Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act

The Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act is a United States federal law enacted in 1938 in response to deaths following the legal marketing of a toxic elixir. The FDCA authorized the  Federal Drug Administration to set... more +
The Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act is a United States federal law enacted in 1938 in response to deaths following the legal marketing of a toxic elixir. The FDCA authorized the  Federal Drug Administration to set standards for food and drug safety, and to conduct factory inspections.  The FDCA was amended in 1962 to strengthen drug safety policies and implement new efficacy requirements. In 1976, Congress further amended the FDCA to apply safety and efficacy standards to new medical devices. less -
News & Analysis as of

“Age Defying” Make-up Case Only Partially Defies Preemption

Coco Chanel said that nature gives you your face at 20, but you earn your face at 50. Perhaps that is not so different from Mark Twain’s theory that one’s wrinkles should merely be monuments to smiles. Those platitudes do...more

Are Cosmetics Gaining Higher Congressional and FDA Scrutiny?

Currently, FDA regulates cosmetics to ensure they are not adulterated or misbranded, but does not have the authority to order cosmetic recalls or require adverse event reporting. Senators Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) and Susan...more

Law Review Articles That Caught Our Eye

Maybe our motto here at DDLaw should be “we read law review articles so you don’t have to.” Here are a couple of recent ones that looked interesting to us....more

FDA Issues Guidance for Mobile Medical Apps

Just so you know, that iPhone or iPad you have with you may be an FDA-regulated medical device. More precisely, the apps on the device may meet the definition of a medical device under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act...more

Will Your No-Smoking Policy Get Vaporized?

Wondering what your employee is smoking in the break room, likely in violation of your “no-smoking” policy? Chances are it is an electronic smoking device, such as an e-cigarette or vaporizer. What should you do about it?...more

Going The Distance To Limit Preemption

Anybody who watched the Mayweather-Pacquiao fight knows that a long fight does not necessarily make for an exciting fight. Thirty-six minutes of “action” can actually contain very little action. The exceedingly long...more

FDA Regulatory and Compliance Monthly Recap – April 2015

In This Issue: - FDA issues guidance documents on how it considers balancing premarket and postmarket data collection during PMA reviews in a bid to accelerate the approval of new breakthrough devices - Guidance...more

Tomorrow is Another One-A-Day: FDA Guidelines Preempt Vitamin Claims, but Consumer Class Still Has Opportunity to Supplement

Although consumer class actions in California are dime-a-dozen, a recent Northern District of California case involving One A Day vitamins stands out because it demonstrates how federal regulations can preempt certain state...more

Recent Ninth Circuit Decisions in False Advertising Consumer Class Action Cases May Prevent Preemption and Relegate the Primary...

In two recent decisions, Reid v. Johnson & Johnson, __ F.3d __, Case No. 12-56726 (9th Cir. March 13, 2015) and Astiana v. The Hain Celestial Group, Inc., __ F.3d __, Case No. 12-17596 (9th Cir. April 10, 2015), the Ninth...more

Bipartisan Senate Bill Would Introduce Largest Increase in FDA Oversight of Personal Care Products—Including Cosmetics—in over 70...

Personal care products, which include cosmetics, are a large, profitable, growth industry. In the United States, cosmetics are regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) under the Federal Food, Drug & Cosmetic...more

The FDA Gets an EARful on Label Changes

We’ve blogged several times about the FDA’s pending proposal to gut preemption with respect to generic drugs, and that proposal’s numerous flaws. We have been remiss, however, in not mentioning the industry’s 2014...more

FDA Increasing Scrutiny of Cosmetic Marketing Claims, New Agency Warnings Suggest

In addition to truthful and non-misleading advertising requirements, which are enforced by the FTC and certainly familiar to readers of this blog, personal care and cosmetic products are also subject to the Federal Food,...more

First Circuit Decision Strengthens Preemption Defense in Name-Brand Pharmaceutical Litigation

On February 20, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit affirmed the dismissal of plaintiffs’ state-law consumer protection claims against a name-brand pharmaceutical manufacturer, concluding they were impliedly...more

FDA Issues First E-Cigarette Warning Letters

While FDA’s tobacco products “deeming rule” is pending, the Agency issues Warning Letters to e-cigarette and e-liquid companies for the first time....more

Otsuka’s Pediatric Labeling Dispute Seeks to Expand Orphan Drug Exclusivity

On April 13, 2015, the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland issued an Order granting Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development and Commercialization, Inc., and Otsuka America...more

Ninth Circuit Upholds FDA’s Primary Jurisdiction Over “Natural” Labeling On Cosmetics But Orders Stay Rather Than Dismissal

Plaintiffs’ lawyers love to challenge products labeled as “natural,” with hundreds of false advertising class actions filed in just the last few years. Recently, in Astiana v. Hain Celestial (pdf), the Ninth Circuit reversed...more

Breaking News - Reinforcement For Buckman

We’ve been watching for Armstrong v. Exceptional Child Center, Inc., ___ U.S. ___, 2015 WL 14194231 (U.S. Mar. 31, 2015), ever since we spotted an intriguing footnote mentioning the certiorari grant in Ouellette v. Mills, ___...more

Failure to Warn About Dangers of Off-Label Use of Medical Device Preempted Under Federal Law

In Thorn v. Medtronic Sofamor Danek, USA, the Honorable Janet T. Neff dismissed the plaintiff's state law claims of failure to warn and negligence as preempted under the Medical Device Amendments of 1976 ("MDA"), 28 U.S.C. §...more

Quirky Question #257, Food for thought – whistleblowing claims against agricultural companies

You are right to be concerned. Under the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), employees who work for entities engaged in the manufacture, processing, packing, transporting, distribution, reception, holding, or...more

An Atypical View of Causation and Harm from South Carolina

We have had some time now to ruminate over the South Carolina Supreme Court’s opinion in State of South Carolina ex rel. Wilson v. Ortho-McNeil-Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., No. 2012-206987, 2015 WL 775094 (S.C. Feb. 25,...more

Court Finds that Class Action Plaintiffs’ False Advertising Claims are Stripped Bayer Based on Federal Preemption

In the recent case of Gallagher v. Bayer AG, Case No. 14-cv-04601-WHO (N.D. Cal. March 10, 2015), the plaintiffs asserted that the defendants Bayer AG and related entities (collectively, “Bayer”) engaged in false advertising...more

FDA Establishes Docket for Public Comments on Drug Compounding

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently announced a new docket for public comments on the compounding of human drug products under sections 503A and 503B of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA). The FDA...more

First Circuit Finds Federal Preemption of State Tort Claims That Conflict With A Medication’s FDA-Approved Labeling & Warnings

An opinion issued by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit on February 20, 2015 held that the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (“FDCA”) preempted claims that Lexapro’s U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)...more

POM Wonderful: The New Prescription for False Advertising

The ability of private parties to pursue mislabelling claims depends on whether allowing such claims to proceed would conflict with the purpose and intent of federal labelling laws and implementing regulations, such as those...more

Food for Thought: 2014 Litigation Annual Review

Food for Thought reports on significant court decisions affecting the food industry. The focus of this edition is on several food-related cases pertaining to class certification; particularly, on district court decisions...more

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