Fourteenth Amendment

News & Analysis as of

Bourne Valley Redux

The dispute between lenders and the purchasers at homeowners’ association foreclosure sale regarding superiority of title has embroiled the State of Nevada since at least as early as 2012. Since the issue rose in volume and...more

IRS Regulations Clarify Definition of Spouse for Federal Tax Purposes in Light of Obergefell v. Hodges

The IRS has issued final regulations clarifying the definitions of “spouse,” “husband,” “wife,” and “husband and wife” for federal tax purposes. The final regulations now define “spouse,” “husband” and “wife” as any...more

Landmarking designation is alleged to violate RLUIPA

A brewing dispute in Yonkers, NY has led the Islamic Community Center for Mid Westchester (ICCMW) to allege that Yonkers violated ICCMW’s rights under RLUIPA, and the First and Fourteenth Amendments of the United States...more

Recent Decision Opens State Courts to Claims by Nonresidents Concerning Nationally Marketed or Distributed Products

In a decision that should be of concern to any company that engages in national marketing campaigns or distributes products nationwide, the California Supreme Court has rolled out the welcome mat to nonresident plaintiffs who...more

Prevailing RLUIPA Defendant Denied Attorneys’ Fees

This summer, we reported that Genoa Charter Township prevailed in a lawsuit filed by Livingston Christian Schools (LSC), which claimed that the Township violated RLUIPA’s substantial burden provision, the First Amendment to...more

Advertising Law - August 2016 #3

ANA, 4As Battle Over Transparency Guidance - Two industry groups are engaging in a public battle over transparency. The dispute began when a joint task force was formed between the American Association of...more

New Complaint Challenges Constitutionality of Connecticut Educational System

On August 23, 2016, four Connecticut parents, on behalf of themselves and their seven children, filed a 71-page complaint in the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut against Governor Dannel Malloy and...more

Constitutional Rights vs. The Exclusive Remedy Doctrine

The Workers’ Compensation Act evolved from what is often called the “Grand Bargain.” Injured workers cannot sue their employers for work-related injuries in exchange for a no fault system in which the injured worker does not...more

Challenges to the Constitutionality of Indiana’s Med Mal Caps Continue Despite a Recent Legislative Compromise

Indiana’s Medical Malpractice Act’s caps on damages have survived constitutional challenges since their inception in 1975. In 1980, the Indiana Supreme Court, in Johnson v. St. Vincent Hosp., Inc., 273 Ind. 374, 404 N.E.2d...more

Foreclosure of Nevada HOA Super Lien Cannot Extinguish Mortgage Lender’s Security Interest

The non-judicial foreclosure of a Nevada HOA super lien cannot constitutionally extinguish a mortgage lender's security interest, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals has held. This holding will affect many lawsuits in federal...more

California Supreme Court Clarifies Constitutional Limits on Punitive Damages

In Brandt v. Superior Court, the California Supreme Court held that when a plaintiff proves that an insurance company withheld policy benefits in bad faith, attorneys' fees reasonably incurred to compel payment of the...more

Supreme Court Declines to Review Constitutionality of SEC In-House Court

The SEC’s increased use of its own "home court" for enforcement proceedings has triggered constitutional challenges to SEC administrative proceedings (APs). See "Defendants Challenge SEC’s Increased Use of Administrative...more

Sikh Temple files suit after Oyster Bay, NY ordered it to stop work and then required SEQRA review

Guru Gobind Singh Sikh Center, Inc. (the “Temple”), on June 29, 2016 in the Eastern District of New York, sued the Town of Oyster Bay, New York, the Town Board, and several Town Officials (together, the “Defendants”) after...more

Michigan Township Prevails on Federal Religious Discrimination Claims

A federal court in Michigan has ruled that Genoa Charter Township did not violate federal law in denying a church’s application for a special use permit to operate a religious school. Livingston Christian Schools (LSC)...more

A Tale of Two Decertification Motions

The Seventh and Eighth Circuits both addressed motions to decertify classes the week of July 5—with divergent results.  These cases illustrate the deference afforded district courts’ class certification determinations.  Both...more

Another Off-Label Promotion Third Party Payor Case Lacks Causation

July in D.C. is hot and sticky. When scorching day follows scorching day, area residents look forward to evening thunderstorms, not just to water otherwise thirsty lawns and gardens but to cool things down. Lightning can be...more

Natasha Baker Breaks Down Fisher II on Law360

On June 23, 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court issued its long-awaited decision in Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin (Case No. 14–981)(Fisher II), ending nearly eight years of litigation involving UT’s use of race as a factor...more

Controversy Over Interior’s Trust Authority in Alaska Remains Unresolved

A majority panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit recently dismissed the State of Alaska’s challenge to the U.S. Secretary of the Interior’s authority to acquire land in trust for Alaska...more

Unexpected Affirmative Action News: The U.S. Supreme Court Affirms that Universities and Colleges May Continue to Use Race as a...

On June 23, 2016, in Fisher v. University of Texas et al., (“Fisher II”), the United States Supreme Court voted 4-3 to uphold the limited use of race in college and university admissions. The result was somewhat surprising...more

Punitives Slashed in Wyoming Carbon Monoxide Case

In a case closely watched by tort reformers, a federal appeals court has whittled a $25.5 million punitive damages award to $1.95 million in a carbon monoxide poisoning lawsuit in Wyoming. Reversing much of the lower...more

Declined: Second Circuit Panel Shreds Visa and MasterCard Antitrust Settlement

A Second Circuit panel rejected the settlement reached between defendants Visa, MasterCard, and various banks, and plaintiffs, approximately 12 million merchants who alleged the principally identical network rules of Visa and...more

Supreme Court Upholds University Affirmative Action Admissions Policy

On June 23, 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court held for the second time that race may be taken into account when public universities and colleges admit students. In a 4-3 decision (Justice Kagan recused herself based on her prior...more

Down Goes HB 1523: Judge Reeves Enjoins Mississippi from Enacting Controversial Religious Freedom Law

Late Thursday last night, Judge Carlton Reeves, United States District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi, entered a 60-page order striking down HB 1523, Mississippi’s controversial “Protecting Freedom of...more

Ruling Puts Teeth in Antitrust Claims Against Dentistry Board

Remember the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision against the North Carolina Board of Dentistry last year? The court ruled that a state dentistry board composed mostly of practicing dentists may not have state-action immunity from...more

The Supreme Court - June 2016 #7

The Supreme Court of the United States issued decisions in three cases today: McDonnell v. United States, No. 15-474: Former Virginia Governor Robert McDonnell and his wife, Maureen McDonnell, were federally indicted...more

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