last week, the United States Supreme Court decided Alice Corp. Pty. Ltd. v. CLS Bank Int’l, et al., a case the technology community had hoped would clarify what kinds of software…more

Alice Corporation, CLS Bank, CLS Bank v Alice Corp, Patent Infringement, Patent Litigation

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Cybersecurity 2017: The Year in Preview

Introduction - Cybersecurity was a prominent factor in 2016 in all aspects of government, business and personal affairs. Russian and other foreign national hacking has the potential to spark a new form of cold (cyber)war…more

Cloud Computing, Cloud Service Providers (CSPs), Cyber Attacks, Cyber Threats, Cybersecurity

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DOL Provides Temporary Enforcement Relief on Fiduciary Rule

The U.S. Department of Labor (“DOL”) issued a Field Assistance Bulletin (FAB 2017-01) on Friday, March 10, 2017 to address near-term compliance concerns relating to a proposed 60-day delay of the Fiduciary Rule. As previously…more

Delays, DOL, Fiduciary Rule, Implementation Day

See all updates »

Cybersecurity 2017: The Year in Preview

Introduction - Cybersecurity was a prominent factor in 2016 in all aspects of government, business and personal affairs. Russian and other foreign national hacking has the potential to spark a new form of cold (cyber)war…more

Cloud Computing, Cloud Service Providers (CSPs), Cyber Attacks, Cyber Threats, Cybersecurity

See all updates »

Important Dates and Reminders for Investment Advisers, Exempt Reporting Advisers, Commodity Trading Advisors and Commodity Pool Operators - 2017

Investment Advisers - Annual Compliance Reviews - All investment advisers registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) or The Commonwealth of Massachusetts are required to review their compliance…more

Bad Actors, CFTC, Commodity Pool, Confidentiality Policies, Cybersecurity

See all updates »

Eversource Proposes Rate Increases and $400 Million in Grid Modernization Investments

On January 17, 2017, Eversource Energy filed a petition with the Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities (DPU) that would increase base distribution rates for its 1.4 million electricity customers across the Commonwealth. …more

Charging Stations, Electric Vehicles, Electricity, Energy Storage, Public Utility

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FICA Tax “Holiday” Ends With 2012, and Social Security and Medicare Contributions Increase For Some Employees

On January 1, 2013, Congress approved the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, the bill designed to avert the so-called “fiscal cliff.” The Act, which President Obama signed into law yesterday, extended certain tax relief…more

Affordable Care Act, American Taxpayer Relief Act, FICA Taxes, Fiscal Cliff, Medicare Taxes

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The Massachusetts Securities Division Settlement with Citigroup: What Does It Mean?

A recent Massachusetts Securities Division $30 million settlement with Citigroup Global Markets Inc. (“CGMI”) provides a public glimpse into a less-widely known form of non-public information – a research analyst’s preview of…more

Apple, Broker-Dealer, Citigroup, Financial Analysts, Hedge Funds

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Quarterly Review of Seed, Series A and Series B/Later Round Financings: First Quarter 2015

The Numbers - Venture financing activity in New England decreased modestly in the first quarter of 2015 (-12%) with Seed and B/ Later round activity each decreasing by roughly 20% over Q4 2014. Despite this overall downward…more

Business Valuations, Clean Tech, Emerging Technology Companies, Life Sciences, Seed Financing

See all updates »

Supreme Court Decision in TC Heartland Will Limit Venue Choice in Patent Litigation

The Supreme Court on May 22, 2017 issued its highly anticipated decision in TC Heartland LLC v. Kraft Food Brands Group LLC, regarding the proper interpretation of the patent venue statute, 28 U.S.C. § 1400(b). In a unanimous…more

Patent Infringement, Patent Litigation, Patents, Personal Jurisdiction, SCOTUS

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Massachusetts Nonprofit Annual Reports Due November 1, 2013

As a reminder, nonprofit organizations incorporated or operating in The Commonwealth of Massachusetts have until Friday, November 1, 2013 to file their annual reports with the Secretary of the Commonwealth. Nonprofit annual…more

Annual Reports, Non-Profits, Reporting Requirements

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Be Careful With Pollution Insurance Coverage Disclosures – How Conditions Actually Disclosed Were Deemed Not Disclosed

A Massachusetts company learned the hard way that you need to pay close attention to policy endorsements when you negotiate them. In Market Forge Industries, Inc. v. Indian Harbor Insurance Company, the Appeals Court of…more

Discharge of Pollutants, Disclosure Requirements, Pollution Liability Insurance

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Massachusetts SJC Extends Job Protections to Medical Marijuana Users

