Equal Credit Opportunity Act

News & Analysis as of

Disparate impact cases against HUD: Illinois federal court issues decision; update on D.C. case

Because of their potential impact on the CFPB’s conclusion that the ECOA and Regulation B encompass disparate impact claims, we have been following two insurance industry lawsuits involving a challenge to HUD’s Federal...more

N.C. Supreme Court Issues Significant Ruling On Commercial Forbearance Agreements and Spousal Guaranties

On August 20, 2014, the North Carolina Supreme Court issued an opinion giving great weight to properly-drafted forbearance agreements in a commercial loan and guaranty context. RL REGI N.C., LLC v. Lighthouse Cove, LLC, No....more

Do Guarantors Fall under the Protection of the Equal Credit Opportunity Act?

We have discussed the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (“ECOA”), which makes it unlawful for a creditor to discriminate against an applicant in any aspect of a credit transaction on the basis of, among other things, the...more

North Carolina Supreme Court Clarifies the Enforceability of Waivers and Releases of Claims and Defenses in Forbearance Agreements

On August 20, 2014, the North Carolina Supreme Court issued an opinion clarifying the enforceability of waivers and releases of claims and defenses granted by borrowers and guarantors in forbearance agreements. RL REGI N.C.,...more

Guarantors Are Not Protected by the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, Eighth Circuit Holds

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit recently upheld summary judgment in favor of a lender, dismissing an action by the borrowers’ spouses alleging that the lender’s requirement that the spouses sign guaranties...more

Eighth Circuit Holds Loan Guarantors Are Not Applicants Under ECOA

On August 5, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit held that ECOA clearly provides that a person does not qualify as an applicant under the statute solely by virtue of executing a guaranty to secure the debt of...more

Documenting a Borrower’s Intent to Apply for Joint Credit under the Equal Credit Opportunity Act

The Equal Credit Opportunity Act (“ECOA”) was signed into law by Congress in 1974. This law makes it unlawful for a creditor to discriminate against an applicant in any aspect of a credit transaction on the basis of, inter...more

Mortgage Lending Legal and Regulatory Highlights

In its spring edition of Supervisory Highlights, the CFPB cautions financial institutions of the increased risk of a fair lending violation for failing to maintain adequate policies and procedures to document exceptions to...more

The CFPB Eyes Supervisory Regulation Over Large Auto-Lenders

Large auto-lenders may soon have to contend with a new regulator. In its most recent semi-annual report, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) highlighted its intent to promulgate a new rule which would subject...more

DOJ, CFPB Fair Lending Enforcement Actions Target Credit Card Repayment Programs, Marketing Of Add-On Products

On June 19, the CFPB and the DOJ announced parallel enforcement actions against a federal savings bank that allegedly violated ECOA in the offering of credit card debt-repayment programs and allegedly engaged in deceptive...more

The Bureau's Pursuit of Fair Lending

By now it is a known fact that one of the most important features of an examination conducted by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB” or “Bureau”) is a rigorous review of fair lending compliance. So, given its...more

CFPB to issue whitepaper on methodology for identifying auto finance discrimination and consider use of advisory opinions

While Director Cordray’s appearance at the House Financial Services Committee’s hearing on the CFPB’s fifth Semi-Annual Report yesterday was accompanied by the usual dose of political theater, his testimony did yield the...more

Another Supreme Court disparate impact case?

The U.S. Supreme Court could have its third opportunity since 2012 to provide clarity with respect to disparate impact claims under the Fair Housing Act and (by analogy) the Equal Credit Opportunity Act. After losing on...more

BNA's Banking Report: Enforcement 2013: Enforcement Actions Continue Three-Year Decline; DOJ Emerges as Major Player

Overall Trends & Outlook - From an enforcement standpoint, 2013 was another historic year in a number of important ways beyond the sheer number of cases, which were again significant. Federal banking agencies1 issued...more

CFPB Report Recaps Fair Lending Activities

On April 30, the CFPB published its second annual report to Congress on its fair lending activities. According to the report, in 2013 federal regulators referred 24 ECOA-related matters to the DOJ—6 by the CFPB—as opposed to...more

DOJ And CFPB Team Up To Take On Auto And Mortgage Lenders

The CFPB and the Department of Justice (DOJ) are joining forces to pursue damages and penalties against consumer lenders for violation of the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) in pricing consumer loans....more

CFPB Releases Second Fair Lending Report

The CFPB released its second Fair Lending Report to Congress last week, summarizing the Bureau’s fair lending actions in the last year and a half. The Report highlighted the Bureau’s creation and implementation of a...more

No CFPB regulations in 2014 implementing expanded ECOA small business data collection requirements

Section 1071 of Dodd-Frank amended the Equal Credit Opportunity Act to require financial institutions to collect and maintain certain data in connection with credit applications made by women- or minority-owned businesses and...more

CFPB General Counsel Meredith Fuchs in the “Disparate Impact” Hot Seat

As we previously reported, the House Financial Services Committee has been interested in the specific methodology and metrics used by the CFPB in its disparate impact analysis under the Equal Credit Opportunity Act and...more

OIG finds CFPB’s supervision program needs improvement

Earlier this week, the results of an evaluation of the CFPB’s supervision program conducted by the Office of Inspector General (OIG) that the CFPB shares with the Fed were released in a report entitled “The CFPB Can Improve...more

Did the CFPB Run a Stop Sign?

As we previously reported, last Friday House Financial Services Committee Chairman Jeb Hensarling (R-TX) sent a letter to CFPB Director Richard Cordray asking for a response by March 13 to specific questions about the...more

House Financial Services Committee Chairman to CFPB on Indirect Auto Investigations: Slow Down. Pull Over. And Show Us Some ID.

Since last March, when the CFPB issued Bulletin No. 2013-02, its highly controversial release warning banks and finance companies that purchase motor vehicle installment sales contracts that, under existing law, any dealer...more

Creating a Culture of Compliance

In this article, I outline the key questions that should be asked, the answers to which will determine the extent, depth, and integrity of a culture of compliance. I am going to take you through a set of questions that will...more

Disparate Impact Remains Fair Lending Risk To Banks

Lenders seeking judicial relief from the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s heightened enforcement of the Equal Credit Opportunity Act were left disappointed by the settlement of Mt. Holly v. Mt. Holly Gardens Citizens in...more

Mississippi Regulatory Compliance Group Quarterly Report Vol. 25 No.1

In This Report: - Resurgence of Redlining Scrutiny - Diversity, a New Requirement - Revisiting Red Flags - Know Before Your Owe - Questions About ATR and QM - MRCG Meeting – February 20,...more

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