European Union Competition

The European Union is an economic and political partnership comprised of 27 nations within the Eurozone. The EU was established in 1948 to promote stability and cooperation among member states in the aftermath of... more +
The European Union is an economic and political partnership comprised of 27 nations within the Eurozone. The EU was established in 1948 to promote stability and cooperation among member states in the aftermath of WWII. The EU maintains a common currency as well as several intranational institutions, including the European Parliament and the European Commission. less -
News & Analysis as of

FCA To Investigate Competition In Asset Management

The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) published the Terms of Reference for its asset management market study on 18 November 2015. The study follows a wider review of competition in the wholesale sector launched in July 2014....more

What discount structures can a dominant firm use? European Court supplies further guidance

The European Court has given further guidance on how to assess the legality of rebates and discounts offered by dominant firms in a case concerning rebates practised by Post Danmark, which at the relevant time enjoyed a...more

The European digital single market: where are we now?

It has been a busy few months for the European Commission. When the Commission announced its plans for the digital single market (DSM) on 6 May, many commentators and stakeholders felt that it provided more questions than...more

Evolving Private Remedies for Competition Infringements in Europe: Class Actions in the U.K.

Winds of change are blowing through Europe’s national courts, beginning with a new antitrust damages Directive requiring changes in national laws to facilitate private enforcement of competition law. This step was a major...more

The Beginning of US Style Class Actions in the UK? The Risks Associated with Past and Future Anti-Competitive Behaviour Just...

On 1 October 2015 the UK introduced a new class action regime for breaches of competition law (specifically cartel conduct or abuse of dominant position) permitting collective proceedings for damages claims which will be...more

EU Continues to Focus on the Food Supply Chain

The EU food supply chain continues to be the subject of significant political and regulatory focus. Players in the sector at any level should carefully monitor the evolving situation, since there are plenty of opportunities...more

Europe's Highest Court Recently Delivered a Judgment Imposing Affirmative Duties on SEP Holders

The EU Court of Justice sets out specific requirements with which an SEP holder needs to comply in order to be able to seek an injunction without abusing its dominant position (Huawei / ZTE)- Standards lie at the heart...more

ECJ rips up Orange Book! New standards in Europe for SEP injunctions

Standards lie at the heart of the digital economy – without standards, we would not have smartphones, tablets and other key parts of modern life. Europe’s highest court recently delivered a judgment in Huawei v. ZTE1...more

Communications Networks – update on UK and EU regulatory reviews

In March, Ofcom announced its decision to undertake a strategic review of the telecommunications sector, having not carried out such a review since 2005. In parallel, the EU is currently reviewing regulation within the...more

ECJ Decision in LCD Cartel Case Affirms Potential for Higher Fines to be Imposed on Vertically Integrated Companies

Decision allows Commission to consider sales of products incorporating cartelized goods when calculating cartel fines for a vertically integrated group selling the “transformed product” in Europe. On 9 July 2015, the...more

The European Commission's Digital Single Market Strategy and its impact on your business

The Strategy contains several key actions under three pillars and the Commission will set out to make a number of relevant legislative proposals in this regard. As a first step to implement the Strategy, also on 6 May 2015,...more

EU Seeks to Balance Emissions Controls and Global Competitiveness

The European Union has placed a growing emphasis on climate change policies in recent years, and the week of June 15–19 marks the 10th annual European Union Sustainable Energy Week focusing on “sustainable mobility,”...more

Antitrust & Competition Newsletter - April 2015

U.S. Supreme Court Holds That State Action Immunity Does Not Apply to State Boards If the Board Is Controlled by Active Market Participants - On Feb. 25, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court held, in a 6-3 decision, that a state...more

EU Competition Commissioner proposes a competition inquiry in the e-commerce sector

On 26 March 2015, the European Commissioner in charge of competition policy, Margrethe Vestager, announced a potential competition inquiry in the e-commerce sector. According to the Commission, the proposed inquiry is aimed...more

EU Investigates Tax Rulings for Breach of State Aid Rules

The European Commission is currently conducting in-depth investigations into whether national tax rulings breach the EU’s competition rules. Whilst the spark for these investigations was the “Luxleaks” scandal, in December...more

Newsletter: January 2015

In This Issue: - Main Article: ..EC Competition Law: Latest Developments Provide Ever Greater Opportunities for Private Enforcement - Noted With Interest: ..The Strategy of Lone Pine Orders: Timing...more

"Antitrust and Competition: Surveying Global M&A Enforcement Trends"

US: Continuation of Aggressive Review and Enforcement - In 2014, the U.S. Department of Justice’s Antitrust Division (DOJ) and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) further embraced their aggressive approach to merger...more

New EU Directive Promoting Antitrust Damage Claims

Today, the EU considers that those affected by competition law infringement in some Member States are not able to effectively exercise their right to compensation. New EU legislation seeks to address obstacles to successful...more

Italian Competition Authority Issues Guidelines on Antitrust Infringement Fines

On 31 October 2014, the Italian Competition Authority published its long-awaited guidelines on the method for setting fines for antitrust infringements (Guidelines), which present important changes to the current fining...more

Antitrust and Competition Newsletter - October 2014 (Global)

Recent U.S. Criticism of China’s Enforcement of Its Antitrust Laws Against Foreign Companies - For some time, many in the antitrust community have expressed concerns about how China is enforcing its antitrust laws...more

Private antitrust enforcement in Switzerland

There is a wide range of remedies under Swiss competition law for business litigants. Inventive remedies include compelled access to what American antitrust lawyers would call an “essential facility.” But recent proposed...more

ICA approves commitments in relation to the supermarket alliance

On 4 December 2013 the Italian Competition Authority (ICA) opened an investigation into one of the Italian largest joint purchasing groups, Centrale Italiana....more

“By Object” Restrictions of Competition Revisited: European Court of Justice Endorses Narrow Interpretation

EU High Court adopts narrow interpretation of “by object” restrictions and boosts effects-based approach with significant implications for cooperation/joint venture agreements. The European Court of Justice has...more

New Italian Competition Authority’s Regulation on Legality Rating Certification

On 4 July 2014, the new regulation on legality rating certification by the Italian Competition Authority entered into force. The legality rating is designed to facilitate companies’ access to credit from banks and public...more

Orrick's Antitrust and Competition Newsletter - June 2014 (Global)

Opt-Out Antitrust Class Actions — A U.S. Perspective on the Consumer Rights Bill Pending in UK's Parliament - Will opt-out class actions proposed by the UK Parliament’s Consumer Rights Bill bring the dreaded U.S.-style...more

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