Foley Hoag LLP

RICO Indictment of NECC Executives for Acts of Second-Degree Murder

An Unprecedented Approach to Regulatory Violations - In December 2014, the United States Attorney for the District of Massachusetts obtained a sweeping indictment that charges business executives of the New England…more

C-Suite Executives, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Prosecution, Drug Compounding, Healthcare

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U.N. Guiding Principles Reporting Framework Released by the Human Rights Reporting and Assurance Frameworks Initiative

In late February, after 18 months of research and consultation, a new Reporting Framework has been released to help companies report on their human rights performance in a manner aligned with the expectations set forth in the…more

Corporate Social Responsibility, Human Rights, New Guidance, United Nations

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Supreme Court Authorizes the DOL to Change its Interpretative Guidance without Public Input

On March 9, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously held in Perez v. Mortgage Bankers Association, that the Department of Labor (DOL) may issue its interpretations of wage and hour regulations without seeking input from the…more

Administrative Procedure Act, DOL, FLSA, Notice and Comment, Paralyzed Veterans Doctrine

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Massachusetts Conducting Cybersecurity Practices Survey of Massachusetts-Registered Investment Advisers

On June 3, 2014, the Massachusetts Securities Division released a survey to assess cybersecurity readiness and practices of Massachusetts-registered investment advisers…more

Cybersecurity, Investment Adviser, Privacy Concerns, Risk Assessment

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Supreme Court Calls for Greater Deference to District Court Claim Construction

This week, in Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc. v. Sandoz, Inc., the Supreme Court held that the Federal Circuit must apply a deferential “clear error” standard of review to any finding of fact underlying a district court’s claim…more

Claim Construction, Clear Error Standard, De Novo Standard of Review, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Patent Litigation

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SEC Proposes Rules for Pay Ratio Disclosure

On September 18, 2013, the Securities and Exchange Commission proposed amendments to Item 402 of Regulation S-K (Item 402) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Exchange Act) that will require issuers to disclose the ratio…more

CEOs, Disclosure Requirements, Pay Ratio, Regulation S-K, SEC

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No Purchase Necessary: Six Tips for Making Sure Your Online Prize Promotion is not an Illegal Lottery

The Federal Trade Commission’s recent $9.5 million judgment against sweepstakes operator Crystal Ewing is a stark reminder that prize promotions remain fertile ground for regulatory scrutiny both on the state and federal level. …more

Contests & Promotions, FTC, Marketing, Mobile Devices, Sweepstakes

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Second Circuit Issues Landmark Decision Limiting Insider Trading Liability of "Remote Tippees"

On December 10, 2014, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals in New York reversed a set of insider trading convictions and reined in government prosecutions of insider traders who are outside the company in which stock is traded…more

Hedge Funds, Illegal Tipping, Insider Trading, Material Nonpublic Information, Personal Benefit

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Supreme Court Allows Closely Held Corporations to Invoke Religious Objections Against Providing Employee Contraceptive Coverage

In a 5-4 decision, the United State Supreme Court ruled Monday in Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc., that closely held for-profit corporations may invoke religious objections to exclude contraceptive coverage from the health…more

Affordable Care Act, Burwell v Hobby Lobby, Contraceptive Coverage Mandate, Contraceptives, Hobby Lobby

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Massachusetts DOER Releases Draft SREC II Regulations

The Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources (MA DOER) has released draft regulations for its SREC II solar program. The regulations are the latest step toward implementing the Commonwealth’s goal to install a total of 1.6…more

Clean Energy, Energy, Energy Policy, Power Plants, Solar Energy

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Delaware Chancery Court Concludes Indemnification and Other Provisions of a Merger Agreement Are Not Enforceable Against Non-Consenting Stockholders

In November, the Delaware Court of Chancery issued a decision that raises troubling questions about commonly used techniques in private company acquisitions and that, if not modified on appeal or through legislation, could alter…more

CIGNA, Delaware General Corporation Law, Indemnification Clauses, Merger Agreements, Purchase Price

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Cayman Islands Directors Registration and Licensing Law: CIMA Requires Registration or Licensing of Fund Directors by September 3 (Including Directors Employed by Fund’s Investment Manager)

Under the Cayman Islands Directors Registration and Licensing Law 2014 (the “Law”), beginning June 4, 2014 directors of (a) “mutual funds” regulated under the Cayman Islands Mutual Funds Law (2013 Revision) and (b) companies…more

Board of Directors, CIMA, Directors, Licensing Rules, Registration

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Third Circuit Lets Wal-Mart Exclude Firearms Proposal Under the “Ordinary Business Operations” Exception

On April 14, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit summarily reversed a troubling decision of the Federal District Court in Delaware that required Wal-Mart to include in its 2015 proxy materials a shareholder…more

Appeals, Board of Directors, Firearms, Ordinary Business Exception, Permanent Injunctions

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Supreme Court’s B&B Hardware ruling creates the potential for court deference to the TTAB — but will it happen?

Did TTAB proceedings — until now considered a relatively obscure branch of IP litigation, conducted before an administrative body of which most attorneys are blissfully unaware — just assume greater importance? That seems to…more

B&B Hardware v Hargis Industries, Issue Preclusion, Likelihood of Confusion, Popular, SCOTUS

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Sold-Out RGGI Auction Triggers Cost Containment Reserve (Which Sells Out, Too)

Last week’s auction of CO2 allowances by the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) was the 23rd in the program’s history, but the first auction under the new RGGI rules and reduced cap. The new rules undoubtedly explain why…more

Carbon Capture and Sequestration, Carbon Emissions, Cost-Containment, Environmental Policies, Greenhouse Gas Emissions

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MassDEP Releases Its Draft Vapor Intrusion Guidance

MassDEP has recently released for public comment draft Guidance on Vapor Intrusion. The proposed guidance would replace MassDEP’s December 2011 Interim Final Vapor Intrusion Guidance, which saw minor revisions in the spring of…more

