Books & Records

News & Analysis as of

Cash Businesses Must Maintain Records

A recent Tax Court case (Kunkle v. C.I.R.) reiterates the need for cash businesses to maintain proper books and records. "Section 6662 imposes a 20% penalty upon the portion of any underpayment attributable to (among...more

SEC Looks to Increase Focus on Enforcement of FCPA Accounting Provisions

Government enforcement of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) typically involves both criminal charges pursued by the Department of Justice (DOJ), and civil charges from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Last...more

SEC Files Financial Fraud Action Against Japan Based Controller

The Commission filed a financial fraud action against a former senior accounting officer and controller of Molex Japan Co., Ltd., the Japanese based subsidiary of publically traded Molex Inc. The scheme, which took place in...more

SEC Uses Books and Records and Internal Control Regulations to Extend Reach of Actions Beyond Fraud

Last year, we predicted that the SEC would increase its use of administrative proceedings to enforce strict liability violations such as books and records and internal controls. See Mary P. Hansen & William L. Carr, The...more

This Week In Securities Litigation

The Second Circuit rejected a petition for rehearing by the U.S. Attorney’s Office in the Newman case. There the Court reversed and dismissed the insider trading actions against two traders based on the failure of the court...more

Fuchs Family Trust v. Parker Drilling Co., C.A. No. 9986-VCN (Del. Ch. Mar. 4, 2015) (Noble, V.C.)

In this memorandum opinion, the Court of Chancery denied a stockholder request for inspection of books and records pursuant to 8 Del. C. § 220 (“Section 220”). The Court held, among other things, that the requesting...more

FCPA Books and Records and Internal Controls Enforcement – A Retrospective (Part III of IV)

Plan for the future because that’s where you are going to spend the rest of your life. – Mark Twain. The SEC enforces its books and records and internal controls provisions, most of which involve non-FCPA violations....more

FCPA Compliance and Ethics Report-Episode 145-SEC Enforcement of the FCPA, Part II [Video]

In this episode which is Part II of my look at SEC enforcement of the FCPA, I consider whether profit disgorgement is available to the SEC in a strict liability enforcement action of violation of internal controls. ...more

Internal Accounting Controls – The Framework for Enforcement (Part II of IV)

When you review the actual law surrounding books and records and internal controls, you wonder to yourself what took the Justice Department and the SEC so long to discover the full power of the provisions....more

Internal Controls Enforcement (Part I of IV)

I was recently inspired by Tom Fox’s excellent writings on the COSO 2013 framework, and his examination of internal controls issues – see here, here, and here. Today, I begin my own series on internal controls but from a...more

Did The Judge’s Ruling Truly Decimate The Defendant’s Contention?

Yesterday’s post concerned Justice M. Kathleen Butz’ recent holding in Yee v. Am. Nat’l Ins. Co., 2015 Cal. App. LEXIS 257 (Cal. Ct. App. 2015).  The case involved the California Controller’s attempt to examine the records of...more

FCPA Compliance and Ethics Report-Episode 142-Reflections on the Goodyear FCPA Enforcement Action [Video]

In this episode I take a deep dive into the Goodyear FCPA enforcement action. I review the underlying allegations and the lessons learned for the compliance practitioner. ...more

Stating Proper Purpose Doesn’t Guarantee Books-and-Records Entitlement

It is well settled that stockholders of Delaware companies generally have the right to inspect the company's books and records upon the showing of a proper purpose. However, as demonstrated in the Court of Chancery's decision...more

The FCPA Mandate in a Nutshell

The consequences of an investigation into bribery allegations can be tricky for any manufacturing company, so it’s important to understand the U.S. anti-bribery provisions. As discussed in our Foreign Corrupt Practices Act...more

Delaware Chancery Court Addresses Proper Purpose for Inspection Demand

The Delaware Court of Chancery recently held that a shareholder was not entitled to inspect records concerning alleged violations of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) because the shareholder was barred from pursuing...more

SEC FCPA Enforcement Action against Goodyear and Investigation of Mondelez International Provide Valuable Lessons for U.S....

Action Item: The Securities and Exchange Commission’s enforcement action against Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company and its investigation of Mondelez International provide key lessons to U.S. companies seeking to acquire foreign...more

With No Civil Penalty, Goodyear FCPA Settlement Highlights Benefits of Cooperation and Remedial Actions

The Securities & Exchange Commission (“SEC”) announced last week that it charged The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company (“Goodyear”) with violating the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”), and that Goodyear agreed to pay more...more

Goodyear FCPA Settlement Highlights Importance of Thorough Pre-Acquisition Due Diligence

On February 24 the SEC charged Ohio-based Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company with violating the books and records provisions of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA). Goodyear agreed to  pay $16.2 million to settle the...more

Court Of Chancery Explains When Inspection Is Warranted

Everyone knows that a proper purpose is needed to justify inspection of a company’s records and that investigating wrongdoing is such a proper purpose. But is it enough to just allege that alone, even when there is sufficient...more

Goodyear Rolls Out $16 M Settlement With SEC, Putting Brakes on FCPA Charges

On February 24, 2015, the SEC announced that it had reached an agreement with Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. (“Goodyear”) for Goodyear to disgorge more than $16 million to settle FCPA charges stemming from its Kenyan and Angolan...more

Minnie Minoso Broke Barriers; Goodyear Pushes Compliance Forward

Yesterday we celebrated the hard-nosed playing style of Anthony Mason, who recently passed away. Today we honor a true pioneer in professional baseball, Minnie Minoso, or Mr. White Sox. Minoso was the first black Cuban to...more

Master Denies Limits On Trading Following Inspection

A Master holds that the Court should not impose trading restrictions after a books and records inspection but should impose a confidentiality provision. ...more

Goodyear Settles SEC’s FCPA Charges for $16M – Investigation Underscores Importance of Pre-Acquisition Due Diligence and Oversight...

On February 24, 2015, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) announced that it had settled its Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) investigation of payments made by two subsidiaries of The Goodyear Tire & Rubber...more

Cash Based Business? Have Good Books and Records

What happens when a taxpayer operates a cash based business and lacks adequate books and records according to the IRS? The IRS can use any reasonable method to reconstruct the taxpayers income and expenses. (See, Estate of...more

Delaware Supreme Court to Chancery: You Have Broad Powers

Books-and-records litigation does not typically grab headlines. In fact, few cases litigated under Section 220 of the Delaware General Corporation Law result in written opinions authored by the Delaware Supreme Court....more

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