Environmental Protection Agency Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is an agency of the United States federal government established in 1970 at the proposal of President Richard Nixon to combat environmental degradation and protect human... more +
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is an agency of the United States federal government established in 1970 at the proposal of President Richard Nixon to combat environmental degradation and protect human health. As part of its mission, the EPA enforces regulations affecting a variety of environmental issues, including air and water quality, pesticide-use, fuel economy standards, and nuclear contamination.  less -
News & Analysis as of

How Much Deference Do States Get in Entering CERCLA Consent Decrees? Probably A Lot, But Perhaps Not As Much as You Thought

In Cannons Engineering, the First Circuit Court of Appeals famously stated that, when CERCLA consent decrees arrive at the courts of appeal for review, they do so “encased in a double layer of swaddling,” because both the EPA...more

Sixth Circuit Weighs in on CERCLA Cost Recovery, Contribution Actions

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit Court recently issued an important opinion related to claims to recover environmental cleanup costs at an Ohio landfill. The court’s ruling in Hobart Corporation, et al. v....more

California Insurance Coverage Cases Raising Key Issues On The Horizon

This year, 2014, is lining up with interesting insurance coverage cases pending across the country which may lead to far reaching decisions. In California specifically, it is apparent to us that the Hartford Insurance...more

Settling Parties In Government Consent Orders Have CERCLA Claims For Contribution Not Cost Recovery

To the extent there was any remaining uncertainty, the Sixth Circuit has now made crystalline that a party settling some or all of its liability under CERCLA with the United States or a state has a contribution claim under...more

EPA Issues Proposed Rule to Significantly Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions

Summer has kicked off with a regulatory push by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This alert briefly addresses two recent EPA rulemakings....more

EPA Proposes to Eliminate Dual Standard for “All Appropriate Inquires” under CERCLA

EPA Proposes Rule to eliminate the dual standard for compliance with the “All Appropriate Inquiries” requirement for the Innocent Purchaser, Bona Fide Prospective Purchaser and Contiguous Property Owner Defenses to CERCLA....more

EPA Proposes to no Longer Accept 2005 Version of ASTM Standards and Practices for Environmental Site Assessments as Basis for...

On June 17, 2014, EPA published a Proposed Rule to no longer acknowledge the 2005 version of ASTM International’s recently updated version of its standard for environmental site assessments – Standard 1527-13 – to meet the...more

EPA Proposes Clarification on CERCLA’s “All Appropriate Inquiry” Standard

Step by step, inch by inch. Slowly but diligently, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has been working to clarify what standards and practices may be used for conducting “all appropriate inquiries” (AAI) under the...more

EPA Gives New ASTM Standard the Nod in Proposed Rule

As indicated in our latest blog post, here, on US EPA’s adoption of the new ASTM E1527-13 Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Process, US EPA has taken the step...more

EPA Proposes Change to Environmental Due Diligence Rule For Property Transactions

For the second time in a year, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed to amend the “all appropriate inquiry” rule under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). ...more

EPA Proposes to Delete Reference to Superseded 2005 ASTM Standard from “All Appropriate Inquiry” Rule

On June 17, 2014, the United States Environmental Protection Agency published a proposal to delete reference to the 2005 version of the ASTM Phase I environmental site assessment standard from the federal “all appropriate...more

EPA Issues Proposed Rule to Remove Reference to ASTM E1527-05 in All Appropriate Inquiries Rule

On June 17, 2014, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency published a proposed rule to amend the standards and practices for complying with the “All Appropriate Inquiries” rule under the Comprehensive Environmental Response,...more

EPA Proposes to Amend All Appropriate Inquiries Rule to Remove References to 2005 ASTM Standard for Phase 1 Assessments

Yesterday, the EPA published for comment notice of its intent to amend the “All Appropriate Inquiries Rule,” 40 CFR part 312, to remove references to ASTM E1527-05 “Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase...more

EPA Proposes Elimination of ASTM Phase I ESA Standard E1527-05 from CERCLA All Appropriate Inquiries Rule

The EPA has announced a proposal to amend the “All Appropriate Inquiries Rule” for conducting environmental site investigations of potentially contaminated property. The proposed amendment will eliminate ASTM E1527-05...more

EPA's NY/NJ EPCRA Sweep Points to Broader Enforcement Effort

Last week's announcement by the US EPA of EPCRA violations at 17 facilities comes as part of the Agency's heightened scrutiny of chemical storage facilities in the aftermath of the West, Texas explosion and the Charleston,...more

New Standard for Environmental Assessments Gaining Traction

The American Society for Testing and Materials ("ASTM") standard for Environmental Assessments was revised in 2013 for the first time since 2005. The Department of Housing and Urban Development has now adopted the updated...more

Seventh Circuit Opens the Door for Judicial Review of Citizen Suits Challenging Completed Portions of Ongoing CERCLA Cleanups

The Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals has opened the door for judicial review of CERCLA citizen suits challenging the completed portions of some cleanup actions even when cleanup at the site is ongoing. The case is Frey v....more

CERCLA’s Dark Pathways Around Due Process

Most people would assume that, when the United States takes action directly impacting an individual, constitutional due process would ensure that individual has an opportunity to test the government’s action in court. That...more

EPA Endorses Upgraded All Appropriate Inquiry Standard

Buyers of real estate and their lenders are familiar with the Phase I Environmental Site Assessment. Originally developed in the 1980s in response to the CERCLA statute, the Phase I protocol has been refined over the years. ...more

The EPA Approves New Environmental Due Diligence Standard

On December 30, 2013, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued its final rulemaking recognizing the newly amended ASTM standard practice for Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessments, E 1527-13 as...more

New Standard Will Help Clarify Environmental Conditions For Homebuilders

When you are buying raw land to build homes, you need to know what you are buying. A 100-acre tract of farmland may look pristine to the untrained eye, but an environmental professional may discover a leaking underground...more

Protect Your Investment: EPA Changes Standard To Qualify For Liability Safe-Harbors

In December 30, 2013, the EPA approved the use of a new ASTM Phase I environmental site assessment standard, E1527-13 (“2013 Standard”), in order to satisfy the CERCLA “all appropriate inquires” rule and qualify for certain...more

Updated Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Standard Approved - Key to Sound Due Diligence

A new Phase I environmental site assessment standard has been approved for use in 2014, providing the most current set of environmental site assessment practices for real estate and many M & A transactions. The new Phase I...more

AAI Rules Amended Under CERCLA – Focus on Vapor and Records Review

Effective December 30, 2013, the EPA acted to amend the standards and practices for conducting all appropriate inquiries (“AAI”) to embrace an update to ASTM International standards, and to expressly bring vapor issues to the...more

Members Seek Update to Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act

On January 9, the U.S. House of Representatives passed H.R. 2279, the Reducing Excessive Deadline Obligations Act. The package, composed of three separate bills, seeks to modernize existing federal law and increase the role...more

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