Department of Environmental Protection, Environmental Policies, Vapor Intrusion, Vapor Intrusion Guidance

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Venture Perspectives - New England Edition: Fourth Quarter and Year 2013

In This Issue: - Activity Level of 2013 New England Transactions - All Rounds - Activity Level of New England Seed Transactions - Activity Level of New England Series A Transactions - Activity Level of New…more

Equity Transactions, Seed Financing, Series A, Series B, Venture Capital

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Divided Federal Circuit Panel Upholds Patent Office’s “Broadest Reasonable Interpretation” Standard for Construing Claims in Post-Grant Review

In a 2-1 decision in In re Cuozzo Speed Technologies LLC, No. 14-1301 (Fed. Cir. Feb. 4, 2015), the Federal Circuit recently held that the Patent Office may apply the “broadest reasonable interpretation” standard to construe the…more

America Invents Act, Inter Partes Review Proceedings, Patents, Post-Grant Review, USPTO

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Truth or Consequences: Sanctions Fly in Telenovela Copyright Infringement Case

The case of Latele Television v. Telemundo Communications Group might have been a simple factual dispute over copyright ownership, but instead it has devolved into a series of accusations — including allegations of willful…more

Copyright, Copyright Infringement, Discovery, Intellectual Property Litigation, Popular

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New Rule Permits CMS to Revoke Medicare Billing Privileges for Providers/Suppliers with “Pattern or Practice” of Denied Claims

On December 5, 2014, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) issued a final rule titled “Requirements for Medicare Incentive Reward Program and Provider Enrollment” (“the Rule”). The Rule implemented several provider…more

Billing, Claims Processing Systems, Clinical Laboratories, CMS, Final Rules

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Federal Circuit Holds that A Good-Faith Belief in Patent Invalidity Is a Defense to Claims of Inducing Patent Infringement

This week, the Federal Circuit issued an important decision for device manufacturers, developers, service providers, and any other company that might be targeted as an “indirect” patent infringer based on customers' use of their…more

Contributory Infringement, Good Faith, Infringement, Patents, Validity

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FATCA: Upcoming Compliance Deadlines for Non-U.S. Financial Institutions

During the multi-year build-up to FATCA, the primary focus was on entity classification and registration, and less attention was paid to the compliance obligations of U.S. and non-U.S. entities affected by FATCA. Withholding and…more

FATCA, FATCA Timeline, FFI, Reporting Requirements

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Massachusetts Enacts New Biosimilars Substitution Law

On June 23, 2014, Governor Deval Patrick signed into law House Bill 3734, “An Act Relative to the Substitution of Interchangeable Biosimilars” (now Chapter 143 of the Acts of 2014). The new Act authorizes pharmacists to…more

Biosimilars, Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical, Prescription Drugs

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What Did the Court Really Say About Patent Eligibility?

Implications of Alice v. CLS Bank - Late last week, the United States Supreme Court decided Alice Corp. Pty. Ltd. v. CLS Bank Int’l, et al., a case the technology community had hoped would clarify what kinds of software…more

Alice Corporation, CLS Bank, CLS Bank v Alice Corp, Patent Infringement, Patent Litigation

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Seeing Double Trademarks on St. Patrick’s Day? It’s Probably the Guinness

St. Patrick’s Day is upon us, which in Boston means loads of Kelly green, a famously-litigated parade, and a huge spike in the consumption of Guinness. The iconic dark stout travels in equally recognizable containers, each…more

Beer, Brand, Breweries, Trademarks, Wine & Alcohol

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CFTC 4.13(a)(3) Annual Affirmations Due March 2

As a reminder, fund managers relying on the exemption from registration with the US Commodity Futures Trading Commission (the “CFTC”) set forth in Rule 4.13(a)(3), commonly referred to as the “de minimis exemption,” must affirm…more

CFTC, Deadlines, Exemptions, Registration

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Divided Infringement Steps into the Limelight

Implications of Limelight v. Akamai - The United States Supreme Court ruled Monday that a defendant cannot be liable for inducing infringement unless the induced party directly infringed the patent. This means, under…more

Akamai Technologies, En Banc Review, Induced Infringement, Limelight Networks, Mayo v. Prometheus

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FICA Tax “Holiday” Ends With 2012, and Social Security and Medicare Contributions Increase For Some Employees

On January 1, 2013, Congress approved the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, the bill designed to avert the so-called “fiscal cliff.” The Act, which President Obama signed into law yesterday, extended certain tax relief…more

Affordable Care Act, American Taxpayer Relief Act, FICA Taxes, Fiscal Cliff, Medicare Taxes

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Department of Education Issues Final Regulations on Campus Sex Offense Reporting and Training, While Leaving Some Key Issues Unresolved

On Monday, the Department of Education published final regulations on how colleges and universities should prevent, report, and respond to sexual offenses on campus. These regulations interpret changes recently made by Congress…more

Clery Act, Colleges, Dating Violence, Department of Education, Disclosure Requirements

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The Massachusetts Securities Division Settlement with Citigroup: What Does It Mean?

