Credit Reports Fair Credit Reporting Act

News & Analysis as of

Student Loan Servicers Still Looking for Clarification on Reporting Obligations

There is surprisingly little guidance for student loan servicers when it comes to credit reporting. The only recent guidance directed at loan servicers came by way of an announcement from the U.S. Departments of Education and...more

CFPB May Focus on Credit Reporting as an Enforcement Priority

On February 28, 2017, the CFPB issued its monthly complaint report spotlighting credit reporting complaints (the Spotlight). Two days later, the Bureau issued a Special Edition of its Supervisory Highlights Report, which also...more

California Employment Law Notes - March 2017

Victoria Zetwick, a county correctional officer, alleged that the county sheriff created a sexually hostile environment in violation of Title VII and the California Fair Employment and Housing Act by, among other things,...more

SoFi Settlement Provides Lessons for Lenders Marketing “Soft Pull” Preapprovals

Originally published in the FinTech Law Report, Volume 19 - September/October 2016. A class action was filed in November 2014 against Social Finance, Inc. (SoFi) for alleged violations of law stemming from its marketing...more

Spokeo Gets Lyft Off

The Northern District of California dismissed a Fair Credit Reporting Act case against Lyft upon finding that plaintiff lacked Article III standing based on the Supreme Court’s decision in Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins, 136 S. Ct....more

After the FACTA: A Judgment Creditor Must Establish a “Credit” Transaction to Get a Credit Report

On July 25, 2016, the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington held that before obtaining a consumer’s credit report, a third party judgment creditor must establish that the transaction at issue is...more

Use of Credit Information for Employment Screening

Background checks for employment screening purposes may contain different information. Most common would be the use of criminal history information, but there are times when an employer requests that their background...more

Eleventh Circuit Weighs In on the FCRA’s Furnisher Investigation Requirement

The 11th Circuit has clarified that the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) requires furnishers of credit information—like their credit reporting agency (CRA) counterparts—to conduct "reasonable" investigations of consumer...more

Supreme Court’s Spokeo Decision Leaves Questions Unresolved

On May 16, the Supreme Court issued its Spokeo v. Robins decision. Spokeo was a closely-watched case, as it had the potential to substantially limit federal court jurisdiction in cases where plaintiffs sued for violations of...more

New Putative FCRA Class Action May Signal a Trend

A borrower recently filed a putative class action against Fannie Mae under the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) in federal court in Washington, D.C., alleging that Fannie engaged in unauthorized inquiries into borrowers'...more

New Guidance Issued on FCRA Compliance in Employee Screening

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has issued new guidance to help background screening companies comply with the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) when conducting background checks on current or prospective employees. The new...more

FTC Releases Updated FCRA Guidance On Background Checks

On May 10, 2016, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) released a new publication related to background checks and the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) titled What Employment Background Screening Companies Need to Know About the...more

FTC Publication for Background Screeners

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) just issued guidance for companies providing employment screening services. According to the FTC, they have “created new guidance for businesses aimed at giving employment background...more

Registration Requirement for CRAs in Rhode Island

Rhode Island has a quirky statute that arguably requires any consumer reporting agency who provides credit reports or information to state residents to register with the Department of State – Business Services Division. I...more

CFPB Tackles Checking Accounts With Compliance Bulletin, Letter to Banks

Why it matters - Taking a deep dive into the area of checking accounts, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) sent a letter to 25 of the largest retail banks "encouraging them to make available and widely...more

Proposed Amendments to Fair Credit Reporting Act

Two new bills affecting credit reporting and the use of credit reports for employment purposes are working their way through Congress. If passed, the bills would amend the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA). The first, The...more

Limits of Ascertainability Reached in Class Allegations Against Equifax

Plaintiff, hoping to recover from Equifax for issuing a credit report with “incorrect and damaging information,” sought to represent a class of “all persons who disputed an Equifax credit report and where Equifax failed to...more

CFPB Takes Action Against Subprime Credit Reporting Company Clarity Services, Inc.

On December 3, 2015, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) announced an enforcement action against subprime credit reporting company Clarity Services, Inc. (Clarity), and its owner, Timothy Ranney (Ranney), for...more

CFPB Supervisory Highlights 2012-2015

As an early “holiday gift,” to help you more easily search for a particular piece of guidance from the CFPB, we’ve put together two CFPB guidance documents for your review. The first is a compilation of all nine issues of the...more

NAIC Adopts Cybersecurity Bill of Rights

The National Association of Insurance Commissioners (“NAIC”) continued its efforts to advance cybersecurity in the insurance industry when it recently adopted the Cybersecurity Bill of Rights. The Cybersecurity Bill of Rights...more

Background Screening – When is Section 603(y) Applicable?

When a company uses commercial background checks to evaluate the suitability of job applicants, they must comply with the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA), which regulates the collection, dissemination, and use of consumer...more

Flurry of FCRA Complaints Recently Filed in Nevada Courts

Approximately 50 cases have been filed recently in Nevada state and federal courts against furnishers of information and credit reporting agencies (CRAs) for alleged Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) violations. It appears...more

Two New NYC Statutes Constrain Hiring Process - Hedge Up - A Heads-Up on Employment Issues Confronting the Hedge Fund Industry

If you read one thing... - Two new employment statutes place additional burden on New York City firms during prospective employee screening and provide fodder for the plaintiffs’ bar - Credit history and...more

Using Consumer Reports for Hiring Decisions Creates Unanticipated Litigation Risk for Employers

When employers obtain a consumer report for employment purposes, §1681b(b)(3)(A) of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (the “FCRA”) requires issuance of a pre-adverse action notice to the subject of the report (the “consumer”) if...more

Employment Law Reporter – August 2015

THE INCREASING DANGER OF BACKGROUND CHECKS - New Laws and Emerging Privacy Rights Complicate an Already Difficult Process. The intersection of privacy laws and employment practices can be a dangerous one. Employers...more

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Cybersecurity

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