In a landmark decision, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court (“SJC”) ruled on Monday that an employee who is fired for testing positive for marijuana due to her lawful off-duty use of medical marijuana can pursue a claim of…more

Disability Discrimination, Drug Testing, Drug-Free Workplace Act, Hiring & Firing, Medical Marijuana

See all updates »

Supreme Court Limits Patent Owners’ Ability to Control Post-Sale Use of Patented Products

The Supreme Court last week issued its long-awaited decision regarding patent exhaustion in Impression Products, Inc. v. Lexmark International. The decision, which overturns longstanding Federal Circuit precedent, curtails…more

Breach of Contract, Exports, Foreign Sales, Imports, Impression Products v Lexmark International

See all updates »

USCIS Suspends Premium Processing for ALL H-1B Petitions

Late Friday, March 3, the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) announced that it was indefinitely suspending premium processing for ALL H-1B petitions filed on or after April 3, 2017. This suspension would…more

Extensions, Form F-1, H-1B, Suspensions, USCIS

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Late Fee for NFA Forms PQR and PR Filings Effective Starting September 30, 2016

The National Futures Association recently amended NFA Compliance Rule 2-46 in order to impose late fees for its commodity pool operator (CPO) and commodity trading adviser (CTA) members that do not make quarterly filings on…more

Commodity Pool, CTA, Filing Deadlines, Late Fees, National Futures Association

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Product Liability Update: April 2017

Massachusetts Federal Court In Prescription Drug Case Holds “Learned Intermediary” Rule Requiring Warnings Only To Prescribing Physician Applied Even Though Patient and Caregiver Were Physicians, But Experts’ Affidavits of…more

Affidavits, Failure To Warn, Learned Intermediary, Maintenance, Negligence

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Eversource Proposes Rate Increases and $400 Million in Grid Modernization Investments

On January 17, 2017, Eversource Energy filed a petition with the Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities (DPU) that would increase base distribution rates for its 1.4 million electricity customers across the Commonwealth. …more

Charging Stations, Electric Vehicles, Electricity, Energy Storage, Public Utility

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Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) Form BE-10 August 31, 2015 Deadline Approaching

For those clients that received extensions on the filing deadline for their BE-10 surveys, they are reminded that the August 31, 2015 deadline is approaching. The BE-10 is the five year benchmark survey of United States direct…more

Benchmarks, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Filing Deadlines, Foreign Direct Investment, Form BE-10

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Massachusetts DOER Releases Draft SREC II Regulations

The Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources (MA DOER) has released draft regulations for its SREC II solar program. The regulations are the latest step toward implementing the Commonwealth’s goal to install a total of 1.6…more

Clean Energy, Energy Policy, Energy Sector, Power Plants, Solar Energy

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Delaware Chancery Court Concludes Indemnification and Other Provisions of a Merger Agreement Are Not Enforceable Against Non-Consenting Stockholders

In November, the Delaware Court of Chancery issued a decision that raises troubling questions about commonly used techniques in private company acquisitions and that, if not modified on appeal or through legislation, could alter…more

CIGNA, Delaware General Corporation Law, Indemnification Clauses, Merger Agreements, Purchase Price

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Cybersecurity, A-Z: D is for Drones

Unmanned aerial vehicles, or “drones,” as they’re commonly called, touch on numerous hot-button cybersecurity issues. As devices connected to networks, they are important when considering the “internet of things.” As used by…more

Cybersecurity, Drones, Internet of Things, Popular, Unmanned Aircraft Systems

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Important Dates and Reminders for Investment Advisers, Exempt Reporting Advisers, Commodity Trading Advisors and Commodity Pool Operators - 2017

Investment Advisers - Annual Compliance Reviews - All investment advisers registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) or The Commonwealth of Massachusetts are required to review their compliance…more

Bad Actors, CFTC, Commodity Pool, Confidentiality Policies, Cybersecurity

See all updates »

Eversource Proposes Rate Increases and $400 Million in Grid Modernization Investments

On January 17, 2017, Eversource Energy filed a petition with the Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities (DPU) that would increase base distribution rates for its 1.4 million electricity customers across the Commonwealth. …more

Charging Stations, Electric Vehicles, Electricity, Energy Storage, Public Utility

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Potential Legal Implications Arising from "Brexit"

On June 23, 2016, the United Kingdom (UK) voted by way of an advisory referendum to leave the European Union. While the result will not take immediate legal effect, incoming Prime Minister Theresa May has indicated that “Brexit…more

Article 50 Treaty of the EU, Bilateral Agreements, Bilateral Investment Treaties, Cross-Border Transactions, Customs

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Potential Legal Implications Arising from "Brexit"