A recent Massachusetts Securities Division $30 million settlement with Citigroup Global Markets Inc. (“CGMI”) provides a public glimpse into a less-widely known form of non-public information – a research analyst’s preview of…more

Apple, Broker-Dealer, Citigroup, Financial Analysts, Hedge Funds

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U.S. Department of Labor Proposes to Change Rule Regarding Who Is a Same-Sex Spouse under the FMLA

On Friday, June 20, 2014, the U.S. Department of Labor (“DOL”) announced its intention to change the regulatory definition of who is a “spouse” for purposes of the Family Medical Leave Act (“FMLA”). The impetus for the proposed…more

DOL, DOMA, Employer Liability Issues, FMLA, OMB

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Venture Perspectives: Second Quarter 2014

New England Outlook - Quarterly Review of Seed, Series A and Series B/Later Round Financings - Included in this Issue: - Activity Level of New England Transactions: Q2 2013 -Q2 2014 - All Rounds - Activity Level…more

Equity Financing, Funding, IPO, Seed Financing, Startups

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Massachusetts Nonprofit Annual Reports Due November 1, 2013

As a reminder, nonprofit organizations incorporated or operating in The Commonwealth of Massachusetts have until Friday, November 1, 2013 to file their annual reports with the Secretary of the Commonwealth. Nonprofit annual…more

Annual Reports, Non-Profits, Reporting Requirements

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Be Careful With Pollution Insurance Coverage Disclosures – How Conditions Actually Disclosed Were Deemed Not Disclosed

A Massachusetts company learned the hard way that you need to pay close attention to policy endorsements when you negotiate them. In Market Forge Industries, Inc. v. Indian Harbor Insurance Company, the Appeals Court of…more

Discharge of Pollutants, Disclosure Requirements, Pollution Liability Insurance

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Supreme Court Sets New Standard Governing Employer’s Obligation to Accommodate Pregnant Workers

On March 25, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court addressed an employer’s obligation to accommodate employees’ pregnancy-related job restrictions. In Young v. United Parcel Service, Inc., the Court recognized that employers who fail to…more

PDA, Pregnancy Discrimination, Reasonable Accommodation, SCOTUS, Young v United Parcel Service

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Divided Federal Circuit Panel Upholds Patent Office’s “Broadest Reasonable Interpretation” Standard for Construing Claims in Post-Grant Review

In a 2-1 decision in In re Cuozzo Speed Technologies LLC, No. 14-1301 (Fed. Cir. Feb. 4, 2015), the Federal Circuit recently held that the Patent Office may apply the “broadest reasonable interpretation” standard to construe the…more

America Invents Act, Inter Partes Review Proceedings, Patents, Post-Grant Review, USPTO

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Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court Clarifies the Lawfulness of No Tipping Policies

On April 10, 2015, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court held in Meshna v. Scrivanos that an employer may implement a no tipping policy for workers otherwise covered by the Massachusetts Tips Act (M.G.L. c.149, § 152A ). The…more

Employer Mandates, Employment Policies, Hospitality Industry, MA Supreme Court, Restaurant Industry

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USCIS Will Begin Accepting New H-1B Filings on April 1 for Fiscal Year 2015

On April 1, 2014, the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (“USCIS”) will begin accepting new H-1B petitions for employment commencing on October 1, 2014. New H-1B petitions are subject to an annual limit of 65,000 new…more

Foreign Workers, H-1B, USCIS, Visa Caps, Visas

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Cayman Islands Directors Registration and Licensing Law: CIMA Requires Registration or Licensing of Fund Directors by September 3 (Including Directors Employed by Fund’s Investment Manager)

Under the Cayman Islands Directors Registration and Licensing Law 2014 (the “Law”), beginning June 4, 2014 directors of (a) “mutual funds” regulated under the Cayman Islands Mutual Funds Law (2013 Revision) and (b) companies…more

Board of Directors, CIMA, Directors, Licensing Rules, Registration

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Product Liability Update - April 2015

In This Issue: - First Circuit Holds State Law Claims Against Drug Manufacturer for Allegedly Misleading Efficacy Representations in FDA-Approved Label Preempted by Food, Drug & Cosmetic Act Because Plaintiffs’ Requested…more

Assumption of the Risk, Duty to Warn, FDCPA, Implied Warranties, Labeling

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Massachusetts DOER Releases Draft SREC II Regulations

The Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources (MA DOER) has released draft regulations for its SREC II solar program. The regulations are the latest step toward implementing the Commonwealth’s goal to install a total of 1.6…more

Clean Energy, Energy, Energy Policy, Power Plants, Solar Energy

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Second Circuit Vacates Conviction Against Sales Representative for Off-Label Promotion

The Second Circuit, New York’s federal court of appeals, this week issued its long-awaited decision in United States v. Caronia and vacated the conviction of a pharmaceutical sales representative for off-label promotion. In a…more

Criminal Prosecution, FDCA, Free Speech, Off-Label Use, Pharmaceutical

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Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities Opens Investigation on Electric Vehicles and Electric Vehicle Charging

On December 23rd, the Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities (the Department) issued an Order opening an investigation into electric vehicles and electric vehicle charging . That Order, issued the same day as the…more

Electric Vehicles, Utilities Sector

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Now's the Time to Review Your OFAC Compliance Program

Obama Executive Order Targets International Cyberattacks Against U.S. with New Sanctions - New Sanctions Are Part of U.S. Escalation of Efforts to Bolster Cyber-Security: As part of a series of measures aimed at…more

Barack Obama, Blocked Person, Cyber Attacks, Cybersecurity, Executive Orders

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FDA Issues Draft Guidance on Medical Device Accessories

On January 16, 2015, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a draft guidance document titled “Medical Device Accessories: Defining Accessories and Classification Pathway for New Accessory Types.” The draft guidance…more

Draft Guidance, FDA, Medical Devices

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Massachusetts DOER Releases Draft SREC II Regulations

The Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources (MA DOER) has released draft regulations for its SREC II solar program. The regulations are the latest step toward implementing the Commonwealth’s goal to install a total of 1.6…more

Clean Energy, Energy, Energy Policy, Power Plants, Solar Energy

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Delaware Chancery Court Concludes Indemnification and Other Provisions of a Merger Agreement Are Not Enforceable Against Non-Consenting Stockholders

In November, the Delaware Court of Chancery issued a decision that raises troubling questions about commonly used techniques in private company acquisitions and that, if not modified on appeal or through legislation, could alter…more

CIGNA, Delaware General Corporation Law, Indemnification Clauses, Merger Agreements, Purchase Price

