Absolute Priority Rule

News & Analysis as of

The Absolute Priority Rule: Zachary v. California Bank & Trust

The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals has now joined the Courts of Appeals from the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth and Tenth Circuits, and the Eighth Circuit Bankruptcy Appellate Panel (BAP) in holding that the absolute priority rule...more

Appellate Court Severely Undercuts Chapter 11's Usefulness For Individual Debtors

In an important decision, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeal has settled a disputed question among California and other western bankruptcy judges to the advantage of lenders and other creditors. The court held that the...more

Public Hospital Bankruptcy Under Chapter 9: A Success Story and a Powerful Tool

To the extent authorized by a State, Chapter 9 of the Bankruptcy Code allows municipalities (defined as a “political subdivision or public agency or instrumentality”) of that State – including public hospitals – to reorganize...more

Good News for Creditors in Individual Bankruptcy Cases

For the past several years, creditors in the Ninth Circuit were confounded by an interpretation of the bankruptcy code that permitted individual chapter 11 debtors to retain a significant portion of their assets without...more

Global Private Equity Newsletter - Winter 2016 Edition: Recent Developments in Acquisition Finance

Two recent court decisions may result in a broadening of the range of options available to an equity sponsor in respect of an insolvent portfolio company. The first decision may provide increased flexibility in structuring...more

Blog: A Holiday Present from the Third Circuit? The Court of Appeals Uphols a Secured Lender’s “Gift” to General Unsecured...

What better time than the holiday season to discuss “gifting” in the context of chapter 11 cases. “Gifting” commonly refers to the situation where a senior creditor pays (or allocates a portion of its collateral for the...more

Third Circuit Holds Funds Escrowed By Secured Lender After Section 363 Sale Were Not Property of the Estate

In In re ICL Holding Co., Inc., et al., the Third Circuit Court of Appeals held that funds escrowed by the secured lender for the payment of professional fees and other administrative expenses in connection with a Section 363...more

In RE ICL Holding Co.: Roadmap For Avoiding The Absolute Priority Rule

In In re ICL Holding Co.,1 the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit a_rmed the bankruptcy court’s approval under 11 U.S.C.A. § 363(b) of the sale of all of the debtors’ assets to the secured lender group and...more

Cramdown Hurdles Round 3: Try, Try Again

In re Ramz Real Estate Co., LLC, 510 B.R. 712 (Bankr. S.D.N.Y. 2013) – An undersecured mortgagee objected to a debtor’s proposed plan of reorganization on several grounds, including that (1) the plan was not approved by...more

Overview and Analysis of Select Provisions of the ABI Chapter 11 Reform Commission Final Report and Recommendations

In December, the American Bankruptcy Institute issued its Final Report and Recommendations of the Commission to Study the Reform of Chapter 11. The Report is almost 400 pages long and contains more than 200 recommendations....more

Cramdown Hurdles Round 2: Confirmation Can Be An Elusive Prize

In re NNN Parkway 400 26, LLC, 505 B.R. 277 (Bankr. C.D. Cal. 2014) – The primary creditor (an undersecured lender) objected to the debtors’ proposed plan of reorganization on various grounds, including that the plan...more

Sixth Circuit Joins Appellate Courts Holding That The Absolute Priority Rule Applies In Individual Chapter 11 Cases

A little over a year ago, I authored an article addressing the question of whether the “Absolute Priority Rule” applied to Chapter 11 bankruptcy cases filed by an individual. That article, which focused on the decision of the...more

The Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals Reverses Bankruptcy Court’s Ruling that the Absolute-Priority Rule No Longer Applies to...

The Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals recently issued an opinion confirming that the absolute priority rule still applies to individual chapter 11 debtors following the 2005 amendments to the Bankruptcy Code. Ice House America,...more

Bankruptcy Poison Pills – New Attempts To Avoid Absolute Priority

INTRODUCTION - Recently, bankruptcy lawyers representing debtors, whether or not they are conscious of the parallels, have begun including provisions in their chapter 11 plans which can best be described as poison...more

Split Continues Over The Interpretation Of The Absolute Priority Rule As Applied To Individual Chapter 11 Debtors

The Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act ("BAPCPA") was enacted almost ten years ago, but the effect of these bankruptcy amendments is still being decided, particularly in the realm of individual Chapter 11...more

Virginia Financial Institutions - June 2013

In this issue: - CFPB Amends Ability-to-Repay Rule to Ease Standards for Small Creditors - Assistant Managers Fail to Break the Piggy Bank...For Now - Federal Agencies Make Changes to Regulation...more

Seventh Circuit Holds That Debtor Cannot Circumvent Bankruptcy's Absolute-Priority Rule

Unless creditors accept a debtor's plan of reorganization, bankruptcy law requires the plan to provide for the payment in full of creditors before owners of the debtor receive anything on account of their equity interest....more

Recent Court Decisions Hold That The Absolute Priority Rule Still Protects Creditors Of Individual Chapter 11 Debtors

As the economic recovery continues to wind along through the up and down financial cycles that have been the hallmark of the last four years, there can be little doubt that some individuals historically on the higher end of...more

April 2013: Bankruptcy and Restructuring Update

Seventh Circuit Extends New Value Exception. In In re Castleton Plaza, L.P., No. 12-2639 (7th Cir. Feb. 14, 2013), the Seventh Circuit became the first Court of Appeals to address whether the new value exception to the...more

The Seventh Circuit Expands Scope of Absolute Priority Rule to Protect Creditors

In a recent decision, In re Castleton Plaza, LP, 2013 WL 537269 *1 (Feb. 14, 2013), the Seventh Circuit held that the absolute priority rule – which requires that creditors be paid in full before equity holders receive...more

When Lenders are the Losers in Bankruptcy Court...Well, Not so Fast

Last October, I wrote about a scheme employed, in three separate bankruptcy cases, by debtors seeking to evade the absolute priority rule in order to keep the real property owned by the debtor in the hands of the ‘family’ at...more

Seventh Circuit Reaffirms Absolute-Priority Rule in In re Castleton Plaza, LP

Can an equity investor who directs an insider to contribute "new value" to a debtor under a plan of reorganization, so as to retain his interest in the company, avoid an express market test for that new equity? The answer to...more

Castleton Ruling Fortifies 7th Circ. Pro-Creditor Trend

Originally published in Law360, February 22, 2013. As real estate markets continue to rebound, owners of single asset real estate properties are increasingly incentivized to devise bankruptcy strategies that allow them...more

"New Value" Plans Require Competitive Bidding, Says 7th Circuit

In a decision issued yesterday, the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals held that insiders can't be given a special opportunity to invest in a bankrupt debtor under the guise of contributing "new value" unless the debtor makes the...more

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