On June 23, 2016, the United Kingdom (UK) voted by way of an advisory referendum to leave the European Union. While the result will not take immediate legal effect, incoming Prime Minister Theresa May has indicated that “Brexit…more

Article 50 Treaty of the EU, Bilateral Agreements, Bilateral Investment Treaties, Cross-Border Transactions, Customs

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How the Amended Federal Rules Will Change Patent Litigation

Significant amendments to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure became effective on December 1, 2015 and include an important change to patent infringement pleading practice and the most notable revisions to the civil discovery…more

Discovery, Electronically Stored Information, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Patent Infringement, Patent Litigation

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Happy Birthday To Me: An Iconic Song Enters The Public Domain After Copyright Settlement

As I turn 50 years old this week, I can’t help but think of the famous Happy Birthday song and the class action that resulted in its entering the public domain earlier this year. The class action plaintiffs in that case filed a…more

Attorney's Fees, Class Action, Copyright, Declaratory Judgments, Enforcement

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Data Security Under Commissioner Ohlhausen: What You Need to Know

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has been a critically important regulator of cybersecurity practices in the US, using its authority under Section 5 of the FTC Act to bring enforcement actions against companies for failing to…more

Data Security, Executive Orders, FTC, FTC Act, Section 5

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Reports of the Death of the SEP Have Not Been Greatly Exaggerated

Last month, Attorney General Sessions barred DOJ from entering into settlements that provide for payments to non-governmental persons not a party to the dispute. At the time, I peered into my crystal ball and proclaimed that…more

Consent Decrees, DOJ, Harley-Davidson, Supplemental Environmental Project (SEP) Policy

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The Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act: Sanctions Tool for Promoting U.S. Human Rights Agenda

Overview - After months of closed-door discussions, Congress this week released the text of the negotiated National Defense Reauthorization Act (“NDAA”) for appropriating defense funds in fiscal year 2017. Tucked deep into…more

Human Rights, NDAA, OFAC, Sanctions

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Connecting The DOTBLOG: Is Your Trademark Descriptive Or Suggestive?

When you see the name DOTBLOG, what does it mean to you? Is it just a blog about DOTS candy? Or about the painter George Seurat? Maybe it indicates a service that will help you punctuate your blog entries? Ok, probably not, but…more

Descriptive Trademarks, Suggestive Marks, Trademark Trial and Appeal Board

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Where Should Broker Dealers Invest Today? Cyber Security Compliance

With cyber security threats on the rise, broker dealers must prioritize protection of electronic investor information. What cyber security threats exist for broker dealers? In its 2015 Report on Cyber Security Practices, the…more

Broker-Dealer, Cyber Insurance, Cybersecurity, FINRA, Popular

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Federal Circuit Offers Path Through Section 101 Thicket for Biotech Method Patents

In its July 5, 2016 decision in Rapid Litigation Management Ltd and In Vitro, Inc. v. CellzDirect, Inc. and Invitrogen Corp., the Federal Circuit held that patent claims directed to an improved method of cryopreserving certain…more

Ariosa, Biotechnology, CLS Bank v Alice Corp, Examiners, Life Sciences

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When Will My Leftover Turkey Power My Electric Car: A Post Thanksgiving Reflection on the Promise and Challenge of Food Waste Bans

Food is a big part of why Thanksgiving is my family’s favorite holiday. Over the years, we have tried to eat sensibly and sustainably, and to waste less food. But on the Monday after Thanksgiving, I suspect we are not alone as…more

Infrastructure, Organic, Popular, Solid Waste, Waste Disposal

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Massachusetts SJC Extends Job Protections to Medical Marijuana Users

In a landmark decision, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court (“SJC”) ruled on Monday that an employee who is fired for testing positive for marijuana due to her lawful off-duty use of medical marijuana can pursue a claim of…more

Disability Discrimination, Drug Testing, Drug-Free Workplace Act, Hiring & Firing, Medical Marijuana

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FDA Issues Draft Guidance on Medical Device Accessories

On January 16, 2015, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a draft guidance document titled “Medical Device Accessories: Defining Accessories and Classification Pathway for New Accessory Types.” The draft guidance…more

Draft Guidance, FDA, Medical Devices

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SBIC Advisers Relief Act Expected to be Adopted into Law

On December 4, 2015, President Obama is expected to sign into law The SBIC Advisers Relief Act, which amends several key registration provisions and exemptions of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (the “Advisers Act”), that…more

Amended Legislation, Exemptions, Investment Advisers Act of 1940, Preemption, SBIC

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A Hefty False Advertising Case: When the Competition Calls You Wimpy

If you’re interested in garbage, the crass objectification of male celebrities, or both – or if you consider the two roughly equivalent – have I got a false advertising case for you! Despite their “Don’t Get Mad; Get Glad”…more