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Third Circuit Lets Wal-Mart Exclude Firearms Proposal Under the “Ordinary Business Operations” Exception

On April 14, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit summarily reversed a troubling decision of the Federal District Court in Delaware that required Wal-Mart to include in its 2015 proxy materials a shareholder…more

Appeals, Board of Directors, Firearms, Ordinary Business Exception, Permanent Injunctions

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Data Breach Prevention and Response: Avoiding Potential Pitfalls and Implementing Best Practices to Protect Your Company

In This Presentation: - Overview of data breach landscape - Data breach response ..Technical best practices ..Legal best practices - Data breach prevention ..Technical best practices ..Legal best…more

Best Management Practices, Data Breach, Data Protection, Risk Assessment, Risk Management

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Important Deadlines and Reminders for Investment Advisers, Exempt Reporting Advisers, Commodity Trading Advisors and Commodity Pool Operators

Investment Advisers - Annual Compliance Reviews: All investment advisers registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) are required to review their compliance policies and procedures at least…more

Annual Review, CPOs, CTOs, Filing Requirements, Financial Statements

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Supreme Court Allows Closely Held Corporations to Invoke Religious Objections Against Providing Employee Contraceptive Coverage

In a 5-4 decision, the United State Supreme Court ruled Monday in Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc., that closely held for-profit corporations may invoke religious objections to exclude contraceptive coverage from the health…more

Affordable Care Act, Burwell v Hobby Lobby, Contraceptive Coverage Mandate, Contraceptives, Hobby Lobby

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ATS Case Developments Post-Kiobel: Interpreting the “Touch and Concern” Standard

The past few months have seen a few interesting developments in cases in which Alien Tort Statute (“ATS”) claims factor prominently. This judicial activity, much of which focuses on the significance of the presumption against…more

Alien Tort Statute, Extraterritoriality Rules, Kiobel v. Royal Dutch Petroleum Co., SCOTUS

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SEC No-Action Letter Allows Certain Kinds of “M&A Brokers” to Avoid Broker-Dealer Registration Under the Exchange Act

On January 31, 2014, the SEC’s Division of Trading and Markets issued a significant no-action letter permitting the involvement of “M&A Brokers” in business acquisition transactions involving privately-held companies. The…more

Broker-Dealer, No-Action Letters, SEC, Securities Exchange Act

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SEC Issues Interpretive Advice About Verification Safe Harbors Under Rule 506(c)

The availability of the private placement exemption under SEC Rule 506 depends in large measure upon determinations that purchasers are “accredited investors” under the rules. Where there is no general solicitation, Rule 506(b)…more

Accredited Investors, General Solicitation, JOBS Act, Rule 506 Offerings, Rule 506(c)

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Private or Public? The Developing Circuit Split on Internet TV Retransmission

It appears that a Circuit split is developing on the issue of whether Internet services that transmit network television programs are engaged in a transmission to the public in violation of the networks’ copyrights. The…more

Aereo, Copyright, FilmOn X, Internet, Internet Streaming

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Liability for Commercial Speech: A Guide to False Advertising, Commercial Disparagement, and Related Claims

This volume summarizes related bodies of law – false advertising, commercial disparagement, and defamation – that govern the conduct of business communications. It sets forth elements, damages, and related defenses for each of…more

Advertising, Commercial Speech, Corporate Counsel, Defamation, Disparagement

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Majority Support for a Carbon Tax?

What are the politics of climate change? A new poll done by Stanford University and Resources for the Future suggests that the public may be more ready to regulate carbon taxthan has previously been thought. When asked if “the…more

Carbon Taxes, Climate Change, Polling

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Obama Executive Order Targets International Cyberattacks Against U.S. with New Sanctions

As part of a series of measures aimed at increasing preparedness and defenses against international cyberattacks on U.S. industries and government agencies, on April 1, President Obama issued Executive Order No. 13694,…more

Barack Obama, Cyber Attacks, Cybersecurity, National Security, OFAC

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The Next New gTLD Just .Sucks for Brand Owners

Hot on the trails of .porn and .adult, a new gTLD enters the fray next week — one that’s already giving PR departments heartburn. The .sucks domain launches for sunrise registrations on March 30, 2015, and with it yet another…more

Brand, Corporate Counsel, Domain Names, gTLD, ICANN

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When Will My Leftover Turkey Power My Electric Car: A Post Thanksgiving Reflection on the Promise and Challenge of Food Waste Bans

Food is a big part of why Thanksgiving is my family’s favorite holiday. Over the years, we have tried to eat sensibly and sustainably, and to waste less food. But on the Monday after Thanksgiving, I suspect we are not alone as…more

Infrastructure, Organic, Popular, Solid Waste, Waste Disposal

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Benefit Corporations: Twelve States and Counting

On December 1, a new benefit corporation statute went into effect in Massachusetts, making the state one of twelve that have enacted legislation allowing for the formation of this new form of corporate entity…more

Benefit Corporations, Corporate Social Responsibility

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D.C. Circuit Rules Recess Appointments of NLRB Members Unconstitutional, Calling Into Question Hundreds of NLRB Decisions

On January 25, 2013, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia ruled in Noel Canning v. National Labor Relations Board that President Obama’s use of recess appointments to fill three vacancies on the National Labor…more

Barack Obama, Canning v NLRB, George W. Bush, NLRB, Pro Forma Sessions

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SEC Proposes Amendments to Regulation D, Form D and Rule 156

On July 10, 2013, the Securities and Exchange Commission adopted final rules amending Rule 506 of Regulation D to permit general solicitation and to disqualify felons and other “bad actors” from participating in certain…more

Accredited Investors, Disqualification, Form D Filing, General Solicitation, Regulation D

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FDA Issues Draft Guidance on Medical Device Accessories

