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Privacy in the Cloud: A Legal Framework for Moving Personal Data to the Cloud

For many companies, the main question about cloud computing is no longer whether to move their data to the “cloud,” but how they can accomplish this transition. Cloud (or Internet-based on-demand) computing involves a shift...more

Regulatory Reporting Under AIFMD – an Update and Comparison to SEC’s Form PF

The Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive (the “AIFMD”) introduces new regulatory reporting requirements for alternative investment fund managers (“AIFMs”) established in the European Economic Area (“EEA”) and...more

The New EU Clinical Trials Regulation Aims at Harmonization and Transparency

On June 16, 2014, Reg. (EU) No. 536/2014 on Clinical Trials on Medicinal Products for Human Use (Regulation) has entered into force. Once it becomes applicable, the Regulation will provide a comprehensive legal framework for...more

UK Banking: Ringing in the Changes

It has been three years since the Independent Commission on Banking (the “IBC”), chaired by Sir John Vickers, published its final report and recommendations on the reform of the UK banking system in response to lessons learnt...more

What You Need to Know About Trade Secret Law Now

Recent legal developments have made it more difficult to obtain and enforce some patents including, in particular, medical diagnostics and software-implemented technologies. Because of these patent law changes, a wide...more

Investor Transparency Post AIFMD: What Have We Gained?

The Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive (2011/61/EU) (the “Directive” or “AIFMD”) states in Recital 94 that its objective is: ...to ensure a high level of investor protection by laying down a common...more

The International Comparative Legal Guide to: Corporate Immigration 2014

What are the main sources of immigration law in Germany? -The main source is the German Immigration Act (Zuwanderungsgesetz), which is composed of the German Residence Act (Aufenthaltsgesetz) for non-EU citizens and...more

ESMA Publishes Updated List of Non-EEA Central Counterparties Applying for Recognition Under EMIR

On August 11, the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) published an updated list of central counterparties (CCPs) outside the European Economic Area (EEA) that have applied for recognition under Article 25 of the...more

Microsoft loses third round of battle against extra-territorial warrants

On 31 July, the chief judge of the Southern District of New York delivered the latest in a series of controversial judgments stemming from a test case brought by Microsoft in an extra-territorial warrant issued under the U.S....more

Deadline Approaches – Non-EEA fund managers must consider their options

The Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive (2011/61/EU) (the “Directive”) and the supplementary level 2 Regulation (EU) No 231/2013 (the “Regulation”) introduce an authorisation regime and centralised rulebook for the...more

Ongoing Obligations Under AIFMD for Non-EEA Private Fund Managers – Regulatory Reporting, Annual Investor Report and Investor...

The Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive (the “AIFMD”) introduces new requirements for alternative investment fund managers (“AIFMs”) established in the European Economic Area (“EEA”) and non-EEA AIFMs that market...more

New EU Consumer Contracts Legislation Comes Into Force on 13 June 2014: E-Commerce Businesses Should Review Terms and Conditions...

The new Directive No 2011/83/EU sets out a European framework for the minimum standards with which e-commerce businesses active in the EEA must comply when trading with consumers. The new laws apply to most distance selling...more

AIFMD – What Actions Should Non-EEA Private Fund Managers Be Taking Now?

The Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive (“AIFMD”), which governs alternative investment fund managers (“AIFMs”), required EU Member States (“Member States”) to implement the AIFMD into national law as of 22 July...more

ESMA Publishes Q&A Paper on Regulation of European Venture Capital Funds and European Social Entrepreneurship Funds

On March 26, the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) published a Questions and Answers paper on the application of the European Social Entrepreneurship Funds (EuSEF) Regulation (Regulation 346/2013) and the...more

New Draft Processor to Sub-processor Model Clauses (Art. 29 Working Party)

(LONDON) The Art. 29 Working Party, a key advisory body to the EU Commission, recently proposed draft model clauses to cover the transfer of personal data from EEA data processors to non-EEA sub-processors....more

Delegation’s What You Need: EMIR Reporting for SPVs

Introduction - European Market Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR) has been in force since 16 August 2012. It is concerned with improving the transparency of, and reducing the risks associated with, the derivatives...more

The Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive—a guide for US managers

The EU Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive (AIFMD) has now been in force for several months. This overview note is aimed at US managers who have not yet had to get to grips with the AIFMD but will need to raise...more

AIFMD Reporting Obligations – ESMA Issues Its Final Report

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) published its long-awaited final report (the Report) on 1 October 2013, setting out detailed guidelines relating to (i) the reporting obligations under Articles 3(3)(d) and...more

Relationship Between New Rule 506(c), Regulation S And AIFMD

Beyond the general aspects of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)’s new JOBS Act rules previously discussed in this series of articles, issuers who rely on new Rule 506(c) for an onshore offering and Regulation...more

FCA Updates AIFMD Webpage with Information on Passporting Arrangements

On August 15, the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) updated the “latest news” webpage on the Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive (2011/61/EU) (AIFMD) with information on passporting arrangements under the AIFMD....more

Printing Hard Copies Of Stolen Source Code: The Difference Between Freedom And Incarceration In The Second Circuit

Whenever an appeals court kicks off a 65-page opinion by describing you (or your client) as a thief, and posits that the question before it is whether you’ve been properly convicted of thievery, you know you’re in trouble. ...more

AIFMD Update: U.K. Complies with Remuneration Guidelines

The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) has written to the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) to confirm that the FCA will comply with the ESMA guidelines relating to remuneration policies under the...more

As the Deadline Approaches…AIFMD: Marketing by Non-EEA Managers

The AIFMD is due to take effect on July 22, 2013. Yet countries across the EEA — with less than a week until the deadline — are at different stages of transposing the AIFMD into national laws. A number will miss the...more

AIFMD Transitional Relief in Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom

The Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive (AIFMD) is due to take effect in member states of the European Economic Area (EEA) on July 22, 2013. Some EEA member states (including Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg,...more

Historic Patent Act Whets Washington's Appetite

On March 16, the most significant provisions of the America Invents Act (AIA) came into force. The AIA was seen as the most extensive alteration to patent law in half a century, and was hotly debated over nearly a decade. The...more

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