Better Business Bureau, False Advertising, NAD

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Trademark Office Issues Tequila Certification Mark Just In Time For National Tequila Day

National Tequila Day is celebrated on Monday, July 24. Tequila is made with the distilled extract of the blue agave plant, which grows in and around the city of Tequila and other parts of the state of Jalisco, Mexico. Although…more

Certification Marks, Trademarks

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FDA Issues Final Guidance on Proprietary Names for Drugs and Biological Products

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has finalized guidance for industry describing the agency’s evaluation process for proposed proprietary names for drug and biological products. The guidance applies to all prescription and…more

FDA, New Guidance, Pharmaceutical Industry, Prescription Drugs, Trademarks

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World Exchanges Encouraged to Report Indicators of Long-Term Sustainability

On November 4th, the World Federation of Exchanges (WFE) released a set of 34 sustainability measures that include environmental, social and governance indicators. WFE recommends that its member exchanges implement these…more

Corporate Governance, Corporate Social Responsibility, Disclosure Requirements, Popular, Securities Exchanges

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AG Healey Issues Guidance to Schools and Health Care Providers on Immigration Enforcement Issues

In the wake of several executive orders on immigration, ICE—the federal agency responsible for enforcing the nation’s immigration laws—has ramped up enforcement activities. As a result, local public school districts and health…more

Executive Orders, FERPA, Health Care Providers, HIPAA, ICE

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Congress Passes Sweeping New Legislation To Protect Trade Secrets

Last week, in a departure from the partisan gridlock that has gripped Washington, the House of Representatives joined the Senate in passing a sweeping new statute to protect trade secrets. The legislation, which President Obama…more

Asset Seizure, Defend Trade Secrets Act (DTSA), Employment Contract, Ex Parte, Misappropriation

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D.C. District Court Determines that Dakota Access Environmental Assessment was Inadequate

On June 14, 2017, the District Court for the District of Columbia issued a decision in Standing Rock Sioux Tribe v. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The Court found that the Army Corps of Engineers (“the Corps”) had not adequately…more

Dakota Access Pipeline, Environmental Assessments, Financial Institutions, NEPA, Oil & Gas

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FBAR: 2015 Reports Due by June 30, 2016

Every U.S. person (including both individuals and entities, as discussed below) that had a financial interest in, or signature or other authority over, one or more foreign financial accounts during 2015 must electronically file…more

E-Filing, FBAR, Filing Deadlines, FinCEN, Foreign Financial Accounts

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SEC Proposes Rule Requiring Investment Advisers to Adopt Business Continuity and Transition Plans

The Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) has recently proposed a new rule that would require SEC-registered investment advisers to adopt and implement written business continuity and transition plans (“BCP”) reasonably…more

Business Continuity Plans, Fiduciary Duty, Investment Adviser, Investment Advisers Act of 1940, SEC

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New IRS Rule Affecting Hospitality Employers Takes Effect January 1, 2014

The IRS will begin enforcing a new rule concerning the taxation of automatic gratuities on January 1, 2014. Specifically, employers must start treating automatic gratuities – that is, charges that are compulsory to customers –…more

FLSA, Hospitality Industry, IRS, Service Charges, Tips

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Wyeth v. Levine’s ‘Clear Evidence' Language: Clearly Misunderstood

In 2009, the United States Supreme Court in Wyeth v. Levine affirmed a judgment rejecting a prescription drug manufacturer’s contention that plaintiff’s claim that the manufacturer should have strengthened its U.S. Food and Drug…more

Burden of Proof, Clear and Convincing Evidence, Failure To Warn, FDA, FDCA

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SEC to Recommend Additional Compliance Rules for Investment Advisers

David W. Grim, Director of the SEC’s Division of Investment Management (the “Division”), recently noted in testimony before a U.S. House of Representatives subcommittee that the Division is developing new rule recommendations to…more

Compliance, Derivatives, Dodd-Frank, Registered Investment Advisors, SEC

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Celebrity Trademark Watch: Gene Simmons Claims Exclusive Right In Hand Gesture

Earlier this month, KISS guitarist Gene Simmons filed an application with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”) to register the “devil’s horns” hand gesture, which he routinely flashes at rock shows, as a…more

Music Industry, Trademark Application, Trademark Registration, Trademarks, USPTO

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Changes to the New York City Retirement Systems’ Proxy Guidelines

The New York City Retirement Systems (NYRS) recently published a major overhaul of their proxy voting policies, the first in 30 years. Released in April 2016, the “Corporate Governance Principles and Proxy Voting Guidelines”…more

Board of Directors, Executive Compensation, Human Rights, Investor Advisory Committee, New Guidance