On January 16, 2015, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a draft guidance document titled “Medical Device Accessories: Defining Accessories and Classification Pathway for New Accessory Types.” The draft guidance…more

Draft Guidance, FDA, Medical Devices

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Holy Overreach, Batman! Fictional Software Trademark Row Rejected by Supreme Court

When Fortres Grand Corporation saw sales of its software program drop, it blamed – wait for it – Batman. Fortres’ software, called “Clean Slate,” erases user changes to public computers upon reboot, thus returning the…more

Batman, Dilution, Film Industry, Likelihood of Confusion, Petition for Writ of Certiorari

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Carta de Error! Copyright Takedown Notice To iTunes May Give Rise to Misrepresentation Liability

Section 512(f) of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act makes parties who issue copyright takedown notices liable for any “knowing” misrepresentations in those notices. However, the Ninth Circuit in Rossi v. Motion Picture Ass’n…more

Apple, Copyright, Copyright Infringement, DMCA, Film Industry

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European Court Establishes “Right to be Forgotten” Online

Today’s decision by the European Court of Justice (ECJ) that individuals enjoy the right to have truthful yet unflattering information about them “forgotten” from online search results is generating a great deal of controversy…more

EU, Freedom of Expression, Google, Human Rights, Internet

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SEC Charges KBR, Inc. with Using a Confidentiality Agreement that Could "Chill" Whistleblowing

About six months ago, the Director of the Office of the Whistleblower warned that the SEC was “going to bring a case where somebody has asked an employee or forced an employee to sign a document that in order of substance means…more

Confidentiality Agreements, Enforcement Actions, Internal Investigations, KBR (formerly Kellogg Brown & Root), Popular

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Flying High: The Human Rights Implications of Investing In Drones

Civilian application of drone technology has increased dramatically in recent years. The burgeoning civilian opportunities are a potential boon for investors, who view this emerging market as one that will expand long into the…more

Amazon, Commercial Use, Drones, Emerging Markets, Ethics

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What Did the Court Really Say About Patent Eligibility?

Implications of Alice v. CLS Bank - Late last week, the United States Supreme Court decided Alice Corp. Pty. Ltd. v. CLS Bank Int’l, et al., a case the technology community had hoped would clarify what kinds of software…more

Alice Corporation, CLS Bank, CLS Bank v Alice Corp, Patent Infringement, Patent Litigation

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Land Tenure Risk: Why it Matters for Companies, Investors, and Communities

Two important new reports focus on land tenure conflicts between companies and communities. In September, the Rights and Resources Initiative released a report entitled, “Global Capital, Local Concessions: A Data-Driven…more

Land Titles, Tenure

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2014 Tax Reporting

Don’t Forget About Your Foreign Financial Assets - U.S. citizens, resident aliens and certain non-resident aliens who held any interest in “specified foreign financial assets” at any point during 2014 may be required to…more

FBAR, Foreign Bank Accounts, Foreign Financial Assets, IRS, Required Forms

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Supreme Court Decides Omnicare

When an Opinion May Be Considered a Statement of Fact - Overview: On March 24, 2015, the Supreme Court issued its ruling in Omnicare Inc. v. Laborers District Council Construction Industry Pension Fund, resolving a…more

Issuers, Material Misstatements, Omnicare, Omnicare v Laborers District Council, Pension Funds

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New IRS Rule Affecting Hospitality Employers Takes Effect January 1, 2014

The IRS will begin enforcing a new rule concerning the taxation of automatic gratuities on January 1, 2014. Specifically, employers must start treating automatic gratuities – that is, charges that are compulsory to customers –…more

FLSA, Hospitality Industry, IRS, Service Charges, Tips

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IRS Releases Streamlined Application for Tax-Exempt Status

The Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) has significantly streamlined the application process for small nonprofits seeking recognition as tax-exempt 501(c)(3) organizations through the release of a new application form on July…more

501(c)(3), Applications, IRS, Non-Profits, Tax Exempt Entities

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CFTC 4.13(a)(3) Annual Affirmations Due March 2

As a reminder, fund managers relying on the exemption from registration with the US Commodity Futures Trading Commission (the “CFTC”) set forth in Rule 4.13(a)(3), commonly referred to as the “de minimis exemption,” must affirm…more

CFTC, Deadlines, Exemptions, Registration

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CFTC Issues Exemptive Relief to Harmonize with JOBS Act Amendments to Regulation D and Rule 144A

The U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) issued an Exemptive Letter on September 8, 2014 (“Exemptive Letter”) providing that an issuer relying on Rule 506(c) of Regulation D and resellers relying on Rule 144A,…more

CFTC, CPO, Exemptive Orders, General Solicitation, Issuers

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Don’t Mess with Texas Trademarks

As a native Texan, I always feel a bit nostalgic and homesick around early March. Not only is bluebonnet season (read: spring) around the corner (if only that were true here in Boston!), but March 2 marks Texas Independence Day…more

Brand, Trademarks

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SEC Proposes Rules for Hedging Disclosure

On February 9, 2015, the SEC proposed rules that would require domestic public companies to disclose in proxy and information statements whether the company permits any of its directors or employees (including officers) to…more

Dodd-Frank, Hedging, Proxy Statements, Public Disclosure, Publicly-Traded Companies

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Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Proposes Changes to Six Protected Class Rule under Medicare Part D

On December 8, 2003, the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act (the “MMA”) was signed into law by former President George W. Bush1. Prior to the enactment of the MMA, Medicare prescription drug coverage…more

CMS, FDA, Healthcare, Medicaid, Medicare

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Important Changes Relating to Section 125 Plans May Require Immediate Action

Last week, there were two important developments relating to Section 125 cafeteria plans. First, Massachusetts announced that employers will no longer be required to maintain a Section 125 plan. Second, the IRS has modified the…more

Affordable Care Act, Cafeteria Plans, Flexible Spending Accounts, Healthcare, IRS

