Debt Collection Fair Debt Collection Practices Act

News & Analysis as of

Envelope’s Display of Internal Tracking Number Does Not Violate FDCPA, New York Federal Court Rules

A federal district court in New York has ruled that a debt collector did not violate the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) by sending a collection letter in an envelope that allegedly revealed an internal tracking...more

Practical Considerations When Enforcing Judgments

This article addresses practical considerations involved in the enforcement of judgments and identifies common traps that could land lawyers and their clients in hot water. We begin with pre-suit considerations for evaluating...more

CFPB Releases Fall 2015 Report Touting Recovery of Millions Through Supervisory Actions

On November 3, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) released its fall 2015 supervisory report concerning enforcement actions from May 2015 through August 2015. The Bureau highlights violations in the mortgage...more

Illinois District Court Enters Final Judgment Against For-Profit College to Resolve CFPB Litigation

On October 28, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois filed a default judgment and order against a for-profit college company to resolve litigation with the CFPB. In a September 2014 lawsuit, the CFPB...more

Dodd-Frank News: November 2015: Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act Update

The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act was enacted as a measure to promote financial stability and protection for consumers through increased regulation of nearly every aspect of the consumer finance...more

FDCPA “Communication” Must Imply Existence of a Debt, Sixth Circuit Rules

A voicemail message should not be considered a “communication” that is actionable under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit has ruled, unless the message at least...more

Beating a dead horse: CFPB announces default judgment against Corinthian

The CFPB announced that it has obtained a final default judgment against Corinthian Colleges, Inc. from the Illinois federal court in which it sued Corinthian in September 2014. In May 2015, Corinthian filed a petition under...more

Recent Eleventh Circuit Decisions Clarify "Debt Collector" Status Under the FDCPA

Recent decisions within the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals have clarified two required elements needed to support a viable claim under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA). In Davidson v. Capital One Bank (USA),...more

Damned If You Do: Second Circuit Rules That Language Included In RESPA-Required Notice Begets FDCPA Violation

The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (“FDCPA”) provides that, if a “debt collector” makes an “initial communication with a consumer in connection with the collection of any debt,” the debt collector must provide the...more

CFPB Brings Another Auto Lender Action, This Time for $48M

Why it matters - Continuing its focus on the auto lending industry, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) ordered Westlake Services LLC and subsidiary Wilshire Consumer Credit LLC to pay roughly $48 million for...more

CFPB Orders Auto Financer to Pay $48.3M for Misleading Borrowers

On September 30, 2015, the CFPB ordered an indirect auto lending company and its auto lending subsidiary to pay $48.3 million in fines for alleged FDCPA, TILA, and UDAAP violations. The CFPB alleges that the companies...more

CFPB Orders Indirect Auto Finance and Title Loan Companies to Pay $48.35 Million in Redress and Penalties For Abusive Debt...

The CFPB has entered into a consent order with Westlake Services, LLC, an indirect auto finance company, and its wholly owned subsidiary, Wilshire Consumer Credit, LLC, for alleged deceptive debt collection practices. The...more

CFPB Takes Action Against Second Indirect Auto Finance Company in Three Days

On October 1, 2015, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) announced its second enforcement action in three days against an indirect auto finance company. In its latest action, the CFPB took aim at indirect auto...more

Alabama Bankruptcy Court Holds That Filing Proof of Claim for Time-Barred Debt Cannot Give Rise to FDCPA Claim or Sanctions

In Jenkins v. Midland Credit Management, Inc., the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Northern District of Alabama held that the filing of a proof of claim based on a time-barred debt cannot give rise to a claim for damages under...more

Can We Really Trust the Banks?

I have written previously on the bias that consumers face from courts and others when they challenge a creditor who is suing them on a debt. The source of this bias, in my opinion, is partially due to the trust that people...more

NY Amends Debt Collection Regulations, Issues More Guidance

The New York Department of Financial Services (DFS) has amended several provisions of its Third-Party Debt Collector and Debt Buyer Regulations and issued additional guidance in the form of new frequently asked questions...more

Counsel’s Corner: Does the CFPB Really Understand Non-Judicial Foreclosures?

What is the CFPB's stake in this issue? - The FDCPA is a very powerful statute. It touches a lot of areas of consumer protection. The CFPB is really just exploring it and flexing its muscles in that area. It's working on...more

Eleventh Circuit Says Merely Acquiring Debt in Default is Not Enough to Qualify As "Debt Collector" Under FDCPA

In Davidson v. Capital One Bank (USA), N.A., the Eleventh Circuit affirmed a district court’s dismissal of an amended complaint against Capital One Bank (USA), N.A. (“Capital One”) for alleged violations of the Fair Debt...more

Eleventh Circuit Examines “Debt Collector” Under the FDCPA

For those tracking Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (“FDCPA”) litigation for financial institutions and loan servicers, an opinion recently issued by the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals provides new insight on the...more

Second Circuit: Transfer of Mortgage Servicing Rights Triggers FDCPA Disclosure Requirement

A federal appeals court has ruled that a nonbank mortgage servicer’s notice of servicing rights transfer sent pursuant to RESPA constitutes debt collection and thus triggers mandatory FDCPA disclosures. The Second Circuit...more

Sixth Circuit Holds that a Business Entity Is a "Person" for Purposes of FDCPA's Enforcement Provision

The Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals recently held that a limited liability company (“LLC”) constitutes a “person” within the meaning of the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA or the “Act”), in Anarion Investments LLC v....more

Servicers Beware: RESPA Transfer of Servicing Letter May Trigger FDCPA Initial Debtor Communication Disclosure Requirement

In Hart v. FCI Lender Services, Inc., the Second Circuit made it clear that servicers should pay close attention to initial communications with borrowers upon commencing loan servicing when it determined in an August 12, 2015...more

Eleventh Circuit: Entity Collecting Debt Acquired After Default Is Not Necessarily “Debt Collector” Under FDCPA

In Davidson v. Capital One Bank (USA), N.A., a case closely followed by the financial services industry and handled by Burr & Forman, LLP, the Eleventh Circuit held that an entity collecting a debt that was acquired after...more

Rising Conflict Among Federal Courts – Whether an Account Number Visible on a Debt Collection Envelope Violates the FDCPA

Section 1692f(8) of the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (“FDCPA”) prohibits the use of any language or symbol, other than the debt collector’s address, on any envelope when communicating with a consumer by mail. The...more

FDCPA Bona Fide Error Defense Held Applicable to Statute-of-Limitation Mistakes of Law

Following the Supreme Court’s ruling in Jerman v. Carlisle, McNellie, Rini, Kramer & Ulrich LPA, 559 U.S. 573 (2010), it is clear that the bona fide error defense set forth in section 1692k(c) of the Fair Debt Collection...more

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