Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act

The Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act is a United States federal law enacted in 1938 in response to deaths following the legal marketing of a toxic elixir. The FDCA authorized the  Federal Drug Administration to set... more +
The Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act is a United States federal law enacted in 1938 in response to deaths following the legal marketing of a toxic elixir. The FDCA authorized the  Federal Drug Administration to set standards for food and drug safety, and to conduct factory inspections.  The FDCA was amended in 1962 to strengthen drug safety policies and implement new efficacy requirements. In 1976, Congress further amended the FDCA to apply safety and efficacy standards to new medical devices. less -
News & Analysis as of

Bipartisan Senate Bill Would Introduce Largest Increase in FDA Oversight of Personal Care Products—Including Cosmetics—in over 70...

Personal care products, which include cosmetics, are a large, profitable, growth industry. In the United States, cosmetics are regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) under the Federal Food, Drug & Cosmetic...more

The FDA Gets an EARful on Label Changes

We’ve blogged several times about the FDA’s pending proposal to gut preemption with respect to generic drugs, and that proposal’s numerous flaws. We have been remiss, however, in not mentioning the industry’s 2014...more

FDA Increasing Scrutiny of Cosmetic Marketing Claims, New Agency Warnings Suggest

In addition to truthful and non-misleading advertising requirements, which are enforced by the FTC and certainly familiar to readers of this blog, personal care and cosmetic products are also subject to the Federal Food,...more

First Circuit Decision Strengthens Preemption Defense in Name-Brand Pharmaceutical Litigation

On February 20, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit affirmed the dismissal of plaintiffs’ state-law consumer protection claims against a name-brand pharmaceutical manufacturer, concluding they were impliedly...more

FDA Issues First E-Cigarette Warning Letters

While FDA’s tobacco products “deeming rule” is pending, the Agency issues Warning Letters to e-cigarette and e-liquid companies for the first time....more

Otsuka’s Pediatric Labeling Dispute Seeks to Expand Orphan Drug Exclusivity

On April 13, 2015, the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland issued an Order granting Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development and Commercialization, Inc., and Otsuka America...more

Ninth Circuit Upholds FDA’s Primary Jurisdiction Over “Natural” Labeling On Cosmetics But Orders Stay Rather Than Dismissal

Plaintiffs’ lawyers love to challenge products labeled as “natural,” with hundreds of false advertising class actions filed in just the last few years. Recently, in Astiana v. Hain Celestial (pdf), the Ninth Circuit reversed...more

Breaking News - Reinforcement For Buckman

We’ve been watching for Armstrong v. Exceptional Child Center, Inc., ___ U.S. ___, 2015 WL 14194231 (U.S. Mar. 31, 2015), ever since we spotted an intriguing footnote mentioning the certiorari grant in Ouellette v. Mills, ___...more

Failure to Warn About Dangers of Off-Label Use of Medical Device Preempted Under Federal Law

In Thorn v. Medtronic Sofamor Danek, USA, the Honorable Janet T. Neff dismissed the plaintiff's state law claims of failure to warn and negligence as preempted under the Medical Device Amendments of 1976 ("MDA"), 28 U.S.C. §...more

Quirky Question #257, Food for thought – whistleblowing claims against agricultural companies

You are right to be concerned. Under the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), employees who work for entities engaged in the manufacture, processing, packing, transporting, distribution, reception, holding, or...more

An Atypical View of Causation and Harm from South Carolina

We have had some time now to ruminate over the South Carolina Supreme Court’s opinion in State of South Carolina ex rel. Wilson v. Ortho-McNeil-Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., No. 2012-206987, 2015 WL 775094 (S.C. Feb. 25,...more

Court Finds that Class Action Plaintiffs’ False Advertising Claims are Stripped Bayer Based on Federal Preemption

In the recent case of Gallagher v. Bayer AG, Case No. 14-cv-04601-WHO (N.D. Cal. March 10, 2015), the plaintiffs asserted that the defendants Bayer AG and related entities (collectively, “Bayer”) engaged in false advertising...more

FDA Establishes Docket for Public Comments on Drug Compounding

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently announced a new docket for public comments on the compounding of human drug products under sections 503A and 503B of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA). The FDA...more

First Circuit Finds Federal Preemption of State Tort Claims That Conflict With A Medication’s FDA-Approved Labeling & Warnings

An opinion issued by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit on February 20, 2015 held that the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (“FDCA”) preempted claims that Lexapro’s U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)...more

POM Wonderful: The New Prescription for False Advertising

The ability of private parties to pursue mislabelling claims depends on whether allowing such claims to proceed would conflict with the purpose and intent of federal labelling laws and implementing regulations, such as those...more

Food for Thought: 2014 Litigation Annual Review

Food for Thought reports on significant court decisions affecting the food industry. The focus of this edition is on several food-related cases pertaining to class certification; particularly, on district court decisions...more

Intellectual Property 2014 Year in Review

The year 2014 saw some important developments in the area of intellectual property law. A number of intellectual property-related issues even made national headlines. Who can forget the public debate over the rightful...more

FDA Issues Additional Guidance Documents for Compounding Pharmacies and Outsourcing Facilities; Addresses Repackaging

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced the availability of four new Draft Guidance documents and a draft Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the FDA and individual states. The Draft Guidance documents...more

FDA Issues Guidance for Mobile Medical Applications: What Will be Subject to FDA Oversight and Enforcement?

On February 09, 2015, the FDA issued final guidelines[1] to outline its regulatory enforcement approach to mobile medical applications (or “apps”). The FDA is taking a risk-based approach, focusing its oversight on apps that...more

FDA Finalizes Chain Restaurant Menu Labeling Rules

It may surprise some to learn that the Affordable Care Act of 2010, a.k.a. “ObamaCare,” among other things, amended the US Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act to require chain restaurants and similar retail food business to provide...more

Protecting Trademarks and the Likelihood of Confusion Factor

A few years ago, I wrote a column addressing a case in which Pom Wonderful LLC sued Coca Cola Company in connection with the marketing of one of its pomegranate-blueberry juice products. That case dealt with whether one of...more

Life Sciences Alert FDA Issues Draft Guidance on General Wellness Products

On January 16, 2015, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a draft guidance document titled “General Wellness: Policy for Low Risk Devices.” The draft guidance carves out a category of products, deemed “general...more

(Baby) Food for Thought: In Alleging Unlawful and Misleading Product Labeling, Plaintiff Needed More Than One Gerber Baby

Last month, Judge Lucy H. Koh of the Northern District of California granted summary judgment in favor of Gerber because the plaintiff failed to satisfy the “reasonable consumer standard” in backing up her allegations that...more

Preemption and Primary Jurisdiction After Pom Wonderful

After the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Pom Wonderful LLC v. The Coca-Cola Co., __ U.S. __, 134 S.Ct. 2228 (2014), fear arose among national marketers that the decision would produce a wave of class actions challenging food,...more

Dole Defeats “All Natural Claims” for Sweet Victory

On December 8, 2014, U.S. District Court Judge Lucy Koh of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California granted defendant Dole’s motion for summary judgment of the plaintiff’s false labeling claims in...more

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