Canada Hiring & Firing

News & Analysis as of

Mass Terminations—What Ontario Employers Need to Think About When Restructuring or Reducing Their Workforces

When discharging employees, it pays to be prepared. This is especially so when an employer is considering a large-scale restructuring....more

A Reference Guide for Reference Letters

One of the more confusing issues that employers deal with is what to do in the face a request for a reference letter by a departing employee. While dealing with a reference letter for a stellar employee is easy, the task...more

Ontario man fined $6,000 for illegal use of “professional engineer” title when seeking job

An Ontario man has been found guilty of three counts of violating the Professional Engineers Act by using the protected title, “P.Eng.” in a resume and in communications with a construction firm at which he was seeking...more

Limiting Liability: Incentives and Benefits on Termination of Employment

You’ve terminated an employee without cause, what do you owe them? It may be more than you think. As a starting position, employees are entitled to compensation for what they would have earned during a reasonable period...more

The Final Word? The Ontario Court of Appeal upholds an astounding 10 years of back pay and employee reinstatement

Readers of this blog may recall reading in 2014 about the Ontario Divisional Court upholding the Ontario Human Rights Tribunal’s order for 10 years of back pay and employee reinstatement. The decision was reached in the case...more

Reverse burden of proof sinks no-show employer: OLRB awards more than $25,000 for safety-reprisal

An employer that failed to attend a safety-reprisal hearing has been ordered to pay two employees damages of more than $25,000.00. The employees filed an application with the Ontario Labour Relations Board claiming that...more

Best Practices for Conducting Pre-Employment Background Checks in Canada

Many employers perform background checks before hiring their employees. The process could be as simple as checking an applicant’s professional credentials, education, and references, or as detailed as a criminal records check...more

Two weeks’ notice? Long-time employees may be required to give more to employers

A recent Ontario Superior Court case, Gagnon & Associates Inc. et. al. v Jesso et. al., is a reminder that both employers and employees are required to give reasonable notice of termination at the conclusion of an employment...more

A Quick Guide to the Taxation of Retiring Allowances

When an employee’s employment is terminated without cause, the employee will typically receive some form of a termination/severance payment. All or part of this termination/severance payment may be considered a “retiring...more

Fixed Term Contracts: Damages for “trouble and inconvenience”

In a recent decision, the Superior Court of Quebec held that the termination of a fixed term contract of employment constitutes a breach of contract which may allow for an award of damages for “troubles and inconveniences”...more

The Duty to Provide Reasonable Notice of Termination Cuts Both Ways

It is a relatively little-known fact to non-lawyers that just as employers are required to provide employees with reasonable notice of termination, employees are likewise required to provide employers with reasonable notice...more

Court finds termination clause purporting to limit a 17-year employee’s termination notice to the 8 week statutory minimum to be...

An Alberta court recently had the opportunity to consider the question of whether a termination clause was effective to take away an employee’s entitlement to pay in lieu of notice of termination in excess of the minimum set...more

Arbitrator rules BC employer must reinstate employees on long-term disability after non-culpable terminations

In a British Columbia arbitration, Township of Langley v. CUPE, Local 403, No: A-014/15, the arbitrator was considering a grievance concerning the non-culpable termination of three employees of the Township of Langley who had...more

Early Termination of Fixed Term Contract Results in Employee Windfall (Or the Dangers of Dubious Drafting)

The Ontario Court of Appeal recently awarded an employee, whose fixed-term contract was terminated on a without cause basis twenty-three months into a five-year term, damages reflecting the balance of his remuneration under...more

Employee stopped production line “to be difficult”, not due to safety issue: work refusal not justified

An employee who shut down a production line allegedly because two other employees were fighting, was not exercising a proper work refusal under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, the Ontario Labour Relations Board has...more

Miscarriage is a Disability

In a recent interim decision of the Ontario Human Rights Tribunal, adjudicator Jennifer Scott found that miscarriage could constitute a “disability”.  The door was also left open for employees terminated due to miscarriage to...more

Labour and Employment Criminal Background Checks

In an increasingly competitive business environment, it is perhaps more important than ever for employers to exercise prudence and caution in hiring and maintaining their workforce. Background checks, including criminal...more

Dependent Contractors Awarded 26 Months’ Reasonable Notice

Dependent contractors are becoming an increasing portion of the working population, and an Ontario court recently confirmed that protections available to them are at the top end of the scale. In the case of Keenan v....more

Work refusal was motivated by employee’s dislike of work assignment, not by safety: when full disciplinary record considered,...

An arbitrator has upheld the dismissal of an employee who tried to use the Occupational Health and Safety Act’s work refusal provisions to avoid undesired work assignments. The employee worked for the City of Hamilton...more

Firing after employee’s “generalized threat to get legal advice” was not retaliatory

An employee who was fired approximately one month after he told his employer that he “might get legal help” was not the victim of a reprisal, the Ontario Labour Relations Board has decided. Although the case was filed under...more

The Final Word on Dependent Contractors

I wrote last year about the Ontario Superior Court of Justice’s decision in the case of Keenan v. Canac Kitchens (a link to same can be found here: http://www.employmentandlabour.com/?s=Canac). Last week the Ontario Court...more

“Presumptive remedy” for retaliatory discharge under OHSA is reinstatement of employee, OLRB states

Where an employer fires an employee for raising safety concerns, the employee will generally be entitled to reinstatement, the Ontario Labour Relations Board has stated. The case involved a restaurant employee who sent...more

Terminating for Financial Reasons? Don’t Expect the Courts to Help You Out

Employers who undertake reductions in force due to financial difficulties should not count on employee notice periods being reduced as a result of the financial troubles.  This point was recently emphasized by the Ontario...more

Legal Trends: Employment & Labour

In the past year, the media and governments across Canada have paid greater attention to workplace discrimination and harassment. In Ontario, for example, the government introduced Bill 132, Sexual Violence and Harassment...more

Police Records Checks Reform Act, 2015

On December 1, 2015, Ontario passed the Police Record Checks Reform Act, 2015, (the “Act”) which will have concrete implications for the ways in which employers conduct criminal background checks, and the information that...more

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