News & Analysis as of

Second Circuit Reverses SDNY In SEC-Citigroup Settlement Case

On June 4, 2014, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated and remanded a November 28, 2011 order from the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York refusing to approve a...more

Second Circuit Says Wall Street Can Play “Truth or Settle”

On June 4, 2014, a three-judge Second Circuit panel reversed and remanded Judge Rakoff’s 2011 order that rejected an S.E.C. settlement with Citigroup. The proposed settlement resolved the S.E.C.’s securities fraud case...more

Second Circuit’s Citigroup Decision Protects SEC’s Discretion in Settling Enforcement Cases

Wednesday’s decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in the Citigroup case is significant because it clarifies the standards for judicial review of consent decrees in SEC enforcement proceedings and...more

Second Circuit Says Pragmatism Trumps “Cold, Hard” Facts, Limits District Courts’ Powers in Reviewing SEC Settlements

Summer is coming, but this is probably not the vacation Southern District of New York Judge Jed Rakoff had in mind. On June 4, 2014, the Second Circuit vacated Judge Rakoff’s order refusing to approve the SEC’s $285 million...more

This Week In Securities Litigation (Week ending June 6, 2014)

The SEC had mixed results in court this week. A Manhattan jury returned a verdict against the agency in a high profile and long-running insider trading case where the agency had previously obtained favorable rulings from the...more

Trials Are About Truth; Consent Decrees Are About Pragmatism

I recently wrote about Judge Rakoff’s refusal to enter the SEC’s proposed consent decree in SEC v. Citigroup Global Markets, Inc., 827 F. Supp. 2d 328 (SDNY 2011) – and the shift in SEC enforcement policy that it prompted. ...more

Judge Rakoff Reversed by Second Circuit on SEC-Citi case, Still Sort of Wins

You’d be forgiven if you’d forgotten at this point, but way back in Obama’s first term, the SEC once investigated and sued Citigroup for its involvement in a collateralized debt obligation deal. As the SEC said in its...more

Judge Rakoff Overturned: SEC-Citigroup Settlement Sent Back for Reconsideration

In a long-awaited decision, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit today overturned Judge Rakoff's highly controversial decision which refused to approve a $285-million settlement between the United States...more

Second Circuit Says District Court Erred In Blocking SEC/Citigroup Settlement

The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit yesterday vacated a closely-watched 2011 decision by U.S. District Court Judge Jed Rakoff rejecting a $285 million fraud settlement between Citigroup Inc. and the U.S....more

Consent Decrees, the District Court and the SEC: The Citigroup Decision

The Second Circuit handed down its long awaited opinion in SEC v. Citigroup Global Markets, Inc., Nos. 11-5227-cv, 11-5375-cv and 11-5242-cv (2nd Cir. June 4, 2014). The decision arises out of the refusal of the District...more

Orrick's Financial Industry Week in Review - April 14, 2014

Agencies Apply Increased Leverage Ratio to Large U.S. Banks - On April 8, the Fed, FDIC and OCC adopted the final rule to increase the leverage ratio for the largest U.S. banks. The final rule applies to U.S. bank...more

The SEC and Omnipresent Enforcement

A key part of the new “get tough” enforcement doctrine is omnipresence – that is, creating the impression that the SEC’s Division of Enforcement is everywhere all the time. This theory, a variation of the “cop on the beat”...more

Admit-Deny Placeholder

First, the kerfuffle surrounding the Citi matter has wholly obfuscated the SEC staff’s achievement. Understand that these structured products cases are extremely complicated. Even when assisted by whistleblowers, the facts do...more

Orrick's Financial Industry Week In Review - November 12, 2013

CFTC Proposed Rule on Commodity Pools - On November 5, the CFTC issued a proposed rule that would require that all registered introducing brokers (IBs), commodity pool operators (CPOs) and commodity trading advisors...more

Lookout For The SEC: After First Demanding More Admissions, The SEC Is Additionally Increasing Monetary Penalties And Giving...

After first announcing a change on June 18 of this year to demand more admissions in SEC actions, an SEC leader recently made further comments echoing that same sentiment, as well as referencing the SEC’s intended use of...more

Litigation: The expanded role of courts in settling government investigations - A growing number of federal judges are closely...

Government investigations of companies typically end in settlements. These may be civil in nature, in which companies commonly agree to pay money and take remedial measures to deter and prevent the misconduct that the...more

Orrick's Financial Industry Week In Review - June 3, 2013

In This Issue: CFPB Final Rule Amendments to Ability to Repay and QM Rule; Extension of Loan Modification Programs; Freddie Mac $1 Billion Performing Modified Loan Securitization; FinCEN Guidance on Virtual Currency...more

To the Nation’s Largest Banks: Thanks for Reading

It seems that some of the nation’s largest public company banks must be avid readers of this blog and have taken to heart our 2013 prediction that the SEC would require greater disclosure related to data security risks and...more

SEC Speaks: Agency Takes Back-To-Basics Approach In Face Of Changing Leadership, Congressional Mandates And New Technologies

The annual “SEC Speaks” conference, in which Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) representatives review the agency’s efforts over the past year and preview the year to come, was held on February 22-23, 2013. A...more

Impac Settles RMBS Suit Brought by Citigroup for $3.1 Million

On January 24, Impac Funding Corp. settled a lawsuit brought by Citigroup Global Markets Inc. alleging violations of Sections 18 and 20 of the Securities Exchange Act and negligent misrepresentation based on alleged...more

Orrick's Financial Industry Week in Review - February 4, 2013

In This Issue: *Financial Industry Developments - SEC Extends Exemptions for Security-Based Swaps - Fed Announces Release Dates for Results of Supervisory Stress Tests and CCAR - Rating Agency Developments...more

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