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SEC Charges KBR, Inc. with Using a Confidentiality Agreement that Could "Chill" Whistleblowing

About six months ago, the Director of the Office of the Whistleblower warned that the SEC was “going to bring a case where somebody has asked an employee or forced an employee to sign a document that in order of substance means…more

Confidentiality Agreements, Enforcement Actions, Internal Investigations, KBR (formerly Kellogg Brown & Root), Popular

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Venture Perspectives: Second Quarter 2014

New England Outlook - Quarterly Review of Seed, Series A and Series B/Later Round Financings - Included in this Issue: - Activity Level of New England Transactions: Q2 2013 -Q2 2014 - All Rounds - Activity Level…more

Equity Financing, Funding, IPO, Seed Financing, Startups

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Pick Your Passion: State’s Trademark May Be Used To Criticize Its Governor

In Dardenne v. MoveOn.org, the Middle Louisiana Federal District Court faced a conflict between trademark protection, on the one hand, and the First Amendment’s protection of political advocacy, on the other. The Court…more

First Amendment, Likelihood of Confusion, MoveOn.org, Political Expression, Trademarks

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SDNY Applies Kiobel II and Holds Corporations May Be Liable under the Alien Tort Statute

In a mid-April decision in the In re: South African Apartheid Litigation, the Southern District of New York (“SDNY”) has tackled one of the most pressing legal questions left unanswered by the Supreme Court last year in Kiobel…more

Alien Tort Statute, Foreign Jurisdictions, Kiobel v. Royal Dutch Petroleum Co.

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Privacy Issues in Smart Electrical Grids: Another Internet of Things Problem

Smart grids – electrical grids that allow two-way communication between utilities and consumers – represent an exciting frontier in the Internet of Things, with ramifications for energy efficiency, weather resiliency and climate…more

Data Collection, Data Protection, Electricity, Internet of Things, VCC for Smart Grid Customer Data Privacy

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New Proposals to Tax Carried Interest as Ordinary Income Garner Bipartisan Support

On March 4, 2014, President Obama issued his Administration’s Fiscal Year 2015 Budget, which includes a proposal to tax carried interests (also known as “performance allocations” or “incentive allocations”) in investment…more

Corporate Taxes, Hedge Funds, Incentives, Income Taxes, Performance Incentives

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Increased Risk of FCPA Prosecution of Foreign National Executives of U.S. Issuers: Recent Court Decision Allows Open-Ended Statute of Limitations and Bases FCPA Jurisdiction on Email Routed Through US Servers

A recent federal court decision highlights the increasing risk of prosecution for foreign national executives under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act ("FCPA”). The decision from the federal district court in New York denied a…more

Bribery, DOJ, Email, FCPA, Foreign National Executives

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Delaware Corporation Law Amended to Eliminate Need for Stockholder Approval of Back-End Merger following Successful Tender Offer

Recent amendments to the Delaware General Corporation Law (DGCL) include a new subsection that will, in many cases, eliminate the need to obtain stockholder approval of a back-end merger following a successful tender offer,…more

Mergers, Short-Form Mergers, Stockholders' Meetings, Tender Offers, Voting Rights

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SEC Issues Staff Legal Bulletin No. 20: Clarifying Disclosure Requirements For Proxy Advisory Firms

Background - On June 30, 2014, the SEC’s Divisions of Investment Management and Corporation Finance released Staff Legal Bulletin No. 20, a set of thirteen Questions and Answers offering guidance on..…more

Disclosure Requirements, Proxy Advisors, Proxy Solicitations, SEC, Securities Exchange Act

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Product Liability Update - April 2015

In This Issue: - First Circuit Holds State Law Claims Against Drug Manufacturer for Allegedly Misleading Efficacy Representations in FDA-Approved Label Preempted by Food, Drug & Cosmetic Act Because Plaintiffs’ Requested…more

Assumption of the Risk, Duty to Warn, FDCPA, Implied Warranties, Labeling

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Naming Your Sales Division “Replica Products” Is Never A Good Idea or How Not To Facilitate Counterfeiters

Here’s some advice for online marketplaces giving sellers a platform to hawk their wares: Do not name any of your sales divisions “Replica Products” or “Replica Retention.” Do not let your employees tell sellers…more

Counterfeit Goods Regulation, Counterfeiting

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Venture Perspectives - March 2013: Quarterly Review of Seed, Series A and Series B/Later Round Financings: Fourth Quarter and Year 2012

In This Issue: - Activity Level of 2012 New England Transactions - All Rounds - Activity Level of New England Seed Transactions - Activity Level of New England Series A Transactions - Activity Level…more

Clean Tech, Life Sciences, Seed Financing, Series A, Series B

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RICO Indictment of NECC Executives for Acts of Second-Degree Murder

An Unprecedented Approach to Regulatory Violations - In December 2014, the United States Attorney for the District of Massachusetts obtained a sweeping indictment that charges business executives of the New England…more

C-Suite Executives, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Prosecution, Drug Compounding, Healthcare

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Divided Infringement Steps into the Limelight

Implications of Limelight v. Akamai - The United States Supreme Court ruled Monday that a defendant cannot be liable for inducing infringement unless the induced party directly infringed the patent. This means, under…more

Akamai Technologies, En Banc Review, Induced Infringement, Limelight Networks, Mayo v. Prometheus

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Molecular Diagnostics Clinical Utility Strategy: A Six-part Framework

Payers and technology assessments currently evaluate diagnostic tests in terms of three categories of information. These are “analytical validity” (the performance features of the test), “clinical validity” (the correlation…more

Clinical Laboratories, Clinical Trials, Technology

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Brazil’s Belo Monte Move: Will National Development Banks Start Taking Human Rights and Environmental Concerns More Seriously?

