First-to-File

News & Analysis as of

Does the AIA Have a Prior Art Exception You Can Use?

U.S. patent applications filed after March 16, 2013, when the “First-Inventor-to-File” portion of the America Invents Act (AIA) took effect, have started to be published. Thus, it is a good time for applicants to consider...more

U.S. Brand Holders Anticipating Business in Cuba Can and Should Protect Trademarks

As we noted in our Client Alert on December 18, 2014, President Obama has announced that he will take steps to ease regulations that have largely prevented U.S. companies from conducting business in Cuba for more than 50...more

Is It Too Soon to File for Trademark Registration?

News headlines abound concerning the potential for normalizing trade relations with Cuba. U.S. companies that are likely to do business in Cuba, if and when trade restrictions are fully lifted, should take steps now to...more

Case is Transferred to California

A transfer motion is treated as a non-dispositive motion. The parties are already engaged in litigation in California, the United Kingdom and Germany. ...more

Cloud Storage Company Grounded in D. Mass.

A patent defendant specializing in “virtual” database systems recently learned how real its burden is when seeking to transfer out of the District of Massachusetts. Delphix Corp. (“Delphix”) and Actifio, Inc. (“Actifio”) have...more

The False Claims Act 2015: DOJ Policies and Judicial Decisions Likely to Lead to an Increase in FCA Claims

By all accounts, 2014 was a banner year in False Claims Act (FCA) enforcement, with the Department of Justice (DOJ) announcing a record $5.69 billion in FCA recoveries. 2015 promises to be an equally active year and is...more

You Again?: Application of the First-to-File Bar Where Subsequent Actions Are Brought By the Same Relator

The Federal False Claims Act (“FCA”), 31 U.S.C. § 3729, et seq., has unique procedural aspects that come into play when a private whistleblower (the “relator”) seeks to sue on behalf of the Government. One of these, the...more

Falling Foul of China's Trademark System

Fashion brand owners entering China are generally well aware of the myriad of brand protection challenges awaiting them. One such challenge is China’s rigid first-to-file trademark system which is blamed for the problem of...more

Supreme Court Hears Argument On Two Procedural Issues In False Claims Act Litigation

On January 13, 2015, the United States Supreme Court heard oral argument in Kellogg Brown & Root v. United States ex rel. Carter, No. 12-1497, a False Claims Act (FCA) qui tam case involving allegations of fraudulent billing...more

First Circuit Reaffirms FCA’s “First-to-File” Bar as a Broad Jurisdictional Limit

In early December 2014, the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit reaffirmed that circuit’s broad interpretation of the False Claims Act’s “first-to-file” bar, 31 U.S.C. § 3730(b)(5), in United States ex rel....more

Recent Developments in Cases Dealing with the False Claims Act’s First-to-File and Public Disclosure Bars

The False Claims Act, 31 U.S.C. §§ 3729-3733, enables whistleblowers—also known as qui tam relators— to file fraud suits on behalf of the United States against private government contractors. With the assistance of qui tam...more

Finally Facing First Inventor to File Issues

It has been over three years since the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act was signed into law by President Obama, and just over eighteen months since the effective date of the first-inventor-to-file changes to 35 USC § 102....more

Federal Circuit Sidesteps Constitutionality of AIA First-to-File Provision

MadStad Eng’g, Inc. v. USPTO - The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit faced an issue of first impression when a named inventor on three patents challenged the first-inventor-to-file provision of the America...more

White Collar Watch - August 2014

In This Issue: - Court of Appeals asked to clarify scope of Dodd-Frank Act whistleblower protections - Supreme Court to address circuit splits on wartime tolling and first-to-file bar - IRS amends...more

Supreme Court to address circuit splits on wartime tolling and first-to-file bar

The Supreme Court has agreed to hear an appeal which will likely reconcile an appellate split as to whether the Wartime Suspension of Limitations Act applies in False Claims Act cases and the first-to-file bar. ...more

USPTO to Host America Invents Act Roadshow in Seven Cities Nationwide

The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office announced that it will host seven roadshow events across the country to increase public understanding of the First Inventor to File (FITF) provisions of the America Invents Act. The...more

District Court Applies FCA's First-to-File Rule to Determine Relator's Entitlement to Settlement Proceeds

On June 23, 2014, a U.S. District Court in Pennsylvania held that the first relator to file a qui tam complaint under the FCA is the only relator eligible to recover a portion of the settlement, notwithstanding the existence...more

Court enforces False Claims Act’s first-to-file rule to bar complaint alleging details of off-label promotion scheme about which...

In Brief - When an alleged scheme to market drugs for unapproved “off-label” uses had already been identified by an earlier complaint, a later complaint providing additional details, but alleging the same “essential...more

White Collar Watch - June 2014

In This Issue: - Whistleblower’s one-two punch: Confidential informant/employee spurs criminal investigation, then successfully sues individual company owner in qui tam action - Alleged illegal recruiting for...more

Intent to Lose? Be Wary of Pitfalls Involving Intent-to-Use Trademark Applications.

Merger and Acquisitions often involve the acquisition and/or assignment of trademarks. Companies acquiring trademarks must beware of potential problems lurking with intent-to-use (ITU) trademark applications (or applications...more

First Circuit Affirms Dismissal of FCA Complaint Based on First-to-File Bar

The First Circuit recently affirmed the dismissal of United States ex rel. Wilson v. Bristol-Myers Squibb, Inc. under the False Claims Act’s (“FCA”) “first-to-file” provision, which prohibits any person “other than the...more

First Circuit Rules on Scope of FCA First-to-File Rule in U.S. v. Bristol Myers Squibb, Inc.

The First Circuit ruled last week that an earlier-filed False Claims Act complaint will preclude a later-filed complaint if it arises out of the same underlying facts, even if the allegations are not identical. The...more

Beginning the Patent Process

The second step in bringing your medical device to market is to understand whether you can protect your invention. This article is part two of a series that presents the three big issues in intellectual property: Do...more

Why Assuming Out of State Non-Compete Agreements are Unenforceable Against California Employees is High Risk Behavior

A recent case holding that a Washington employer’s non-compete agreement is enforceable against California employees reinforces a continuing trend in the California judiciary to allow non-compete agreements to be decided in...more

D.C. Circuit Creates Split in Authority on Applicability of False Claims Act “First-to-File” Bar

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit recently affirmed the dismissal of a False Claims Act (“FCA”) complaint in United States ex rel. Shea v. Cellco Partnership, 2014 WL 1394687 (D.C. Cir. Apr. 11, 2014) for failure...more

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