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NLRB Ruling Makes It Easier to Organize Temporary Workers

On July 11, 2016, the National Labor Relations Board in Miller & Anderson, in another pro-union decision, overruled its own precedent and ruled that unions do not need employer consent before organizing bargaining units that…more

Browning-Ferris Industries of California Inc., Community of Interest, Joint Employers, NLRB, Staffing Agencies

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“Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Market Stabilization” Proposed Rule

On February 15, 2017 the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) released a proposed rule entitled, “Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Market Stabilization.” Excerpt - In general, the proposed rule is…more

Affordable Care Act, CMS, Enrollment, Health Insurance, Proposed Rules

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DOL Provides Temporary Enforcement Relief on Fiduciary Rule

The U.S. Department of Labor (“DOL”) issued a Field Assistance Bulletin (FAB 2017-01) on Friday, March 10, 2017 to address near-term compliance concerns relating to a proposed 60-day delay of the Fiduciary Rule. As previously…more

Delays, DOL, Fiduciary Rule, Implementation Day

See all updates »

Quarterly Review of Seed, Series A and Series B/Later Round Financings: First Quarter 2015

The Numbers - Venture financing activity in New England decreased modestly in the first quarter of 2015 (-12%) with Seed and B/ Later round activity each decreasing by roughly 20% over Q4 2014. Despite this overall downward…more

Business Valuations, Clean Tech, Emerging Technology Companies, Life Sciences, Seed Financing

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Supreme Court Narrows, But Declines to Stay, Injunctions Blocking Travel Ban Executive Order

On June 26, 2017, the U.S. Supreme Court entered an order that narrowed, but declined to stay, two preliminary injunctions prohibiting enforcement of various provisions of President Trump’s March 6, 2017 Executive Order entitled…more

Bona Fide Relationship Test, Executive Orders, Preliminary Injunctions, Travel Ban, Trump Administration

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FTC Updates COPPA Guidance for Businesses

On June 21, 2017, the FTC updated its COPPA Compliance Guidance for businesses. The new guidance includes new descriptions of services and products covered by COPPA, and new methods for obtaining parental consent…more

COPPA, FTC, Parental Consent, Privacy Policy

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A "PATH" to Substantial Tax Savings: Qualified Small Business Stock

In the early 1990s, Congress enacted the qualified small business stock (“QSBS”) rules to incentivize equity investments in certain corporations. The QSBS rules reduce the effective federal income tax rate on the gain realized…more

C-Corporation, Capital Gains, Corporate Conversions, Equity Investors, Income Taxes

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Increased Risk of FCPA Prosecution of Foreign National Executives of U.S. Issuers: Recent Court Decision Allows Open-Ended Statute of Limitations and Bases FCPA Jurisdiction on Email Routed Through US Servers

A recent federal court decision highlights the increasing risk of prosecution for foreign national executives under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act ("FCPA”). The decision from the federal district court in New York denied a…more

Bribery, DOJ, Email, FCPA, Government Officials

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The Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act: Sanctions Tool for Promoting U.S. Human Rights Agenda

Overview - After months of closed-door discussions, Congress this week released the text of the negotiated National Defense Reauthorization Act (“NDAA”) for appropriating defense funds in fiscal year 2017. Tucked deep into…more

Human Rights, NDAA, OFAC, Sanctions

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Jersey Boys: The Curtain Call For Two Copyright Claims

Last month, the Broadway hit-musical Jersey Boys closed its doors after a spectacular eleven-year run. As someone who hails from the great state of New Jersey and who saw the show twice, I thought it was only appropriate to…more

Copyright, Copyright Infringement, Copyright Litigation, Fair Use, Video Recordings

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Sexual Abuse at St. George's School and the School's Reponse: 1970 to 2015

In January 2016, I was asked to conduct an investigation concerning sexual abuse at St. George’s School, and the school’s response to reports of abuse, from 1960 to the present. At the time, St. George’s faced a firestorm of…more

Bullying, Crime Victims, Criminal Prosecution, Educational Institutions, Hazing

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French Court Finds Jeff Koons Appropriated Copyrighted Photograph That “Saved Him Creative Work”

Jeff Koons is a well-known U.S. sculptor. In 2013, one of his “Balloon Dog” sculptures was purchased for $58.4 million dollars, the highest price ever paid at auction for a work by a living artist. Koons is also famous for…more

Copyright, Copyright Infringement, France, Freedom of Expression, Paintings Sculptures and Engravings

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What NYC Employers Need to Know about New Salary History Law

Earlier this month, New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio signed a bill prohibiting employers from asking job candidates about their salary history. The new law will go into effect on October 31, 2017…more

Employer Liability Issues, Employment Discrimination, Hiring & Firing, Job Applicants, Local Ordinance

