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Fourth Amendment

The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures and provides that warrants may only be granted upon findings of probable cause. The Fourth... more +
The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures and provides that warrants may only be granted upon findings of probable cause. The Fourth Amendment applies to the States via the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.  Important areas of Fourth Amendment jurisprudence flow from questions surrounding the definitions of "search" and "seizure," the applicability of the Amendment to so-called "stop and frisk" situations, the level of control that must be exerted by law enforcement before an individual is deemed "seized," and the "exclusionary rule," just to name a few.    less -

Google Prevails, In Part (And For Now), In Compensation Data Dispute With OFCCP

On July 14, 2017, an Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”) for the Department of Labor issued a Recommended Decision and Order (the “Opinion”) in the case brought by the Office of Federal Contractor Compliance Programs (“OFCCP”)...more

Administrative Law Judge Sides With Google in Denial-of-Access Case

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

In an advantageous decision for federal contractors, an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) ruled last week that a demand by the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) for pay data about Google employees was...more

Administrative Law Judge Winnows OFCCP’s Data Request

by Littler on

On July 14, 2017, an administrative law judge issued a 43-page set of recommendations and order (“Order”) on the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs’ (“OFCCP”) data requests issued to Google, significantly...more

OSHA Inspections are on the Rise: Will You Be Ready?

by Foley & Lardner LLP on

As employers, manufacturers are aware of their responsibility for knowing the safety standards applicable to their businesses. But many do not understand their rights and obligations during the inspection process. In recent...more

30-Day Vehicle Impoundment is a Seizure Requiring Fourth Amendment Compliance - Federal Appeals Court Reinstates Class Action...

by Best Best & Krieger LLP on

A 30-day impoundment of a vehicle pursuant to California Vehicle Code section 14602.6(a)(1) triggered Fourth Amendment concerns, a federal appeals court has ruled. In deciding Brewster v. Beck last week, the U.S. Ninth...more

Privacy & Cybersecurity Update - June 2017

In this month's edition of our Privacy & Cybersecurity Update, we examine a new Chinese cybersecurity law that went into effect despite international concern for how it will be implemented; Colorado's adoption of new...more

Fenwick Privacy Bulletin - Summer 2017

by Fenwick & West LLP on

In This Issue - Ransomware Advisory - The WannaCry ransomware attack that began on May 12 infected 230,000 computers in more than 150 countries within a few days. The scope of the attack was unprecedented—which is just one...more

The Supreme Court - June 26, 2017

by Dorsey & Whitney LLP on

The Supreme Court of the United States issued decisions in five cases today: California Public Employees’ Retirement System v. ANZ Securities, Inc., No. 16-373: Lehman Brothers’ collapse led to a number of securities...more

Supreme Court's Refusal Keeps Electronic Logging Device Rule on Track

by Holland & Knight LLP on

In an earlier article (see Holland & Knight's alert, "Is There an Opening to Withdraw or Modify Electronic Logging Device Rule?," Jan. 13, 2017), we described the controversial final Electronic Logging Device (ELD) rule,...more

OFCCP, Google Awaiting A Decision

The hearing on the lawsuit filed by the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs against Google concluded on Friday, May 26, in San Francisco. As I’ve reported , the OFCCP is seeking historical pay data as well as names...more

Supreme Court Decides Ziglar v. Abbasi, No. 15-1358.

by Faegre Baker Daniels on

On June 19, 2017, the United States Supreme Court decided Ziglar v. Abbasi, No. 15-1358, which was consolidated with Ashcroft v. Abbasi, No. 15-1359 and Hasty v. Abbasi, No. 15-1363, holding that detention-policy claims...more

United States Supreme Court Shuts Down Ninth Circuit’s "Provocation Rule"

In an October 2010 use of force case arising out of an incident in Los Angeles County, the Ninth Circuit attempt to expand officer liability with the “Provocation Rule” was struck down by the United States Supreme Court....more

County of Los Angeles v. Mendez

U.S. Supreme Court Rejects Ninth Circuit’s “Provocation Rule” - The Ninth Circuit’s provocation rule makes an officer’s otherwise reasonable use of force unreasonable if (1) the officer “intentionally or recklessly...more

The “Third Party” Catch-22

by Ifrah PLLC on

As the Department of Justice has been doubling down on law enforcement overreach, the Supreme Court has just decided to hear a case that may limit the use of a common tool that law enforcement uses to infringe upon the...more

Electronics Ban for U.S.-Bound Flights May Extend to 71 Airports

by Cozen O'Connor on

On June 7, 2017 The U.S. Department of Homeland Security chief told a House panel that the federal government is considering an expansion of its ban on large electronics, like laptops, in carry-on bags from the 10 current...more

Attorney-Client Privilege and Corporate E-Mail: Navigating the Morass of Personal Communications in Investigations

by King & Spalding on

Experienced practitioners know that the purpose of the attorney-client privilege is to protect the confidentiality of client communications. Thus, as company policies that allow monitoring of emails or provide third party...more

Carpenters, Carriers, and Cell-Sites (Oh My!): SCOTUS to Hear Mobile Locational Privacy Case

by Kelley Drye & Warren LLP on

On June 5, 2017, the United States Supreme Court granted cert in Carpenter v. United States, a case in the hotly contested area of mobile cellular location data privacy. The question before the Court is whether law...more

U.S. Supreme Court Will Hear Mobile Phone Privacy Case

The United States Supreme Court has just agreed to hear the case of a Detroit man who was sentenced to 116 years in prison after data from his own cellular phone was used against him at his trial for his role in a string of...more

Exigent Circumstances Under the Fourth Amendment May Extend to the Need to Interview an Arrestee in Place

In a split decision in United States v. Delva, No. 15-cr-683 (Kearse, Winter, Jacobs), the Second Circuit held that the Fourth Amendment allowed law enforcement officers to seize cell phones and a number of letters that were...more

Second Circuit Provides Primer on Criminal Procedure in Methamphetamine Case

United States v. Lyle - In United States v. Lyle, 15-958-cr (Raggi, Chin, Lohier), the Second Circuit covered an array of criminal procedure issues—including the Fourth Amendment concerns associated with rental car...more

Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals Allows Wikimedia Upstream Suit to Proceed

by Alston & Bird on

On May 23, 2017, the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals issued its opinion on Wikimedia foundation v. NSA/CSS. The Court vacated and remanded the NSA’s previously successful motion to dismiss Wikimedia’s Fourth and First...more

When Can a School Search a Student’s Bag?

by Reminger Co., LPA on

Last week the Ohio Supreme Court unanimously ruled that a school’s intrusive search of an unattended bag did not violate a student’s 4th Amendment right to be free from illegal search and seizures because the examination of...more

Here’s More On That Google-OFCCP Donnybrook*

*Donnybrook: Named for the Donnybrook Fair near Dublin, “a notoriously disorderly event, held annually from 1204 until the middle of the 19th century.” Meaning a “free-for-all; brawl; a usually public quarrel or...more

Warrant Needed for “Black Box” Data in Florida

by Wilson Elser on

In a case of first impression in Florida, a split appellate court in State of Florida v. Charles Wiley Worsham Jr., No. 4D15-2733 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. Mar. 29, 2017), held that a warrant was necessary before law enforcement...more

Blurring The Line Between Foreign and Domestic: The Expansion of Search Warrant Powers Overseas

A dispute in California federal court over whether Google must turn over documents stored overseas in response to a search warrant may have major implications for white collar practitioners and their clients. Last week Google...more

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