News & Analysis as of

Michael Jordan v. Jewel Food Stores: The Seventh Circuit Explores the Boundaries of Commercial Speech

When and how the First Amendment applies is normally a complicated question. In a case decided earlier this week, Michael Jordan v. Jewel Food Stores, Inc., No. 12-1992, the parties teamed up to present an issue on commercial...more

Second Circuit Vacates Pharmaceutical Misbranding Conviction on Free Speech Grounds

After two years of deliberation, the U.S. Second Circuit Court of Appeals has finally issued its decision in United States v. Caronia, holding that the government cannot prosecute pharmaceutical manufacturers or their...more

Free Speech and The Super Bowl

Litigation and the Super Bowl go together in modern America like litigation and, well, anything (e.g. tattoos, Bill Russell) in modern America. But since the Super Bowl is on most of our radars for the next few days,...more

Second Circuit Declares Off-Label Promotion Ban Unconstitutional: Implications for False Claims Act Defendants

On December 3, 2012, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit held that the First Amendment protects pharmaceutical companies who truthfully promote the lawful, off-label use of prescription drugs from...more

Google Search and Free Speech

On Thursday, the Federal Trade Commission announced that, after its inquiry of almost two-years, it is ending its antitrust investigation into Google. It finds that Google has not violated antitrust laws in its ordering of...more

Spirit Airlines v. U.S. Dep’t of Transportation

Brief Of Amici Curiae CATO Institute And The National Federation Of Independent Business Small Business Legal Center In Support...

It is axiomatic that the freedom of speech is vitally important to our democratic society and that being able to criticize the government is at the core of this freedom. Yet government officials are constantly inventing new...more

Second Circuit Vacates Off-Label Promotion Conviction on First Amendment Grounds in U.S. v. Caronia

On December 3, 2012, a panel of three judges on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit overturned the November 2009 conviction of Alfred Caronia for conspiracy to introduce a misbranded drug into interstate commerce...more

United States v. Caronia: Second Circuit Rules Manufacturers Cannot Be Criminally Prosecuted for Off-Label Promotion of Drugs...

On December 3, 2012, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit issued a landmark decision in United States v. Caronia, holding that “the government cannot prosecute pharmaceutical manufacturers and their...more

Second Circuit Rules That Certain Speech Regarding the Off-Label Use of Drugs Is Protected Under the U.S. Constitution

In a long-awaited decision, on December 3, 2012, a divided panel (2–1) of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated the conviction of Alfred Caronia, a former pharmaceutical sales representative for Jazz...more

Second Circuit Rules that Pharma Rep's Promotion of Drug for Off-Label Use is Protected Speech

The Second Circuit's December 3, 2012 decision in United States v. Caronia, No. 09-5006-CR, could cause a sea change in the growing number of prosecutions brought by the government to prevent the off-label promotion of drugs...more

Does Misdemeanor Misbranding Survive Caronia?

The Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit sent shockwaves through the pharmaceutical industry with its decision in United States v. Caronia. Alfred Caronia was a pharmaceutical sales representative convicted of a...more

Court’s Ruling about Off-Label Drug Promotion Defies Reason

Last week a federal appeals court made a ruling that chips away at a fundamental aspect of the FDA's gatekeeping function with new drugs. The court tossed a conviction of a drug sales representative who was promoting drugs...more

Second Circuit Holds that Criminal Penalties for Pharmaceutical Sales Representative’s Off-Label Promotion Violate the First...

On December 3, 2012, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit issued an opinion that stands to transform the regulatory landscape in which pharmaceutical and medical device companies operate. In recent...more

Second Circuit Holds Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act Does Not Prohibit Off-Label Promotion

In a significant blow to the U.S. government’s enforcement efforts against the pharmaceutical industry, a panel of the Second Circuit overturned the conviction of a pharmaceutical sales representative for conspiracy to...more

Second Circuit Delivers Blow to Off-Label Promotion Prosecutions in U.S. v. Caronia

In a much-anticipated decision, a federal court of appeals has ruled that the government cannot criminally prosecute pharmaceutical manufacturers and their representatives under the Food, Drug and Cosmetics Act (“FDCA”) for...more

Off Label Marketing – First Amendment Challenge Ruling

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit upheld a First Amendment challenge to the federal prosecution of pharmaceutical salesperson Alfred Caronia for off-label marketing, http://www.ca2.uscourts.gov/decisions. Given...more

‘Off-Label’ FDA Cases Can Run Afoul of First Amendment, Appeals Court Holds

A recent decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit may significantly curtail enforcement efforts relating to the so-called “off-label” use of drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration for specific...more

Second Circuit Rules Off-Label Prosecution Violates First Amendment

The US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, in a decision issued on December 3, 2012, in United States v. Caronia, threw out a criminal conviction of the defendant Alfred Caronia, a pharmaceutical sales person, for an...more

"Second Circuit Vacates Conviction Based on Off-Label Promotion, Deals Blow to Government Theory in Drug Marketing Cases"

In a much-anticipated opinion, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated and remanded the conviction of Alfred Caronia, a former pharmaceutical sales representative convicted of conspiring to introduce a...more

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