Debt Collection Fair Debt Collection Practices Act

News & Analysis as of

Eleventh Circuit Examines “Debt Collector” Under the FDCPA

For those tracking Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (“FDCPA”) litigation for financial institutions and loan servicers, an opinion recently issued by the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals provides new insight on the...more

Second Circuit: Transfer of Mortgage Servicing Rights Triggers FDCPA Disclosure Requirement

A federal appeals court has ruled that a nonbank mortgage servicer’s notice of servicing rights transfer sent pursuant to RESPA constitutes debt collection and thus triggers mandatory FDCPA disclosures. The Second Circuit...more

Sixth Circuit Holds that a Business Entity Is a "Person" for Purposes of FDCPA's Enforcement Provision

The Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals recently held that a limited liability company (“LLC”) constitutes a “person” within the meaning of the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA or the “Act”), in Anarion Investments LLC v....more

Servicers Beware: RESPA Transfer of Servicing Letter May Trigger FDCPA Initial Debtor Communication Disclosure Requirement

In Hart v. FCI Lender Services, Inc., the Second Circuit made it clear that servicers should pay close attention to initial communications with borrowers upon commencing loan servicing when it determined in an August 12, 2015...more

Eleventh Circuit: Entity Collecting Debt Acquired After Default Is Not Necessarily “Debt Collector” Under FDCPA

In Davidson v. Capital One Bank (USA), N.A., a case closely followed by the financial services industry and handled by Burr & Forman, LLP, the Eleventh Circuit held that an entity collecting a debt that was acquired after...more

Rising Conflict Among Federal Courts – Whether an Account Number Visible on a Debt Collection Envelope Violates the FDCPA

Section 1692f(8) of the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (“FDCPA”) prohibits the use of any language or symbol, other than the debt collector’s address, on any envelope when communicating with a consumer by mail. The...more

FDCPA Bona Fide Error Defense Held Applicable to Statute-of-Limitation Mistakes of Law

Following the Supreme Court’s ruling in Jerman v. Carlisle, McNellie, Rini, Kramer & Ulrich LPA, 559 U.S. 573 (2010), it is clear that the bona fide error defense set forth in section 1692k(c) of the Fair Debt Collection...more

CFPB files amicus brief in FDCPA case applying “meaningful attorney involvement” standard to debt collection litigation

The CFPB, jointly with the FTC, has filed an amicus brief with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit in Bock v. Pressler & Pressler, LLP, the case in which the district court ruled that a debt collection law firm...more

CFPB: “F” is for “Foreclosure,” “FDCPA”

The CFPB has weighed in on whether a trustee foreclosing on a California home qualifies as a “debt collector” under the federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act. In Ho v. ReconTrust, N.A. (9th Cir. Aug. 7, 2015), the Bureau...more

What’s Next? Recent Actions Highlight CFPB’s Focus on Student Loans

Beginning with a May 2015 field hearing and request for information – and culminating consent order dated July 22, 2015 – recent actions by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) highlight its increasing focus on...more

Envelope’s Display of Barcode With Embedded Account Number Violates FDCPA, Federal Court Rules

A federal court in Pennsylvania has ruled that a debt collector violated the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) by sending a collection letter in an envelope that allegedly revealed a barcode in which the plaintiff’s...more

Dodd-Frank at 4: Where do we go from here?

Where do we go from here? As we mark another milestone in regulatory reform with the fourth anniversary of the enactment of the Dodd-Frank Act, it strikes us that although most studies required to be undertaken by the Act...more

Recent Eleventh Circuit Decision Subjects Debt Collectors to FDCPA Liability for Filing Proofs of Claim as to Time-Barred Debts

Debt collectors filing bankruptcy proofs of claims in the Eleventh Circuit should take caution, as they will now be subject to the Fair Debt Collection Practice Act, 15 U.S.C. §§ 1692-1692p (FDCPA). In Crawford v. LVNV...more

CFPB Settles with Bank and its Two Affiliates for $18.5 Million over Alleged Faulty Student Loan Servicing Practices

On July 22, the CFPB announced that a major bank and its two affiliates agreed to pay $18.5 million to resolve allegations that the entities engaged in inadequate private student loan servicing practices. According to the...more

Envelope’s Display of Bar Code With Embedded Account Number Violates FDCPA, Federal Court Rules

A federal court in Pennsylvania has ruled that a debt collector violated the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) by sending a collection letter in an envelope that allegedly revealed a barcode in which the plaintiff’s...more

No Notice of Mortgage Assignment in Florida? No Problem

Earlier this month, the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida in Summerlin Asset Mgmt. V Trust v. Jackson decided an issue of first impression regarding whether compliance with Florida Statute...more

Pennsylvania Federal Court Holds that Envelope with Visible Bar Code That Could Be Scanned To Reveal Consumer’s Account Number May...

Action Item: In light of this decision, debt collectors should avoid the use of account numbers and/or QR codes on envelopes or within the viewing area of clear plastic envelope windows. Revealing such information on...more

11th Circuit: Representations by Attorneys in Debt Collection-Related Court Filings Actionable Under FDCPA

In Miljkovic v Shafritz & Dinkin, 2015 WL 3956570, a panel of the 11th Circuit held that representations made by an attorney in required court filings during the course of debt collection litigation can be actionable under...more

Maryland Appeals Court Declines to Adopt “Meaningful Attorney Involvement” Standard

The Maryland Court of Special Appeals recently declined to adopt the “meaningful attorney involvement” standard for Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) claims based on alleged insufficient attorney involvement in debt...more

Eleventh Circuit Holds That The FDCPA Applies To Litigation Conduct Directed At Non-Consumers, But Declines To Adopt Or Reject The...

Though it eventually reached the Eleventh Circuit, the Court’s decision in Miljkovic v. Shafritz & Dinkin, P.A., — F. 3d. –, No. 14-13715, 2015 WL 3956570 (11th Cir. June 30, 2015), had its origins in Florida state court,...more

Third Circuit Clarifies FDCPA Restrictions on Third-Party Communications

Action Item: Lenders and servicers should continue to maintain policies and procedures that minimize third-party communications and ensure maintenance of sufficient records documenting the frequency and purpose of those...more

NCLC recommends debt collection regulations to the CFPB

In a new report entitled “Debt Collection Communications: Protecting Consumers in the Digital Age,” the National Consumer Law Center “specifies the regulations the [CFPB] should adopt regarding when, where, how, and how often...more

Eleventh Circuit: Enforcement of a Security Interest Is Not Debt Collection

The Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals recently reaffirmed that enforcement of a security interest alone is not debt collection regulated by the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA). In Dunavant v. Sirote & Permutt,...more

Second Circuit Decision Could Disrupt Secondary Market for Bank-Originated Loans

A May 22, 2015 decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit appears to disturb the generally settled body of law concerning the status of non-bank investors with respect to applicable usury laws for...more

West Virginia Consumer Credit Protection Act Amendments: Still a Hotbed For Potential Violations

Amendments to the West Virginia Consumer Credit Protection Act, West Virginia Code § 46A-1-101 (WVCCPA) took effect on June 1, 2015. Passed in March, the amendments revise several sections of the WVCCPA, including significant...more

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