News & Analysis as of

Eleventh Amendment

The PTAB Grants the University of Minnesota Sovereign Immunity but does not Terminate IPR

by Knobbe Martens on

The PTAB has again addressed sovereign immunity in the context of an IPR. Reactive Surfaces, LTD. petitioned for IPR of U.S. Patents No. 8,394,618 and 8,252,571. The ’618 and ’571 patents are co-owned by Toyota Motor...more

Are State-Owned Patents Immune From IPRs Under The Eleventh Amendment?

by Foley & Lardner LLP on

In separate non-precedential decisions issued by three different panels, the PTAB has permitted state university patent owners to invoke the Eleventh Amendment in Inter Partes Review proceedings. Each panel found that IPR...more

Three Point Shot - June 2017

by Proskauer Rose LLP on

"12th Man" Suit Forces Aggies to Call an Audible on Traditional Copyright Defenses - Texas A&M University's "12th Man" is at the center of a legal blitz facing the University's Athletic Department. On January 19, 2017,...more

Eleventh Amendment Revisited – Board Again Finds Sovereign Immunity Applies to PTAB

by Jones Day on

Less than four months after its decision in Covidien LP v. University of Florida Research Foundation Incorporated, finding that Eleventh Amendment sovereign immunity applies to PTAB proceedings, the Board has again dismissed...more

The PTAB Terminates IPR Based on Sovereign Immunity of University of Maryland

by Knobbe Martens on

On May 23, 2017, the PTAB granted the University of Maryland’s (UM) motion to terminate inter partes review based on UM’s sovereign immunity in Neochord, Inc. v. Univ. of Maryland, Baltimore and Harpoon Medical, Inc.,...more

Ericsson Tests Scope of the PTAB’s Sovereign Immunity Holding

by Knobbe Martens on

On January 25, 2017, a panel of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) held that “Eleventh Amendment Immunity bars the institution of an inter partes review against an unconsenting state that has not waived sovereign...more

An Omitted Inventor Can’t Correct Inventorship of a Patent Owned by a Government Agency

In a non-precedential opinion in Ali v. Carnegie Institution of Washington, [2016-2320] (April 12, 2017), the Federal Circuit affirmed the dismissal, on grounds of sovereign immunity, of Ali’s lawsuit to be added as a...more

State Universities May Use Sovereign Immunity Defense in IPRs

The University of Florida picked up some big wins in the NCAA Men’s Basketball Tournament, moving into the tourney’s Sweet Sixteen. But the Gators also earned a big patent dispute victory recently in Covidien LP v. University...more

Sovereign Immunity Can Shield State University Research Foundations in PTAB Proceedings

by McDermott Will & Emery on

Addressing the application of the sovereign immunity defense under the 11th Amendment in the inter partes review (IPR) context, the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) dismissed three IPR petitions, finding that the...more

PTAB Finds Sovereign Immunity Applies to IPRs for State Universities

by Winstead PC on

The Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) dismissed three inter partes review (IPR) proceedings involving the University of Florida based on sovereign immunity. As background, the University of Florida Research Foundation...more

Issue Two: Keeping Tabs on the PTAB

by Goodwin on

The availability of post-grant proceedings at the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) has changed the face of patent litigation. This monthly digest is designed to keep you up-to-date by highlighting interesting PTAB,...more

State Universities Gain Immunity from IPRs

State Universities Gain Immunity from IPRs - Today, many universities own extensive patent portfolios that are managed by sophisticated tech transfer offices. Universities obtain these patents for many reasons, not the...more

State Universities Rejoice: PTAB Recognizes Sovereign Immunity Defense

by Pepper Hamilton LLP on

In Covidien LP v. University of Florida Research Foundation Inc., the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (the “Board”) upheld a defense of sovereign immunity asserted by the University of Florida Research Foundation (the...more

PTAB Applies State Sovereign Immunity in IPR

On January 25, 2017, the Patent Trial and Appeal Board dismissed three petitions filed by Covidien LP challenging U.S. Patent No. 7,062,251 (the “’251 patent”) owned by the University of Florida Research Foundation Inc....more

PTAB Denies IPR Petition Against the State of Florida Due to 11th Amendment Sovereign Immunity

by Knobbe Martens on

In Covidien LP v. University of Florida Research Foundation Incorporated, IPR2016-01274, -01275, -01276 (January 2017), the Patent Trial and Appeal Board held that Eleventh Amendment sovereign immunity applies to inter partes...more

PTAB Declares that State-Owned Patents are Immune from IPR Challenges

A panel of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) recently issued a decision that could significantly strengthen patent portfolios of public universities and other state entities. In Covidien LP v. University of Florida...more

PTAB Dismisses Three IPR Petitions Based on Sovereign Immunity

Covidien LP had a license to U.S. Patent 7,062,251, owned by the University of Florida Research Foundation (UFRF, Patent Owner). UFRF alleged breach of contract by Covidien, and sued Covidien in Florida state court for...more

Eighth Circuit Dismisses Interlocutory FCA Appeal for Lack of Jurisdiction

by Ropes & Gray LLP on

In this April 2016 decision, the Eighth Circuit held that it lacked jurisdiction to consider the appeal of a two-state agency seeking review of a denial of its motion for summary judgment. Below the two-state agency had...more

Sovereign Immunity of State Universities: Can It Shield Them from AIA Patent Challenges?

by Foley & Lardner LLP on

In what appears to be a case of first impression, the PTAB is poised to rule on the question of whether state sovereign immunity prevents an IPR challenge from being maintained against a University of Florida (“UF”) patent...more

First Circuit Adopts “Arm of the State” Test to Affirm Dismissal of FCA Complaint

by Ropes & Gray LLP on

In January 2016 in a matter of first impression, the First Circuit held that the University of Massachusetts Medical School is a state agency, and therefore not a “person” subject to liability in a False Claims Act (“FCA”)...more

Ninth Circuit Holds Section 1983 First Amendment Retaliation Claim Not Necessarily Precluded By Age Discrimination in Employment...

by Littler on

On August 5, 2016, the U.S Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit held that the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) does not preclude a First Amendment retaliation claim under section 1983 of the federal Civil Rights...more

Sixth Circuit Joins Sister Circuits In Using Arm-Of-The-State Analysis To Define “Person” Under The False Claims Act

by Dorsey & Whitney LLP on

The FCA imposes liability on “any person” that makes a false statement in violation of the Act, 31 U.S.C. § 3729(a)(1). Although the Act itself does not define “person,” the Supreme Court has said only that a person cannot...more

Going on Offense against State Deceptive Trade Practices AG Actions

by Reed Smith on

We have posted many times about cases where a manufacturer of a regulated product is sued over alleged violations of a state consumer protection or deceptive trade practices act because of something allegedly amiss in the...more

The UNC Former Student-Athletes’ Litigation: The Defense Enters the Field

by Ellis & Winters LLP on

We wrote last month about the lawsuit filed against the University of North Carolina and the NCAA by former UNC student-athletes Rashanda McCants and Devon Ramsey....more

Gaming Legal News: Volume 8, Number 5: North Fork Tribe Sues State For Compact In Latest Chapter Of Gaming Saga

by Dickinson Wright on

By the summer of 2014, it appeared that the North Fork Rancheria of Mono Indians of California had finally made it over the last hurdle to begin construction of a Class III casino with 2,000 slot machines and 40 gaming tables...more

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