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SJC Rules Wage Act Plaintiffs Are Entitled to Prejudgment Interest, But Not on Treble Damages

Last week, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court (“SJC”) resolved a contested issue under the Massachusetts Wage Act, ruling that successful Wage Act plaintiffs are entitled to prejudgment interest on the unpaid wages and…more

Employer Liability Issues, Wage Act, Wage and Hour

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Product Liability Update - July 2015

Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court Holds Failure-to-Warn Claim Against Drug Manufacturer Not Preempted Because There Was No “Clear Evidence” FDA Would Not Have Approved Plaintiffs’ Suggested Warning; Also Holds Non-Physician’s…more

Admissible Evidence, Asbestos, Asbestos Litigation, Bayh-Dole Act, Biologics

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Public Summary of Foley Hoag LLP Report, Good Practice for Managing the Social Impacts of Oil Pipelines in the United States

Due to their linear nature, pipeline projects affect a large number of stakeholders, which increases the likelihood of broad opposition and protests. Tribal opposition to projects in the United States sometimes reflects…more

Corporate Social Responsibility, Dakota Access Pipeline, Oil & Gas, Pipelines

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Venture Perspectives - March 2013: Quarterly Review of Seed, Series A and Series B/Later Round Financings: Fourth Quarter and Year 2012

In This Issue: - Activity Level of 2012 New England Transactions - All Rounds - Activity Level of New England Seed Transactions - Activity Level of New England Series A Transactions - Activity Level…more

Clean Tech, Life Sciences, Seed Financing, Series A, Series B

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Product Liability Update: April 2017

Massachusetts Federal Court In Prescription Drug Case Holds “Learned Intermediary” Rule Requiring Warnings Only To Prescribing Physician Applied Even Though Patient and Caregiver Were Physicians, But Experts’ Affidavits of…more

Affidavits, Failure To Warn, Learned Intermediary, Maintenance, Negligence

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Supreme Court Decision in TC Heartland Will Limit Venue Choice in Patent Litigation

The Supreme Court on May 22, 2017 issued its highly anticipated decision in TC Heartland LLC v. Kraft Food Brands Group LLC, regarding the proper interpretation of the patent venue statute, 28 U.S.C. § 1400(b). In a unanimous…more

Patent Infringement, Patent Litigation, Patents, Personal Jurisdiction, SCOTUS

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Supreme Court Limits Patent Owners’ Ability to Control Post-Sale Use of Patented Products

The Supreme Court last week issued its long-awaited decision regarding patent exhaustion in Impression Products, Inc. v. Lexmark International. The decision, which overturns longstanding Federal Circuit precedent, curtails…more

Breach of Contract, Exports, Foreign Sales, Imports, Impression Products v Lexmark International

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Brazil’s Belo Monte Move: Will National Development Banks Start Taking Human Rights and Environmental Concerns More Seriously?

In late November, the Brazilian national development bank (“BNDES”, by its Portuguese initials) announced its approval of a $10.8 billion loan to finance the construction of the Belo Monte dam, the world’s third largest…more

Corporate Social Responsibility, Human Rights, Infrastructure

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Supreme Court Upholds University of Texas Affirmative Action Admissions Policy

The Supreme Court has rejected a challenge under the Equal Protection Clause to the University of Texas at Austin’s race-conscious admissions program in Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin (“Fisher II”). This closely-watched…more

Affirmative Action, College Admissions, Diversity, Equal Protection, Fisher v University of Texas

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Court Dismisses Tarantino’s Copyright Claim Over Hyperlink To Leaked Script; Grants Leave to Amend But Notes That Fair Use Argument Is Strong

We recently reported on director Quentin Tarantino’s copyright lawsuit against Gawker Media over his leaked script for the film The Hateful Eight. The suit alleged that Gawker Media, by encouraging its readers to leak the script…more

Copyright, Copyright Infringement, Fair Use, Leave to Appeal, Quentin Tarantino

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Supreme Court Narrows, But Declines to Stay, Injunctions Blocking Travel Ban Executive Order

On June 26, 2017, the U.S. Supreme Court entered an order that narrowed, but declined to stay, two preliminary injunctions prohibiting enforcement of various provisions of President Trump’s March 6, 2017 Executive Order entitled…more

Bona Fide Relationship Test, Executive Orders, Preliminary Injunctions, Travel Ban, Trump Administration

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Quarterly Review of Seed, Series A and Series B/Later Round Financings: First Quarter 2015

The Numbers - Venture financing activity in New England decreased modestly in the first quarter of 2015 (-12%) with Seed and B/ Later round activity each decreasing by roughly 20% over Q4 2014. Despite this overall downward…more

