Gray Reed & McGraw, P.C.

1601 Elm Street Suite 4600
Dallas, Texas 75201, United States

Contact: Michael Blachly

  • (214) 237-6370

Federal Court Calls General Partnership Interest A Security

Are general partnership agreements for oil and gas exploration considered “securities” governed by federal securities regulations? The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 10th Circuit thinks they could be. In SEC v. Jeffory D…more

General Partnerships, Mineral Exploration, Oil & Gas, SEC

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CO2 is Good

In French vs. Occidental Permian, Ltd. the Texas Supreme Court held that costs associated with injection of carbon dioxide into a reservoir in a tertiary recovery operation were properly deducted from royalties. This case…more

Carbon Capture and Sequestration, Carbon Emissions, Energy, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Oil & Gas

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A Cost-Free Royalty Clause That Works – Part Two: The Override

Welcome to part two of the hair-splitting decision in Chesapeake Exploration, L.L.C. v. Hyder. See our prior post about the basic facts…more

Energy, Oil & Gas, Royalties

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Cyber Security: Forewarned is Fair-Warned

When Wei Wong, owner of Sushi Mushi, a popular Japanese food bistro in Texas, installed a phone add-on to take credit and debit card payments straight from his employees’ phones, his revenues skyrocketed. Yesterday the Feds told…more

Best Management Practices, Cyber Insurance, Cybersecurity, Cybertheft, Data Breach

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How to Enforce Terms of Service for Online Social Media Promotions and Contests

General Mills incurred blowback on social media earlier this year when it was suggested the company sought releases for all claims whatsoever from anyone who visited the company Facebook page. The truth, as always, was not as…more

Contests & Promotions, Social Media, Terms of Service

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Distributions From A Texas Trust Deemed Separate Property

Conventional wisdom is that a spouse’s earnings from separate property are community property. But it’s not that simple. In Benavides v. Mathis a Texas court denied wife Leticia’s claim to one-half of the income derived from…more

Community Property, Divorce, Estate Planning, Separate Property, Trusts

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Pipeline Loses Effort To Condemn Private Land

Private property rights advocates scored a big victory in a Texas condemnation case in the ongoing battle between pipelines and landowners over the power of eminent domain. (See our last post for a decision with the opposite…more

Common Carriers, Eminent Domain, Liquid Natural Gas, Petroleum, Pipelines

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Ambiguity Sends An Overriding Royalty Dispute Back To The Trial Court

It must be maddening to non-lawyers that a large segment of an industry can operate in harmony by agreeing that a contract in widespread use means one thing, only to have party-crashers decide it means another…more

Ambiguous, Contract Disputes, Royalties, Trials

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Texas Well Integrity Rule Revised

The Texas Railroad Commission has clarified and strengthened Rule 13, relating to requirements for drilling, putting pipe down, and cementing wells. The amendment will go into effect on January 1, 2014…more

Amended Legislation, Fracking, Groundwater, Underground Injection Wells

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North Dakota Court Dismisses Flaring Cases

You might recall that North Dakota achieved nationwide notoriety when photos of flaring Bakken wells visible from space circulated around the news. According to the U. S. Department of Energy..…more

Bakken Shale, DOE, Oil & Gas, Royalties, Underground Injection Wells

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The Duhig Rule – State By State

As promised in our last post, here is a state-by-state review of the Duhig Rule - who has adpoted it, who hasn’t, and who might. Texas – Duhig v. Peavey Moore Lumber Company, 135 Tex. 503, 144 S.W.2d 878 (1940) was a…more

Duhig Rule, Energy, Oil & Gas

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Open-Carriers Pose a Threat to Restaurants with Liquor Licenses

Regardless of their personal stance on any hot-button social issue, most business owners do not want their place of business to be the focus of demonstrations on that issue – wisely so, because rarely does being the focus of a…more

Chipotle Grill, Gun Laws, Gun Permits, Hospitality Industry, Licenses

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Requirements for Alimony – Can it be a good thing?

Divorce is messy, divorce is costly – and it should be avoided wherever possible. Spouses should always attempt to mitigate their losses and one way to do this is to consider designing the divorce settlement to include alimony…more

Alimony, Divorce

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Losing My Religion: Do I Want to Know My Employee’s Beliefs?

The Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals recently updated employees’ guide to southern manners. Don’t worry, employees should still say “yes ma’am” and “no ma’am.” But you know the old saying that you should never discuss politics or…more

Compliance, Employer Liability Issues, Religion

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Title Troubles In Texas, North Dakota And Montana: Right Of Way v. Fee Conveyance

If you examine titles or read title opinions, this post is for you. I was recently examining instruments for an East Texas title opinion when I came across an instrument that, at first glance, appeared to be an easement…more

Contract Drafting, Easements, Quitclaim Deeds, Title Examination

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Deepwater Horizon Settlement Fine-Tuned By Fifth Circuit

The Fifth Circuit has taken steps to fine-tune the interpretation and implementation of the agreement BP negotiated to settle its massive liabilities arising from the April 2010 oil spill following the explosion of the Deepwater…more

Deepwater Horizon, Gulf Oil Spill, Settlement

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Qualified Domestic Relations Orders: Little-Known Issues Involving Dividend Pass-Through Elections And Same-Sex Spouses

As most family law practitioners are aware, ERISA and the Internal Revenue Code (“IRC”) do not permit a participant in a retirement plan to assign or alienate his/her interest in that plan to another person. These rules are…more

ERISA, QDRO, Retirement Plan, Same-Sex Marriage

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In Wyoming, a Higher Burden for Chemical Disclosure Exemption?

