Forum Selection Clause

News & Analysis as of

Don’t Slip Up: The “Boilerplate” Provisions of Your Contracts Deserve Equal Attention

No one would knowingly pay little heed to such a potentially treacherous condition, yet every day in contract negotiation parties devote the vast majority of their efforts to the business terms, while glossing over the...more

Two Privacy Class Actions: Facebook and Apple

Two privacy class actions earlier this year have pitted technology giants Facebook Inc. and Apple Inc. against Canadian consumers who allege privacy violations. The two cases resulted in very different outcomes. First,...more

Hawaii Finds Unilateral Arbitrator-Selection Provision Fundamentally Unfair

The Supreme Court of Hawai’i concluded last week that it is fundamentally unfair to allow one party to an arbitration agreement to unilaterally select the arbitral forum. Nishimura v. Gentry Homes, Ltd., __ P.3d__, 2014 WL...more

Second Circuit Affirms Orders Enjoining Arbitration, Holding Broad Forum Selection Clause Supersedes FINRA Arbitration Rule

The Second Circuit affirmed two cases in which financial services firms had succeeded in enjoining FINRA arbitrations that were initiated against them by public financing entities. The court held that in each case, the FINRA...more

Arbitration vs Forum-Selection Clauses: Chicken & Egg Dilemma?

Last week the Fifth Circuit weighed in on how inartfully crafted arbitration and forum-selection clauses might trump one another. Together with recent decisions from the Second and Ninth Circuits – each with cert petitions...more

Fifth Circuit Hands Down Mixed Ruling on Validity of Later-Added Arbitration Clause

Employers must always be careful when adding an arbitration clause to an existing employment agreement. The amendment process becomes even trickier when the employment relationship is governed by multiple documents.That was...more

The Ropes Recap: Mergers & Acquisitions Law News - October 2014

In this issue: - Delaware Legislative Update - Amendments to DGCL Effective August 1, 2014 - News from the Courts - Additional Guidance on Kahn v. M&F Worldwide Corp. - Exculpation...more

No “Harmony,” No Arbitration

When AmeriPlan terminated contracts with numerous “independent business owners” (“IBOs”), four IBOs—who had achieved the rank of Sales Director and earned “lifetime residual income” through commissions from their own...more

Forum Selection Clauses Were Here Before They Were In Bylaws

Recent rulings by judges in Delaware and other states have given impetus to the adoption of exclusive forum bylaws. To the casual observer, the idea might seem entirely novel. But as Koheleth (the Gatherer) wrote “What has...more

Eleventh Circuit Refuses To Compel Arbitration In Dispute Between Loan Servicer and Borrower

On October 2, the Eleventh Circuit affirmed a district court’s decision refusing to compel arbitration sought by a servicer in a dispute with a borrower over the terms of a loan agreement. Inetianbor v. Cashcall, Inc. No....more

Recent Decisions Confirm That Forum Selection Bylaws Are Best Considered on a Clear Day - But May Be Beneficial Later as Well

“Exclusive forum” bylaws and charter provisions are a powerful tool for managing the risk of parallel corporate governance litigation against a company and its directors in multiple forums, allowing stockholders to bring such...more

Be Careful What You Ask for: Selecting Forums for Arbitration

On October 2, 2014, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit rendered its decision in Inetianbor v. CashCall, Inc. Although this case did not involve a non-compete agreement, the Eleventh Circuit’s guidance...more

Forum Selection Bylaws Gain Ground

As we previously discussed (Should Your Board Adopt an Exclusive Forum Bylaw?, July 2013; The Future of Exclusive Forum Bylaws, November 2013), forum selection bylaws (also sometimes called exclusive forum bylaws) have become...more

Delaware Court Approves Out-Of-State Forum Selection Bylaw Adopted At Time Of Merger

In City of Providence v. First Citizens BancShares Inc. et al., C.A. No. 9795-CB (Del. Ch. Sept. 8, 2014), the Delaware Court of Chancery (Bouchard, C.) held that a minority shareholder's claims against a Delaware...more

Delaware Court of Chancery Reaffirms Enforceability of Forum Selection Bylaws

In City of Providence v. First Citizens BancShares, Inc. (Del. Ch. September 8, 2014), the Delaware Court of Chancery upheld a forum selection bylaw that designated North Carolina as the exclusive forum for certain...more

Second Circuit Holds Forum Selection Clause Supersedes FINRA’s Mandatory Arbitration Rule

In Goldman, Sachs & Co. v. Golden Empire Schools Financing Authority, No. 13-797-cv, 2014 WL 4099289 (2d Cir. Aug. 21, 2014), the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit held that a forum selection clause in a...more

Delaware Chancery Court Upholds Bylaw Creating Exclusive Forum Outside Of Delaware For Disputes

On September 8, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware upheld a bylaw of a Delaware corporation that designated an exclusive forum other than Delaware for resolution of actions against the company and its directors....more

Construction Case Law Update - September 2014

FLORIDA STATE CASES - Forum selection clause in construction contract will not be enforced where third party defendant would be forced to testify in two venues. Forum selection clauses in contracts are generally...more

Forum-Selection vs. Arbitration Issue Teeing Up for Supremes

The Second Circuit stayed its mandate last week to allow public-pension litigants to file cert petitions seeking review of its August holding that a subsequent account-agreement forum-selection clause requiring federal-court...more

City of Providence v. First Citizens BancShares, Inc., C.A. No. 9795-CB (Del. Ch. Sept. 4, 2014) (Bouchard, C.)

In this consolidated opinion concerning the validity of a forum selection bylaw, the Court of Chancery affirmatively answered, among other things, an issue of first impression: “whether the board of a Delaware corporation may...more

Forum Selection Bylaws Are Best Considered On A Clear Day

“Exclusive forum” bylaws and charter provisions are a powerful tool for managing the risk of parallel corporate governance litigation against a company and its directors in multiple forums, allowing stockholders to bring such...more

FRANCHISEE 101: Forum Selection Clauses May Be Enforceable

A recent decision in Allegra Holdings, LLC v. Davis demonstrates that courts are enforcing forum selection clauses in favor of out-of-state franchisors and against in-state franchisees, notwithstanding franchise anti-waiver...more

A Check in the “Win” Column for Broker-Dealers!

The Second Circuit recently issued a single opinion for two cases [Goldman Sachs & Co. v. Golden Empire Sch. Fin. Auth., No. 13-797-cv (2d Cir. Aug. 21, 2014) and Citigroup Global Mkts. Inc. v. N.C.E. Mun. Power Agency, No....more

Forum Selection Bylaws–More Good News

Fending off merger-related shareholder lawsuits keeps getting easier. Just a week ago, the Delaware Chancery Court upheld the enforceability of the bylaw of a Delaware corporation headquartered in North Carolina that selected...more

Bylaw of Delaware Corporation Providing for Exclusive Forum in North Carolina Upheld

In City of Providence v. First Citizens Bancshares, Inc., C.A. No. 9795 (Del. Ch. Sep. 8, 2014), Delaware Chancellor Bouchard upheld a bylaw adopted by the board of directors of a corporation incorporated in Delaware...more

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