Adverse Inference Instructions

News & Analysis as of

Bad Faith Spoliation of Audio Data Results in Adverse Inference Instruction (New York)

Novick v. AXA Network, LLC, 2014 WL 5364100 (S.D.N.Y. Oct. 22, 2014). In this contract dispute case, the plaintiff made a motion for sanctions under Rule 37(b)(2) requesting the court strike the defendants’ answer and...more

Defendant’s Gross Negligence Leads to Adverse Inference Instruction (New York)

Riley v. Marriott Int’l, 2014 WL 4794657 (W.D. N.Y. Sept. 25, 2014). In this personal injury case, the plaintiffs sought video surveillance and “sweep logs” after one of the plaintiffs slipped and fell in the...more

Pursuit of a “Smoking Gun” May Be a Recipe for Disaster

In the U.S District Court for the Northern District of Illinois, Judge Matthew F. Kennelly recently held that plaintiffs alleging price-fixing in the text messaging market were not entitled to an adverse inference after...more

Plaintiffs’ Attempt to Conceal Certain Text Messages Backfires (Puerto Rico)

Calderon v. Corporacion Puertorriquena de Salud, 2014 WL 171599 (D. P. R. Jan. 16, 2014). In this employment law case, the plaintiffs only produced a portion of the demanded text messages during discovery, claiming the...more

Sanctions ordered against business for unintentional failure to protect evidence in anticipation of litigation

Following a broadening trend, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California recently held that a party is subject to sanctions – including an adverse inference instruction at trial – for negligently failing...more

Gross Negligence Enough for Adverse Inference Instruction

In 2003, Judge Shira Scheindlin of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York issued five landmark decisions, which have since shaped the landscape of electronic discovery and document preservation. ...more

Lackluster Retention Policy Leads to Spoliation Sanctions (California)

Zest IP Holdings, LLC v. Implant Direct Mfg., LLC, 2013 WL 6159177 (S.D. Cal. Nov. 25, 2013). In this patent and trademark infringement case, the plaintiffs sought sanctions for the defendants’ alleged spoliation and...more

“Saving Everything” No Defense to Spoliation Argument

As we discussed in our previous spoliation post, parties are required to place a litigation hold on all documents once litigation could be reasonably anticipated. Although there are certain definite “trigger events”, such as...more

The Dog Ate My Evidence: Document Destruction Policies And The Duty To Preserve

In This Issue: - The Duty to Preserve ..What triggers the duty to preserve? ..Who has a duty to preserve? ..What is the scope of the duty to preserve? - Litigation Hold Notices - Potential...more

Top 5 Ediscovery Case Summaries - November 2013: New York: Court Unconvinced that Plaintiff Did Not Anticipate Litigation, Orders...

SJS Distrib. Sys. v. Sam’s East, Inc., 2013 WL 5596010 (E.D.N.Y. Oct. 11, 2013). In this breach of contract case, the defendant sought sanctions against the plaintiff. The defendant claimed that over 150 relevant...more

Top EDiscovery Case Summaries - October 2013: New York: Court Allows Presumption of Prejudice, Overturns Previous Order Denying...

Sekisui Am. Corp. v. Hart, 2013 WL 4116322 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 15, 2013). In this case, Judge Shira Scheindlin reversed an earlier order that denied spoliation sanctions for the plaintiffs’ deletion of ESI. The underlying breach...more

Sekisui Am. Corp. v. Hart: Judge Scheindlin’s Latest Footprint in Spoliation Case Law – Part 1

Judge Shira Scheindlin’s latest opinion, Sekisui v. Hart, marks a major development for the latest footprint in spoliation case law and is sure raise eyebrows among federal rule makers tasked with reworking Federal Rule 37....more

Top 5 Ediscovery Case Summaries – August 2013: Pennsylvania - Proportionality Must Be Considered for Spoliation Sanctions

PTSI, Inc. v. Haley, 2013 WL 2285109 (Pa. Super. Ct. May 24, 2013). In this employment law case, the plaintiff appealed a trial court’s denial of motion for sanctions against the defendants who allegedly erased...more

What Is The Difference Between An Adverse Sanction And An Adverse Instruction?

In the world of discovery, including e-discovery, the production of evidence at trial is necessary to prove or defend a case....more

Top 5 Ediscovery Case Summaries – July 2013: Illinois - Sanctions Granted for Reckless Spoliation of Data

Pillay v. Millard Refrigerated Serv., Inc., 2013 WL 2251727 (N.D. Ill. May 22, 2013). In this Americans with Disabilities Act case, the plaintiff sought sanctions in the form of an adverse jury instruction for the...more

Top 5 Ediscovery Case Summaries – July 2013: Illinois - Sanctions Granted for Reckless Spoliation of Data

Pillay v. Millard Refrigerated Serv., Inc., 2013 WL 2251727 (N.D. Ill. May 22, 2013). In this Americans with Disabilities Act case, the plaintiff sought sanctions in the form of an adverse jury instruction for the...more

Top 5 Ediscovery Case Summaries – May 2013: New Jersey - Sanctions Granted for Social Media Spoliation

Gatto v. United Air Lines, Inc., 2013 WL 1285285 (D.N.J. Mar. 25, 2013). In this personal injury dispute, the defendants sought spoliation sanctions arising out of the plaintiff’s destruction of relevant social media...more

IP Update, Vol. 16, No. 2, -- February 2013

In This Issue: Patents - Supreme Court: State Court Has Jurisdiction over a Legal Malpractice Claim; Nothing Non-Obvious About Applying Pre-Existing Technology to the Internet; The Federal Circuit Is Not the...more

Hallmark Recoups Former Executive’s Severance Pay Seven Years after Separation Agreement

Seven years after entering into a separation agreement with one of its executives, Hallmark Cards, Inc. brought suit against the former employee, seeking a “full refund” of the $735,000 severance it paid her....more

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