Business Valuations, Clean Tech, Emerging Technology Companies, Life Sciences, Seed Financing

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Federal Court Halts the Enforcement of the Department of Labor’s “Persuader Rule”

On June 27, 2016, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas issued a nationwide preliminary injunction barring enforcement of the U.S. Department of Labor’s (“DOL”) new “persuader rule,” which as of July 1 would…more

Disclosure Requirements, DOL, LMRDA, Persuader Rules, Reporting Requirements

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Fiduciary Duties of Directors in Connection with An Acquisition: A Massachusetts Difference

Customary analysis of the fiduciary duties of directors in connection with their consideration of an acquisition of the corporation focuses on the nature of that fiduciary duty: What is that duty? Under what circumstances is the…more

Acquisitions, Directors, Fiduciary Duty, Mergers, Shareholders

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Foley Hoag Climate Update: February 2016

The Paris Outcome - After two weeks of intense negotiations at the Paris climate conference, 195 countries finally adopted the Paris Agreement and a Decision to limit “the increase in the global average temperature to well…more

Clean Power Plan, Climate Change, Emissions Trading System, EPA, Greenhouse Gas Emissions

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L’Élixir De L’Amour: How A 19th Century French Widow Turned Her Trademark Champagne Into A Lifestyle Beverage

Valentine’s Day is upon us yet again. Chances are, you and your sweetheart will find yourselves together in a restaurant on February 14th. Roses may be gifted, chocolate confections may be consumed, and to drink – why, champagne…more

Counterfeiting, Trademark Registration, Trademarks

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Federal Circuit Expands Scope of Liability for Divided Infringement

The Federal Circuit, sitting en banc in Akamai Technologies, Inc. v. Limelight Networks, Inc., this week adopted a new standard governing divided infringement under 35 U.S.C. § 271(a). The new standard is likely to enhance the…more

Covered Business Method Patents, Direct Infringement, Divided Infringement, En Banc Review, Induced Infringement

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New Nasdaq Rule Requires Disclosure of Third Party Compensation of Directors and Nominees

Effective August 1, 2016, companies listed on Nasdaq are subject to a new rule requiring annual disclosure of the material terms of agreements or arrangements between directors or director nominees and third parties that relate…more

Board of Directors, Compensation Agreements, Disclosure Requirements, Exceptions, Executive Compensation

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DOL Provides Temporary Enforcement Relief on Fiduciary Rule

The U.S. Department of Labor (“DOL”) issued a Field Assistance Bulletin (FAB 2017-01) on Friday, March 10, 2017 to address near-term compliance concerns relating to a proposed 60-day delay of the Fiduciary Rule. As previously…more

Delays, DOL, Fiduciary Rule, Implementation Day

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Deja Vu All Over Again: Massive Ransomware Attack Underway

A mere month and a half after the WannaCry strain of ransomware caused major havoc in European and Asian countries, another major ransomware attack hit large institutions across Europe and the United States yesterday. ?Hardest…more

Cyber Crimes, Cybersecurity, Data Breach, Emergency Response, EU

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Settlement in False Advertising Class Action Leaves First Amendment Questions Unanswered

On April 30, 2014, the plaintiffs in Bezdek v. Vibram, a class action in the District of Massachusetts, filed for court approval of a class wide settlement. The case had been brought against Vibram, the Italian manufacturer of…more

Class Action, False Advertising, First Amendment, Settlement, Vibram

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Public Summary of Foley Hoag LLP Report, Good Practice for Managing the Social Impacts of Oil Pipelines in the United States

Due to their linear nature, pipeline projects affect a large number of stakeholders, which increases the likelihood of broad opposition and protests. Tribal opposition to projects in the United States sometimes reflects…more

Corporate Social Responsibility, Dakota Access Pipeline, Oil & Gas, Pipelines

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SEC Extractive Industry Transparency Requirements Move Forward

On December 11, 2015, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) issued a new proposed rule to implement a key provision of the Dodd-Frank Act that targets corruption and increases transparency requirements for payments made…more

Dodd-Frank, EU, Form SD, Oil & Gas, Public Comment

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Of Slants, Skins, And Signs: Section 2(a) Prohibition of Disparaging Trademark Registrations Struck Down!

