Family Medical Leave Act

The Family Medical Leave Act is a United States federal statute enacted in 1993 to protect employees from negative employment consequences associated with family illness. The FMLA allows covered employees to take... more +
The Family Medical Leave Act is a United States federal statute enacted in 1993 to protect employees from negative employment consequences associated with family illness. The FMLA allows covered employees to take up to twelve weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave, in order to care for a qualified family member or address a personal medical issue.   Situations covered under the Act include: birth of a child and care of a newborn; placement of an adopted or foster child; serious illness of an employee's spouse, child or parent;  serious illness of the employee that affects ability to perform his/her job; situations arising out of an employee's spouse, child or parent's active military service. Employees who take leave to care for a seriously injured family servicemember are eligible for longer periods of covered leave.  less -
News & Analysis as of

Trends in New Jersey Employment Law - September 2014

Third Circuit Renders Important Decisions on FMLA and FLSA - In recent weeks, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit rendered a trio of significant employment law decisions....more

Sixth Circuit Reminds Employers of Notice Requirement Under the FMLA

The United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit recently upheld a ruling that FedEx interfered with a former employee's rights under the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) by failing to give her adequate notice of...more

Off-Duty Domestic Violence — What’s An Employer To Do?

Sometimes your employee is the victim. If so, you may have someone who is distracted, scared, upset, or frequently absent because of physical injury or psychological trauma, or court appearances. She (or he – men can be...more

Employer Rejects Employee's Fitness for Duty Certification, Faces FMLA Liability

The story is for all you hunt and peck typists out there. But its message is a lesson for all employers when it comes to returning your employee from FMLA leave....more

Requiring Employees to Work on Maternity Leave Could Interfere with FMLA Rights

If an employee claims her employer interfered with her rights under the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), but she didn’t lose any salary or benefits, can she win her case? In Evans v. Books-A-Million, the Eleventh Circuit...more

Fourth Circuit Indicates That Employer Was Not Required to Provide Reduced Hour FMLA Leave Due to Business Needs

Job-protected Family and Medical Leave does not need to be taken as full-time absences from work. In some circumstances, the employee will request temporarily reduced hours to deal with a medical issue. In others, the...more

Inability to Show Receipt of FMLA Notice Defeats Employer's Summary Judgment Motion

Why do lawyers insist that everything be sent by certified or registered mail? A new case from the Third Circuit Court of Appeals demonstrates how the inability to prove that a required notice had actually been mailed...more

Can You Prove the Mail Was Delivered? If You Are Sending An FMLA Notice, the Answer Must Be Yes

A recent case emphasizes the importance of implementing procedures that establish strict compliance with the employer notice obligations under the FMLA. In Lupyan v. Corinthian Colleges, Inc., the Third Circuit held that...more

Third Circuit Sets Standard for Return to Work Under the Family and Medical Leave Act

On August 27, 2014, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit issued an opinion in Budhun v. Reading Hospital and Medical Center reversing the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, which granted...more

Third Circuit Decision Will Make It More Difficult for Employers to Defeat FMLA Interference and Retaliation Claims

Recently, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit issued a decision that raises the bar for employers seeking summary judgment on claims raised under the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) for interference with...more

Developments Impacting Benefits for Same-Sex Spouses

As federal and state agencies and courts further examine the implications of the Supreme Court of the United States’ ruling on same-sex marriage in U.S. v. Windsor, the laws and regulations governing employee benefits for...more

FMLA FAQ: Can an Employer Persuade an Employee to Work Instead of Taking FMLA Leave Because Her Job is Really Important?

Evans was employed by Books-A-Million (BAM) as a payroll manager. Evans apparently became pregnant at an inopportune time — right at a time when BAM was implementing a new payroll system. As supervisors are prone to do,...more

New Bill Expands Illinois Human Rights Act's Pregnancy Protections

On August 26, 2014, Illinois Governor Pat Quinn signed House Bill 8, amending the Illinois Human Rights Act by placing new obligations on employers with respect to pregnant employees. The new changes take effect on January 1,...more

FMLA Stands for "Family and Medical Leave Avalanche"

We noted last year that 20 years after the original passage of the Family and Medical Leave Act (“FMLA”), the Department of Labor issued a survey report lauding the effectiveness of the law and the positive impact it has had...more

Persuading Employee to Work Rather than Taking Unpaid Leave May Result in FMLA Violation

The Family and Medical Leave Act ("FMLA") requires employers to provide eligible employees with up to twelve weeks of unpaid leave to care for a newborn child (among other reasons), and to offer reinstatement to the employee...more

Think Before You “Snail Mail” Those FMLA Notices

When I conduct employment trainings, I often caution executives and managers to think before they email. In my experience, people tend to be more casual and to use poorer judgment when they email than when they write a memo...more

An Estimate is Just That - The Seventh Circuit Highlights Several Important Lessons for Employers Navigating Intermittent FMLA...

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit recently ruled on two important intermittent Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) leave issues in Hansen v. Fincantieri Marine Group. First, the court determined that the FMLA...more

Employment Law Posters to be Displayed in the Workplace – Some New and Some Old

When the Oklahoma legislature revamped Oklahoma’s anti-discrimination laws in mid-2013, one of the new requirements imposed (and enforced by the Oklahoma Attorney General’s Office of Civil Rights’ Enforcement) was a...more

ADAAA Expanded Ability of Parents to Take FMLA Leave for Disabled Adult Son or Daughter

Human resource professionals occasionally receive requests from employees to take FMLA leave to care for an adult son or daughter with an alleged serious health condition. Some of the most frequent requests involve FMLA time...more

When it Comes to an FMLA Notice — the Post Office May Not Deliver For You in the Third Circuit

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit recently ruled that an employer may not rely on “the Mailbox Rule” to prove that the employer provided an employee with notice of his or her rights under the Family and Medical...more

Mailing FMLA Notices to Employees? Not So Fast

Recently, the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit issued an opinion analyzing the so-called "mailbox rule" in a case which centered on the receipt of an FMLA notice. In Lupyan v. Corinthian Colleges, Inc.,...more

Mailing of FMLA Notices Not Sufficient to Overcome Denial of Receipt by Employee

On August 5, 2014, the Third Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that an employer’s claim that it mailed to its employee a notice of rights under the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA or Act) is not enough to rebut the employee’s...more

Enforcing Your Policies Outside The Workplace

All employers adopt and enforce policies regulating conduct at the workplace. Many employers expect that employees will follow their employment polices at all times regardless of whether the employee is working or at work....more

Employee fired for failing to cooperate with FMLA leave approval process

Managing employees’ FMLA leave can be one of the most challenging and frustrating responsibilities for an HR department. So what can an employer do when an employee is slow to provide documentation and respond to exam...more

A Game-Changing Decision? Sending FMLA Notices to Employees by U.S. Mail May Not Cut It Anymore

With all the FMLA paperwork that a leave administrator has to provide an employee during the FMLA process, you’d wonder whether you’re attending a real estate closing. All these documents — whether it’s the Notice of...more

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