In late November, the Brazilian national development bank (“BNDES”, by its Portuguese initials) announced its approval of a $10.8 billion loan to finance the construction of the Belo Monte dam, the world’s third largest…more

Brazilian National Development Bank, Corporate Social Responsibility, Human Rights, Infrastructure

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Fifth Circuit Issues Important Ruling on Affirmative Action in Higher Education

Earlier this week, in Fisher v. University of Texas, a divided panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit upheld the constitutionality of the undergraduate admissions program at the University of Texas at Austin…more

Affirmative Action, Appeals, College Admissions, Colleges, Discrimination

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Equity Crowdfunding Under Federal Law: Issuers

On October 23, 2013, the Securities and Exchange Commission released proposed rules for implementing the crowdfunding exemption from the Securities Act registration requirements that is set forth in the Jumpstart Our Business…more

Crowdfunding, Indiegogo, JOBS Act, Kickstarter, SEC

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Court Dismisses Tarantino’s Copyright Claim Over Hyperlink To Leaked Script; Grants Leave to Amend But Notes That Fair Use Argument Is Strong

We recently reported on director Quentin Tarantino’s copyright lawsuit against Gawker Media over his leaked script for the film The Hateful Eight. The suit alleged that Gawker Media, by encouraging its readers to leak the script…more

Copyright, Copyright Infringement, Fair Use, Leave to Appeal, Quentin Tarantino

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USCIS Will Begin Accepting New H-1B Filings on April 1 for Fiscal Year 2015

On April 1, 2014, the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (“USCIS”) will begin accepting new H-1B petitions for employment commencing on October 1, 2014. New H-1B petitions are subject to an annual limit of 65,000 new…more

Foreign Workers, H-1B, USCIS, Visa Caps, Visas

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Venture Perspectives: Second Quarter 2014

New England Outlook - Quarterly Review of Seed, Series A and Series B/Later Round Financings - Included in this Issue: - Activity Level of New England Transactions: Q2 2013 -Q2 2014 - All Rounds - Activity Level…more

Equity Financing, Funding, IPO, Seed Financing, Startups

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Employing Workers in Massachusetts: A Guide for Emerging Companies

At some point, every emerging company must identify and retain people to work for the business. The founders or owners of the business recognize that they cannot do it alone, and they need to bring on talented individuals to…more

Best Management Practices, Emerging Growth Companies, Employer Liability Issues, Entrepreneurs, Hiring & Firing

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Delaware Chancery Court Concludes Indemnification and Other Provisions of a Merger Agreement Are Not Enforceable Against Non-Consenting Stockholders

In November, the Delaware Court of Chancery issued a decision that raises troubling questions about commonly used techniques in private company acquisitions and that, if not modified on appeal or through legislation, could alter…more

CIGNA, Delaware General Corporation Law, Indemnification Clauses, Merger Agreements, Purchase Price

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Celebrity Trademark Watch: Can Taylor Swift Shake Off Accusations of Trademark Greed?

Had enough of Taylor Swift yet? For those of you who hate to love her, you might consider Swiftamine, because she is not going anywhere anytime soon. If anything, her media foot print continues to grow. And while one expects…more

Intent-to-Use, Music, Music Industry, Taylor Swift, Trademarks

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So Now What? Implications of the Supreme Court’s Myriad Ruling

Late last week, the United States Supreme Court issued its long-awaited decision in Association of Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics, Inc. The Court held unanimously that full-length wild-type DNA molecules are not…more

AMP v Myriad, DNA, Human Genes, Myriad, Patent-Eligible Subject Matter

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Allocating The Liability Shares of Settling PRPs Under CERCLA

Allocation of liability under CERCLA can get messy. One particularly complex issue arises in a private cost recovery action where some but not all the PRPs have settled with the private party. In contrast to a government cost…more

CERCLA, Environmental Liability, Environmental Remediation Costs

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Important Deadlines and Reminders for Investment Advisers, Exempt Reporting Advisers, Commodity Trading Advisors and Commodity Pool Operators

Investment Advisers - Annual Compliance Reviews: All investment advisers registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) are required to review their compliance policies and procedures at least…more

Annual Review, CPOs, CTOs, Filing Requirements, Financial Statements

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FATCA: Crunch Time (April 25th Deadline is Imminent)

Every foreign entity must take steps immediately to determine whether FATCA will apply to it and, if so, whether FATCA registration will be required by April 25, 2014…more

Deadlines, FATCA

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Settlement in False Advertising Class Action Leaves First Amendment Questions Unanswered

On April 30, 2014, the plaintiffs in Bezdek v. Vibram, a class action in the District of Massachusetts, filed for court approval of a class wide settlement. The case had been brought against Vibram, the Italian manufacturer of…more

Class Action, False Advertising, First Amendment, Settlement, Vibram

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New Parental Leave Law Expands the Massachusetts Maternity Leave Act

On January 7, 2015, one day prior to leaving office, Governor Deval Patrick signed into law the Parental Leave bill, which expands the scope of the Massachusetts Maternity Leave Act (“MLA”). The MLA provides female employees…more

Amended Legislation, Deval Patrick, Employer Liability Issues, Maternity Leave, Parental Leave

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Increased Risk of FCPA Prosecution of Foreign National Executives of U.S. Issuers: Recent Court Decision Allows Open-Ended Statute of Limitations and Bases FCPA Jurisdiction on Email Routed Through US Servers

A recent federal court decision highlights the increasing risk of prosecution for foreign national executives under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act ("FCPA”). The decision from the federal district court in New York denied a…more

Bribery, DOJ, Email, FCPA, Foreign National Executives

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Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court Clarifies the Lawfulness of No Tipping Policies

On April 10, 2015, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court held in Meshna v. Scrivanos that an employer may implement a no tipping policy for workers otherwise covered by the Massachusetts Tips Act (M.G.L. c.149, § 152A ). The…more

Employer Mandates, Employment Policies, Hospitality Industry, MA Supreme Court, Restaurant Industry