Well, that happened! According to the Supreme Court’s opinion in Matal v. Tam, Section 2(a) of the Lanham Act, which purports to prohibit the registration of marks that “disparage . . . persons,” is unconstitutional…more

Commercial Speech, Constitutional Challenges, Disparagement, First Amendment, Free Speech

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Supreme Court Decision in TC Heartland Will Limit Venue Choice in Patent Litigation

The Supreme Court on May 22, 2017 issued its highly anticipated decision in TC Heartland LLC v. Kraft Food Brands Group LLC, regarding the proper interpretation of the patent venue statute, 28 U.S.C. § 1400(b). In a unanimous…more

Patent Infringement, Patent Litigation, Patents, Personal Jurisdiction, SCOTUS

See all updates »

Product Liability Update: April 2017

Massachusetts Federal Court In Prescription Drug Case Holds “Learned Intermediary” Rule Requiring Warnings Only To Prescribing Physician Applied Even Though Patient and Caregiver Were Physicians, But Experts’ Affidavits of…more

Affidavits, Failure To Warn, Learned Intermediary, Maintenance, Negligence

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SEC Waives Custody Rule Requirements for Certain Affiliated Sub-Advisers

Under the SEC Rule 206(4)-2, the “custody rule,” registered investment advisers with custody of client funds or securities are required to take a number of steps designed to safeguard those client assets. One such step is that…more

Custody Rule, Investment Adviser, Investor Protection, No-Action Letters, PCAOB

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Patent Strategies For Start-Up Companies

Patents can be vitally important for protecting the innovations of a start-up company, just as it is important for start-ups to be mindful of trademark, copyright, and domain name strategies (see our other guides for start-ups,…more

IP Assignment Agreements, Patent Applications, Patent-Eligible Subject Matter, Popular, Provisional Applications

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Venture Perspectives - January 2013: Quarterly Review of Seed, Series A and Series B/Later Round Financings: Third Quarter 2012

In This Issue: - Activity Level of New England Seed Transactions - Activity Level of New England Series A Transactions - Activity Level of New England Series B/Later Round Transactions - Size of New England…more

Emerging Growth Companies, Funding, Startups, Venture Capital, Venture Funding

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Massachusetts Legislature Enacts Significant Energy Bill in Support of Offshore Wind and Hydro Procurement, Storage and Transmission

Late last night, the Massachusetts legislature enacted House Bill 4568, an act to promote energy diversity (the “Act”). Overall, the Act marks a compromise between the House’s original procurement-only legislation and the…more

Energy Sector, Energy Storage, Hydro Issues, Offshore Wind, Omnibus Guidance

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Janssen v. Celltrion: A Misstep in the BPCIA Patent Dance

Last week, a federal judge in Boston answered a question of first impression arising under the patent dispute resolution provisions of the Biological Price Competition and Innovation Act (“BPCIA”), a process commonly known as…more

Biosimilars, BPCIA, Dispute Resolution, Janssen v Celltrion, Patent Litigation

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Supreme Court Decision in TC Heartland Will Limit Venue Choice in Patent Litigation

The Supreme Court on May 22, 2017 issued its highly anticipated decision in TC Heartland LLC v. Kraft Food Brands Group LLC, regarding the proper interpretation of the patent venue statute, 28 U.S.C. § 1400(b). In a unanimous…more

Patent Infringement, Patent Litigation, Patents, Personal Jurisdiction, SCOTUS

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IRS Updates Form 990-EZ for 2016

The IRS released an updated Form 990-EZ, Short Form Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax with the purpose of helping small to mid-size tax-exempt organizations avoid common mistakes. Tax-exempt organizations whose gross…more

Form 1023 EZ, Form 990, Income Taxes, IRS, Tax Exempt

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SBIC Advisers Relief Act Expected to be Adopted into Law

On December 4, 2015, President Obama is expected to sign into law The SBIC Advisers Relief Act, which amends several key registration provisions and exemptions of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (the “Advisers Act”), that…more

Amended Legislation, Exemptions, Investment Advisers Act of 1940, Preemption, SBIC

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Supreme Court Holds Equitable Laches is No Longer Available to Limit Patent Damages

The Supreme Court, in a 7-1 decision written by Justice Alito, has held that laches cannot be invoked as a defense against any claim for damages in a patent case brought within the 6-year limitation on damages prescribed by…more

En Banc Review, Laches, Patent Infringement, Patent Litigation, Patents

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Supreme Court Upholds University of Texas Affirmative Action Admissions Policy

The Supreme Court has rejected a challenge under the Equal Protection Clause to the University of Texas at Austin’s race-conscious admissions program in Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin (“Fisher II”). This closely-watched…more

Affirmative Action, College Admissions, Diversity, Equal Protection, Fisher v University of Texas

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“If You Are Reading This, You Probably Weren’t Hacked Last Week” – So Now What?

First, the basic facts about the recent ransomware attack: ..US-CERT has received multiple reports of WannaCry ransomware infections in several countries around the world. ..Ransomware is a type of malicious software that…more

Cyber Attacks, Cyber Crimes, Cybersecurity, Ransomware, US-CERT

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