Equal Credit Opportunity Act Fair Housing Act (FHA)

News & Analysis as of

DOJ Settles Action Alleging Bank Discriminated Against Disability Income Recipients

The U.S. Department of Justice recently entered into a consent order with Evolve Bank & Trust to settle charges that the bank discriminated against mortgage loan applicants on the basis of disability and receipt of public...more

Federal Agencies File Action Against Bank for Discriminatory Redlining

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) and the U.S. Department of Justice filed a complaint in New Jersey District Court against Hudson City Savings Bank, F.S.B., alleging it engaged in illegal redlining practices...more

DOJ Settles Fair Lending Claims Based on Bank’s Mortgage Pricing System

The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) has announced a proposed consent order with Sage Bank to settle charges that the bank violated the Fair Housing Act (FHA) and the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) by discriminating on...more

DOJ Announces Mortgage Lending Discrimination Charges Against Massachusetts Bank

On November 30, the DOJ announced the filing of a complaint and proposed consent order against a Massachusetts-based bank alleged to have violated the Fair Housing Act (FHA) and the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) by...more

Are Disparate Impact Claims Legally Cognizable Under ECOA?

In Texas Dep’t of Housing and Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project, 135 S. Ct. 2507 (2015), the Supreme Court held that disparate impact claims are legally cognizable under the Fair Housing Act (“FHA”). As a...more

CFPB Deems Federally-Approved CRA Assessment Area to Be Discriminatory

The Federal Community Reinvestment Act (“CRA”) requires regulated financial institutions to focus on meeting “the credit needs of the local communities in which they are chartered.” See 12 U.S.C. § 2901(a)(3). Under the CRA,...more

Fair Lending Director Ficklin Discusses Small Business Lending, LGBT issues, LEP consumers and Inclusive Communities at ABA...

Last Thursday, I had the pleasure of teaching a class on payments and banking products to new lawyers at the American Bar Association’s Consumer Financial Services Institute. I arrived early for the class and got to hear a...more

CFPB and DOJ Announce Redlining Settlement

Consistent with recent indications from CFPB and Department of Justice officials that more redlining cases would soon be coming, the CFPB and DOJ have announced a proposed consent order with Hudson City Savings Bank to settle...more

Hudson City Savings Bank Reaches Largest Mortgage Redlining Settlement in DOJ History

The CFPB, DOJ, and Hudson City Savings Bank, F.S.B. (“Hudson City”) recently entered into the largest residential mortgage redlining settlement in DOJ history. On September 24, 2015, the parties filed a Joint Motion for Entry...more

Supreme Court Decision May Make It Easier for Borrowers to Sue for Discrimination

A recent decision of the Supreme Court of the United States may make it easier for borrowers to claim discrimination when denied a loan. In late June 2015, the Court addressed whether lawsuits brought under the Fair Housing...more

CFPB Brings Long-Anticipated First Redlining Enforcement Action – New Approach to Redlining Analysis is put into Action

On September 24, 2015, the CFPB and DOJ announced a joint action against Hudson City Savings Bank for allegedly discriminatory redlining practices from 2009 through 2013 in certain neighborhoods in New York, New Jersey,...more

CFPB and DOJ announce redlining settlement

Consistent with recent indications from CFPB and Department of Justice officials that more redlining cases would soon be coming, the CFPB and DOJ have announced a proposed consent order with Hudson City Savings Bank to settle...more

CFPB and DOJ Announce Joint Action Against Hudson City Savings Bank, F.S.B.

On September 24, 2015, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) and the Department of Justice (DOJ) announced a joint action against Hudson City Savings Bank, F.S.B. (Hudson). The complaint alleges that Hudson...more

ABA seeks supervisory and enforcement standards consistent with Inclusive Communities

The American Bankers Association has sent a letter to the DOJ, Fed, OCC, FDIC, HUD and CFPB requesting confirmation “in interagency guidance, updated exam procedures, and where appropriate amended regulations that the...more

Auto Finance Company Agrees to Change Dealer Compensation Policy to Settle CFPB and DOJ Fair Lending Claims

To resolve charges by the Consumer Federal Protection Bureau (CFPB) and the Department of Justice (DOJ) that it engaged in unlawful discrimination in violation of the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA), American Honda...more

The U.S. Supreme Court’s Decision in Texas Department of Housing & Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc.

In Texas Department of Housing & Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc., 576 U.S. ___, 2015 WL 2473449 (Jun. 25, 2015), the U.S. Supreme Court, in a 5-4 decision, held that disparate impact discrimination...more

Special Alert: Disparate Impact Under the Equal Credit Opportunity Act After Inclusive Communities

On June 25, the Supreme Court in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc. held that disparate-impact claims are cognizable under the Fair Housing Act (FHA). The Court, in a 5-4...more

Supreme Court upholds ‘disparate impact’ under the FHA but emphasizes that claims cannot rely on statistics alone

In a much-anticipated decision, the U.S. Supreme Court held in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project (“Inclusive Communities”) that claims of disparate impact discrimination are...more

Supreme Court Allows Disparate-Impact Claims Under the Fair Housing Act

The Supreme Court held today that the Fair Housing Act (FHA) not only prohibits intentional discrimination, but also establishes liability for practices that result in a disparate impact on minority groups. Texas Department...more

CFPB Enforcement Actions Take on LO Comp and Fair Lending

Over the past couple of weeks, the CFPB has kept itself busy in the mortgage origination enforcement arena. In one complaint, the CFPB ordered a residential mortgage lender and its CEO to each pay a $1 million civil penalty...more

House approves amendment prohibiting use of appropriated funds for DOJ disparate impact litigation under the FHA

Yesterday, the House of Representatives approved an amendment to H.R. 2578, the Fiscal Year 2016 Commerce, Justice, and Science Appropriations Act, that would bar the use of appropriated funds by the Department of Justice to...more

CFPB and DOJ File Action Against Provident Funding Alleging Discriminatory Lending Policies and Practices

Last week, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB, or “Bureau”), together with the Department of Justice (DOJ), filed an enforcement action against Provident Funding Associates, L.P. (Provident), the second-largest...more

CFPB, DOJ Join in Fair Lending Enforcement Action Against Provident

On Thursday, the CFPB and the Department of Justice (DOJ) filed a joint complaint against the second-largest private mortgage company in the United States alleging it engaged in discriminatory lending practices from 2006 to...more

Justice Department’s ECOA report describes joint CFPB activity

The U.S. Department of Justice recently issued the Attorney General’s 2014 Annual Report to Congress Pursuant to the Equal Credit Opportunity Act Amendments of 1976. The report discusses the DOJ’s 2014 ECOA enforcement...more

Court Tosses HUD’s Disparate Impact Rule: Is Protection for Lenders from Disparate Impact Claims on the Horizon?

Since the 1970s, courts have routinely held that the Fair Housing Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 3601 et seq., may remedy housing discrimination proven through use of the disparate impact theory. The doctrine of disparate impact permits a...more

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