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IRS Releases Streamlined Application for Tax-Exempt Status

The Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) has significantly streamlined the application process for small nonprofits seeking recognition as tax-exempt 501(c)(3) organizations through the release of a new application form on July…more

501(c)(3), Applications, IRS, Non-Profits, Tax Exempt Entities

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Protecting the Rights of Children Should Be Integral to Every Corporate Social Responsibility Strategy

Consideration of the rights of children should be integral to any Corporate Social Responsibility (“CSR”) strategy or policy. Traditionally, companies have focused on reducing and eliminating the use of child labor in their…more

Best Management Practices, Child Labor, Corporate Social Responsibility, Human Rights, UNICEF

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Patent Troll Watch - States Are Pushing Patent Trolls Away from the Legal Line

Oregon introduces bill to make improper patent license demands a violation of its unlawful trade practices law - In February 2014, Senate Bill 1540 was filed, which would make patent trolling a violation of the Oregon’s…more

Attorney's Fees, Cartwright Act, Corporate Counsel, Demand Letter, Google

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Obama Executive Order Targets International Cyberattacks Against U.S. with New Sanctions

As part of a series of measures aimed at increasing preparedness and defenses against international cyberattacks on U.S. industries and government agencies, on April 1, President Obama issued Executive Order No. 13694,…more

Barack Obama, Cyber Attacks, Cybersecurity, National Security, OFAC

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Department of Education Issues Final Regulations on Campus Sex Offense Reporting and Training, While Leaving Some Key Issues Unresolved

On Monday, the Department of Education published final regulations on how colleges and universities should prevent, report, and respond to sexual offenses on campus. These regulations interpret changes recently made by Congress…more

Clery Act, Colleges, Dating Violence, Department of Education, Disclosure Requirements

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What Did the Court Really Say About Patent Eligibility?

Implications of Alice v. CLS Bank - Late last week, the United States Supreme Court decided Alice Corp. Pty. Ltd. v. CLS Bank Int’l, et al., a case the technology community had hoped would clarify what kinds of software…more

Alice Corporation, CLS Bank, CLS Bank v Alice Corp, Patent Infringement, Patent Litigation

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Venture Perspectives - January 2013: Quarterly Review of Seed, Series A and Series B/Later Round Financings: Third Quarter 2012

In This Issue: - Activity Level of New England Seed Transactions - Activity Level of New England Series A Transactions - Activity Level of New England Series B/Later Round Transactions - Size of New England…more

Emerging Growth Companies, Funding, Startups, Venture Capital, Venture Funding

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SREC II Carves Out More Room for Community Solar

The Massachusetts DOER has released its revised regulations amending the State’s RPS to implement the next phase of support for solar in the Commonwealth…more

Energy, Solar Energy, SREC, Utilities Sector

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Divided Federal Circuit Panel Upholds Patent Office’s “Broadest Reasonable Interpretation” Standard for Construing Claims in Post-Grant Review

In a 2-1 decision in In re Cuozzo Speed Technologies LLC, No. 14-1301 (Fed. Cir. Feb. 4, 2015), the Federal Circuit recently held that the Patent Office may apply the “broadest reasonable interpretation” standard to construe the…more

America Invents Act, Inter Partes Review Proceedings, Patents, Post-Grant Review, USPTO

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Venture Perspectives - January 2013: Quarterly Review of Seed, Series A and Series B/Later Round Financings: Third Quarter 2012

In This Issue: - Activity Level of New England Seed Transactions - Activity Level of New England Series A Transactions - Activity Level of New England Series B/Later Round Transactions - Size of New England…more

Emerging Growth Companies, Funding, Startups, Venture Capital, Venture Funding

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The Madrid Protocol: Passage to India Now Open

We previously reported that India was scheduled to become the 90th member of the Madrid Protocol Concerning the International Registration of Trademarks (the “Protocol”). We noted that this was a gratifying prospect, since…more

Corruption, Madrid Protocol, Registration

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Data Breach Prevention and Response: Avoiding Potential Pitfalls and Implementing Best Practices to Protect Your Company

In This Presentation: - Overview of data breach landscape - Data breach response ..Technical best practices ..Legal best practices - Data breach prevention ..Technical best practices ..Legal best…more

Best Management Practices, Data Breach, Data Protection, Risk Assessment, Risk Management

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2014 Tax Reporting

Don’t Forget About Your Foreign Financial Assets - U.S. citizens, resident aliens and certain non-resident aliens who held any interest in “specified foreign financial assets” at any point during 2014 may be required to…more

FBAR, Foreign Bank Accounts, Foreign Financial Assets, IRS, Required Forms

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Supreme Court Calls for Greater Deference to District Court Claim Construction

This week, in Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc. v. Sandoz, Inc., the Supreme Court held that the Federal Circuit must apply a deferential “clear error” standard of review to any finding of fact underlying a district court’s claim…more

Claim Construction, Clear Error Standard, De Novo Standard of Review, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Patent Litigation

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Now's the Time to Review Your OFAC Compliance Program

Obama Executive Order Targets International Cyberattacks Against U.S. with New Sanctions - New Sanctions Are Part of U.S. Escalation of Efforts to Bolster Cyber-Security: As part of a series of measures aimed at…more

Barack Obama, Blocked Person, Cyber Attacks, Cybersecurity, Executive Orders

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Contact

Seaport West 155 Seaport Boulevard
Boston, MA 02210, United States

Contact: Jasmine Trillos-Decarie

  • 617-832-1000
  • 617-832-7000

Areas of Practice
  • Administrative Law
  • Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)
  • Antitrust & Trade Regulation
  • Bankruptcy
  • Business Organizations
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  • Construction Law
  • Criminal Law
  • Education
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Locations
Other U.S. Locations
  • D.C.
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Other Countries
  • France
Number of Attorneys

100+ Attorneys

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