In Powder River Basin Resource Council v. Wyoming Oil and Gas Conservation Commission, the Wyoming Supreme Court held that the Wyoming Oil and Gas Conservation Commission has the burden of justifying the use of trade secrets…more

Chemicals, Disclosure Requirements, Fracking, Hazardous Substances, Oil & Gas

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Non-Operators Shake Off The JOA Tar Baby

Non-operators have had a lot in common with Br’er Rabbit ever since 2006, when the Texas Supreme Court surprised the industry in Seagull Energy E & P, Inc. v. Eland Energy, Inc. Their tar baby is the ruling that, absent a…more

Assignments, Joint Operating Agreement, Oil & Gas, Successor Liability

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The 1956 Model Form JOA Does Not Apply To Future Leases

I learned to drive on an old, black, stick-shift, straight-six, no-radio, no-A/C automobile manufactured the year after the AAPL’s first Form 610 - Model Form Operating Agreement was created. The ’57 Chevy is now considered a…more

Contract Drafting, Joint Operating Agreement, Leases, Oil & Gas

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Hold On To Your Insurance … Federal Court Certifies Deepwater Horizon Questions To Texas Supreme Court

BP’s woes from the Deepwater Horizon disaster in the Gulf continue. The federal Fifth Circuit in In re: Deepwater Horizon, withdrew an opinion of a three-judge panel and certified questions for consideration by the Supreme Court…more

BP, Commercial General Liability Policies, Deepwater Horizon, Gulf Oil Spill, Insurers

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Deepwater Horizon Settlement Fine-Tuned By Fifth Circuit

The Fifth Circuit has taken steps to fine-tune the interpretation and implementation of the agreement BP negotiated to settle its massive liabilities arising from the April 2010 oil spill following the explosion of the Deepwater…more

Deepwater Horizon, Gulf Oil Spill, Settlement

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Don’t Be A Target: Mitigating Liability From Cyber Attacks

During the holiday season, Bullseye, a big box retailer, was the victim of a cyber attack that compromised the credit and debit card information (including PIN and CVV codes) of nearly 40 million of its customers. The attack…more

Cyber Attacks, Cybersecurity, Data Breach, Data Protection, Target

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Confusing Expiration Labels Cost Texas Restaurants

All restaurants have to deal with the issue of throwing away food at the end of the day. According to the National Resources Defense Council (NRDC), a powerful environmental action group and the Harvard Food Law and Policy…more

Resorts & Restaurants, Restaurant Industry

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Confusing Expiration Labels Cost Texas Restaurants

All restaurants have to deal with the issue of throwing away food at the end of the day. According to the National Resources Defense Council (NRDC), a powerful environmental action group and the Harvard Food Law and Policy…more

Resorts & Restaurants, Restaurant Industry

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In Wyoming, a Higher Burden for Chemical Disclosure Exemption?

In Powder River Basin Resource Council v. Wyoming Oil and Gas Conservation Commission, the Wyoming Supreme Court held that the Wyoming Oil and Gas Conservation Commission has the burden of justifying the use of trade secrets…more

Chemicals, Disclosure Requirements, Fracking, Hazardous Substances, Oil & Gas

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Treachery of the Untrustworthy Trustee

In 2006, Fred Houston created the Fred L. Houston Trust and placed into it the Tenneco lease, which had been producing since 1974. Ms. Williams was the trustee. The trust instrument declared the trust “… irrevocable and may not…more

Energy, Estate Planning, Oil & Gas, Spendthrift Trusts, Trusts

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Implied Warranties: Part One (Goods)

Texas law imposes certain implied warranties on the sale of goods, regardless of whether the warranties are mentioned in the contract. In particular, Texas law creates the warranty of “merchantability” and the warranty that the…more

Fitness for Particular Purpose, Warranties

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Mixed Result In A Louisiana Legacy Pollution Case

The Dietz family sued several lessees for injunctive relief and restorative damages arising out of leases on two non-contiguous tracts in Acadia Parish. In Dietz, et al. v. Superior Oil Company, et al the trial court granted…more

Contaminated Properties, Groundwater, Oil & Gas, Premature Claims, Ripeness

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Affluenza – Is It Contagious?

Taking advantage of his car dealership owning parents being on vacation in the Bahamas, Cache Bar, a minor, invites his high school buddies over to liberate his parents’ locked libation cabinet. Well lubricated, Cache builds…more

Arson, Property Damage

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Are Personal Injury Damages Avaiable in a Nuisance Case?

As promised, on May 22, today’s post is a study of the personal injury issues raised by the defendants in Parr v. Aruba. In this post we raise the question and discuss what the parties believe the answer should be…more

Bodily Injury, Hazardous Substances, Nuisance, Toxic Exposure

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Areas of Practice
  • Agriculture
  • Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)
  • Appellate Practice
  • Art, Entertainment, & Sports Law
  • Bankruptcy
  • Business Organizations
  • Class Action
  • Commercial Law & Contracts
  • Construction Law
  • Criminal Law
  • Debtor/Creditor
  • Elections & Politics
  • Energy & Utilities
  • Environmental Law
  • Family Law
  • Finance & Banking
  • Health
  • Intellectual Property
  • International Law & Trade
  • Labor & Employment Law
  • Litigation
  • Mergers & Acquisitions
  • Personal Injury
  • Products Liability
  • Real Estate
  • Securities Law
  • Taxation
  • Toxic Torts
  • Wills, Trusts, & Estate Planning
  • Zoning, Planning & Land Use
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Locations
Other U.S. Locations
  • Texas
Number of Attorneys

100+ Attorneys

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