Collateral

News & Analysis as of

The Hague Securities Convention – I. Lending Against Securities in the U.S. After April 1, 2017

The Hague Securities Convention, which goes into effect in the United States on April 1, 2017, will have significant impact on the law applied to all transactions – past and future – collateralized by securities held by an...more

Chris Lazarini Comments on Covenant of Good Faith and Fair Dealing

Bass, Berry & Sims attorney Chris Lazarini commented on a case in which the plaintiff claimed Merrill Lynch acted improperly in selling shares held as collateral for a loan when plaintiff had not defaulted on the loan. The...more

Are the Assets in Custody?

Lenders to funds and other borrowers often extend credit based on a security interest over assets that are held in custody. The lender is granted a security interest in the relevant custody account and all of the cash,...more

Cross-Border Loan Transactions: Supplementing Canadian Law Governed Loan Documents with Collateral and Guaranty Documents Governed...

Many cross-border loan transactions involve subsidiaries that are organized in the United States and/or U.S. based collateral. To the extent that the underlying loan is made to a Canadian borrower by a Canadian lender, these...more

Court Affirms Conviction In Case Involving $126 Million Loan For Shopping Mall Transaction, Rejecting Argument That Sentence...

In a summary order on March 8, 2017, the Second Circuit (Katzmann, C.J. and Pooler and Lynch, J.) affirmed the conviction and sentence for wire fraud in United States v. Frenkel. The case attracted some public attention...more

Secured Creditor’s Obligations to Dispose of Collateral in Commercially Reasonable Manner Triggered Only Upon Possession

In a recent, well-written opinion, the Tennessee Court of Appeals, Middle Section, WM Capital Partners, LLC v. Thornton, No. M2015-00328-COA-R3-CV, filed January 17, 2017, determined that a secured creditor’s duty to dispose...more

Understanding Agreements among Lenders: How the Unitranche Differs from an Intercreditor Agreement

When seeking a loan, borrowers require both good financial terms and an efficient closing process. Unitranche facilities help accomplish both goals by combining a senior/first lien credit facility with a junior/second lien...more

Financial Stability Board Finalizes Measure and Metrics of Non-Cash Collateral Re-Use in Securities Financing Transactions

The Financial Stability Board published the final measure and metrics for non-cash collateral re-use in securities financing transactions. The measure and metrics are part of the FSB's global securities financing data...more

"Possession or control" of Financial Collateral – Matter Number C-156/15

The Court of Justice of the European Union ("CJEU") has given its first ever ruling on the question of what constitutes "possession or control" of financial collateral for the purposes of the Financial Collateral Directive -...more

The Problem of Lender "Inquiry Notice" Status

If a lender is fully secured, can it just ignore suspicions of borrower misconduct? The danger is that a lender could lose its collateral under these circumstances and be treated as an unsecured creditor. This is exactly...more

Debtors Who Misuse Collateral Can Lose the Benefit of Discharging their Debt in Bankruptcy

On November 21, 2016, in a case entitled In re Monson, the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the Bankruptcy Court’s decision, which held that a debtor’s conduct constituted a willful and malicious injury to a...more

Towards a new, more flexible legal framework for secured lending in Belgium

Upon entering into force, the law of 11 July 2013 on security interests in rem on movable assets will provide Belgium with a modern legal framework that will greatly facilitate secured lending. Although not as...more

Protecting an Interest in a Ground Lease – A Lender’s Perspective

Lenders are often asked to provide financing secured by a leasehold interest in land evidenced by a ground lease. A ground lease is an agreement between the fee owner of real estate (the ground lessor or landlord) and its...more

Historic Risk Management Rules and Practices Go Live on March 1, 2017 in Leading Markets

For the first time in the history of derivatives, regulators in leading markets will require assets to collateralize many derivatives which are not settled in a regulated clearinghouse. It is not possible to overstate...more

Security over financial collateral – the CJEU considers the "possession or control" test

The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has given a preliminary ruling on when a security holder has "possession or…control" of financial collateral for the purposes of Directive 2002/47 on financial collateral...more

Taking a security interest in art

If you have tried to borrow monies and use artwork as collateral, or if you have determined to loan money and take a piece of art as security, you may have encountered some interesting challenges....more

Developments in Unitranche Financing (2016)

The increasing use of unitranche financing, both domestically and abroad, has created new opportunities for middle market loan participants. However, lenders must understand the legal issues and potential bankruptcy risks...more

Collateral 101: Perfecting Security Interests in Common and Uncommon Collateral

As most people (at least in the banking world) know, a security interest is the granting of an interest in property to secure obligations, usually loan debt. If the borrower defaults under its obligations, the bank can...more

How Reporting a Crime May Subject You to Sanctions

You are a creditor and your loan is secured by personal property, let’s say equipment. The borrower recently filed for bankruptcy protection. You receive a phone call from a friend advising you that someone has a moving...more

UK Financial Regulatory Developments - July 2016 #5

Commission reports on FCD - The Commission has reported on the appropriateness of Article 3(1) of the Financial Collateral Arrangements Directive (FCD). The FCD established a framework for the creation and enforcement of...more

Loss Payee Versus Lender’s Loss Payee: One Word Can Make All The Difference

When a lender makes a loan secured by personal property, it will perfect its interest in the collateral under applicable law. To further protect the value of the collateral supporting its loan, the lender will also require...more

Third Circuit: The Repossession of Your Car as Collateral on a Usurious Loan is Not an FDCPA Violation

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit recently held that a repossession company did not violate the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (“FDCPA”) when it repossessed the defaulting debtor’s car, even though the loan...more

UK Legislation Implementing Regulatory Powers for HM Treasury on Financial Collateral Arrangements

An Order was published implementing provisions in the Banking Act 2009, providing powers to HM Treasury to make regulations about financial collateral arrangements. The relevant provisions come into force on May 25, 2016. ...more

First Impressions and Prohibited Mortgage Modifications in Bankruptcy

Section 1322(b)(2) of the Bankruptcy Code enables a debtor to “modify the rights of holders of secured claims, other than a claim secured only by a security interest in real property that is the debtor’s principal...more

Chapter 13 Debtor Unable to Modify Confirmed Plan to Surrender Collateral

The U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina in In Re Reuben Samuel Royal, Case No, 14-07134-DMW (May 2, 2016) recently concluded that the Chapter 13 debtors cannot surrender a vehicle back to the...more

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